Texas Container Gardening: For Vegetables, Flowers, Herbs, and Fruits

Container gardens, with their colorful pots, tubs, and half barrels, are a beautiful addition to any yard, but they can also serve a useful purpose. People with little garden areas can benefit from container gardening. With a bit of yard or balcony or even just a sliver of sunlight, gardeners can grow a broad range of vegetables in pots. Let’s check out more information about Texas container gardening.

Texas Container Gardening
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Herbs like basil, chives, thyme, and others thrive in pots, which can be placed near the kitchen entrance for easy access. Small and big gardens alike can benefit from container gardening’s added versatility. Plants can instantly brighten a garden, serve as a focal point, or connect the house’s design to the garden. You can set them on the floor or a pedestal, hang them from your porch, or place them on a ledge. 

Many individuals in Texas are beginning to grow their food in containers, and this article is just for them. This article has covered how to produce vegetables, herbs, flowers, and fruits in containers. Several cities in Texas, including Houston, Austin, Dallas, Texas city, and San Antonio, have emerged as focus locations for container gardening’s rise in popularity in recent years. We hope that this article will help anybody living in Texas produce vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers in containers.

What is container gardening?

Plants can be grown in containers rather than on the ground, such as in pots. Those living in urban areas with a difficult garden can grow food in small containers instead. It’s transportable and space-saving, so you can organize it in any way that works for you. Because you can use household containers for your garden, container gardening is cost-effective and ecologically beneficial. 

Most usually seen are pots, formerly made of terracotta but now more often made of plastic, and window boxes.  Occasionally, this type of growth is used for decorative reasons. You can use this method even if the soil or environment is not suited for the plant you’re trying to grow. On the other hand, indoor plants usually need the usage of some container.

Gardeners with a little growing area or paved over growing land can find this solution interesting. The urban horticulture and urban gardening methods described here are also popular on apartment and condominium balconies, where access to the ground is difficult or impossible for a traditional garden.

Texas container gardening

USDA Hardiness zones of Texas 

USDA planting zone 6b, centered in northern Texas, is the state’s chilliest. The remainder of Texas has a year-round temperate climate, even in the winter. 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, and 9a are the remaining Texas zones. Depending on where you live in the state, you can see temperatures from -5 to 20 degrees. Your hardiness zone can assist you in choosing plants that will grow in your winter conditions.

The Texas zone map is an excellent resource if you’re looking for a starting point for your garden design. Planting location, soil quality, and humidity may all affect the success or failure of a specific shrub, flower, or tree. Follow the planting directions carefully after you’ve chosen a plant that’s suited for your growing location.

How to grow plants in containers in Texas?

Select the ideal pot 

Plants do better in big pots than in tiny ones, so keep that in mind when planning your garden. As a result, bigger pots store more soil, keeping more moisture and resisting temperature changes. The plants in small hanging baskets are particularly vulnerable to drying out, so you may have to water them two times a day during the summer. Choosing a plant for each container is equally crucial. A variety of variables determines the container’s size and depth.

Perennial, annual, or shrub plants will have different root systems and grow at different rates. Drying up quickly and not growing effectively results from rootbound plants, which have taken up all of the available soil space. For a mixed planting, choose a big pot or tub with enough root area for all of the plants you want to plant. Contrary to popular belief, dark containers keep the soil warmer.

How much space you have, what will support it, and whether or not you want to transport it all determine the maximum size of a container you can use. If you have a container garden on a balcony, be sure the framework can handle the weight.

Make sure the container has adequate drainage

This might not seem serious, but it can be a life-or-death problem for plants. Having a large enough hole or holes to allow water to drain out of your pot might cause your soil to get excessively moist, resulting in the death of your plants. Unfortunately, many of the garden pots on the market don’t have enough drainage. You can improve drainage by drilling, punching, or cutting larger holes.

However, it’s just more convenient to purchase a pot with enough drainage in some instances. A drainage hole should be half an inch in diameter for small and medium-sized pots. At least one inch in diameter is required for bigger containers. Adding pebbles, shards of the pot, or stones to the bottom of your container garden will not improve drainage. This is a complete and utter misconception.

According to some individuals, drainage holes aren’t necessary if you place these items in the bottom of your pots. However, to keep your plants happy in their containers, you’ll need holes in your pots and many of them — unless you’re a professional container gardener who knows precisely when and how much to water each time.

Consider the material and the container placement

There are many types of containers for gardening. You can also get cheap containers to grow vegetables and other plants. Look for pots made of lightweight materials like metal or composite if you want to place them on a deck or rooftop. The nonporous nature of these pots and other glazed ceramic varieties means that they stay hydrated better in the soil. Porous unglazed terra-cotta develops a lovely patina over time, but it also causes the soil to dry up more rapidly.

There should always be some kind of barrier between the soil and the drainage holes in a container to prevent the roots from becoming wet. For example, it’s best to raise containers that rest on a wooden deck using a plant stand to prevent the deck from getting damaged.

Learn about the sunlight 

People often exaggerate their containers’ exposure to sunlight. Plants for every light level are available, but knowing how much sunlight your container will get before selecting your plants is necessary. When determining how much direct sunlight your container will get, position it where you want it and how long the sun will be hitting it.

Select your plants 

The amount and quality of light should select your plant it will get. Several sun-loving plants will not thrive in an indoor environment. Shade-loving plants, on the other hand, will perish if they are planted in an area that receives excessive sunlight. Look for low-light-tolerant plants like box palms, sansevieria, pothos, and Syngonium if you’re planting inside.

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Plants for Gardening
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Prepare the potting mix

Fill two-thirds of the container with an all-purpose potting mix. Keep away from garden soil. As a result of its weight, it cannot drain properly from a container. Instead, place smaller empty containers upside down on the bottom of a big planter to take up part of the potting mix’s area. You can prevent potting mix from leaking out of your container by placing a broken piece of a clay pot on the drainage hole. However, be certain that water can still flow away. This makes it more difficult for water to flow out of the bottom rather than easing it.

Start planting in containers

Gently press their nursery pots on the sides to release the root ball when you decide to start planting. Avoid squeezing the plant, which might do it harm. Instead, make sure that the top of your plant’s root ball is a few inches below the lip of your pot, and then place your plants on the potting mix. When you water your plants later, it will be easy for you. More potting mix can be added to the plants’ area, but the stems should not be buried deeper than in the nursery pots. To remove huge air pockets from the soil surrounding your plants, softly push it down with your hands.

Water the plants in the containers

When watering plants directly in the ground, watering plants in containers requires a different technique. As a result, potting soil contains less water than garden soil. The container also limits the quantity of soil that can store water. In addition, since they are elevated, the pots don’t have as much mass to maintain their temperature.

While the plants are growing, the soil should be maintained wet but not soggy. Water daily during summers. Soak the soil directly rather than merely spraying on the leaves with a sprayer. A drip watering system can keep your plants healthy while staying home for a few days or longer.

Using fertilizers in containers

You must add fertilizers to moist potting soil since it contains no readily available nutrients for your plants. Fertilizer is necessary for the majority of plants to grow in your soil. A slow-release fertilizer can be added to potting soil. Potting soil combined with fertilizer can either be made in bulk in a bucket or added to the pot after it has been filled. 

Then apply liquid fertilizer, such as a fish emulsion or seaweed combination, every week or two. It has a foul odor, yet it is an essential nutrient for plants. If you start using a commercial fertilizer, you’ll need to keep utilizing it since it kills the beneficial organisms in your soil. However, as long as you’ve utilized a synthetic fertilizer, you’ll have no choice but to remain with it.

Plant the neighbors 

There are many container gardening ideas, and this is one of them. It’s important to ensure that the plants you choose for your container are suitable. There should be no difference in how much light and water each plant needs in the same pot. Some plants will not be able to grow if they are mixed with others that have different requirements. So, for instance, if you have a plant that demands full light, you want all the plants in that pot likewise to require full sun.

Your plant should not be placed in the same container as a plant that likes to dry out between waterings. Learn what a plant needs by checking the plant tag or asking a salesperson if there is no tag present. Try searching the internet for answers if you are confused with anything. 

Growing vegetables in containers in Texas 

Looking for container vegetable gardening in Texas and vegetable container gardening for beginners? Read on. If you’re unable to cultivate your veggies because of a lack of space or the insufficiency of your location, try vegetable container gardening. A successful mini-garden can be started on a window sill, patio, balcony, or even the doorway. Switching to a container garden is a simple solution to soilborne diseases, nematodes, or poor soil conditions.

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Tomato Garden
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Pest control is made simpler by having containers available at all times. Container gardening is an excellent method to get kids interested in vegetable growing and teach them about its many benefits. If you have a regular backyard garden in Texas, you’ll be able to grow just about every food in containers. Easy vegetables to grow in pots include peppers, eggplant, green onions, tomatoes, and beans. These are the best vegetables for container gardening.

They’re also perfect for growing in containers since they don’t need much space. Cucumbers and pole beans grow well in this style of garden as well, although the vining growth pattern of these plants needs more room. Some vegetables grow in shallow containers The need for a wide range of options cannot be overstated. Most kids in a yard garden also perform well in containers for the Texas climate.

Vegetable container size chart

Pot diameter 
(In inches)
soil quantity
31 cup
42.5 cups
51 quart 
62.5 quarts
73 quarts
81 gallon
91.5 gallons
102.25 gallons
123.5 gallons
146 gallons
1610 gallons
1815 gallons
2021 gallons
2428 gallons
2745 gallons
3265 gallons 
38100 gallons
50200 gallons
60300 gallons

Growing flowers in containers in Texas 

You can also grow flowers in containers. Different flowers that you can grow in containers in Texas include:

Vinca: It’s a challenge to grow this beautiful blooming plant. Despite its hardiness, it doesn’t appear to be a favorite of the common yard pests like snails and aphids. When vinca gets adequate sunlight, it will produce beautiful pink, red, or white flowers. A lack of flowering indicates that it requires more sunlight.

Coleus: Rather than being a flower, it’s a magnificent leafy plant with vibrant greens, reds, and yellows. In the past, Coleus thrived exclusively in the shadow, but currently, several varieties thrive in full light. Coleus is one of the few plants that can survive the hot sun of Texas all summer long. At least every other day during the warmest months, transfer the plant to a place with more shade. If exposed to excessive sunlight, it will lose some strength but recover.

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Container Flower Gardening
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Begonia: There’s a solid reason why begonias are so common in Texas yards. When grown in the sun or shade, it is almost unbreakable. There are many colors and tints to choose from for Begonias. But, if the begonia’s leaves begin to turn yellow and fade, it suggests it needs water!

Mandevilla: This tropical plant thrives in the blazing heat of summer and produces beautiful flowers. It’s also a vine-climber. You must move your Mandevilla inside for the winter to retain it till next year.

Caladium: Caladium, like coleus, is a flowering plant with colorful foliage. For a flower pot, its heart-shaped leaves on thin stems are an excellent choice. As a bonus, it’s also a gorgeous addition to any flower garden. In addition, this variety can withstand a lot of direct sunlight.

Growing herbs in containers in Texas 

Many herbs can be grown in containers in Texas. The following list of herbs can also bear the hot summers of Texas, which can be ideal for growing in pots year-round. 

Tarragon Texas: In recipes, this anise-flavored perennial, also known as Mexican mint marigold, is often used for French tarragon. Mexican mint marigold, with its bright yellow flowers that attract bees, is an excellent addition to herb gardens in Texas.

Basil: There are a variety of basils, including ordinary sweet basil, African blue, Genovese, purple, Thai, and ruffles, all of which can withstand high temperatures. Basil is one of the greatest summer herbs in Texas, with a wide range of tastes, textures, and leaf shapes to choose from.

Rosemary: Garnish your lemonade with rosemary leaves for the ultimate cooling effect. When it comes to growing herbs in Texas, this hardy perennial may require protection from the cold winter winds.

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Herbs Gardening
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Lemon balm: Grow this Eurasian native in partial shade for the optimum taste and often pick for lemon balm. Lemon balm’s citrus-flavored leaves can be used in teas, salads, and fish.

Oregano: In addition to being tasty, oregano can withstand heat and drought. Oregano is one of the finest for Texas gardening since it comes in many perennial herbs. To add visual appeal, choose one with a variegated leaf texture.

The Mexican Oregano: Oregano is, known as “Mexican oregano” and is one of the heat-resistant herbs that can withstand the Texas heat. Originating from the southwest of the United States, this plant is often utilized in Mexican cuisine because of its powerful taste and perfume.

Growing fruits in containers in Texas 

The state of Texas is large, so keep that in mind. Southern Texas may not be a good place for fruit trees that perform well in the north. When selecting plants and kinds for your garden, please remember the unique hardiness zone you live in.

Citrus: Any kind of citrus can survive in a pot, but all will ultimately require winter protection. The majority of citrus fruits can withstand a minor frost, but when temperatures dip below twenty degrees, it is advisable to store them somewhere warm. In the winter, bring them inside and then put them back outside when the weather is warming up.

Blueberries: Soil with adequate drainage and an acidic pH are ideal for growing blueberries. To get the best results, use any high-quality potting mix containing peat moss and perlite, which help the soil drain effectively. Blueberries growing in pots may require a little more fertilizer from time to time to keep the soil acidic.

Figs: In a pot, almost any kind of fig can thrive. With their colorful leaves, fig trees are a beautiful addition to any patio or outdoor living area. However, when the weather becomes frosty or the temperature falls to the teens, it’s best to bring your fig inside or cover it with a blanket throughout the winter. Maintain it from freezing and keep producing fruit by doing so!

Strawberries: Plants that are smaller and trailing in nature, making them ideal for pots and even hanging baskets. Slugs and snails are less likely to eat strawberries if grown in pots.

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Growing Strawberries in Containers
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Stone fruits:  Stone fruits, such as peaches, plums, nectarines, and apricots, are probably familiar to you even if you haven’t had one in a while. These trees can provide a good harvest even in small pots. Stone fruit trees can be genetically dwarfed, although most people agree that standard-sized trees produce superior quality fruit and can be grown in pots.


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