Vegetable Gardening Calendar in India – A Full Guide

Introduction: Hello gardeners we are here today with superb information of vegetable gardening calendar and month by month plantation chart.Selecting your vegetables before you design your garden will help ensure that you have the correct amount of room and the best growing conditions. For smaller gardens, select bush varieties that take up less room. For shorter growing seasons, try fast-maturing varieties that can produce maximum yields for the growing season.

A full guide of vegetable gardening calendar in india

Planning is the key to success for any vegetable garden or landscaping that you plan to grow this season. Choosing a plant’s location, spacing, and feeding option are very important in the success of your gardening season.

Most soil mixes consisting of peat, perlite, and vermiculite are very excellent seed sowing media for bedding plants. Besides light and moisture, seeds require warmth to germinate well. A soil temperature range of 70°F is sufficient for most crops. What are we waiting for? let us jump into vegetable gardening calendar in India.

 Vegetable Growing Season Chart,
Vegetable Growing Season Chart,

Types of vegetable gardens

In general, most vegetables divided into two categories. They are Cool-season crops and Warm-season crops.

Cool-season crops

You can generally sow cool-season crops directly in the garden as soon as the soil is workable and the garden beds are prepared. Most of these cool-season vegetables are easy to grow.

Some cool-season crops are Onions, Lettuce, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Peas, Radishes, Turnips, and Spinach.

Cool-season vegetables are further categorized as hardy and half-hardy.

Hardy vegetables are the coldest tolerant and they can be planted 2 to 4 weeks before the date of the average last frost in spring; their seeds will germinate in cold soil and seedlings can endure short freezes. Some of the hardy vegetables include asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, chives, collards, corn salad, garlic, horseradish, kale, kohlrabi, leeks, mustard, onions, parsley, peas, radishes, rhubarb, rutabaga, spinach, and turnips.

Half-hardy or semi-hardy vegetables grow when the minimum temperature range is between 40ºF and 50ºF (5-10ºC). Half-hardy vegetables contain beets, carrots, cauliflower, celery, celeriac, chard, Chinese cabbage, chicory, globe artichokes, endive, lettuce, parsnips, potatoes, salsify, sorrel, and hardy herbs. 

You should not miss the Growing Dwarf Papaya from Seed.

Warm-season crops

Warm-season crops are very easily damaged by frost, and their seeds do not germinate well in cold soil. Some of the warm-season crops are Tomatoes, Peppers, Eggplants, Celery, and Okra.

Warm-season crops are further categorized as tender and very-tender.

Tender vegetables prefer temperature range between 70º and 95ºF (21-35ºC) and require daytime temperatures of 60ºF (15ºC) or greater to thrive. Some of the Tender vegetables include beans, sweet corn, cucumbers, spinach, summer squash, and tomatoes.

Very-tender vegetables need daytime temperatures consistently warmer than 55ºF (13ºC). Some of the Very-tender vegetables include lima beans, cantaloupe, eggplant, muskmelon, okra, peppers, pumpkins, winter squash, sweet potatoes, and watermelon.

Vegetable gardening calendar month by month

List of month by month growing indoor vegetables in India are given below;

Vegetable gardening in January
  • Several early vegetables can be started off indoor gardening in January, such as French beans for forcing, early maturing cauliflowers and onions. Lettuce sown now can provide a late spring crop.
  • Plant the amount of every vegetable to be planted, including enough to can and freeze.
  • Buy enough quality seed for 2 or 3 plantings to lengthen the season of production.
  • Apply lime, sulfur, and fertilizer according to the soil-test results and different vegetable requirements.
  • If you have promised to make a green start to the year, January is the correct time to get started. Start with a vegetable garden and produce these vegetables to reap a rich harvest in the coming months.

Here is a list of the vegetables to grow in January in India;

Brussels sprouts, spinach beet, brinjals, okra, cucumbers, capsicums, bottle gourd and bitter gourd, spring potato, European radish, cabbages, and savoys

Vegetable gardening in February
  • February is the best time for digging, liberal manuring and cleaning up. Many weeds, particularly groundsel, will now be coming into flower, and if allowed to seed will make enormous work for you later on.
  • If you have heavy clay soil, finish any deep digging as soon as possible, that late frosts can break it down into a workable tilth in readiness for sowing and planting. There is no need to dig now if the soil is light and sandy.
  • Try to complete all digging this month so the soil has a chance to benefit from frost breaking it up.
  • Cover areas of soil to be sown with vegetable seeds next month with black plastic or fleece to warm it and prevent it from getting too wet.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in February in India;

Broad beans, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, eggplant, lettuce, onions, parsnips, peas, bottle gourd, pumpkin, summer squash, bitter gourd, European radish, leaf beet, pointed gourd, chili, and tomato.

Vegetable gardening in March
  • Finish all digging, unless you have a light and sandy soil. Light soils can generally be dug, and compost incorporated, just before cultivation. Do not apply compost or manure to the garden that is intended for root vegetables as this will encourage the roots to ‘fang’, producing two or more growing points per root.
  • March is the great season for garden work seedbeds that must be carefully prepared and your vegetable gardens cleaned up ready for the growing season. Where early-sown crops have failed, dig them back into the garden soil and sow again.
  • The first batch of the year should soon be ready for harvesting in March. This may well contain spinach beet and possibly purple sprouting broccoli.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in March in India;

Broad beans, carrots, cabbage, celery, and chives.

Vegetable gardening in April
  • April can be an even busier month than the last as it is generally now that the soil begins to warm-up and becomes in a fit condition for cultivating and sowing.
  • Plant tall-growing crops for example okra, pole beans and corn on the north side of other vegetables to avoid shading.
  • Continue succession sowing vegetable seeds to give a steady supply of vegetables right through the summer and into autumn.
  • Any of the seeds that were recommended for sowing in March can also be sown in April month. These contain beetroot, carrots, turnips, leeks, radishes, spinach, Brussels sprouts, summer cabbage, lettuces, pickling and salad onions, peas, parsnips, broad beans, leeks, broccoli, cauliflower.

You may also like the Growing Pumpkins from Seed.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in April in India;

Onion, amaranthus, coriander, gourds, okra, tomato, and chilli.

Vegetable gardening in May
  • May is the month when the vegetable garden begins to look more and more like the summer vegetable garden. By the end of May, the threat of late frosts must diminish and tender crops can begin to go into the vegetable garden without worry. Crops started indoors must be hardened off before they are planted.
  • Continue hoeing to avoid weeds from becoming established. Keep an eye open for pests and diseases and treat them appropriately as soon as they are seen so they can’t build up. The most common problem will be greenfly in May month, while some early caterpillars may also be about.
  • From May onwards new vegetables will begin to mature ready for harvesting. These contain spring cabbages, spring onions that were sown last August, plus lettuces and radishes.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in May in India;

Radish, cucumber, okra, onion, chili bottle gourd, bitter gourd, and pumpkin.

Vegetable gardening in June
  • June month is to set out heat-loving crops–zucchini, summer squashes, cucumbers, and melons.
  • Vegetables for harvest this June month consist of asparagus, broad beans, broccoli, spring cabbage, kohlrabi, lettuce, salad onions, peas, early potatoes, radish, spinach, and chard.
  • There must be less wedding now as the vegetables fill out, but they can still be a problem if the weather has been wet, particularly in the case of onions and leeks, whose leaves are thin and unlikely to keep down the competition.
  • If the weather is hot and dry, provide vegetables plenty of water with a fine spray every few days.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in June in India;

All gourds, brinjal, cucumber, cauliflower, okra, onion, tomato, pepper

Vegetable gardening in July
  • This is the best month of any planting before monsoon and crucial month of vegetable gardening calendar montth in India.
  • July is the month to start sowing and planting cool-weather crops for fall and winter harvest. If there is no time to obtain a second or third warm-weather crop to harvest before the fall cool down, turn now to starting cool-weather crops.
  • Potatoes can be vulnerable to blight at this point, a fungal infection seems to be more troublesome in cool, wet summers. Brown markings on the leaves and discolored patches on the potato flesh are tell-tale signs, so spray with an appropriate fungicide if necessary.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in July in India;

All gourds, cucumber, okra, cauliflower, cluster bean, bottle gourd, okra, chili, eggplant, and tomato.

You can also check the Growing Cardamom Indoors.

Vegetable gardening in August

  • August month is a fabulous month in the vegetable garden. The summer crops are overwhelming us with their productivity and the crops we sowed last month are coming along wonderfully. But there are still plenty of options for planting in August month.
  • If all the space in the garden has been planted already, now might be the time to clear out some of the early season crops that have faded to make space for some August plantings.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in August in India;

Carrot, cauliflower, beans, beet, chili, cauliflower, leaf beet, and turnip.

Vegetable gardening in September
  • September is generally a plentiful month in the vegetable garden with many vegetables coming into the season.
  • Vegetable crops will begin to take longer to ripen in September month. Give melons, limas, and carrot, tomatoes more time to ripen naturally and eggplants are ready for harvest when they are shiny.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in September in India;

Cabbage, cauliflower, radish, tomato, radish, carrot, turnip, celery, beetroot, Dolichos bean, lettuce, leaf beet, potato, and pea.

Vegetables to Plant in October
  • October month is the time to clear out the vegetable garden and to take care of the crops which will remain in the ground for winter like sprouts, cabbage, and kale.
  • Spring cabbage plants must be planted out in their final positions as soon as possible, if not already done. If left any later, they may fail to create good plants by the onset of winter.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in October in India;

Beet, brinjal, cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, radish, spinach, turnip, potato, beetroot, radish, garlic, pea, French bean, onion.

Vegetable gardening in November
  • This month also good for vegetable gardening and occupies best position in vegetable gardening calendar.
  • November is the month when development in the vegetable garden finally grinds to a halt. Temperatures fall and daylight levels decrease, the season is over and other than harvesting any remaining vegetable crops there is little plant tending to be done.
  • Keep harvesting fresh vegetables as they become set and eat stored vegetables. This is the end of the season for half-hardy vegetables, for example, runner beans, sweet corn, marrows, courgettes, outdoor tomatoes, and cucumbers.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in November in India;

Beet, eggplant, cabbage, carrot, beans, lettuce, melon, okra, and turnip.

Vegetable gardening in December

December can be a quiet month in the vegetable garden, but there are more things to take care of than you might think. With limited daylight hours as we approach the shortest day of the year, this December month crisp wintery weather can be strikingly beautiful and bitterly cold in equal measure.

Here is a list of the best vegetables to grow in December in India;

Lettuce, ash gourd, ridge gourd, bitter gourd, bottle gourd, cucumber, chilly, and cabbage

That’s all folks about vegetable gardening calendar ideas for dummies. Hope you enjoyed reading the content. Keep gardening!.

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