Best Fertilizer for Artichoke: Homemade, Organic, Liquid, NPK, and Compost Manure

The Artichokes grow best in rich, well-drained soil supplied with lots of organic matter. Artichokes are heavy feeders, so they love organic matter-rich soil. Apply extra fertilizer in the soil to give your plants the nutrients they need, at least once a month during the growing season. Let’s check out the best fertilizer for Artichoke.

Best Fertilizer for Artichoke
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The Artichokes need a high quantity of nitrogen fertilizer for excellent growth and development. The role of fertilizers is to increase production and ensure healthy production by providing the soil with the right balance of nutrients. Without fertilizers, the soil will be lost and therefore, plant growth will be particularly difficult. They cannot survive on water alone. Fertilizers play an important role in healthy, productive Artichokes.

Artichoke plants need nitrogen to make protein and chlorophyll that give them their distinctive green color. Fertilizing increases the number of nutrients in plant soil which can mean larger leaves or better sizes if you are picky about such things. You can use fertilizer as a natural way to compost your Artichoke plants but it still needs some kind of chemical fertilizer for best results. It usually takes between 680 grams to 1 kg per 100 square feet per year to get the desired effect so using less than that won’t help at all.

Best fertilizer for Artichoke

Compost manure for Artichoke 

You can always add more fertilizer as Artichoke plants grow. As the plants mature, they will start making strong stems that will support the bud. 

Chicken manure

Artichokes are heavy feeders, even if you make organic soil modifications in the soil at the beginning of the season. Before they start the stems, side dress with good organic fertilizers like composted chicken manure then water well.

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Artichoke
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Compost

Improve the nutrients and structure of soil by working in fertilizer or other rich organic matter. Once the buds start forming, remove the mulch and add manure.

Homemade fertilizers for Artichoke

Wood Ash

In addition to the liquid fertilizer, some people like to feed ash fertilizer to the Artichoke plants as often as they do every two weeks. This ash fertilizer gives potassium to the plant which needs to flourish. 

Eggshells

Sprinkle crushed eggshells around plant bases to keep the slug away from your plants. Crush a few eggshells into small pieces and sprinkle in each hole before planting. Then, sprinkle extra shells around the base of your plants every two weeks.

Coffee grounds

Coffee grounds also reduce soil pH which is beneficial for some types of plants, such as Artichoke and Beetroot.

Organic fertilizers for Artichoke

Blood and bone meal

Bone meal and blood meal are modifications that add nutrients to the soil and can be used together. Blood food is dry and powdered animal blood; it increases the level of nitrogen in the soil. Bone meal is ground animal bones; it increases the level of soil calcium and phosphorus. You can apply one/two cups of each feather or blood meal and bone meal for each Artichoke plant.

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Artichoke Plant
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Cottonseed meal

The Artichoke should be fed a side dressing of manure and cottonseed food around the base of the plant every 2 to 3 weeks during active growth.

Liquid fertilizers for Artichoke

Fish emulsion

Artichoke seedlings need a lot of nutrients as they develop, so fertilize them with fish emulsion or something similar. 

Compost tea

The Artichoke should be fed every 2 to 3 weeks during active growth, using compost tea. 

Seaweed extract

A foliar spray made from a seaweed extract increased the growth, production, and quality of the Globe Artichoke.

Natural fertilizers for Artichoke

Mulch with organic material, such as dried grass clippings, straw, aged manure, or a mixture of them. As buds begin to form, remove the mulch, and apply 4-inch-thick layers of manure around each plant, which extends 12 inches from the plant’s base to the outside.

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Artichoke Farming
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Commercial fertilizers for Artichoke

NPK ratio 

Before planting Artichoke, mix 4.5 to 5.4 kg of complete fertilizer, such as 13-13-13, per 100 feet in the soil. 450 to 550 grams of 13-13-13 for every 10 feet of the row for small gardens. This fertilizer is very helpful to Artichokes after planting. The Artichokes benefit from regular applications of an all-purpose fertilizer during the growing season. Side dress 1 to 1.8 kg calcium nitrate per 100 feet row or one tablespoon per plant in small plants.

Side dress means fertilizing on the side of the plant. Do not apply fertilizer too close to the plant base as it can burn leaves. You can apply liquid fertilizer containing Ca and Zn every 2 weeks during the active growth period of Artichoke in early spring. Apply 136 grams per 100 square feet 6 to 8 weeks after planting. 

Artichoke fertilizer schedule 

  • The Artichokes grow well on regular fertilizing. You are better to check your soil and modify the soil according to the test results and recommendations. If soil is not tested mix 45 to 64 kg of manure per 100 square feet of soil before planting.
  • Phosphorus and potash are best applied before planting and should also be worked out. Put about 113 grams of P2O5 and 113 grams per K2O per 100 square feet. The Artichokes require about 45 grams of nitrogen per 100 square feet. Before planting, you can apply it to the soil. 
  • Prepare a garden for the Artichoke using a shovel to mix the soil well with manure or compost, which adds vital nutrients. Use 4 to 6 inches of manure or compost for each 100 square feet area, which is mixed at a depth of six inches.

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Artichoke Garden
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  • Treat plants with regular doses of fertilizer every four weeks during the growing season, as the first Artichoke emerges. You should use granulate fertilizer containing balanced amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, to create the rich soil Artichokes require. For each plant, add two teaspoons of fertilizer, place it on the side of the plant at its base. Spray the manure with a hose so that it gets wet with soil and absorbed by the Artichoke. 
  • Give plants a dose of seaweed extract or fish emulation every two weeks. Over micronutrients, these water-soluble fertilizers are quickly absorbed from the roots of the Artichokes. Water Artichokes before applying extract or emulsion to prevent root damage, dilute in a couple of gallons of water before applying fertilizer. 
  • Apply a layer of mulch around the Artichokes, which acts as a natural fertilizer when it rots, scattering it evenly around plants. Use grass clippings or cuttings from other vegetable plants as mulch, which promotes excellent growth. Cover the Artichoke with a mulch made of dry in winter, which provides nutrients while keeping plants warm enough to survive next season.

How to fertilize Artichoke in pots

The Artichoke needs a lot of nutrients and water as they grow dense leaves and lots of bulbs. This is especially important when growing the Artichoke in the pots because there is not enough soil to maintain proper moisture and nutrients. Use more nitrogen liquid fertilizers that are soluble in water for about three to four weeks. For this purpose, it is better to side-dress your plant with mature compost manure as well as feed your plant with compost tea every week or two weeks.

Fertilize the plant with balanced liquid manure, which is diluted at half or quarter strength. When the first Artichoke emerges, feed the plant again. Water plants pour well before the application and avoid putting near leaves as they can burn. Alternatively, you can also feed fish emulation to plants.

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Artichoke Plant
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Frequently asked questions about fertilizers for Artichokes (FAQ)

When should you fertilize the Artichoke?

In areas where plants can produce all year round, they are fed with more nitrogen fertilizer in the fall. Feed-in spring in cold areas.

Why won’t my Artichoke grow?

The Artichokes are sensitive to too little or too much moisture in the soil. Long periods of drought result in small, stunted buds with weak trunks. If the Artichoke plant produces yellow leaves, reduce the water, and transplant it to the sunnier site in the fall after it is inactive.

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