Sweet Potato Gardening – How To Start, Tips, and Ideas

Introduction to how to start sweet potato gardening for beginners, sweet potato planting questions and answers (FAQs): Hello gardeners, we are back with one more article and the article is all about sweet potato gardening. Do you want to grow your own sweet potatoes? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to grow your own sweet potatoes. In this article, we are going to discuss some frequently asked questions about sweet potatoes.

The sweet potato is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the Convolvulaceae family, which includes bindweed and morning glory. Its tuberous roots are big, starchy, and sweet-tasting, and are used as a root vegetable. Greens can be made from the young branches and leaves.

A step by step guide to how to start sweet potato gardening, sweet potato planting questions and answers, FAQs

How To Grow Sweet Potatoes
How To Grow Sweet Potatoes (Pic source: pixabay)

Sweet potatoes are grown from cuttings rather than seeds. They’re made from “slips”—sprouts taken from already-grown sweet potatoes.

Plant slips 3 to 4 weeks after the last spring frost when overnight temperatures have reached at least 13°C. The trick is to plant them early enough for them to grow properly, but not too early for a late spring frost to kill them.

Make sure you have a long enough growing season before you start planting. The majority of cultivars will mature in three to four months, or 90 to 120 days. Check your frost dates and growing season length.

When the soil temperature reaches 15°C, plant the slips on a warm, gloomy day.

Remove the lower leaves and just save the upper ones.

Set the slips 12 to 18 inches apart, deep enough to cover the roots and stem up to the leaves.

To ensure that the plants root effectively, water with a high-phosphorus liquid fertilizer and then water generously for 7 to 10 days.

Choose a location that is sunny and has well-drained soil. Sweet potatoes aren’t finicky about their soil, although they do like sandier soil and need enough air space for their roots to stretch down. Consider raised beds if your soil is clay, rocky, or compacted.

Make sure there’s enough room for the vines to grow (3 feet between rows so the vines).

8 to 10 inches of organic materials should be mixed in. Use soil that is fertile and well-drained. To assist build loamy soil and keep moisture, add compost, perlite, and/or coconut coir. Animal manure, including pelleted chicken manure, should be avoided since it can cause spindly and/or discolored roots.

Now, let us discuss some frequently asked questions about sweet potato growing;

Is it possible to plant sweet potatoes from sweet potatoes?

You can start your slips, which are sprouts from an existing sweet potato, by purchasing “seed” sweet potatoes from a nursery, or you can start slips from grocery store tubers. Because some sweet potatoes are treated to prevent sprouting, consider organic tubers.

When is the best time to grow sweet potatoes?

In case if you miss this: How To Grow Organic Lettuce.

Sweet Potato Plants
Sweet Potato Plants (Pic source: pixabay)

In the spring, after all, the danger of frost has passed, around 4 weeks after the last frost, plant sweet potato seedlings in the garden. Sweet potatoes are particularly vulnerable to frost and require up to 150 days of warm, moist growing conditions.

What is the best way to grow a sweet potato plant?

Place the sweet potato in a water-filled jar. Place toothpicks into the sides of the potato to keep the top third uncovered. The pointed end of the stick should be submerged in the water. A vine with multiple stems will develop in a few weeks.

How many sweet potatoes can one plant produce?

How About This: Easy Vegetables To Grow Indoors.

Sweet Potatoes
Sweet Potatoes (Pic source: pixabay)

Root able cuttings, also known as slips, are used to cultivate sweet potatoes. Growing your slips from little or medium-sized sweet potatoes purchased at the store can be a lot of fun if you’ve never grown sweet potatoes before. Three to five slips can be made from one sweet potato.

How can I get my sweet potato soil ready?

  • Select a location that receives plenty of sunlight.
  • 1 part compost or composted manure to 2 parts soil, blended until fluffy.
  • Cover the dirt with clear plastic that has been drawn taut and smooth.
  • Allow the soil to get to around 27°C.

What is the best way to fertilize sweet potatoes?

The exact ratio of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus to add varies according to experts. However, depending on the findings of your soil test, a 1-2-4 or 5-10-10 fertilizer combination should give the correct balance for young sweet potato growth.

What kind of room do sweet potatoes require?

Plant sweet potatoes 12 to 18 inches apart, with 3 feet between rows to give the vines plenty of room to spread out.

Is it true that sweet potatoes require a lot of sunlight?

They prefer full sun (at least 6 to 8 hours each day throughout the growing season) and prefer loose, well-drained, nutrient-rich soils; however, they will grow in practically any location. Choose and arrange a planting place that will benefit your sweet potato plants so that you may harvest a bumper plant.

Is it necessary for sweet potatoes to be exposed to sunlight?

Sweet potatoes need full sun and a warm temperature to grow well. They require well-drained, fine sandy loam soil with a slightly acidic pH of 5 to 7.5 for planting. This permits the sweet potato to grow quickly while avoiding a wet environment that promotes rot and disease.

Is it okay to use cow dung on sweet potatoes?

Sweet potatoes prefer light-textured, well-drained soil, although heavy soil can be modified with 6 to 8 inches of organic matter such as compost, rotting cow manure, or peat. They can also be planted in raised boxes with a height of 10 to 12 inches.

Is it true that sweet potatoes require a lot of water?

Water – Sweet potatoes may grow in dry soil once they’ve been planted. It’s ideal to keep it uniformly moist by watering it once a week with 1 inch of water. To prevent the mature tubers from splitting, don’t water your sweet potatoes in the final three to four weeks before harvest.

What is the maximum temperature that sweet potato vines can withstand?

Once the overnight temperatures in the spring are above  10°C, plant beautiful sweet potato vines in a garden bed.

Is a trellis necessary for sweet potatoes?

The main advantage of training sweet potato vines to a trellis is that you will conserve garden space. Sweet potato vines can grow up to ten feet in length and develop roots anywhere they come into contact with the soil. You can always prune back sweet potato vines if you still feel like they’re out of control when growing vertically.

Is it necessary to mulch sweet potatoes?

Sweet potatoes should be mulched as soon as possible after they are planted. It’s a good idea to maintain them well mulched or weeded until they’re large enough to prevent weeds from taking over.

How long does it take for a sweet potato vine to grow?

Growing edible tubers might take anywhere from 100 to 140 days, depending on the planter. To have a long enough growing season in some parts of the country, that requires starting your plants six to twelve weeks before your area’s estimated last frost date in the spring.

When should sweet potatoes be planted?

In the spring, after all, the danger of frost has passed, around 4 weeks after the last frost, plant sweet potato seedlings in the garden. Sweet potatoes are particularly vulnerable to frost and require up to 150 days of warm, moist growing conditions.

What is the ideal depth of soil for sweet potatoes?

Make sure there’s enough room for the vines to grow (3 feet between rows so the vines). 8 to 10 inches of organic materials should be mixed in. Use soil that is fertile and well-drained. To assist build loamy soil and keep moisture, add compost, perlite, and/or coconut coir.

How do I know when sweet potatoes are ready to harvest?

Sweet potatoes are ready to harvest when the vines’ ends start to turn yellow, or shortly before frosting in the north. To avoid harming tubers, locate the primary crown of the plant you want to dig and loosen an 18-inch wide circle around it using a digging fork.

What kinds of plants go well with sweet potatoes?

Root vegetables like parsnips and beets, for example, make excellent sweet potato partners. Bush beans make excellent sweet potato companions, and certain pole bean species may be trained to grow alongside sweet potato vines on the ground.

What is the best soil for sweet potatoes?

They require well-drained, fine sandy loam soil with a slightly acidic pH of 5 to 7.5 for planting. This permits the sweet potato to grow quickly while avoiding a wet environment that promotes rot and disease.

How do you keep sweet potato pests at bay?

Because dry soil helps weevils to reach the target roots, minimizing soil cracking is a key technique for preventing infestation. This can be accomplished by irrigating the sweet potato plant frequently or hilling a small area around the plant to keep weevils out of the roots.

What diseases affect sweet potatoes?

Fusarium surface rot and Fusarium root rot are both caused by Fusarium species. On roots that have been stored for any amount of time after harvest, fusarium surface rot is frequent. In the Southeast, fusarium root rot is a major sweet potato disease.

Why my sweet potato plants leaves are becoming yellow?

Sweet potato leaves becoming yellow may also be caused by nutritional deficits. Lack of nitrogen is the most prevalent shortage, which can be remedied using a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. Because magnesium is necessary by the plant to create chlorophyll, a magnesium deficit will result in yellowing leaves.

When sweet potatoes rot in the ground, what causes it?

A rise in soil pH above 5.2 and grassy, light, dry soils are the most typical circumstances that encourage the disease. The pathogen can live in the soil for years and also infects morning glory weeds. On contaminated equipment, the disease can spread from field to field.

Can sweet potatoes be left in the ground for too long?

Sweet potatoes will continue to thrive as long as soil temperatures average above 18°C or the tips of the plants are not damaged by frost. If you can’t dig the roots right away after a frost, cut the dyed tops off just above the soil line and leave the roots in the ground for a few days.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here