Shade net gardening
Hello gardeners today we discuss the topic of shade net gardening tips, advantages. Summers with their hot dry winds can create very harsh conditions in which to grow gardening vegetables. So we built shade net houses to protect our vegetables. A Shade net house is a structure enclosed by agro nets or any other woven material to allow required sunlight, moisture and air to pass through the gaps. It is also called as Shade house or Net House. Shade cover can be used to create shade houses or net houses. Shade houses generally have shade cloth over it. They are mainly used to protect cultivated plants from excessive heat, light or dryness. Different shade cloth can be available in different colors and percentages to protect plants from sun, frost, etc.
Several kinds of vegetables need a different amount of sunlight. To know how much sunlight vegetable needs, here are the basic sunlight conditions to grow vegetables:
This is the part of the garden that receives direct light (usually 6 or more hours a day between 10 am and 6 pm) from the sun. Normally, fruiting vegetables such as tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, cucumbers, eggplants, and peppers need to be planted in full sun areas where they obtain the most sunlight during the day.
Partial shade or partial sun
Partial shade or partial sun refers to the portion of the garden that obtains 3-6 hours of sun or shade for the rest of the day. Root vegetables which contain beets, carrots and potatoes can be grown in partial shade areas.
Light shade areas obtain less sunlight or reflected light during the day. It usually receives about 2 to 4 hours of sunlight per day. Leafy vegetables such as spinach, chards, and salad greens are the most tolerant plants that you can grow in light shade places.
Advantages of Shade net gardening:
- This Shade net gardening technique is easy to install and give more productivity even in the adverse weather conditions.
- The shade net is prepared using plastic, towers made up of iron and wire ropes which are locally obtainable and comparatively at a low-price.
- Water requirement of garden plants reduces leading to water conservation.
- Helps in the cultivation of flower plants, foliage plants, and medicinal plants, all vegetables and spices.
- Shade net used for fruit and vegetable nurseries as well as for raising of forest species etc.
Vegetables suitable for Shade net:
List of vegetables grown in the shade net gardening;
Root crops and leafy vegetables can thrive in shade houses. Here is a list of vegetables that are perfect for shade net gardening.
- Brussels sprouts
- Herbs (almost all)
Types of Shade net house:
A shade net is a structure that is framed and made using materials like wood or bamboo, steel pipes, and iron.
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Flat Roof Shade Net House:
Flat Roof Shade Net House is developed to overcome the problems of severe sunlight in summer, to catch CO2 level in the night to minimize infection of pests. So many parameters are controlled such as temperature, humidity, light and CO2 level in this net house.
Dome Shape Shade net House:
They are very easy to install and requires little maintenance. Any kind of vegetables and flowers can be grown in this net house.
Choose the best shade net cover for the garden:
The shade net cover is mostly used to prevent the overheating of the soil and the plants, during the warmer months. And, also, it prevents the spread of some diseases, by blocking the insects from coming in contact with the plants.
The main function of shade covers is to protect plants from the harmful effects of the sun. Although sunlight is essential for plant growth, not all plants require the full sun. There are varying requirements of sunlight depending upon the variety of the plant.
You must choose a shade net cover according to the environment you are planning to grow your plants in. You can decide Shad net cover about the heat and light requirements of your plants.
Also, in addition to all the protection benefits, shade covers come in a wide range of thickness, style, and colors that you can purchase, according to plant and garden theme requirements.
Fully enclosed shade-house advantages are given below;
- Reduces heat stress and protects against sunburn,
- Reduces wind strength,
- Minimizes the impact of wind-driven heavy rain,
- Keeps kangaroos, wallabies, hares, rabbits, birds and other wildlife out, and
- Keeps the bigger insects out.
Materials used to build the shade house:
List of materials used to build the shade house is;
- Steel pipe
- Shade net cloth
- UV resistant plastic wire
- Paint and Primer
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Shade net house design:
- As a first step, the outer vertical poles were cut to size and erected and they were supported on either the walls or the false pillar posts in the garden. A small square rod was first drilled into the wall at an angle of 20 to 30 degrees to the ground. This angle helps the rod stay put inside the wall and then the steel pipes were soldered to these rods.
- Next measurements were noted for the triangular trusses. And each of the trusses was fabricated from the steel pipe to measurement and marked. Then they were soldered on to the vertical posts.
- The inner verticals were then erected and soldered onto all trusses. A few flats were soldered on to the verticals for extra support and to create a permanent trellis structure.
- And lastly the horizontal bars were laid down on top and soldered to the top of the trusses and these connected the three trusses.
- After the arrangement was ready we cleaned up the pipes using sandpaper and cloth and painted it for protection. After the paint was dry the shade cloth was laid on top of the construction and was fastened using fishing net wire. The fishing net wire we used was UV ray protected. So it would not simply disintegrate in heat and would hold on for much longer than normal plastic wires.
- To provide it extra protection from the wind we tied coconut fiber ropes going across the shade cloth from one side to the other. This was essential as our place is very windy.
Grow your plants under shade net:
Vegetables that are grown in shade net houses are most likely to be succulent and free of the bitter taste. To effectively grow vegetables in a shade house, look for areas which receive sunlight above ground level. Areas that are shaded in the morning but sunny by afternoon are perfect for climbing vegetables like beans, peas, squashes, and cucumbers.
Use Good Soil: If you are going to challenge shade-tolerant crops to grow in partial shade, provide them with good-quality soil with plenty of nutritious compost. If tree roots are a major problem, consider using a raised bed or growing vegetables in containers.
Moisture Requirements: The watering needs of shade garden will be different than a garden in full sun. Moisture doesn’t evaporate as quickly in the shade so you could not need to water as often. However, if the shade garden is near trees, you may need to water more frequently since your plants will be competing with trees for moisture. Also, the leafy canopy can prevent rain from reaching plants. Water when the garden soil feels dry and mulch to conserve moisture.
Useful tips to grow plants in Shade net:
Here are some useful tips that can help you grow plants in a shade net;
- Use good soil with nutritious compost when growing vegetables in the shade house.
- Since you are growing your plant in the shade house, watering requirements can be different than growing plants in full Sun.
- Check shade house regularly for pests such as slugs and snails which can thrive in cool and shady areas. You must practice good sanitation procedures to avoid pest problems.
- You can mainly utilize reflective mulches to cast light up onto your plant. Reflective mulches can reduce damages that are caused by pests such as aphids.
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