Introduction to the preparation of organic fertilizer for home gardening
Well, the demand for growing vegetables or any other crops organically increasing, and here is the information on the preparation of organic fertilizers of Panchagavya, Brahmastra, Agniastra, Jeevamrut, Neemastra, Dasagavya, Sanjivak, and Amrutpani at home.
A step by step guide to the preparation of organic fertilizer
Panchagavya or Panchakavya
How to make Panchagavya or Organic fertilizer using Cow by-products.
Panchagavya is prepared from cow dung, curd, ghee, urine, and milk. This is the best organic homemade manure.
Things you need for preparing Panchagavya
- Fresh Cow Dung-3Kg
- Curd-1/2 liter
- Cow Urine -2 liter
- Milk-1 liter
- Water 3 liters
- Container to mix
Preparation of Panchagavya organic fertilizer
- Take fresh cow dung and mix with gee, then cover it with a cotton cloth and keep it aside place for 4 to 8 hours.
- Add water and then mix it well and cover with a cotton cloth for 3 days for better results.
- Then add some milk, curd, and cow urine. Mix it well.
- The mix should be stirred well in the evening and morning for about 21 days.
How to use Panchagavya
To use Panchagavya dilute it with 30 times of water and it is ready to use as a liquid fertilizer. To usePanchagavya as a foliar spray separate or filter the liquid using a cotton cloth to separate the waste. If you do not filter the liquid it will block your spray nozzle.
As a fertilizer, we use it once every two weeks during the normal growth of a plant and once a week during flowering and fruiting. And, as a foliar spray, we use it every week. We have noticed that when Panchagavya is sprayed all pests disappear and start to make an appearance after about a week. Hence we spray once in a week. Spraying must be done early in the morning or late in the afternoon. Plants and leaves should be dry when you spray Panchagavya. You can spray it between 8-9 AM on a normal day in the morning time. In the evening spray about an hour before the sunset and do not waste your Panchagavya on rainy days.
Effect of Panchagavya in plants
Leaf – Plants sprayed with Panchagavya invariably produce bigger plant leaves and develop denser canopy. The photosynthetic system is activated for enhanced biological efficiency and enabling the synthesis of maximum metabolites and photosynthates.
Roots-The rooting is profuse and dense. Further, they remain fresh for a long time. The roots spread and grow into deeper layers were observed. All such plant roots help maximum intake of nutrients and water.
Yield- The key feature of Panchagavya is its efficacy to restore the crop yield level of all crops when the land is converted from an inorganic cultural system to organic culture from the very first year. The harvest is advanced by 15 days in all the plants. It not only enhances the shelf life of vegetables, fruit plants, and grains but also improves the taste. By reducing or replacing costly chemical inputs, Panchagavya ensures higher profit and also liberates the organic farmers from the loan.
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Preparation of Brahmastra organic fertilizer
Brahmastra is a natural insecticide/pesticide. Brahmastra Control Bigger Caterpillar and Bigger Pests.
Ingredients for preparation for Brahmastra are Cow urine, castor leaf, Indian beech, and Neem
- 20 Liter Cow Urine
- 2 Kg Neem Leaves and Stems
- 2 Kg Castor Leaves and Stems
- 2 Kg Mango Leaves and Stems
- 2 Kg Indian Beech Leaves and Stems
How to prepare Brahmastra
- Make Paste of Individual Leaves and Stems
- Keep it separately
- Put all these in a Big Vessel
- Mix all the components and stir clockwise
- Keep this Big Vessel for Cooking
- Leave it for cooling for 48 hours
- Shaded Place. Not expose to Sunlight / Rain
- Cover with Cloth
- Filter with a cloth and then put in a bottle or can
- After 48 hours ready for usage
Preparation of Agniastra organic fertilizer
How to prepare Agniastra
It acts as manure for the soil and plants and it can remove all kinds of pests, insects and increase the richness of the soil. Moreover, it acts as an enriched for the greenery of the plant, can be used for vegetables, fruits, flowers, and other agriculture crops.
The below ingredients will get you 2 liters of Agniastra solution.
Ingredients of Agniastra
- Tobacco – 50 gm
- Green chilies – 50 gm
- Garlic – 50 gm
- Neem leaf – 500 gm
- Cow urine – 1500 ml
Grind all the above ingredients into a fine paste and then mix with cow urine. Boil this for 4 times. Then, leave it for 48 hours, filter it, and mix some water and sprinkle over the plants. You can save and use it for 3 months. Spray this medicine Agniastra on the pest such as Leaf Roller, Stem Borer, Fruit borer, and pod borer.
Method of Agniastra preparation
- Add 10 Liters of Cow’s Urine to the Pot.
- Crush the Tobacco and add them to the urine.
- Then, crush the Green Chillies and add them as well.
- Crush the Neem Leaves and add the pulp as well.
- Boil this mixture continuously for 5 times.
- Allow this solution to ferment for 24 hours and filter the solution using a cloth and use it.
The pesticide must be kept in the shade and then covered with a wire mesh to prevent houseflies from laying eggs and the formation of maggots or worms in the solution.
Preparation of Jeevamrut organic fertilzier
Jeevamrut is a combination of two words – Jeevan + Amrut. Jeevan means life and Amrut means medicinal potion. Jeevamrut is an excellent source of natural Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Potassium, and other micronutrients which are mainly used as natural manure in Organic farming. As compared to other forms of Manure, Compost, and Vermicompost; Jeevamrut can be prepared very easily and quickly. It along with other manure can also be very beneficial for crops. It is liquid organic manure popularly used as a means of organic farming. It is considered to be an excellent source of ‘natural carbon’, ‘biomass’, ‘Nitrogen’, ‘Phosphorous’ ‘Potassium’, and a lot of other micronutrients required for the plants.
Benefits of Jeevamrut
- Acts as an agent to increase the microbial count and friendly bacteria in the soil.
- Improves the pH of the soil.
- Jeevamrut can be made within 4 to 5 days so it can be used effectively and frequently.
- Suitable for all crops and increases the yield.
- Reduces the costs of chemical fertilizers.
Preparation of Jeevamrut
- Take 200 liters of water in the barrel.
- Take 10 kg local cow dung (Indian breed) and 5-10 liter cow urine and add it in water.
- Add 2 kg jaggery, 2 kg pulses flour, and handful soil from the bund of the farm in the barrel.
- Then stir the solution well and keep it for 48 hours in the shadow. The mixture needs to be stirred a couple of times for a minimum of 10 minutes. It gets fermented. After 48 hours Jeevamrut is ready to use. It can be used for 2-3 days.
- After 8 days of preparation, bacteria start reducing which are present in liquid Jeevamrut.
Preparation of Neemastra organic fertilizer
Materials Required for Neemastra
- Water 200 liters for one acre of land.
- In cow-urine 50 ml per liter of water.
- In cow’s dung 10 grams per liter of water.
- In crushed neem leaves (with thin stems) or neem seeds powder 50 gm per liter of water.
How to prepare Neemastra
Step 1) Mix all the above ingredients in a plastic or cement tank. Make sure there is no lump in cow’s dung and use a wooden stick to mix the mixture of the ingredients. The wooden stick must be rotated in the mixture according to the clockwise direction so that positive energy spreads in the mixture.
Step 2) Then, cover the tank with a jute sack or poly net. The tank must be in shadow and the tank should not be directly exposed to sunlight or rainwater. Leave the mixture for 48 hours for fermentation.
Step 3) Using a wooden stick for at least 1 minute, mix the mixture in a clockwise direction in the morning and evening every day.
Step 4) Filter the mixture and use it after 48 hours.
Use – The mixture must be sprayed on plants. Do not mix the water in the mixture, sprinkle the same mixture.
Preparation Dasagavya organic fertilizer
It is an organic growth promoter for crops, which is prepared by mixing certain plant extracts along with Panchagavya.
How to prepare Dasgavya
Ingredients for preparing Dasagavya is cow dung 5 kg, cow urine 3 liters, cow milk 2 liters, curd 2 liters, cow deshi ghee 1 kg, sugarcane juice 3 liters, tender coconut water 3 liters, a banana paste of 12 fruits and toddy or grape juice 2 liters.
- Mix cow dung and ghee in a suitable container and ferment for 3 days with intermittent stirring. Add the rest of the ingredients on the fourth day and ferment for about 15 days with stirring twice daily.
- Then, the formulation will be ready in 18 days. Sugarcane juice can be replaced with 500 grams jaggery in 3 liters water. In case of non-availability of grape juice, 100g yeast powder mixed with 100 g jaggery and 2 lit of warm water can also be used.
- For foliar spray 3-4 liters, Dasgavya is diluted with 100 liters water.
Advantages of Dasgavya
- Increases plant growth, yield, and quality of the crops
- Controls pests such as aphids, thrips, mites, and other sucking pests
- Control diseases like leaf spot, leaf blight, and powdery mildew, etc.
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Preparation Sanjivak organic fertilizer
What is Sanjivak
Sanjivak is an organic nutrient used for enriching the soil with microorganisms and quick residue decomposition.
Ingredients to prepare Sanjivak
- Water-300 Liters
- Jaggery-500 grams
- Cow urine(Gaumutra) 100 liters
- Cow dung 100 to 200 kg’s
How to prepare Sanjivak
- Mix 100-200 kg cow dung, 100-liters cow urine, and 500 g jaggery in 300 liters of water in 500 liters closed drum
- Keep it in a drum for 10 days for fermentation
- It should be diluted with 20 times water
Preparation of Amrutpani organic fertilizer
Amrutpani is used to improve soil fertility.
Materials required for Amrutpani
- The fresh cow dung of Indian breed – 1 kg.
- Cow urine of Indian breed – 1 liter.
- Jiggery – 50 grams (sugarcane juice can be replaced with 2 glasses or raped six bananas)
- Water – 10 liters.
How to prepare Amrutpani
- Take a container of plastic or wood, add water and jaggery to it and mix it well.
- Mix fresh cow dung and cow urine in the mixture, stirring the mixture with a wooden stick.
Mix the water again in the mixture and stir it slowly in the same direction and bind the container’s face to the clothes.
Amrutpani is ready for use in 4 days, mixed with wooden sticks 3 times a day.
Use of Amrutpani
- Mix one liter of nectar-water with 10 liters of water and use it.
- Use Amritpani to irrigate it every week.
- The root treatment should be done 30 minutes before planting.
- Dried leaves or dried sugarcane leaves are soaked in Amrutpani and used as mulch.
- By giving water to plants using Amrutpani every week, Amrutpani keeps the soil alive and enriches nutrients.
- If the sprouting of nectar-water once in a week or 14 days, the infection of pests on plants can be reduced, as well as better use by the foiler-spray.
- Before planting soak the seeds in nectar-water for 24 hours, after which use of seed yields better germination rate and stronger plants.
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