How to Start Home Gardening in Utah (UT) for Beginners: From Scratch for Indoors, Raised Beds, Outdoors, Backyards, and Containers

Home Gardening is a common activity in Utah, particularly along the Wasatch Front, which benefits from having somewhat rich soil and plenty of water, which provide ideal growing conditions. The southern Utah region between Pine and St. George benefits from hot, dry summers and rich volcanic soil, making it a perfect location for tomato cultivation. Planning your garden is perfect for getting advice from the county extension office or experienced neighbors on when to plant and which varieties to choose from.

How to start home gardening in Utah (UT) for beginners
Image Source

Below we learn home gardening in Utah, different home gardens for Utah, how to begin a backyard home garden in Utah, how to begin a container home garden in Utah, how to begin an indoor home garden in Utah, about the planting zones of Utah, and different fruits and vegetables for Utah home gardens.

How to start home gardening in Utah (UT) for beginners

When should I start my garden in Utah?

Where in Utah your garden is situated will determine the optimum time to sow veggies. The average lowest winter temperatures are used to classify locations into hardiness zones. You’ll have better gardening luck in Utah if you know your plant hardiness zone. Vegetables that thrive in cooler climates and can withstand light frosts are cold, hardy, or semi-hardy. These delicious vegetables have two growing seasons.

The hardiness zone in which residents of Salt Lake City are located is 5. If you live in a different climate, you should research your hardiness zone to determine when you can grow your garden. Midway through March to the beginning of May is often the first time cold-hardy veggies are planted. The second season of planting will occur in the summer, from July until around the middle of August.

The semi-hardy plants can be planted after that, usually after two or three weeks. Produce like spinach, arugula, collard greens, parsnips, kale, mustard greens, radishes, rhubarb, and turnips can all survive the cold winters in Utah gardens. Vegetables, including beets, rutabaga, celery, radicchio, peas, swiss chard, lettuce, carrot, potato, and cauliflower, are semi-hardy or half-hardy alternatives.

Two categories of sensitive vegetables thrive in warmer climates. Depending on your zone, you can begin planting sensitive veggies anywhere from May 1 through late May or early June. Choose from tomato, cucumber, summer squash, maize, and beans if you’re looking for tender vegetables. Tomatoes, eggplant, cucumber, okra, muskmelon, cantaloupe, bush beans, pumpkin, watermelon, winter squash, lima beans, sweet potatoes, and peppers are among the most sensitive vegetables.

What fruits and veggies grow well in Utah?

Apples, apricots, arugula, asparagus, basil, beets, blackberries, blueberries, broccoli, cabbage, cantaloupes, carrots, cauliflower, celery, chard, cherries, chiles, collard greens, corn, cucumbers, eggplants, beans, fennel, garlic, grapes, onions, kale, leeks, lettuce, melons, mint, mushrooms, onions, herbs, peaches, pears, peas, peppers, potatoes, pumpkins, radishes, raspberries, rhubarb, spinach, summer and winter squash, strawberries, tomatoes, turnips, watermelons, and zucchini are some of the fruits and vegetables that grow best in Utah.

In case you missed it: How to Start Home Gardening in Vermont (VT) for Beginners: From Scratch for Indoors, Outdoors, Raised Beds, Backyards, and Containers

Garden Water Gun
Image Source

Is Utah good for gardening?

There is considerable variation across soil types. In truth, Utah and the rest of the Intermountain West have very saline soil. As a result of the high salt concentration of our soil, compost alone is frequently insufficient to maintain plant health. For this reason, many gardeners include humate into their soil. It helps soil microbes thrive and decreases salt levels. The water we use for our plants has a high alkaline pH.

Therefore, using Humate, which is decomposed green organic matter, helps retain moisture and lowers the alkalinity of the soil is crucial. The above measures are meant to prepare the soil for planting in the spring. But a gardener can do things throughout the year to improve the soil. For instance, incorporating nitrogen-rich materials like compost, grass clippings, and leaves into the autumn soil allows for their complete decomposition before spring.

What zone is Utah for gardening?

Although most of Utah has a desert environment, the state’s mountains provide a broad range of microclimates and planting zones. The Wasatch Mountains provide a rain shadow over eastern Utah. Since the state is in the path of several westward-bound storms from the Pacific Ocean from late autumn to early spring, that body of water provides the vast majority of the state’s precipitation.

Eastern and southern areas of the state have monsoons throughout the summer months since these regions are more directly affected by the Gulf of California’s winds. During the summer, temperatures in much of the state can reach the triple digits; however, the low humidity helps make the heat more bearable than in other parts of the nation. Annual precipitation is typically between 5 and 15 inches on average. Snowfall averages about 40 inches outside the Great Salt Lake Desert, with 60 inches falling annually in Salt Lake City.

A microclimate around the Great Salt Lake can create 500 inches of lake effect snow yearly. An interactive planting zone map couldn’t be easier to determine your hardiness zone. The planting zone or hardiness zone can help you choose which plants can thrive in your region. The state of Utah covers growth zones 4a through 9a. Finding out which plants, flowers, and vegetables will flourish in a garden depends on the growing zone. 

Still, gardeners can also use this information to determine which plants are unlikely to survive the winter in their area. Planting zones in Utah and elsewhere are based on average first and latest frost dates. Choose plants hardy in the same or a little warmer zone than Utah. Plants hardy in zones 1–4 but not higher can be grown in a zone 4a garden. Using plants meant for a more challenging climate zone can be tough since they likely won’t make it through the winter.

Utah is a great place to raise fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Garden plants that grow well in Utah include hummingbird fuchsia, hosta, blanket flower, bee balm, daylilies, and tall garden phlox. There are a variety of veggies that will grow nicely there. Vegetables such as tomatoes, mustard greens, zucchini, maize, beans, radishes, lettuce, and peas all do well in Utah gardens.

What fruits can be grown in Utah?

Fruit is quite popular in Utah, which is home to many orchards. Because of the region’s extended growing season and historical abundance of water, central Utah is home to a town of the same name. The climate of Utah is ideal for growing a wide variety of fruit, including the well-beloved peach, plum, pear, apple, apricot, and cherry. 

When should I start seeds indoors in Utah?

As a bonus, the optimal time to plant seeds is often listed on the back of most packs. For instance, if you saw “Start 6-8 weeks indoors before the last frost,” you can calculate how many weeks before the last frost by using the typical later frost date and then moving the starting date inside. 

Seeds can be planted as early as the first weeks of March. Some plants, like peas, don’t need an indoor head start, as you may have seen. Because peas don’t fare as well when transplanted, it’s best to get them going in the garden. Root vegetables are best planted outside, including radishes, beets, carrots, turnips, and most other cool-season crops.

When should I plant tomatoes in Utah?

Tomatoes thrive in warm, sunny climates with rich, well-drained soil. Before you plant anything, amend the soil with organic material and a full fertilizer. Later in the season, side-dress with more nitrogen fertilizer to encourage vigorous vine growth. Direct sowing of tomato seeds into the garden should begin 10-14 days before the latest frost date. Most Utah gardeners who want their tomatoes to mature faster use black plastic when they transplant them.

When transplanting plants outside the frost-free season, protect them with row covers or hot caps. You should water deeply and infrequently. Both plastic and organic mulches assist minimize water use and weed growth, but organic mulches shouldn’t be applied until soil temperatures have reached at least 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Bug and disease prevention should be a year-round priority. Tomatoes should be picked when they are completely colored but still have some give to them.

All fully developed fruits should be collected at the end of the season, regardless of color, and stored at 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Select tomato varieties depending on their intended use, fruit size, maturity at an early age, soluble solids content, growth pattern, or resistance to disease from among the more than 4,000 available globally. Heirloom tomato varietals are seeing a surge in popularity despite the widespread availability of hybrids. For specifics on each variety’s traits, you can ask at your neighborhood garden store, speak with a seed vendor, or use a seed catalogue.

How do I start a backyard home garden in Utah?

Choosing a location 

The area you have and your family’s nutritional needs are two factors to consider while planning your garden. Look for a level or slightly sloping area with at least six hours of sunshine daily. There must be enough drainage in the region. The greatest location for your vegetable garden is far from any large trees or shrubs that might potentially rob your plants of water. The availability of water is essential for the ease of regular maintenance.

Preparing the soil for a garden in the backyard

Before you start digging, make sure the soil is level. Soil with good tilth is easy to work, holds and distributes water evenly, drains quickly, and can be used as a seed bed. Soil health can be maintained or improved by amending it yearly with organic matter, either fresh or composted. If you need help deciding which manures, composts, and other organic products to use in your garden and how to apply them, using cover crops throughout the winter months helps increase soil tilth.

Raised vegetable beds keep soil off the ground and out of guests’ way. Raised beds offer the advantage of having warmer soil in the spring, draining more quickly, and having fewer soil-borne disease problems. In most cases, vegetable gardens only need one annual application of a balanced fertilizer (such as 20-20-10) at a rate that gives around 3 lb of nitrogen (N) per 1,000 square feet. Bags of fertilizer will have labels detailing the percentages of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium they contain.

In case you missed it: How to Grow Fenugreek/Methi from Seed to Harvest: Check How this Guide Helps Beginners

Pot garden
Image Source

Twenty percent nitrogen, 20 percent phosphate, and 10 percent potash are the proportions found in a 20-20-10 ratio fertilizer. This particular fertilizer contains around 1 pound of potash, 2 pounds of phosphate, and 2 pounds of nitrogen for every 10 pounds of total weight. Due to their lower mobility, the soil may already contain an adequate amount of phosphate and potassium, even if you haven’t fertilized it in years. Nitrogen in the soil can be washed away by abundant water or precipitation.

You should do a soil test every 3 to 5 years to see whether other fertilizers are required besides nitrogen. Vegetables’ rapid vegetative growth is coupled with the plant’s efficient use of nitrogen. Vegetable gardens established for at least a year do not require annual P and K addition. However, they might benefit from a nitrogen boost 3-6 weeks after sowing or transplanting before vigorous vegetative growth.

Sweet corn, Split applications of N are particularly useful for crops like pepper and celery. Utilize high nitrogen (N) ratio fertilizer, whether solid or liquid (3-1-1, 30-10-10, or 21-0-0, for instance). For every 1,000 square feet, use around 2 pounds of nitrogen. How acidic the soil is can be determined by testing its pH. Soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0 is ideal for growing most vegetable crops. The majority of western Oregon’s soils are lower and more acidic.

If the soil pH is too low for producing vegetables, lime can be used to bring it up to a more manageable level. Lime is slow to activate and has little soil mobility. Liming the soil in the spring or fall is recommended. You can test your soil at a dedicated agricultural lab to determine whether it requires lime, potassium, phosphorus, or other nutrients.

Planting your backyard home garden

It’s essential to tend to seeds by the guidelines provided in the container. Carefully yet consistently hydrate seedlings until they reach a stable growth stage. A crust forms on many western Oregon soils following watering or rain. Having this crust develop can prevent even the smallest seeds from sprouting. Light potting mix, rather than soil, can be used to cover seed furrows, and floating row covers can be used to prevent crusting.

Mulch your garden

The use of red, green, black, or silver plastic; a variety of organic mulches; and row covers can improve the germination harvest, rate, and quality of heat-loving crops such melons, cucumbers, sweet corn, peppers, tomatoes, and pole beans. Plastic mulches serve several purposes, such as regulating soil temperature, limiting water loss, smothering weeds, and keeping produce off the dirty ground, extending its shelf life. Holes cut into the plastic prevent water from pooling on its surface.

Mulches made of organic materials are another option. 1-2 inches of straw, leaves, hay, or mint hay can be spread. By keeping the soil wet and reducing the number of insects, mulches like this improve the soil’s overall quality and health over time. Unfortunately, organic mulch will not cause the soil to heat up. Plants like peppers and eggplants need warm soil temperatures before they can thrive.

Since the rainy season approaches keep closely checking mulched areas, as organic mulches tend to be a magnet for slugs. Row coverings shield plants from pests and late-winter/early-spring freezes, allowing them to flourish. Polyester, polyethylene, and polypropylene coverings can be purchased from seed companies, local nurseries, and internet sellers. Often, you can just put them on the crop as is. Distribute them in a manner that will allow the plants many months to mature.

Put something heavy, like stones or wood boards, around the edges to prevent them from shifting. Pepper plants with growth points at the top may require hoops or other supports to preserve the point. For the last 4-6 weeks before blossoming, cover the rows. Coverings should be taken off melons, squash, and cucumbers while in bloom so that bees may pollinate them.

Take care of your backyard home garden

Weeds can be easily eradicated with little cultivation. Pull weeds within 30 days to avoid a garden takeover. Most vegetable seedlings struggle to survive when up against weeds. Transplanted vegetables tend to thrive in their new environments. Unfortunately, not all vegetable transplants are successful. Incorrect watering methods are usually the root cause of problems in gardens. You should water between 1 and 1.5 inches deep every time you water.

A water gauge and a cans system can help track your garden’s water needs. Softly watering is vital because it prevents soil from washing away and water from running off the ground. When conditions are dry, you should water your plants once a week. Soaker hoses and drip watering systems offer an alternative to standard sprinklers. Using such systems enables you to water just the plants themselves rather than the empty spaces between them where weeds might grow. They also play a role in preventing leaf rot.

Low-pressure systems, when effectively employed, may conserve water compared to sprinklers. If you can only water with a small strip along each row, readjust your fertilization and watering schedules accordingly. Finally, remember that the thinning requirements of various crops will vary. Read the package back to learn about a seed. A plant’s top and root growth can only be sustained with enough space for its leaf area to expand. Overpopulation of plants might reduce their overall quality.

Corn plants that are too close together don’t develop as many ears. Controlling pests and diseases is essential for plants to flourish. Find the root of the problem, keep an eye on it for as long as possible, and then choose the safest course of action. Diseases can be stopped with the help of insecticides and other chemicals, but only if applied properly. Substances of a chemical nature should be stored where children cannot get them. As directed, empty containers should be rinsed and discarded.

How do I start a container home garden in Utah?

Choosing the containers

Some garden areas may benefit from the added color, year-round structure, and aroma that containers can provide. This structure is beneficial for plants that can’t survive in the cold or that need to thrive in an unusual setting (like a rock garden or a water garden). At eye level, the exhibition of potted plants creates a more intimate and engaging environment. People living in apartments or small yards might benefit much from planting in containers.

If you have more plants than you have room for, or if you just don’t know where to place your new purchases, planting them in containers is a terrific option. No matter the storage solution, you should always ensure that your content has drainage holes. The container is measured by its height. Most flower containers for annuals and perennials are 12 inches in diameter.

Anything on a smaller scale will quickly run dry. For plants like shrubs and small trees, or those planted in a variety of other ways, the use of larger containers is highly recommended. You can grow a little garden in half a barrel full of beautiful flowers, aromatic herbs for flavoring meals and tea, and healthy vegetables for on-the-go snacking.

Pick an excellent potting soil.

Filling pots with potting soil or planter mix is recommended. This kind of soil has a coarser texture to promote good drainage. Put another way; good potting soil will be light and airy. Use a slow-release fertilizer to supplement the potting soil before planting. Plants in containers should never be planted in potting soil. Its thin consistency prevents water from seeping through even in shallow containers. 

Your plants will perish because their roots will not get adequate oxygen. The soil in a garden is vulnerable to contamination by pests, insects, and weed seeds. Another widespread but incorrect practice is adding coarse debris to the bottom of the container, hoping it would aid drainage. Coarse material at a container’s bottom prevents water leakage.

In case you missed it: Best Fertilizers for Strawberries: Homemade, Organic, Compost, Liquid, NPK Ratio, and Schedule

Planting in the garden
Image Source

Pick the plants

Containers can be used to grow nearly anything. A tree, shrub, vine, annual, rose, or perennial can be planted in a container as long as it is large enough. When planning a container garden, think about using plants of varying heights and widths, foliage, and flower hues that complement or contrast one another. Densely planting annuals may have a big visual effect, but giving vegetable space to grow and giving trees and shrubs freedom to spread their roots out is more critical for long-term health.

Repotting is necessary for long-lived plants like trees and shrubs every two or three years. There are two ways to do this. You may cut down the rootball and transplant the tree or shrub in the same container, but this time using fresh potting soil. You may transfer the plant to a larger container and add potting soil.

Maintaining a Container Garden

Larger containers are often better for plant health. A plant’s root system will be confined in a pot, limiting its growth potential. Plants in containers need more regular watering and fertilizing than their ground-based counterparts. Your houseplants in containers may need watering twice a day during the warmer months. Location matters, so ensure the planter receives enough light and water. Remove the root ball from direct sunlight to prevent it from “cooking” in the hot container.

During the growth season, container plants require extra care and frequent maintenance. You can encourage bushy growth and new blooms by deadheading (removal of wasted flowers) and pruning (shaping) as needed. It’s crucial to be ready to replace less flourishing plants as they age with fresh ones if you want to keep a great container looking nice. Due to the expansion of the frozen water in the potting mix, fragile pots are often broken as the temperature drops.

Plant roots can be protected from the cold of winter by covering the container with insulation. A shed or garage protects containers from cold and the outdoors. When watering a container garden, some of the fertilizer will be lost. Fertilizers should always be used when growing in a container. Using a slow-release fertilizer in the potting soil is essential, lasting for at least three months and preferably longer. Then, throughout the growing season, use a water-soluble fertilizer every two to three weeks to ensure the plant’s continued health and growth.

How far should LED lights be from seedlings?

It’s possible to overheat and under-light plants if the lights are too bright, too dim, too close, or too far from the plants. The optimal distance for LED grow lights to the plants is between 12 and 18 inches. There are exceptions to this rule, however. Light is essential for plant growth because it causes photosynthesis. Incandescent lights don’t help plants grow. Therefore, broad-spectrum LED growth lights are recommended. They were made specifically for this use and could provide light over the exact spectral range needed by the plant.

How many hours of light do vegetables need indoors?

The light indoor plants get must be increased compared to their outside counterparts. Most edible plants need 14–18 hours of light daily when grown indoors. Plants require at least six hours of shade every day, so try not always to leave the lights on. The ideal distance from plants to light source varies by bulb type and wattage; thus, adjust fixture height as plants develop.

How do I start an indoor home garden in Utah?

All edible plants thrive in an indoor garden. With enough planning and imagination, you may harvest a bountiful harvest of veggies throughout the winter. Photosynthesis, in which plants convert light, oxygen, and water into chemical energy, can only occur in the presence of light. A minimum of 12 hours of supplemental light each day is required for your plant life. It is possible to grow a few plants in a sunny south window. Still, if you want a fruitful indoor garden, you must complement natural light with artificial light.

Choose a food-safe pot or large container to hold the plant after it has grown. Although seedling flats are great for getting your plants started, eventually, you will need to repot them into larger containers. Plants like greens and herbs do well in containers as shallow as four inches, while root vegetables like carrots and potatoes require containers six inches deep or more. Window boxes can be made out of repurposed bakery or food containers. Check the container’s bottom and drip trays.

A potting mix used for various plants and made from natural ingredients is ideal for indoor gardening. You should start by purchasing some fresh potting soil. If you want to keep pests and diseases at bay in your container garden, you shouldn’t utilize soil from outside. Good qualities in a plant-growing medium for potted plants include airiness, light, and porosity. The best soilless potting mix has peat moss (or coconut coir), vermiculite, and perlite.

The following is a simple recipe for a soilless potting mix. Composted sphagnum coir, peat moss, perlite, vermiculite, and sphagnum moss in equal proportions; one part finished compost. Using supplemental fertilizer is essential for a plant’s health when grown indoors. Whether you purchase or create your potting soil, it will be necessary to add fertilizers at some time. If your potting mix already contains fertilizers, you won’t need to add them regularly.

Fertilizer aids plant development, but it is depleted over time as plants utilize it, and some of it is also lost when water is used to water the plants. Choose a potting mix with a slow-release organic granular fertilizer to ensure your plants have consistent nourishment. Please read the label on the package for specific feeding instructions. Once a month, give them 1 1/2 tablespoons of fertilizer when plants have been established.

Apply a mixture of fish emulsion or seaweed fertilizer, if you prefer a liquid fertilizer, once every two weeks, or if the leaves show signs of stress. Selecting a spot for your garden is the first step in cultivating fruits, vegetables, and herbs. The ideal temperature range for growing most types of vegetables, roots, and plants is between 55 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Some plants may go to seed more quickly if placed near a radiator, fireplace, or another heat source, which can delay your harvest.

Install the grow light shelf where it will remain permanently. You may set the lights to turn on for 16 hours a day and off for 8. Place the drip trays on the shelves, and cluster plants of a similar height under the grow lights. If at all feasible, leave some space between the storage units. Without proper lighting and ventilation, especially at the leaf level, plants will not survive. The ideal height for plant lights is around 2 inches. Plant seeds in the soil and maintain a moist environment as directed on the seed packaging.

In case you missed it: How to Start a Home Garden in Pennsylvania (PA) from Scratch: For Indoors, Raised Beds, Outdoors, Backyards, and Containers

Backyard planting
Image Source

Growing plants require bigger pots. It may be time to repot your recently purchased seedlings if their roots are already peeping through the drainage holes in their current containers. Five things are required for plant growth: light, water, heat, ventilation, nutrients, and conducive habitat. Keeping things under control guarantees that your seedlings will mature into healthy plants that provide copious amounts of food. After you’ve gotten your plants established, all they’ll need is minimal care.

The plants should have their grow lights on for 16 hours a day. Trying to avoid charring your plants’ foliage. The ideal distance for the lights is 2 inches. When plants aren’t receiving enough light, they may seem weak since they have to stretch higher to get to the sun. If the top inch of soil dries, water once a week. If your finger, when put a few inches into the soil, comes out dry, the soil needs watering. Wait a day before watering if the soil is dry. Water the soil instead of the foliage.

Seed germination occurs at 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Germination heat can be provided using a seed starting mat. Vegetables, roots, and herbs do best in temperatures between 55 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit after planting. As plant life grows, it needs more oxygen and releases more carbon dioxide into the air. Keeping a modest fan in the growing area provides a mild wind, helping to sustain ventilation and reducing the risk of damping off and other fungal infections.

It will also make plants stronger and healthier overall by reducing the number of spores that land on the leaves. Providing enough vitamins and minerals is essential for your indoor vegetable crop to thrive. Give your plants a steady supply of fertilizer to ensure they succeed. Feeding properly relies on following the manufacturer’s instructions.

During the colder months, a bountiful harvest allows for a nutritious wintertime feast. You can cut leaves and stems off the plant for consumption using scissors. The plants’ cores will continue to sprout new leaves. Thin plants are needed to promote healthy development; the resulting trimmings can be used in dishes like salads and soups for added nutrition.

What is a good height for a raised garden bed?

The conventional height of a raised bed is 11 inches. The dimensions of two standard “2 x 6″ boards are 1.5″ by 5.5”. Therefore, this is their total height. This drainage depth is ideal for the vast majority of crop types. A minimum of 12 inches of quality soil is recommended under a bed. You should give your plants between 18 and 20 inches of soil. Most raised beds simply have a few inches of soil below the surface. Repeated watering causes soil to compress, leading to the issue above.

It’s ideal to have the soil level dropped by a few inches before adding mulch. As it is elevated from the ground and has better drainage, the soil in raised beds is ready for planting earlier in the spring. This allows for an extended growing season and an early start for garden seedlings. If you live in a location with late frosts or high spring winds, a cold frame can help preserve your bed. To safeguard following plantings, the cold frame can be moved to a different bed after the plants have become established.

What direction should the raised beds face?

The raised bed, which faces north to south to maximize sunlight exposure, is ideal for plants that don’t need much room to flourish. Growing tomatoes, pole beans, and peas in an east-west orientation are the best. Make sure there is sufficient room for people to stroll between each bed.

In case you missed it: How to Grow Tomatoes from Seeds: Starting from Scratch, A Beginners Guide to Indoors, Outdoors, and in Pots

Soil preparation
Image Source

It’s crucial to consider the distance between plants while laying out a bed. When fully developed, plants should form a dense canopy over the soil. Vines need trellises or other forms of support to thrive. Vegetables and fruits of all shapes and sizes fall under this category. Watering, fertilizing, crop rotation, composting, and disinfecting your garden regularly will help keep it clean and pest-free.


Creating a list of your favorite vegetables is a good way to start planning your garden. Prepare a detailed plan that includes the ideal planting dates and spacing for the plants you want to grow, and get enthusiastic about the prospect of growing some of your food. Planning can save you time and effort later on. Creating a list of your favorite vegetables is an excellent way to start planning your garden.

Prepare a detailed plan that includes the ideal planting dates and spacing for the plants you want to grow, and get enthusiastic about the prospect of growing some of your food. Planning can save you time and effort later on.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here