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Home Gardening Tips In India – Basic, DIY, And Easy

Introduction to Home Gardening Tips In India For Beginners: In general, home gardening means cultivating a small plot of land around the house or within walking distance. A home garden can be defined as a mixed cropping system consisting of vegetables, fruits, plantation crops, spices, herbs, ornamental and medicinal plants, and livestock that can serve as a supplemental source of food and income.

A Guide To Home Gardening Tips In India For Beginners, Basic Gardening Tips, Gardening DIY, And Easy Gardening Tips

Some simple tips for maintaining your garden

Make a drip feeder out of a soda bottle: Do some plants (especially vegetables) benefit from getting moisture at their roots instead of overhead. Using an old plastic soda bottle as a drip feeder is a cheap and simple way to create one that you can place next to your plant. Prick a few holes into it (a barbeque skewer works great for this), and then plant it next to the young plant. Slowly releasing water from the bottle will hydrate the roots. By using this method, the fungus is prevented, as well as problems with leaves.

Pot-in-a-pot: You can use the pot-in-a-pot method to solve a lot of gardening problems. Gardening is flexible (you can move things around with ease, without upsetting the plants nearly as a significant benefit if you are experimenting with light conditions and such), and perfect if you have sand and coral rock around.

You can propagate roses by cuttings and grow them in potatoes: Taking cuttings is one of the easiest ways to grow roses. A rose cutting is inserted into a potato, and then both are pushed into the ground. Potatoes keep your cuttings moist while they develop roots.

Make concrete planters with melded forms: Using plastic containers as molds, you create the concrete planters from scratch, and the finished product looks fantastic. They look like something you might find at an ancient archaeological dig in a thousand years.

Water reservoir made of plastic bottles: The slow-drip bottle from before is similar to this. Cut the bottom off of a plastic bottle, and make sure that it is about the same height as your planter. Fill the bottle with water on hot days, and push the bottle into the soil before planting a new sprout. The water will slowly drain into the roots as it drips into the water. You can use this to help your plants grow.

Eggshells nourish and protect your plants: Please do not throw away the shells of your deviled eggs the next time you make them. Eggshells are helpful in the garden. It is possible to add calcium to the soil by spreading them around the base of plants. Moreover, eggshells repel insect pests, so they keep your plants free of them.

You can grow sweeter tomatoes using baking soda: Many people enjoy growing tomatoes because they are usually much juicier and sweeter than those you buy at the supermarket. Is there any way to make it sweeter and more delicious? First, fertilize the soil by adding baking soda. Then, sprinkle it only on the soil, not the plant. Baking soda is a base and counteracts the acidity in tomatoes.

A citrus rind is used as a container for a seedling: It is possible to grow a seedling successfully in a hollowed-out citrus rind with some potting soil. However, when you are ready to plant the seedling in the ground, it will be best to throw away the citrus peel instead of planting it with the seedling.

K-Cups can be used as seed starters: Is your coffee maker one of those that requires K-Cups? Of course, you can use all those K-Cups in your garden, but not all of them end up in the trash. They turned out to be the perfect size for seed starters. Then you need to label them and add the seeds.

Make self-watering seed starters from plastic bottles: First, cut the plastic bottles in half and place the top half upside down inside the bottom half. The bottom chamber condenses moisture as a result. After that, you direct a piece of yarn through a hole you drilled in the bottle cap, which pulls the moisture upwards.

You can create fantastic fairy gardens out of broken pots: Is there a garden decoration you can buy that looks like a tiny fairy house? Starting with a broken pot can lead to a fantastic fairy garden. You break off a large section of the side, fill the broken pot with soil, add the broken piece at an angle, fill in the hole and add some small ceramic pieces (for instance, from the same pot or another) to form stairs. Plants, fairy houses, whatever you’d like to your heart’s content. We can create a set of terraces and transform them into something magical.

Coffee filters prevent dirt from getting everywhere when planters leak: Have you ever tried to move a planter and had dirt spill out of the bottom? When water evaporates in a planter, why not look for an easy way to water the garden and keep the soil moist even if there is a tray to catch leakage? The following hack is quick and straightforward. An empty wine bottle or beer bottle can be filled with water, flipped upside down, and then quickly jammed into the planter. The water will slowly transfer from the bottle to the soil, so you won’t have to water it until it’s messy. You can stop this from happening by adding a coffee filter to each pot so that the drainage of the water isn’t compromised. It mainly affects plants that are young and do not yet have well-developed root systems. If you are using old coffee filters, you won’t have to buy new ones. Since the soil will no longer leak so much as the roots grow, you don’t have to change them as soon as they biodegrade.

Everyday tips for Home gardening

Selecting the Right Location: Plants thrive best in bright light, so the right location is key to successful gardening. As such, arrange the plants according to their sunlight requirements and ensure that the spot receives at least five to six hours of sunlight per day.

Working the soil is necessary: Before planting, make sure the soil is in good condition. You can enhance the soil quality by adding well-rotted organic compost.

The weeds need to be removed: the garden’s first step is to remove debris, rocks, and weeds. For plants to grow, weeds need to be controlled since they compete with them for nutrients. Several tools are required to remove weeds, such as a spade, trowel, and garden fork.

Weed Removal in the Garden
Weed Removal (Image source: pixabay)

Water the plants according to the schedule: Watering can be done with a gardening hose or a watering can. Before watering, let hard tap water sit overnight. Then, when the surface feels dry, poke your finger in the topsoil one inch deep. To enrich plants with nutrients, use organic fertilizer instead of chemical fertilizer. If possible, use compost or cow dung manure to feed your livestock. As well as banana peels, vegetable scraps, shredded grass, and leaves, you can use banana peels, vegetable scraps, and leaves to make organic compost.

Mulch: By mulching, the soil is kept moist, and pests are kept at bay. It is possible to use grass clippings, shredded leaves, or even pine straw for this purpose.

Planting with a companion: Companion planting allows for the creative use of small spaces. Carrots, celery, onions, lettuce, marigolds, parsley, and spinach are planted in pairs as companion plants.

Pruning should be done regularly: Plants grow more healthily when they are pruned and deadheaded. For healthy crop growth, flowering shrubs should be pruned during spring before setting new buds, while vegetable plants can be pruned in late winter or early spring. Be sure to cut back or remove any branches that are dead, broken, or crisscrossed periodically.

In case if you miss this: How To Grow Organic Spinach At Home.

How To Prune Your Garden Plants
Pruning (Pic credit: pixabay)

Container gardening is a great option: Plants can be grown in containers because they are convenient and easy to maintain. It is possible to grow vegetables, herbs, flowers, or shrubs.

Defend your garden from pests: You can use neem oil solution to take care of pest infestations in plants, so if you see any signs, apply it immediately. Alternatively, you can spray neem oil, water, and a few drops of dish soap on the plants every two weeks to deter pests. Finally, fertilize your garden with organic fertilizer.

Summer tips for home gardening

Weather-resistant plants thrive in seasonal climates: Summer is the perfect time to grow watermelons. Plants are, however, essentially seasonal creatures. Winter is best for some plants, while summer is ideal for others. Chilies, cucumbers, brinjal, and watermelon can be grown in pots and with proper hydration and manure for the season.

Provide a shade to your plants: Even though most plants benefit from sunlight, rising temperatures can make our terrace gardens more damaging than helpful. Consider moving potted plants into a more shaded area if you have them. Shade cloth, readily available in online stores and horticultural dealers, is an excellent investment for your plants. Fabric thickness may be different select the fabric according to your garden’s plants. Then, install it over the trees and partially on the sides.

The correct time to water plants: It’s best to water your plants in the mornings or evenings during summer. There is a relaxed feeling in the water during these hours. The right time to water your garden in summer is before 10 a.m. or after 4 p.m.

Don’t overwater your plants: Sprinklers or buckets and mugs will do if you need to water effectively. Sprinklers or mugs are better than a water hose. However, a growing shortage of water is a common occurrence in the summer months. The most economical way to water plants is therefore essential.

Make use of plants shade: Shade can be provided for smaller, more delicate greens by larger, more vigorous plants. Make your garden a buddy system by planning the arrangement of trees with this strategy in mind.

An explosion of color: Summer gardens will benefit from flowering plants. You can bloom in the heat with zinnia, bougainvillea, marigolds, and roses.

Compost contributes significantly to soil health: Composting helps keep the plants hydrated and healthy, especially those that bear fruit and flowers. Making your compost is easy, or you can purchase organic compost from local shops.

Sunlight for indoor plants: Plants do not require direct sunlight to grow, but they will thrive if they are placed near windows.

You may also check this: Best Plants To Grow On Balcony.

Sunlight for Indoor Plants
Sunlight for Indoor Plants (pic credit: pixabay)

Healthy plants need mulch: Mulch is another summer essential, which keeps the soil cool, prevents weeds, and aids hydration. In the mulch, you may find tree bark, compost, shredded leaves, bits of grass, and sawdust. Every few days, turn the mulches around and remember to replace them when they decompose.

Lawns are ignored: It’s not the right time of year to indulge in gardening during the summer. Water-consuming plants require their hydration, but extensive lawns drain too much water from your home. So water your plants less and trim them less during these months.

It’s all about the snips: While trimming hair can benefit our hair, it turns out it can also benefit plants. If your plants are withering or dried, gently trim the branches, twigs, and blooms from them once a week.

Keep your roof cool: The best way to cool down your home is to garden on your roof. Start your garden on the rooftop if you are a first-time gardener or don’t have a ready garden yet. A base of plastic sheets will prevent seepage while the soil naturally cools your home.

Winter tips for home gardening

Take time to care for your garden during the cold winter months. The following is a step-by-step guide to help you stay warm this winter.

 Remove bark and twigs from trees & rake leaves: Winter is the time when leaves, sticks, and twigs fall to the ground and accumulate throughout your garden. Therefore, it is necessary to remove these.

New crops are being planted: Winter is considered the best time for making garden beds. You can also use this time for pulling out weeds.

Aeration: You can remove all the dead growth around the plants this time around because they are bare. These steps will help you keep your garden in good condition during the winter.

Irrigation system and watering: It is essential to water your garden starting in October and to continue until May. The first step in identifying an irrigation water source is to identify the source (tap water or bore-well water). Gardening will be negatively affected by the lack of water. Choosing a watering method is also important based on the size of your area, budget, and resources available to you. You may choose to water your garden with pipes, watering cans manually, or you may choose to install sprinkler/drip systems.

Rainy season tips for home gardening

Wastewater: Plants require proper drainage to survive. Having a block or choked hard soil during monsoon or rainy days can make growing plants difficult.

Watering: Every plant needs water to survive. It is the life or source of life for plants. However, the plants can still suffer a disaster if there is an excess of it. During the rainy season or the monsoon, watering should be done with caution. During the first 15 days, I recommend water only if you need it. Plants die more often due to overwatering than underwatering, a scientifically proven fact. It is more complicated to kill a plant without water than to kill it with excess water.

Soil: Plant lovers should always take care of their soil. The rainy season makes it even more critical. Therefore, preparation of the soil is necessary before the season’s first rain. Rainy season soil preparation involves two crucial steps. First, a level garden involves loosening the soil near each plant’s root ball.

How About This: How To Start Leafy Vegetable Gardening.

Importance of
Garden Soil (pic credit: pixabay)

Earthworms: Farmers’ best friends are earthworms. The rainy season is the best time to find loads of earthworms. Their maximum height is 5 feet. Seeing so many of these helpful creatures together in the garden is fascinating. The worst time for earthworms is when it rains heavily, and It causes a temporary shortage of air, especially oxygen, in the soil. So to breathe fresh air, they come outside. So you can collect them easily.

  • Select worms from the high cluster and spread them to other areas.
  • During the rainy season, do not place earthworms in pits. There will be either an escape or death. It is, therefore, best to choose a warm location, a little drier and elevated, without too much waterlogging.

Deadheading & Pruning: Every plant needs to be pruned and deadheaded regularly. Plants can overgrow in the rainy season. A disease or fungal attack can cause some plants to die. Your garden is going through a transition period by pruning the extra branches. You can control excess growth. To keep the plant healthy, you should also cut off any dead leaves and branches. Biological decay can cause fungal growth to spread rapidly. The rainy season requires pruning and deadheading, so they are necessary.

Raised beds are prepared: Raised beds are an excellent option for plantations when the rainy season comes. This method can also be applied to outdoor gardens, such as terrace gardens.

Pesticides: The monsoon is the honeymoon period for pests and insects, as discussed at the beginning. Prepare your garden accordingly.

  • Once a week, spray each plant with a mixture of 5ml of neem oil, 10ml of liquid soap, and 1l of water.
  • Repeat this step once a week for the next two months. Unfortunately, it means you have to spray your plants nearly 8-10 times during the rainy season.
  • The early morning or the evening is the best time to use pesticides. Don’t use this mixture during hot daytime.

Preparation of sheds: It is always necessary to protect plants with a well-built shed. In addition, having a shed on rainy days comes in handy. Even in heavy rainfall, cacti and succulents can thrive. Thus, placing those under a shed would be beneficial. Furthermore, it is essential to keep seedlings under a shed during their first year. Raindrops can easily damage seedlings. Therefore, move them inside at least one week in advance.

Harvesting rainwater: Rainwater is precious to plants and those who face water scarcity at some point in the year. Rainwater harvesting can help you conserve money throughout the year. 

Special tips for gardening in Rainy season

  • Snails and slugs can’t live in eggshells. So the first step is to preheat the shells to avoid fungal infections. As a result of heating, the shell becomes more brittle. Also, unlike soft-bodied creatures such as slugs and snails, eggshells have sharp edges that act as knives. Therefore, they usually avoid crossing it.
  • Sprinkle pots and plants with crushed shells. Mixing isn’t necessary. Slugs and snails will not be able to get through these barriers. Instead, place them over the soil and surface.
  • Under the pots, remove any planter trays. The root rot caused by this can be caused by rainwater holding on to the roots.
  • When it’s raining, don’t walk on the garden soil. Thus, the soil becomes hard and solid.

Conclusion

If you plan to start a home garden in the following states and cities of India, this content may be useful to set up your own home garden.

Andhra PradeshKarnatakaHaryanaSikkim
Arunachal PradeshKeralaHimachal PradeshTamil Nadu
AssamMadhya PradeshJharkhandTelangana
BiharMaharashtraNagalandTripura
ChhattisgarhManipurOdishaUttar Pradesh
GoaMeghalayaPunjabUttarakhand
GujaratMizoramRajasthanWest Bengal
Mumbai/BombayKolkataBengaluruJaipur
Chennai/MadrasHyderabadSecunderabadPune
AhmedabadSuratAgraLucknow
VaranasiKochiNew DelhiChandigarh
BhopalVisakhapatnamNagpurMadurai
IndoreAmritsarKanpurPatna
NashikVadodaraThiruvananthapuramDehradun
Vijayawada/GunturWarangalKarimnagarCoimbatore
RaipurUdaipurMeerutLudhiana
JamshedpurJabalpurGuwahatiGwalior
DhanbadFaridabadRajkotSrinagar
MangaluruAurangabadKotaSolapur
AsansolGandhinagarTiruchirappalliSalem
TirunelveliVelloreTiruppurUttara Kannada
ChitradurgaThaneCuttackKannur
JodhpurRanchiMysoreBhubaneswar

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