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Home Garden Problems – Solutions, Tips, And Tricks

Introduction to Home Garden Problems and Solutions

The home garden consists of annual, biennial, and perennial plants. Home gardening is a great adventure, but there are plenty of mistakes that most amateur gardeners make along the way. Plants offer some benefits to homes. Choosing the right plants for the garden is important to maximize their use and ensure healthy growth all year long. A home garden is one of the most important aspects of a self-reliant lifestyle. They provide a means of growing your food and gardening itself is a rewarding activity. The environment is one of the important elements to consider when planning your garden. Before heading to the nearest nursery it would be a good idea to do some research on what plants are most suitable for the environment. Soil type and climate are important factors to consider when ascertaining which plants would grow best in your garden. In this article we also discuss the below contents;

  • Problems you can encounter when growing plants at home
  • Why is my garden not doing well
  • How do you get rid of garden plants pests and diseases
  • How do you do garden maintenance
  • Why are my plant leaves turning brown
  • How do you know if you are overwatering your garden plants
  • Problems faced by gardeners
  • How do you fix garden drainage problems
  • What kind of soil used for a garden

A Step By Step Guide to Home Garden Problems and Solutions

Solutions for Your Most Common Home Garden Problems

Inadequate Soil Preparation and Compost

Soil can be sandy, clay, or loamy, which determines how well your garden plants grow and how prone you may be to experiencing plant diseases and root rot. Garden plants always benefit from the soil packed with the nutrient. Take your first step by examining the texture of your soil, it must be easily shoveled and crumble in your hands. If soil is hard and the texture is clay-like, it will be difficult for all the plants to grow their roots. Improving the soil quality is not as hard a task as you think, it comes with great benefits. Add organic compost made of tea compost, vegetable peels, to your soil to improve quality.

Soil preparation is the key to a successful garden, but it is often neglected because it is time-consuming and labor-intensive. If you are planting a new garden good soil preparation is vital, as it is the foundation into which plants will grow. To prepare the soil, dig the area to a depth of about 30-40cm. A generous layer of compost should then be applied about 1x 60dm bag per 4 square meters of surface area and work this into the soil with a fork. Bone meal and organic fertilizer can then be added if required, and once this has been done you are ready for planting. If you have an existing garden and want to add compost, do not dig this into the garden, as this can disturb the roots of existing plants. Rather simply spread the compost on top of your soil, where earthworms and organisms will then naturally break it down and work it into the soil for you.

Pick the Wrong Spot

This os one of the most common Home Garden Problems. First, pick a small space to start building your garden. Ensure that the space you choose receives 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight. And, avoid a space that receives strong winds, it can knock over your young plants. The wind will keep pollinators from doing their job. Lastly, think about the accessibility of your garden space for watering, picking, and caring for plants.

Plants Are Getting Too Much Sun

Garden plants looking visibly burnt and parched. Plant leaves will be brittle and break easily. Similar symptoms to that of under watering plant, but watering don’t help the health of the plant.

Remedies – Use shade cloth in the garden or move the plants if they are in a container or pot. Consider planting fast-growing plants and shrubs around the garden as a long-term solution.

Plants Aren’t Getting Enough Sun

Leaves are losing their vibrant color and turning yellow and mottled. Leaves falling off the plant and growth seem stunted. Plants looking spindly with a lot of space between plant leaves.

Remedies – If growing plants in containers, move plants to a sunny location. If plants growing in raised beds you can relocate them if they are small. Those with permanent gardens installed may have to cut down plants and bushes. If you find you are having trouble with the garden, consider whether you’re making one of the above mistakes. A home garden can be an extremely rewarding, relaxing activity once you have everything set up properly.

Slow Growth

This is also a one of the Home Garden Problems, usually gardeners complain about. Many common gardening problems can be affecting the speed of your plant’s growth. To name a few, the temperature levels, light exposure, and nutrients are essential and can affect the health of your plants. Some plants need full light exposure, meaning they need a good 6 to 8 hours of sunlight. Other plants require adequate shade. You can find the necessary light exposure for the plant by reading the back of the seed packet. Then, this will help you when deciding where to plant.

Slow Growth of Plants.
Slow Growth of Plants.

Soil’s pH level can affect your plant’s growth. A lower pH level means the soil is too acidic and it slows down the rate at which plants absorb nutrients from the soil. For most garden plants an ideal pH level range is 5.5 to 7.0. Try testing soil with a simple home testing kit to know if it has the necessary pH levels and nutrients. Also, you can try a root stimulator to help encourage plant growth.

Poor or Erratic Germination

Defenetly, this would be one of the common Home Garden Problems for may gardenrs. Poor or erratic germination of seeds can be caused by improper planting (for example, planting too deeply), and cool temperatures. Fine seeds and those seeds which require light for germination must be sown on the surface of the germination medium and then lightly pressed into the medium. Cover medium-sized and large seeds with additional potting mix to a depth of about 1 to 2 times the seed’s diameter. Uniform moisture levels are required for the optimum seed germination process. To keep uniform moisture levels, place clear plastic food wrap over the containers. Most seeds germinate best when the medium temperature is 21 to 23°C. In cool environments, electric heating cables or mats can be used to ensure warm medium temperature levels.

Planting garden plants too early

Planting garden plants too early in cooler temperatures can cause stunted growth, wilting, foliage necrosis, and increased susceptibility to disease. Even the coldest hardy plants have a limit. Avoid planting too early.

Solutions – Once you’ve planted garden plants too early, it’s usually too late to do anything about it. But some things might help keep the plant alive and healthy. A cold frame is a box with a window or some plastic that absorbs heat from the sun and traps it inside the box along with the plants. This allows keeping the temperature warm around the plant. There are many types of cold frames obtainable commercially so check out the local home and garden stores for the best selections.

Two-liter soda bottles can be used in place of the cold frame to keep the garden plant warm. Only, this can be used on plants that are still small, smaller than the two-liter bottles. Using green bottles is better because it regulates the temperature levels better than clear bottles. Used as a makeshift greenhouse, the 2-liter bottle solution is practical and cost-efficient.

Overwatering or Under Watering your Plants

Appropriate and consistent watering is the key to successful home gardening. Irregular watering methods, both overwatering and under watering, will eventually kill your plants. Underwatering is where you spray on the surface only without saturating the soil. For a healthy garden, you should saturate your soil. Overwatering your garden plants can encourage root rot and fungus. Also, too much water can decrease the yield of some plants.

Underwatering your garden plants, on the other hand, leaves the roots with very little water resulting in shallow root run. Also, plants may become dependent on frequent watering and wilting quickly since the plant roots have not grown deep into the soil to offer the necessary support. So, ensure to water the plants deeply every time but not too much as to suffocate the roots.

Also, many gardeners get it wrong when it comes to watering plants. Watering in the heat of the day makes plants lose a lot of water through evaporation, and also water droplets can scorch your delicate leaves. As such, to maintain the moisture and protect the plant leaves, you should water your garden the first thing in the morning or late in the evening.

Plants Are Getting Too Much Water

Watering Plants.
Watering Plants.

Plants stop growing. Leaves and branches are wilted or limp. Leaves may be yellowed or browned. Soil is developing mould.

Remedies – First, read the plant’s care instructions carefully to see how much watering it needs. If you don’t water but are still experiencing symptoms of overwatering, you may need to mix more sand into your soil to improve drainage.

Plants Are Not Getting Enough Water

Leaves seem curled, burnt, crispy, and brittle. Leaves are yellow or brown in color. The soil in the garden bed looks cracked.

Remedies – Set up a small irrigation system to water for you at regular intervals. Then, add shade cloth to garden beds to help reduce water evaporation. Mix more clay or soil into the garden bed to improve its ability to hold water. Adding mulch may help plants conserve water.

Young Plants Are Wilting and Dying

Check the soil in the garden – Dry soil can be the cause of seedlings wilting and dying. Be sure to keep the soil evenly moist. Great practice for growing plants from seed indoors is to bottom water.

Do not overwater the seedlings – A fungal disease called Damping Off, which is common in high humidity and warm temperatures, could be the cause. Then, treat soil with fungicide and be sure to use a sterile seed-starting mix.

Gardeners who use synthetic fertilizer can run into fertilizer burn, which can cause seedlings to wilt and die. If you are using synthetic fertilizer, follow the instructions on the bag. Young plants need a half to one-quarter dose of the full strength amount of fertilizer. In general, as seeds get older, the seed germination rate goes down. If you believe your seed has been too old to germinate, it is time to replant with fresh seed.

Overcrowded Plants

This mistake is done by many gardeners and considered as one of the common Home Garden Problems. When planning a garden, most gardeners vastly overestimate or underestimate how many plants or flowers to put in the ground. Overcrowding your garden will not give plants enough room to grow, and it is a complete waste of time and resources. Having too many plants in the garden will have more trouble with pests and diseases. If your plant space is limited, it is better to have plant fewer plants than to plant them too close.

Applying too many Pesticides

Being too handy with pesticides can be a big mistake, especially if you are growing herbs and vegetable plants in your garden. Pesticides tend to scare away pollinators, and this is why you may find few fruits and vegetables even after fertilizing and watering the garden meticulously. You need pollinators to ensure a good harvest, and you must remember that not all pests visiting your yard are your enemies. Also, you can device other methods such as using a scarecrow, in case of a vegetable garden, to scare away unwanted pests.

Over or under Fertilizing

You can consider this as one of the common Home Garden Problems. You should not over-fertilize your garden plants. While your garden plants will get enough nutrients, too much fertilizer can also kill plants or depress the yields. It is a good idea to fertilize during planting, and once every 4 weeks after that.

Over-fertilizing your garden can result in fertilizer burn. Prevent it by applying a slow-release formula instead, and using well-composed manures when you add to the home garden.

Yellowing or Brown, Wilted Leaves

Well, most of the gardeners complain about this as one of the most common Home Garden Problems. Overwatering plants is one of the most common problems in the garden. If you begin to see your leaves become wilted and yellow or brown then you may be watering them too much. Watering your garden plants in the morning is an optimal time because it’s still cool and usually not windy. Then, this will give the plants a chance to slowly absorb the water and nutrients throughout the day.

Depending on the stage of the plant it is not necessary to water it daily. For more developed plants, watering 2 to 3 times a week should be enough. Try placing gravel or plant mesh at the base of the pot to give the plant enough room and the water to drain throughout the day.

Pests and Diseases Problems

Pests and diseases are more attracted to garden plants that are stressed or have some deficiency. If you have healthy and well-nourished plants, your pest and disease problems should be lesser. If plants get infected, chances are there’s an organic solution. It’s easy to make up homemade bug spray for the garden that uses plant compounds and soap to knock out the bugs feasting on your plants. Then, mix up some neem oil, water, and a few drops of dish soap. Shake it well and spray it on your plants once every 2 weeks to keep the pests away.

Bacteria – Bacterial diseases can cause plant wilting and spotting.

Fungi – Some leaf fungi mimic certain symptoms of nutrient deficiencies like yellowing and necrosis.

Curling Leaves – Aphids can be a problem in your garden and cause curling leaves in plants. You can destroy them by hand, spray them with water, introduce more aphid-eating insects, or also use insecticidal soap. Aphids can also spread viruses in your garden plants, so controlling them is essential.

White Spots or Coating – Air pollution or spider mites can cause white spots in leaves. Spider mites in plants need to be treated with insecticidal soap. A white coating is probably powdery mildew on leaves, which happens when the weather is humid but leaves are dry due to being spaced too close together.

Using Too Many Chemicals in the Garden

Some gardeners use sprays and other chemicals to deter pests like insects and rodents. But using too many chemicals can be harmful not only to humans but to your garden plants as well. Too many sprays that harm insects can harm beneficial insects like ladybugs and praying mantis. Also, some chemicals are harmful to humans.

Solutions for too many chemicals in the garden – Using natural pest deterrents are the best way to avoid the dangers of chemical sprays. Some common natural sprays and deterrents include garlic spray and pepper sprays. Infuse some water with garlic or cayenne pepper. The best way would be to boil some water and then add in garlic or cayenne pepper. Then let it cool and add a few drops of dish detergent to the mixture. Then spray it on the garden plants. It won’t harm the garden plants and you can simply wash it off once harvest comes around.

You should not miss this: Growing Indoor Plants In Winter.

Fruiting Problems

No Fruit – Plants will not fruit for many reasons, the most likely of which is that the weather is too hot or too cold.

The main reason for plants won’t fruit is because it isn’t pollinated. You can attempt to pollinate them yourself by shaking the plant and avoid killing pollinating insects. Also, you can encourage pollinating insects in several ways.

Poor Yield – If your plant yield isn’t good, it may be a problem with pollination, with uneven soil moisture, or with temperature. Mulch will help with soil moisture. You could have poor soil fertility, which you can amend with aged compost.

In case if you are interested in this: Types of Gardening Tools and Thier Uses.


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