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Growing White Sapote – Tips, Ideas, and Secrets

Growing White Sapote

Hello gardeners, we are back with a new topic today and the topic is all about growing white sapote. Do you want to know how to grow white sapote? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to know about growing a white sapote. In this article, we will also mention all requirements for growing a white sapote.

Introduction to the White Sapote

White sapote is also called a Casimiroa Edulis and C.tetrameria is a very good-looking medium-sized alpine white sapote tree that starts in the highlands of Mexico and even Central America. It belongs to the family member of Rutaceae and it is normally called a white sapote in English, zapote Blanco in Spanish, and sapote blanc in French.

White sapote is frequently grown as an attractive tree and it has a very appealing drooping habit with long branches and stems which almost touch the ground. It is dry spell hardy and bears edible fruits which are sold in local markets. The color is yellowy green-skinned fruit has white flesh and is essentially used as a dessert fruit. White sapote tree fruit are plentiful and have a long life. Poor handling characteristics of the white sapote fruit have limited its profitable potential. it is called a white sapote, and it is not a family member of the Sapotaceae family. It is out of the way relative to citrus and it is successful wherever oranges can be grown. Looking to its convertibility, prolific bearing, nutritional and even medicinal value, and white sapote can be commercialized as a tropical fruit in the Indian subcontinent. Now, let us get into the details of growing white sapote.

A Step-By-Step Guide for Growing White Sapote

White Sapote
White Sapote (Image Credit: WikiPedia)

The white sapote is a genus with great potential as a dooryard fruit in Florida. Despite its name, it does not belong to the Sapote family but is out of a way citrus relative. The flavor of the custard-like pulp variety is from fair to spectacular. A fully grown-up white sapote tree is capable of very high yields. The white sapote is a rough genus and it will grow and flowers, fruit as far north as Orlando. 

The normal name for this white sapote tree may be confusing, for it is not related to the sapotes in the family Sapotaceae.

Overview Table of White Sapote Plant is Given Below

Botanical NameCasimiroa edulis and C. tetrameria andhybrids
Common Namewhite sapote and casimiroa , zapote blanco , and sapote blanc
Plant TypeRutaceae
Mature size15 feet to 60 feet
Sun ExposureFull sun
Soil TypeWell-draining
Soil pH5.5 to 7.5 that is neutral to alkaline
Bloom Timesummer
Flower colourPale green

Varieties for Growing White Sapote

There are numerous white sapote varieties, and different types of varieties are available. Commonly available varieties include Colemen, Dade, Pike, Suebelle, Harvey, Maltby, and Golden.

Coleman: Coleman was one of the first mentioned in California, and fruit is secluded, somewhat sections, wrinkle at apex, to 3 in 7.5 cm large skin is yellow-green flesh of good flavor of 22% sugar but resinous very small seeds. Fruit ripens from late fall to summer. Coleman tree somewhat dwarf leaflets small and be disposed to twist. It is very difficult to propagate.

Dade: Dade has extended at the Agricultural Research and Education Centre, Homestead, Florida from a seed of a selected fruit of a local area seedling tree. Dade plant is planted in 1935 and flowering, fruited in 1939. It has round skin, golden-yellow color, and thin flesh of good, non-bitter flavor. There are 4 to 5 seeds. Usually ripens from June to July. The tree is very low-growing and spreading, with smooth dwarf leaflets.

Pike: Pike originated in California and is rounded or secluded, moderately 5-sections to 4 in 10 cm large skin green, very fragile flesh white to yellowish, of rich, non-bitter, flavor. The tree bears frequently and heavily in California and South Africa.

Suebelle: Suebelle originated in California and it’s round to medium to small skin green or yellowish-green of color and its excellent flavor of 22% sugar. The tree is advanced and has flowers and fruits all year.

Harvey: Harvey originated in California and is round 3 – 1/2 in 9 cm large skin is very smooth, yellow-green with bright orange cheek and flesh cream-colored to pale-yellow not of the best flavor. The tree is a plentiful bearer.

Maltby: Maltby is also called Nancy Maltb are originated in California and is round, faintly wrinkled, blunt-pointed at apex, base moderately tapered and wide. And its color is skin yellow-green, smooth, of good flavor but moderately bitter. The tree bears are very well.

Golden: Golden is also known as Max Golden and it’s woolly-leaved, fruit cone-shaped, depressed at apex; up to 4 1/2 in 11.25 cm and large. And its color is skin yellow-green, fairly tough and the flesh has a strong flavor, is somewhat bitter, and has several seeds.

Suitable Soil for Growing White Sapote

White sapotes are suitable for a well-drained soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5, and it’s neutral to alkaline but the white sapote tree will grow in nearly any soil as long as it is well-drained. White sapote trees are well-modify to most well-drained soils from clay, sandy soil, and the based- limestone rocky soil.

Sunlight Requirement for Growing White Sapote

In general, white sapote trees should be planted in full sun and it’s suitable for direct sunlight for the very best growth and fruit production. Choose a part of the home landscape away from other trees, buildings and structures, and power lines. Remember, white sapote trees can become very wide if not pruned to contain their medium size. Choose the warmest area of the landscape that does not flood or is the same wet after typical summer rains.

Spacing Requirement for Growing White Sapote

You need to space white sapote trees 4.6 m and 15 feet apart and prune them to keep the white sapote fruit within easy reach. How you space your white sapote trees depends on how much pruning you are willing to do. If pruning isn’t your thing then space trees at about 9 m apart 29 feet.

Before planting, consider the mess made by loosed fruit. Planting over a patio can be a big mistake and it’s something that protects me from suggesting white sapote as a feature or partial shade tree. This is one tree that I think should nearly always be pruned when grown in the home garden or commercially.

In case if you miss this: How To Grow Pigeon Peas In Containers.

Suitable Temperature for Growing White Sapote

The white sapote begins from tropical latitude plants but grows at medium to high altitudes in these local areas. It performs very best under subtropical climatic conditions. The general rule is that white sapote grows very well wherever its flavor is citrus can be grown.

These trees do poorly under the high heat and humidity conditions present in the lowland tropics but many plantings are hybrids with C. tetrameric which is more subtropical. These hybrids do improve in warmer areas. All plantings are very hardy but can be brittle in wind virtually when young.

Established white sapote trees can withstand traditional frost to -5.5°C. Young trees can be destroyed at -1°C until they are established. As would be expected, pure C. edulus trees have a moderately greater cold and it allows than hybrid trees.

Planting Procedure for Growing White Sapote

Proper planting is one of the most important steps in successfully developing and growing a strong, productive white sapote tree. The first step is to select a healthy nursery white sapote tree. Normally, nursery white sapote trees are grown in 3-gallon of 11-liter containers, and white sapote trees stand 2 to 4 feet 0.6 to 1.2 m from the well-drained soil media. Wide white sapote trees in suitable and very smaller containers should be avoided because the root system may be root bound. This means all the suitable space in the container has been filled with roots to the point that the taproot is growing along the corner of the container in a circular fashion. Root-bound root systems may not grow properly once white sapote is planted in the ground. Inspect the tree for insect pests and diseases, and inspect the trunk of the white sapote tree for wounds and constrictions. Choose a healthy tree and water it regularly in preparation for planting in the garden ground.

Watering Requirement for Growing White Sapote

white sapote trees as newly planted should be watered at planting and as per each day for the first week or so, and then 1 to 2 times a week for the first couple of months. During extended drought periods for example five or more days of little to no rainfall, newly planted and young white sapote trees first 3 years should be watered twice a week. Once the rainy season arrives, the watering frequency may be removed or stopped. Once white sapote trees are four or more years old, watering will be suitable to plant growth, and plants yield only during much extended dry periods during the year. Grown-up white sapote trees do not require often watering, and overwatering may cause white sapote trees to decline or be unthrifty.

White sapote trees are dry spell allows but produce larger plants and better fruit with regular, deep watering. Deep watering young white sapote trees also helps to train their roots deep into the underground resulting in a more resilient white sapote tree.

How to Mulch White sapote Tree?

Mulching white sapote trees in the home landscape helps retain the same soil moisture, removes weed problems next to the tree trunk, and better the well-drained soil near the surface. You need to mulch with a 2 to 6inches and 5 to 15 cm layer of bark, wood chips, or similar mulch substances. Keep mulch 8 to 12 inches and 20 to 30 cm from the stock.

How to Prune White Sapote Tree?

Growing pruning during the first 2 years may be advisable to support lateral branching and growth. After several years of production, it is advisable to cut back the tops of the white sapote trees to 10 to 15 feet and 3.1 to 4.6 m. choosing to remove a few upper limbs back to their origins and crotches each year will help protect the loss of the lower tree covering due to partial shading by the upper canopy. In addition, maintaining a smaller white sapote tree facilitates tree care, flowers, and fruit harvest makes it very easier to sprinkle the white sapote tree, and greatly removes possible damage. Do not remove lower white sapote tree branches.

Pruning should be done soon after harvest. Annual or biannual choosing pruning can control the spread and limit white sapote tree height to 10- to 15-feet. Once white sapote trees become 30 feet 9.1 m or taller, extreme caution should be used in pruning the white sapote trees. Climbing trees to prune them is very dangerous and not suggested. Pruning of wide white sapote trees should be done by a professional tree surgeon that is licensed and insured.

You may also check this: How To Grow Rose Flowers In Greenhouse.

White Sapote Trees and Lawn Care

White sapote trees in the home landscape are vulnerable to trunk injury caused by grass cutters and weed eaters. Maintain a lawn mowing area 2 to 5 or more feet 0.6 to 1.5 m away from the trunk of the white sapote tree. Never hit the tree trunk with grass-cutting equipment and never use a weed eater almost the tree trunk. Mechanical destroy to the trunk of the white sapote tree will weaken the tree, and if severe sufficient, can cause dieback or kill the white sapote tree.

Roots of grown-up white sapote trees spread far away the splash-line of the tree covering and heavy fertilization of the lawn next to white sapote trees is not suggested, because it may remove fruiting and or fruit quality. The use of lawn sprinkler systems on a period may result in over watering and awareness of white sapote trees to decline. This is because too much water is too frequently applied causes root rot.

Suitable Fertilizers for Growing White Sapote

White sapote does not seem to be difficult in its fertilizer suitable requirements. After the white sapote tree planting, when new growth starts, apply 113 g of a young tree fertilizer such as a 6-6-6-2 of nitrogen, phosphate, potash, and magnesium with minor components with 20 to 30% of the nitrogen from organic fertilizers sources. Repeat this every 6 to 8 weeks for the first year. Use 4 to 6 minor components of nutritional foliar sprinkle per year from April to September months.

For grown-up white sapote trees, 2.5 to 5.0 lbs. and 1.1–2.3 kg of fertilizer per application 2 to 3 times per year are suggested. The fertilizer combine should also include phosphate and potash and use 6-6-6, 8-3-9, or similar substances.

Harvesting White Sapote

White sapote fruit normally ripens in the warmer months that are late spring to the early autumn season. A few plantings produce fruit throughout the year, but those outside the general season normally ripen very poorly. The best fruit is tree-ripened but pest pressure can be greatly removed by picking green and ripening indoors. Only some plantings are suitable for picking unripe, others will not ripen adequately if picked early.

The fruits bruise very easily and bruised flesh turns bitter. Therefore white sapote fruits must be handled with care. Grown-up fruits should be fastened from the branches leaving a short piece of the stem attached. This trace will fall off when the white sapote fruit ripens. White sapote fruits will keep in the freezer for at least 1 to 2 weeks.

Common Pests and Diseases in Growing White Sapote

Fruit fly can be an issue and fruit can be stung even when still very hard. So, first, you need to bag all fruit early to protect against spoilage. It is said that some plantings are more affected than others but we suggested taking preventative measures nevertheless of planting if your property is affected by fruit fly.

Scale traditionally shows up on nursery trunks but is rare in grown-up white sapote trees. It is easily dealt with if needed using white oil. The white sapote tree is unaffected by both Phytophthora and Armillaria.

Commonly Asked Questions about Growing White Sapote

How do you plant white sapote seeds?

Plant the white sapote seeds in a well-drained soil-free medium, no more than 14 days after harvesting the seed. White sapote seeds do not do well in storage. Place the white sapote seed with the pointed side up 1/2 inch from the surface of the well-drained soil and water deeply. Water totally and deeply while germination occurs, which will be grown in 2 to 4 weeks.

How long does white sapote take to fruit?

Both types can be deep-rooted and do improve with dry inland heat over coastal humidity conditions. White sapote trees produce fruit relatively fastly within two years of planting a grafted seedling.

How can I grow Sapota at home?

Shove holes 30 feet apart that are 3 to 4 times larger than the root ball and three times as deep as the white sapote tree’s container. Compress down soil once white sapote trees are planted. Mulch newly planted white Sapota trees with about 2 to 6 inches of wood chip mulch, keeping 8 to 12 inches away from the trunk of each white sapote tree.

How do I get my white sapote to flower?

White sapote is a different variety that does not come true to seed and therefore must be vegetatively propagated by transplant or budding onto seedling rootstock. Grafting and budding are most successful during the warm or summer season when trees are actively white sapote growing.

Is white sapote edible?

The white sapote fruit is an oblong drupe, 5 to 10 cm in diameter, with thin, wonderful skin turning from green to yellow color. when ripe, and an edible pulp, which can mixture in flavor from bland to banana-like to peach to pear to vanilla pasty.

How do you prune a white sapote tree?

Pruning of wide white sapote trees should be done by a professional tree- surgeon that is licensed and secured. Grown-up white sapote fruits may be chosen several days before natural fruit drop occurs and should be fastened, leaving a small piece of stem attached. When the white sapote fruit becomes ripe, the branches and stem fall off.

How do you take care of white sapote?

White sapote trees are dry spell allows but produce improve fruit with regular, deep watering. Deep watering is also essential to keep greedy roots deep in the ground. Shallow watering can support surface roots that will break walk away or ruin lawns. Drip watering is suitable for young white sapote trees.

Is white sapote cold hardy?

Once developing they allow the heat well as long as they are given enough water. It’s being hardy to -4℃. White sapotes are as cold allows as citrus, so frost destroy is not much of a concern in the Phoenix area. The white sapote tree pictured above survived -3℃.


  1. Hi Dan,
    I bought a house with a huge (40′) white sapote that is probably 40 – 50 years old. Since your comment implies the info in this article is from your info, I have a question. First, what is your website so I may access it?

    More personally, I live near Irvine CA and get an onshore breeze that seems to please the tree. I don’t fertilize at all or water except in the very hot summer days. I was having a weird problem that half the tree was turning yellow every year and dropping leaves. I mulched with “forest floor” (a woody bark) and that made the tree very happy. I have too much fruit and the rats and other vermin are very happy.

    It is so tall and on a slope so I cannot possibly harvest fruit up high. When is the proper time to hard cut to lower my height? I have had it done a couple of times, taking it down 8′ in places and it recovered well.

    I’d love to hear your advice on the pruning, when and what is the max. I am a master gardener and just joined the Rare Fruit Club. I would like to pass your info on. Thanks, Terri


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