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Growing Vegetables In Sweden, Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Sweden and Vegetable Planting Calendar in Sweden – Gardeners, today we are going to discuss about how to grow vegetables in Sweden and even popular vegetables to grow in Sweden. Do you know what to grow and how to grow in Sweden? If not then, you will need to follow our complete article.

Sweden is a country placed in Northern Europe surrounded by the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak. The nearest countries are Finland and Norway. The geography of Sweden is mostly level with mountains in the west. Many standard garden vegetables need warm well-drained soil and no sign of freeze, while a variety of cool-season spring vegetable plants can be planted right now, jump beginning your gardening journey this season, and putting vegetables on your plate long before the summer season comes in.

A Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables In Sweden and Vegetable Planting Calendar

This gives us three choices to plant many cool-season vegetables directly in the soil with no cover, planted underneath a row cover or polytunnel, or in containers and trays placed by a sunny window or portal.

For those a little unconfident of which to pick, we recommend planting in containers and trays first, which can be moved outdoor into the sun on warm days and then prefer inside at night. This is a foolproof way of keep away from frost while beginning an early spring vegetable garden long before the soil outside is ready to plant in. Furthermore, pot gardening is a great way to grow some of your own vegetables on windowsills or balconies, for those of you who do not have to obtain a garden plot outside.

Basic Things to Remember to Start Vegetable Gardening

  • Suitable sunlight

Sunlight is one of the most important things in growing vegetables and is likely the one that we have the least standard over. When growing vegetables observe the quantity of light your location will be getting. Most vegetables require an average of 6 hours to 8 hours of sunlight. Do not be too anxious if your garden plot is in a partially shady area as leaf and root vegetables such as Lettuce, Peas, Carrots, Kale, and Swiss chard will allow some partial shade.

  • Suitable soil

The best well-drained soil for growing vegetables is rich topsoil with good drainage that will hold moisture during the summer months. Select an area that is away from trees and wide shrubs as their roots will participate with your vegetable roots. If you have poor soil observe building raised garden grounds or learn how to amend your well-drained soil for best results.

  • Watering

Vegetable plants require 1 to 2 inches of watering per week especially from mid-June to mid-August. Too little water will not let vegetable plant roots grow very deep and strong adequate to gather nutrients for a good growth stage. Watering your vegetable garden twice a week, giving 1/2 the water needs with each watering. It will depend on your climate condition but all of us will require watering our vegetable gardens at some point in the season.

  • Harvesting

Vegetables harvested in the morning normally are sweeter, crisper, and juicier than those chosen at other times. As they rest in the vegetable garden overnight, vegetable refills the moisture lost during the day. Sweeter vegetables use the night-time hours to make sugars from the starches they supply during the day.

Seasons in Sweden

Winter is freezing with temperatures going below -30°c, while summer temperatures here, and in the rest of the country, daily hit 20°c. In the south, winter is normally soft with an average temperature above 0°c. Sweden’s northerly place has a definite summer advantage in that temperatures are infrequently extreme and humidity levels are not high.

The Sweden spring season starts during April to May, the summer season from June to August, fall starts during September to October, and the winter season from November to March

  • Sweden in the spring season that is April to May
  • Sweden in the summer season that is June to august
  • Sweden in the winter season that is November to march
  • Sweden in the fall that is September to October

Sweden Regions and Their Differences in Climate

You can divide the country into three zones central and southern Sweden, the northeast, and the northwest, or the far north to describe the weather condition in Sweden.

In central and southern Sweden: the winters are short and complete cold, and summer temperatures are the same as those in southern England, but with plenty more hours of sunshine and daylight.

In the northeast: meanwhile, the winters are freezing, the more so as you move further north, while the summer season can be surprisingly warm.

In the far north: the winters are also freezing, with snow lying the year-round on raised areas, and the summers are short and modifiable. And because Sweden lies down at a high latitude much of the country has very long hours of daylight in the summer season and very long nights in the winter season.

Vegetables to Grow in the Spring Season in Sweden

  1. Beets

Beets are great for health and they are moderately very easy to grow, beginning in late March or early April. Their seeds spoil to germinate in hot and dry weather, and so cool temperatures are very important during their spring vegetable planting. Furthermore, according to some studies, beets very taste best when they have a few weeks of cool air. They get larger and bigger if the weather is frequently cool, however, when temperatures rise above -7°C, to ensure to get to the garden to gather these vegetables this is because they die fastly in hot temperatures.

  • Kale

It is suggested to plant kale indoors first during this period of the year to tolerate it to harden off a bit before it is replanted outdoor, brings to light it to harsher climatic conditions. Tolerating the seeds to germinate indoors for a few weeks will tolerate kale to become a small plant in the vegetable garden. Kale is complete a frost-hardy, however, it does require light and well-drained soil to thrive. It is even possible to the right time harvest baby kale leaves in as little as three weeks. Full-sized leaves may take between 50 to 70 days to grow up, depending on the several varieties. Try colourful kales such as the purple kale or black kale that is cavolo nero varieties for extra diversity and beauty in the vegetable garden and on your tray.

  • Radish

Radishes are one of the quickest vegetables you can grow very easily, with several varieties tolerating harvest as early as three weeks from planting. They grow quickly from seed to bulb, so it is worth keeping observe of them after a few weeks. Radishes are great for interplanting with head lettuce or other spring greens because they can benefit in naturally decrease out those plants as the radishes are get harvested. They are also great for growing with baby plants, as their seeds are wide adequate for small to help plant, they grown-up fastly, and they are easy to pull from the vegetable garden ground a great fit for annoyed gardeners as well.

  • Spinach
Spinach (Iamge credit: pixabay)

Spinach can be exceptional frost-resistant, especially when grown within a polytunnel or containers. There are several varieties of spinach and it is belonging planting a few variations of spinach to see which efforts best for you and which you prefer the taste of. Spinach needs well-drained soil to grow well in and it requires full sun. However, spinach will still supply an upright harvest even in partial shade. The harvesting of small leaves can be done as early as three weeks from planting, while it takes about 45 to 50 days to fully grown-up. Spinach also efforts great for planting late in the season during the fall, as it can be covered with organic matter and will frequently survive till early spring to get the harvest.

  • Carrots

Carrots approach in different colours like red, orange, yellow, or purple, and these cooler season vegetables are packed with vitamins, which are helpful to your health. Most popular varieties of Carrots are unaffected by pests and diseases, and they allow frost complete well. With proper sunlight and water, they can be chosen early in their growth stage as kindly baby carrots, or later, as crunchy grown-up Carrots. For Carrots to grow from seed to grown-up, it takes between two to four months, conditional on the variety.

Vegetables to Grow in the Summer Season in Sweden

The summer vegetable includes Sweet corn, Squashes, Pumpkins, Cucumbers, and Bitter gourds. You should plant those seeds directly into the garden ground around late May, or if your well-drained soil is still very cold, once the soil is close to 16°C in temperature. Many summer vegetables require more days to grown-up than your area will supply. 

  • Sweet Corn

Make sure when planting Sweet corn that the well-drained soil is warm at least above 13°C. If you plant super sweet corn, to ensure the well-drained soil is at least 18°C, super sweet corn requires a warmer climate condition. The best way on how to grow sweet corn is to plant an early variety close to the starting of the season, and then wait a together of weeks to plant another early variety, and then sweet corn plant a later variety. This will benefit you to have fresh sweet corn to eat all summer long.

  • Squash

Plant Summer Squash when all possible frost has passed Winter Squash can be planted in mid-summer. Give squash plants room to lie down by planting them 3 to 6 feet apart. Grow them in an area that gets six hours to eight hours and of sun and has rich, well-drained and fertile soil. Give your home-grown soil a nutrient boost by mixing in many inches of organic compost or other rich organic manure. Squash depends on frequent moisture but avoids wetting the leaves 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week is best. Make the most of your vegetable-growing by keeping plants provide with continuous-release plant food. Feel free to harvest baby summer squash once they are large adequate to eat, or wait until they reach full size normally 6 to 8 inches long.

  • Pumpkins
Pumpkin (pic source: pixabay)

Loosely pack some pot mix soil in a pot or a container with holes for drainage. Plant two to four pumpkin seeds 1 inch 2.5 cm deep in the well-drained soil. Water the Pumpkin seeds just as adequately so that the well-drained soil is moist but not swamped. Place the bowl on a heating pad. Once seeds have germinated, thin out all but the well-defined seedling then accommodates the seeding and cup under a light source bright window or fluorescent light bulb. Retaining the seedling on the heating pad will cause it to grow quickest. Once all danger of freeze has passed in your area, move the pumpkin seedling to the vegetable garden. Carefully remove the pumpkin seedling from the bowl, but don’t disturb the roots of the pumpkin plant. Place in a hole 1 to 2 inches or 2.5 to 5 cm deeper and larger than the root ball of the Pumpkin plant and refresh the hole. Tap down throughout the pumpkin seedling and water thoroughly. Pumpkin growing can be enriching and fun. Take some time this year to plant Pumpkin seeds in your vegetable garden.

  • Cucumber

You may also like this: How To Grow Cabbage In Polyhouse.

Cucumber (Image source: pixabay)

Outdoor cucumbers should be planted out when the well-drained soil has warmed in late spring or early summer. Normally accommodate plants for a week or two beforehand. A cold frame is useful for this hardening-off time. In warmer climate conditions, you can sow seeds straight into their final growing location. Cucumbers require rich, fertile, and well-drained soil, so shove in plenty of well-rotted organic mulch such as compost before planting. If you are growing your Cucumbers upwards using encourages such as vines, set plants at about 18 inches apart. If you will be leaving them to lie down over the soil texture instead, plant them about 3 feet apart. Pinch out the growing points after six leaves have formed to support plants to supply fruiting side shoots. Climbing Cucumbers may require tying to vertical supports, considered as the heavy fruits begin to develop.

  • Bitter Gourd

Find a warm sunny location on your terrace. Use organically rich, sandy, or loamy well-drained, and fertile soil. A combination of cow dung and organic compost will also do evaluated for the bitter gourd plant. You can use the bitter gourd seeds from any ripe bitter gourd you have chosen up from the vegetable market. Just ensure to use only the bitter gourd seeds that are fully formed. You can also use seeds from a previous plant, or buy them from your local area nursery. If there is a red coating on the seeds, reduce it. If essential, you can soak the seeds overnight in water before sowing to fastly germination.  Make holes about half-inch deep in the well-drained soil and drop the seeds into them. You can leave about 12 inches of space between two drainage holes. Cover the holes with well-drained soil and sprinkle some water on top. Sow at least 2 seeds in a container and use at least 2 containers for sowing the seeds. The seeds will be beginning to germinate within 2 to 3 days of sowing and flowers will begin to appear in 5 to 6 weeks. The bitter gourds will be ready for harvesting within 3 months from planting.

Vegetables to Grow in the Winter Season in Sweden

  • Kohlrabi

The odd-looking green or purple Kohlrabi is a cool-season plant with a taste and surface same to broccoli stems or Cabbage, but moderately milder and sweeter. It is equally tasty eaten raw, roasted, or get overwrought and is high in nutrients and low in calories. Kohlrabi requires rich, well-drained soil in full sun. You can plant this cool-season plant for a winter or fall harvest in the north, or a winter harvest in south Sweden. For a spring vegetable plant the seeds outside after danger of a hard freeze. Sow seeds in midsummer for a fall plant, or fall for a winter plant.

  • Rhubarb 

Rhubarb can also be grown from seed into the garden ground, by dividing existing thickest or purchasing a plant from the garden center. Plants that were sown from seed take a few years to develop themselves. Sow seed in trays in spring, and transfer into containers to grow once a few sets of leaves seem. Plant out 1m apart in the garden once seedlings are at least 10cm tall and look vigorous. When dividing existing thickest the fastest way is to split pieces off an existing plant in spring, autumn, or winter. To do this, slice through the peak of the plant with a sharp spade or long knife. Plant the whole section in the ground or in a container that is bigger than the off-cut. Once the plant starts to put down roots, new leaves will seem. You need to pick rhubarb when the baby stalks are thick sufficient. Keep away from leaving them too long as the wider stalks can sometimes taste bitter and come woody. When harvesting, fastly grasp a stalk near to the ground. Crumple and pull the stem it should break free of the Rhubarb plant. Do this carefully as you don’t want to break off new shoots while you are choosing your plant. If you can’t twist the stems off very easily, cut them as near to the base of the plant as possible.

  • Rutabagas 

Plant Rutabagas in late summer so they grown-up during the cool weather of the fall or winter season. A good rule of thumb is to harvest get in 90 days from your fall from the freeze. Confined space plants 12 to 18 inches apart in fertile, well-drained soil with a pH range from 5.5 to 7.0. Before planting, give young plants a solid foundation by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure into your home-grown soil. Productive Rutabagas rely on frequent water, so use a soaker hose or drip watering to keep plants happy. Maximize your harvest probable by feeding plants daily with a continuous-release fertilizer. Harvest Rutabaga roots once they are 3 to 5 inches large. You can also get the harvest a few young leaves to enjoy in salads.

  • Cauliflower

Cauliflower likes cool growing climate conditions and complete high humidity. They require deep rich well-drained soil and must be kept well watered around the season. Any check-in their growing cycle will result in very small heads and an annoyed gardener, in short, they tricky. You can sow Cauliflower in late March, early May, and early June for a long planting season.  It is highly suggested to sow your Cauliflower in modular trays. You can sow directly into the well-drained soil.

  • Parsnips

It extracts from 120 to 180 days to get ready for harvest for a parsnip to go from seeds to roots. When planting Parsnips, plant the sow seeds ½-inch apart and ½-inch intense in rows at least 12 inches or 30 cm apart. This gives the growing Parsnips room to establish good roots. Growing Parsnips take 18 days for germination. After seedlings seem, wait for a couple of weeks and thin the plants to about 3 to 4 inches or 7.6 to 10 cm apart in rows. Water them well when growing parsnips or the roots will be flavorless and hard. Fertilization of well-drained soil is also a benefit. You can organic compost your growing Parsnips the same way you may your Carrots. Side dress with fertilizer throughout June to retain the soil healthy adequate for growing Parsnips.

Vegetables to Grow in the Fall Season in Sweden

  • Lettuce

In case if you miss this: How To Grow Spinach In Greenhouse.

Green Lettuce
Green Lettuce (Pic credit: pixabay)

Sweet, to be disposed of Lettuce should be planted 4 to 8 weeks before the first freeze and can be harvested at all growth stages, from baby leaf to full head. Try sequence planting your favorite many varieties for salad all season long. Lettuce can make it through the winter if grown under a row cover or in a cold surround.

  • Cabbage

Similar to its brassica family, Kale, cold-tough Cabbage retains flourishing through the freeze. It likes plenty of space in the garden so plan for around 2 feet per plant to supply a wide and impressive head of cabbage. Cabbage can be spaced as little as 1 foot. Apart, but the heads will be very smaller.

  • Fava Beans

These multipurpose vegetables work wonders as a cover plant and nitrogen fixer if you are trying to bring around poor soil. They supply a full top-to-tail harvest in all growth stages, from the leaves to the flowers to the pods. Fava Beans are also forgiving plants that can grow in partial shade and clay well-drained soil, as well as allow temperatures down to -9°c.

  • Garlic

It takes a lack of patience to grow Garlic, as the bulbs require about 9 months reaching grown-up. However, they are belonging the wait, and once planted, it’s a very low-maintenance plant. You will want to plant Garlic in the fall before the garden ground freezes normally in October for most zones. It’ll likely be the last thing to go in the garden before you hang up the digger.

What to Plant: Vegetable Garden Planting Schedule

2 To 14 Weeks Before The First FrostDirect Sow Lettuce, Radishes, And Rutabagas Begin Seeds For Cabbage, Kale, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi, And Other Brassicas Indoors
10 To 12 Weeks Before The First FrostDirect Sow Beets, Carrots, And Chard, Plus Another Round Of Lettuce And Radishes Transplant Seedlings For Cabbage, Kale, Cauliflower, Kohlrabi, And Other Brassicas Garden Plants
8 To 10 Weeks Before The First FreezeDirect Sow Spinach, Arugula, Turnips, Mustard, Asian Greens, And Another Round Of Lettuce And Radishes Including Winter Radishes
6 To 8 Weeks Before The First FrostDirect Sow Another Round Of Spinach And Radishes
On Or Around The First FrostDirect Sow Garlic, Onions, And Shallots

Vegetables Planting Calendar in Sweden

Vegetables Planting SeasonDays To Harvest
LettuceSeptember to October50 to 60 Days
BeetsApril to May45 to 65 Days
KohlrabiNovember to March50 to 70 Days
Sweet CornJune to August60 to 100 Days
CabbageSeptember to October90 to 120 Days
RadishApril to May  22 to 70 Days
RhubarbNovember to March  90 Days
SquashJune to August50 to 65 Days
Fava BeansSeptember to October75 to 100 Days
KaleApril to May70 to 95 Days
RutabagasNovember to March80 to 100 Days
CucumberJune to August55 to 70 Days
TurnipsSeptember to October  30 to 60 Days  
SpinachApril to May45 to 50 Days
CauliflowerNovember to August90 to 120 Days
Bitter GourdJune to August55 to 60 Days
CarrotsApril to May70 to 80 Days
ParsnipsNovember to March120 to 180 Days
PumpkinJune to August90 to 120 Days
GarlicSeptember to October90 Days

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