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Growing Vegetables In Canada, Planting Calendar

Growing Vegetables in Canada

Hello Gardeners, we are back with a new topic and the topic is all about growing vegetables in Canada and the vegetable planting calendar of Canada. Do you live in Canada and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to grow your own vegetables in Canada. In this article, we will also mention all the requirements for growing Vegetables in Canada.

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Canada

When beginning, growing vegetables can feel enormous. Not all vegetables are identical in their growing difficulty level. By starting with vegetables that are very easy to grow in your specific climate conditions, you will set your garden ground up for success. You need to find the easiest vegetables to grow in Canada or other similar cool vegetables to grow in Canada.

For all of these seeds excluding Zucchini, we usually suggest seeding directly into your garden ground or container where you plan to grow your plant to grown-up and not beginning seeds indoors. If you will be growing your vegetables in containers, all of these vegetables will grow just excellently in a container. Just ensure that your containers are deep encouraged to support your vegetable plant’s growth. A rule of thumb for plant containers is to retain them at least as deep as the plant will grow tall. The exception to this would be green peas or other climbing plants.

A Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables in Canada and Vegetable Planting Calendar

Planting and growing your vegetables is very good for your body. You can get exercise, decrease stress and supply your own fresh vegetables, healthy food, all by planting a vegetable garden in your backyard. If you are new to start vegetable gardening, it’s not difficult, but there are a few most important things to know. A little bit of planning before you begin to shove will save you and give you an improved chance of success. This is a good time to create a master plan for your backyard, balcony, rooftop, or community garden plot or planters. Use a cover and loose-leaf paper for your garden plans. And it will become a great resource for you to look back at year after year, not only to see the evolution of your garden but to look at the notes to see what did or did not perform. A garden cover or master garden plan is especially handy if you have long-term plans for space. Perhaps you are starting from scratch and are looking at plant placement or adding structural substances a master plan makes the vision manageable and helps you identify what you want to equipment in the first year.

While it’s too early in the season to purchase plants, you can sit down now to begin planning for the season. If there are plants, shrubs, or perennials you have seen and thought would be great for your confined space, you now have the tools to do a bit of research to see if they are a viable choice for your zone. They don’t always wellspring a lot in the way of information but they showcase beautiful gardens and are a great resource for very good ideas and inspiration. It’s a great way to beat the winter depression and get you encouraged about the gardening season.

Basic Things to Remember When Growing Vegetables

  • Pick the right spot

Your vegetable garden should be in a location that gets six to eight hours of direct sunlight per day. Watch the sun and shade patterns in your backyard on a sunny day to observe the best location. Note that the sun is maximum in the sky in late June. Early and late summer days seem to be shadier, depending on the vegetable plants in your yard. Also, select a fairly level place for gardening on a hill is much more challenging, though you can design terraces.

  • Prepare the soil

Soil is the most important element in a successful vegetable garden. Till or shove into your existing soil at least eight inches, if not more. Get lots of composted organic manure or a similar soil modification with organic matter from your local area landscape or garden ground. Mix thoroughly with your existing soil. If you are building raised beds, you may need to buy some auxiliary topsoil.

  • Choosing vegetables to plant

Canada has a similarly short vegetables growing season. You can plant cool-weather vegetables include Peas, Spinach, Broccoli, and Kale beginning in April. Start planting Lettuce in early May. Warm-weather vegetable plants like Tomatoes, Beans, Peppers, and Squash can be planted in June. Though seeds are the most low-cost way to plant, for Tomatoes, Peppers, and Broccoli, it is best to buy very small sets of seedlings from a garden centre. For a small garden plot, select compact varieties of plants. Bush Beans and Peas will be an improved choice than climbs. Some vegetable varieties are ready for harvest faster than others pick the fast-growing varieties if you can. You should be able to plant a second round of cool-weather vegetables in August. After you have a together of years’ experience with growing vegetable gardening, consider getting some row cover cloth. It can enlarge your vegetable growing season by a month in both spring and fall.

  • Watering

Vegetables require regular watering when at the seedling growth stage. Thereafter, water frequently as the surface of the soil becomes dry. In locations exposed to winds, more watering may be required. This can be overcome by laying down a thick layer of organic matter to spread moisture in the soil.

  • Mulching

Mulch helps to keep moisture, support earthworm, and encourage microbial activity in the well-drained soil.  Apply lightly ground-up cedar bark around the growing season. Mulch will also substantially decrease your weeding. Mulch and water are the close ingredients. A thick layer of mulch helps to retain the soil moisture while adding organic matter to your well-drained soil over time. Though seeds require often water and moist soil to germinate, cut back on watering frequency as plants get wider. Do water thoroughly so that more than the surface layer of well-drained soil gets wet. You will never know absolutely what to expect, but with good well-drained soil, water, and a little luck, you will be enjoying fresh vegetables around the summer season.

  • Harvesting

The best vegetable planting times for similar vegetables are frequently given in the number of weeks before or after the last spring frost. Likewise, the sowing seeds of late-harvest vegetables are normally indicated by the number of weeks before the first fall frost. Average first and last frost dates can be started for your area

Seasons in Canada

In Canada, four seasons are spring, summer, fall, and winter. Weather conditions are different in different parts of Canada. 

  • Canada in winter that is December to March
  • Canada in spring that is April to June
  • Canada in summer that is July to August
  • Canada in fall that is September to November


These vegetables are grown in the winter season includes Pears, Brussels Sprouts, Rutabagas, Turnips, Beets, Carrots, Cabbage, Red Onions, Garlic, Leeks, Potatoes, Squash, and  Sweet Potatoes.


These vegetables are grown in the spring season such as Asparagus, Radishes, Spinach, Rhubarb, Kale, Salad Greens, Arugula, Beets, Lettuce, Green Onions, Broccoli, Celery, Swiss Chard, Garlic, Peas, Summer Squash, Tomatoes, Turnips, and  Zucchini,


As summer strikes, things kick into high gear with apparently unending produce choices. Vegetables like home-grown Sweet Corn, Peppers, Tomatoes, Zucchini, and Rapini are now at their best. It’s also the beginning of Leek and Eggplant season in August.


We end our big season on a high account with Pumpkin, Leeks, Eggplant, Brussels sprouts, and the continuation from August. We start to pears and as cool weather climate approaches so does the requirement for warmer dishes. Back indoors, get set for roasting, holiday feasting, and all of the vegetables.

Vegetables to Grow in the Winter Season in Canada

#1 Lettuce

Home-grown Lettuce is so much improved than store-obtain, and you can very easily grow and harvest your own. 

Planting: Your Lettuce seeds will flourish best in loose soil that drains well so it stays moist without keeping soggy. Feed your well-drained soil with organic manure about a week before you seed. Planting chives or garlic between your Lettuce seeds will help standard aphids as they act as a fence to the lettuce. 

Care: Organic mulch will help keep moisture, retain weeds at bay, and soil temperatures cool around the warmer months. Lettuce leaves are very great at letting you know when they require water. If leaves are sag, it’s a sign that you have not been watering your Lettuce adequately.

#2 Cucumbers

This vegetable performs great in salads, juices, and on its own as a snack. It has different health benefits, and it’s very easy for vegetables to add to your garden area. 

In case if you miss this: Greenhouse Gardening For Beginners.

Cucumber (Image credit: pixabay)

Planting: Cucumbers require 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight, so ensure you plant them in a location that gets full sun. They also need fertile soil, so mix in compost and or organic manure before planting. Retain the soil moist and well-drained so that it does not get soggy. For an early plant, plant your Cucumber seeds indoors about three weeks before you transplant them to your garden area. 

Care: Your cucumbers will grow fastly so long as you water them frequently. They require one inch of water each week, and more if temperatures are very high. It’s important to mulch with pine straw to retain pests under control. Using a trellis is great if you have limited confined space in your garden and also will prevent the Cucumber from damage as a result of lying on moist garden ground.

#3 Carrots

Crunchy and beautiful, Carrots are a necessary root vegetable to have in your garden and are completely easy to grow as long as your seeds are planted in loose, sandy soil. 

Planting: Carrots are a cool-season plant, but you can also plant them midsummer. Retain your plot of soil free from rocks and if you are potting them, ensure the containers are deep sufficient to handle the growth. 

Care: It’s important to retain the soil moist for the best germination. As the seedlings establish, apply mulch normally to maintain an even moisture level and decrease weed problems. Your plant will help the most in full sunlight, but it can also allow a moderate quantity of shade. 

#4 Green Beans

One of the most popular vegetables to give out as a side, Green Beans are also a great addition to your garden as they are super and very easy to planting. 

Planting: Whether you are planning to plant directly into ground soil or in raised garden ground, be ensuring to plant-soil after the danger of frost is gone. Your Green Beans will survive in fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. They will also benefit from shoving some finished organic compost into the grounds.

Care: Green beans thrive in full sunlight, so you must show them where they will get enough quantity of sun. Retain your garden grounds watered so that they keep evenly moist until all seedlings appear from the soil. At this point, the surface of the well-drained soil can dry out between watering. 

#5 Potatoes

You may also check this: Rooftop Vegetable Gardening Design.

Potatoes (Pic credit: pixabay)

Potatoes are fun and very easy to grow, they need very little maintenance. If you want to grow Potatoes in a container or bag then you can grow easily. Do you have some old Potatoes you obtain that are growing shoots?  Ideal, you have everything you require to grow Potatoes this year. Cut your Potato in half or thirds, depending on medium-size and how many eyes the growing parts there are.  Shove a deep hole, put the cutting in, and cover.  Hill your Potatoes once grown in July and again in August so they don’t turn green.

Vegetables to Grow in the Spring Season in Canada

#1 Bell Peppers

Bell Peppers are some of the most popular adaptable vegetables to have available in your garden. They add a satisfying crunch to salads, are ideally grilled, and even make a great soup and good to taste. 

Planting: Begin your seeds off in indoor planters about 8 to 10 weeks before the last spring frost date, perfectly. About a week before they are ready to be planted in your outdoor garden, ensure to normally adapt them to the outdoor weather conditions and ensure your soil is properly fertilized.  Ensure to plant in a bright a sunny location in your garden as they require about 6 to 8 hours of sunlight regularly. 

Care: Bell Peppers are specially heated very sensitive, so if you live in a very warm and cool climate condition, watering every day may be essential to help them thrive. Otherwise, the normal rule of thumb is two or three times a week, or whenever the well-drained soil is dry about 1 to 2 inches sheathe the surface. 

#2 Radishes

Whether you like your Radishes pickled, grilled, or raw, you can very easily grow and harvest this sharp root vegetable right in your own garden.

Radish (Image source: pixabay)

Planting: Add aged manure or organic fertilizer to your well-drained soil and plant about 4 to 6 weeks before the average date of spring’s last frost. You can also plant Radish seeds in late summer or early fall and still ready to harvest. Your Radishes will require plenty of suns, or else they will put all their energy into producer wider leaves. 

Care: Keep your Radish grounds moist, but not soaked. You should water them often and evenly for fast growth. 

#3 Peas

You need to plant Peas as soon as the well-drained soil can be performed 2 weeks before the average last spring frost for your area, if possible. To harvest continuous produce of Peas during the spring, simultaneously sow varieties with different grown-up dates. Then sow more seeds direct in the garden ground about 2 weeks later. Continue this pattern, sowing no later than mid-June. Peas germinate or sprout fastly and grow very well in cool climates. Peas are very easier to pick when they mature a trellis. If you don’t have a trellis, not to worry, purchase shorter bush varieties and they will be just excellent. Pea seeds are wide and very easy to plant. Once planted they will require little care besides daily watering and weeding.

#4 Kales

Kale grows very easily and can be harvested multiple times from the same Kale plant. Only take 1/3 of the leaves when harvesting and your plant will continue to supply. Kale is full of nutrients and can be chilled to be used all winter long by cut up and adding to things like rice, pasta, soups, or smoothness. These strong vegetables produce baby leaves in around 30 days and grown-up ones after about 60 days. Try Dwarf Red Russian or Siberian Kale for colour, appearance, and flavour. Try Tuscan Cavalo Nero Kale for long slight bumpy leaves. Have observed these grown-up quicker than curly leaf Dwarf Green’ Kale.

#5 Rhubarb

Forcing Rhubarb will yield a very earlier plant such a useful choice if you can’t wait until April for your first harvest. While clay or terracotta containers are occasional and are specifically created for this purpose, an upturned dustbin or a large bucket will perform equally well. In January, cover the crown with a layer of straw and then place your option of the wide container over the crown to extend the light. Forced Rhubarb stems can be harvested around eight weeks after covering, which may be up to a month earlier than unforced plants. However, try to avoid forcing the same Rhubarb peak for two years in a row this can weaken the plant. Grow different Rhubarb plants at the right period and force just one a year in plant rotation.

Vegetables to Grow in the Summer Season in Canada

#1 Zucchini

You may also check this: Hydroponic Nutrient Chart.

Zucchini (pic credit: pixabay)

Zucchini is the very easiest of the squash family to grow in Canada or other similar warm climates conditions. Zucchini seeds may begin indoors in peat pots 3 weeks before your last expected frost. If doing this, remove the bottom of the peat pot when transplanting seedlings outdoors. Plant only one seed per container. Zucchini can also be planted directly into your garden ground. Check seed packages for one that has fewer Days to Maturity as these different types of varieties will be ready to be harvested sooner. Plant in a warm and they require full sun location. If you do not see bees on your Zucchini flowers, look up how to pollinate Zucchini blossoms.

#2 Tomatoes

Tomatoes are the very easiest vegetable to plant, but we feel that no garden should be without them.  Cherry Tomato varieties are the very easiest to grow, but you can have success with any to as long as you water it frequently and give it 8 or more hours of sunlight per day.

#3 Turnips

If you are planting a summer plant, plant the Turnips are grown early. If you are planting so you can have Turnips to keep throughout the winter, plant late in the summer to harvest Turnips before the first frost. Turnips normally need a full sun location but will allow partial shade, extremely if you plan on harvesting the plant for its greens. Preparing the ground to grow turnip plants in is very easy. Just collect and hoe it as usual for planting. Once you are done and the dirt isn’t too wet, sprinkle the seeds and kindly them in. Growing Turnips should be done with seeds in the well-drained soil about 1/2 inch 1.27 cm. deep at a rate of three to 20 seeds per foot and 30 cm. Water fastly after planting to speed germination. Once you observe your Turnips growing, thin the plants to about 4 inches and 10 cm. apart to give the plants a lot of room to form good roots.

#4 Spinach

Spinach (image from: pixabay)

Spinach grows well in cool weather but is susceptible to bolting in the hot summer heat. You need to plant early in the spring. Succession plant by seeding every 2 to 3 weeks for continuous production. Once you see seed heads establish, harvest what you can and pull the remaining other plants. Seed something else or sow more Spinach in the confined space.

#5 Beets

Beets grow fastly and very easily with low maintenance in cool climates condition. Thin seedlings as maintained to package directions when they are about an inch tall. A bonus of growing your Beets is that you can fun-cooked beet tops during the summer months.

Vegetables to Grow in the fall in Canada

#1 Pumpkin

When you plant Pumpkin seeds outside, remember that Pumpkins require an incredible quantity of space to grow. It’s suggested that you plan on a minimum of 20 square feet and 2 sq. m. being required for each plant. When the well-drained soil temperature is at least 18°C, you can plant your Pumpkin seeds. Pumpkin seeds won’t germinate in cold well-drained soil. Mound the soil in the center of the selected location up a little bit to help the sun heat the Pumpkin seeds. The warmer the well-drained soil, the quicker the Pumpkin seeds will germinate. In the mound, plant three to five Pumpkin seeds about 1 inch and 2.5 cm. deep.

#2 Eggplants

Knowing where to plant Eggplant is very important. Ensure your transplants go to a location in the garden where they will get full sun. The well-drained soil should be fertile. Amend if essential to ensure the plants will get adequate nutrients and will not be in standing water. Eggplants do best when the soil is frequent with soil moisture. Water daily, extremely when the plants are young so that they establish deep roots. Avoid overhead watering to prevent disease, but consider using organic mulch to retain the soil moist, warm, and to retain weeds down. Normally, Eggplants should get an inch and 2.5 cm. of rain or watering each week.

#3 Onions

Onions are last as they can be one of the trickier of the very easy vegetables, but if you have good well-drained soil and the right conditions can need very low maintenance and supply well. The very easiest way to grow Onions is from Onion sets small bulbs sold specifically for planting. Onion tops can be harvested and appreciate like green Onions all summer long. Don’t harvest more than 1/3 of the Onion tops at the right. Not to be forgotten, Green Onions grow fastly and well from seed in cool climates conditions

#4 Swiss chard

As part of your spring garden, you will want to get Swiss chard seed into the direct ground in early to mid-spring, or at least when you are making sure there’s no more chance of frost. A good rule of thumb is to make sure the well-drained soil is at least 10°C, which is warm, adequate for the seeds to germinate. If you want to make sure of a steady supply of Swiss chard, you can use succession planting, sowing new seeds every together of weeks, to lengthen the harvest period. If you require growing Swiss chard through the winter, get your seeds into the garden ground at least a month before the first fall frost. As a winter vegetable, chard grows well with other root plants, like Carrots, Turnips, and Parsnips. It also grows very well with the above-mentioned Spinach and Kale. This likely and highly nutritious vegetable is happiest when the temperatures of spring and fall are cool and moderate. It will still do well in summer weather conditions, but the warmth will make sure it grows a little more slowly.

Vegetable Planting Calendar in Canada

VegetablesPlanting SeasonHarvesting
PotatoesDecember to March80 to 100 days
Swiss ChardSeptember to November50 to 60 days
BeetsJuly to August50 to 65 days
TurnipsJuly to August30 to 60 days
CucumberDecember to March55 to 65 days
CarrotDecember to March70 to 80 days
PumpkinSeptember to November90 to 120 days
SpinachJuly to August45 to 50 days
TomatoJuly to August90 to 140 days
KaleJuly to August70 to 95 days
LettuceDecember to March30 to 70 days
OnionsSeptember to November80 to 150 days
ZucchiniJuly to August50 to 60 days
EggplantSeptember to November100 to 150 days
RhubarbApril to June90 days
PeasMay to June60 to 70 days
Green BeansDecember to March50 to 55 days
Bell pepperApril to June60 to 90 days
RadishApril to June22 to 70 days
BroccoliSeptember to November50 to 60 days


If you plan to grow vegetables and live in the following provinces, territories, and cities of Canada, this article may help you to understand the basics of vegetable gardening.

AlbertaBritish ColombiaManitobaNew Brunswick
Newfoundland and LabradorNorthwest TerritoriesNova ScotiaNunavut
OntarioPrince Edward IslandQuebecSaskatchewan
VictoriaSt. John’sHalifax  Hamilton
OshawaSt. CatharinesSherbrookeTrois-Rivières
Red DeerPeterboroughSault Ste. MariePrince George


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