Garden Plants in India – A Step by Step Guide

Garden Plants in India.
Garden Plants in India.

Introduction: Hi Gardeners, today we are here with an excellent information of Garden Plants in India. Garden plants are nothing but plants that can be cultivated in the garden. Vegetable gardens are a practical selection for people who want to be able to eat what they grow. Growing your vegetables in the garden saves a lot of money and home-grown vegetables are highly nutritious.

If adding beauty to your home is your primary goal, you may want to produce a flower garden. Choose flowers with different shapes, colors, and textures to produce a gorgeous new feature. Flowers do not need strict soil conditions as vegetables do, and they don’t take quite as much ongoing care.  What are we waiting for? let us get into the details of Garden Plants in India.

A guide to garden plants in India

If you don’t have a lot of space, you can still produce a wonderful garden. Consider growing herbs, which can look very beautiful. If you enjoy cooking from scratch, an herb garden can give you access to fresh herbs in your garden.

Plants fpr Home Garden.
Plants fpr Home Garden.

Growing tips for Garden plants

  • Use a good quality potting mix, not garden soil for growing vegetables.
  • Containers must have good drainage and be sized for the particular plant. For instance, shallow and rooted greens need about a two-inch depth, but deep-rooted tomatoes will want at least 12 inches of soil.
  • If the soil conditions aren’t ideal, you can always build a raised bed and carefully fill it with nutrient-rich, well-drained soil instead.
  • Most plants need lots of suns to produce well, so look for a space that gets 6 to 8 hours of sunlight.
  • Fertilizer gives your plants an extra nutritional boost, helping them grow strong and healthy. Choose a natural fertilizer such as blood meal, bone meal, or compost. You can also obtain chemical fertilizers geared toward specific plants.
  • In the summer season, you need to water your plants at least once every day. Plants lose a lot of water during this summer season and they can wither or have stunted growth if they are not well-watered. The other seasons are pretty cool and wet, and you can water your plants twice a week.
  • Mulching is mostly done to help the soil retain moisture, and is recommended in places with water scarcity. This garden practice has other advantages such as controlling weeds and regulating soil temperature. And in case you didn’t know, it involves covering the soil with natural materials or synthetic materials.
  • Pests can easily kill plants, so it is very important to prevent them from attacking your garden. You can prevent some pests by keeping garden free from weeds and refuse. You can prevent another type of pests by installing barriers and traps. Some pests that you must be aware of include bugs, mites, aphids, whiteflies, and gnats.
  • Check plants for symptoms of disease or pest problems. Treat the plants promptly with an appropriate pesticide, for example, insecticidal soap for aphids or fungicide for fungal diseases. Destroy badly infected plants to check the spread of disease to healthy plants.

You should not miss the Container Gardening for Vegetables.

List of garden plants in India

Here, some of the important garden plants in India are given below;

Ferns
  • Ferns are one of the garden plants that are preferred for their adaptability and humidity resistance. Ferns are very easy to grow and they cover the area quickly.
  • You can produce sword fern, blue star fern, bird’s nest fern, they are easiest. Ferns will usually grow downward, so you’ll need to grow other covering plants with them too.
  • Most ferns prefer a shady location; however, they don’t do well in deep shade. The dabbled shade provided by tree branches gives the best conditions. Nearly all ferns prefer good soil that is moist and well-draining. Most do best in slightly acidic to neutral soil, from 4.0 to 7.0 in pH level, but some, such as the maidenhair fern, requires a more alkaline soil.
Broccoli
  • Broccoli is very high in calcium, iron, and magnesium, as well as vitamins A, B6 and C. In fact, one cup of raw broccoli florets provides 130 percent of daily vitamin C requirement.
  • Broccoli needs full sun and moist, fertile soil that’s slightly acidic.
  • Fertilize broccoli 3 weeks after transplanting seedlings into the garden.
  • Provide consistent soil moisture with regular watering, particularly in drought conditions. Some varieties of broccoli are heat tolerant, but all require adequate moisture.
  • Harvest broccoli in the morning before it heats up when the buds of the head are firm and tight, just before the heads flower.
Peas
  • Pea plants are easy to grow in the garden but have a limited growing season.
  • Get pea plants in the ground while the soil is still cool, but beware of excessive moisture caused by snowmelt or spring rain, as you don’t want the seeds to sit in wet soil.
  • Peas are best grown in temperatures range below 70°F. Once temperatures obtain above 80°F, peas tend to stop producing pods or the pods become tough. 
Bromeliads
  • Most bromeliads have shallow roots and they require little space to grow this makes them ideal plants for vertical gardens. Their colorful leaves and long-lasting flowers can be a good addition to the vertical garden.
  • Growing a bromeliad as a houseplant is very easy and brings interesting texture and color to the interior garden.
  • Bromeliad plant care is very easy and requires no special tools or fertilizers. Feed the Bromeliad plants with a half-strength fertilizer every month in the growing season.
Cucumbers
  • Cucumbers are extremely susceptible to frost and cold damage; the soil should be at least 70ºF for germination.
  • Cucumbers are heavy feeders and want regular watering too. Grow them in a medium to large-sized pot or container (depending on the variety) and in full sun. You can have homegrown successful crunchy cucumbers within a few months.
  • Cucumbers are best picked before seeds become hard and are eaten when immature. Do not let them get a yellow color.
Areca Palm
  • Areca palm leafy plant can be grown anywhere in the house in indirect sunlight. Make sure it is not exposed to direct sunlight, or the leaves will turn a yellow color.
  • The plant can grow as high as 30 feet outdoors but it is restricted to about 7 feet at indoor locations. Put it in a small container or pot and the crowded roots will help in limiting the size of the plant.
  • Water enough to maintain the soil moist and let it dry a little between watering in winter. Areca palm plant is one of the most widely used palms for bright interiors.
  • Fertilize areca palm plants with a time-release fertilizer in spring and this gives the plant most of the nutrients it needs for the entire season.

You may also check the Vegetable Garden Layout, Design.

Rose
  • Roses are one of the most beautiful, fragrant flowers that one can plant in their home garden. Any variety of rosé will be a wonderful addition to the garden and adds happiness to your home.
  • Rose plants like loose, loamy soil leaning more toward sandy. Too much clay and roots can become waterlogged.
  • These gorgeous flowering plants do not need a lot of care. All they need is a sunny spot with good drainage and little manure or fertilizer during the flowering periods.
  • Rose plants range in size from the compact, miniature to climbers and hybrids. Roses are one of the popular flowers for both domestic and commercial cut flowers.
Radishes
  • Radishes are one of the quickest growing vegetables and appropriate for container vegetable gardening as you can also grow them in small and wide pots. A planter that is just 6 inches deep is enough but if you want to grow larger varieties use 8 to 10 inches deep pot. Allow 3 to 4 inches of space between each plant.
  • Radish seeds can be planted in both the spring and the fall, but growth must be suspended in the height of summer when temperatures are typically too hot.
  • It is best to plant radish seeds directly in the garden so as not to disturb their roots. Directly sow radish seeds outdoors ½ to 1 inch deep and 1 inch apart in rows 12 inches apart.
Dracaena
  • Dracaenas are popular plants for the home, and a majority of them produce upright with strap-like leaves. The plant leaves are often multicolored with whites, creams, yellows, and reds.
  • Dracaena plant care involves keeping the soil of houseplant dracaena plant moist, but never soggy. Drooping or yellowing leaves will indicate over-watering or poor drainage.
  • When growing a dracaena plant, place it in bright filtered light, such as through a sheer curtain in front of a sunny window.
  • Appropriate fertilization is a part of how to care for a dracaena. Feed every 2 weeks in spring and summer with a balanced houseplant fertilizer.
Lettuce
  • For growing lettuce, select a wide planter rather than deep (six inches deep is fine). When planting, make sure to leave space of at least 4 inches between each plant. Remember, leaf lettuces can be developed more closely than head lettuces. Use well-draining soil and do shallow and frequent watering to maintain the soil slightly moist always.
  • It is a cool-season crop that grows well in the spring and fall in most regions.
  • Lettuce can be sown after soils reach 40°F though seeds germinate at 55 to 65°F and will emerge in 7 to 10 days.
Hibiscus
  • Growing hibiscus is a very easy way to add a tropical flair to your garden.
  • Hibiscus plants are tropical beauties that will bring an exotic look to the garden. These plants are durable plants that can grow to be up to 15 feet in height, and the colorful blooms will attract hummingbirds and butterflies to your garden.
  • The best location for a hibiscus plant is a location that is going to get direct sunlight for 5 to 6 hours a day. They will produce in partial sunlight but at the expense of the blooms being produced.
  • A growing hibiscus plant requires lots of nutrients to bloom well. In the summer, we can use high potassium fertilizer.
Tomatoes
  • Grow tomatoes in containers – Container sizes will vary depending on the tomato variety you’re growing.
  • If you’re growing an indeterminate variety, the container will need to be at least 18 inches deep.
  • For determinate tomato varieties, 12 inches is a good depth, and for dwarf or “patio” type tomatoes, 8 inches is perfect. Planting one tomato plant per pot.
Sunflowers
  • Sunflower plants are tough and very easy to grow. The main thing is that the soil must not be waterlogged. These are heat tolerant and drought tolerant. They make excellent cut flowers to decorate the house.
  • Sunflowers will grow best in those locations which obtain direct and full sun for 6 to 8 hours every day. The plants require long, hot summers to flower well.
  • Sunflowers are heavy feeders. The soil should be made very nutrient-rich before planting. Place a lot of organic matter or compost manure. Alternatively, you can put a slow-release granular fertilizer about 6 inches deep into your soil.
Carrots
  • Carrots are long-lasting root vegetables that can be developed in many climates.
  • These are best grown in full sunlight but can tolerate a moderate amount of shade.
  • Carrots should be mature and ready for harvest in about 2 to 4 months, or when they reach at least ½ inch in diameter (both measures depend on the variety of carrot). You can harvest whenever desired maturity is reached.
  • Like most vegetables, growing carrots require a minimum of 1 inch of water every week. If they cannot obtain an adequate supply from rainfall, you will need to water the soil. When you water carrots, make sure to soak the soil completely.
Aloe Vera
  • Most of the indians grow this herb in pots or containers and you can consider this is the best suitable garden plants in India.
  • This useful plant clears formaldehyde and benzene, which can be a byproduct of chemical-based cleaners, paints and other toxins.
  • Aloe plants like to be dry and warm, not wet and cold, so water only when you see that the soil in the container is dry. The best spot to maintain this plant is a sunny window. Aloe in full shade will not thrive.
Indian Basil
  • Basil is commonly known as Tulsi. Seen thriving even after little-to-no maintenance, this Basil plant has several medicinal properties.
  • Also, it helps in purifying the air and it improves air quality. It can be planted in a simple pot or container.
  • It requires regular sunlight, so the best place to keep this Tulsi plant would be a sunny window.
Jasmine
  • This is very common one  of the best flower Garden Plants in India.
  • The jasmine plant is a source of exotic fragrance and the plants may be vines or bushes and some are evergreen. Jasmine is generally called the queen of flowers. The jasmine flower releases its fragrance at night time after the sunset.
  • Jasmine flower buds are more fragrant than the flowers and the flowering of jasmine takes place in summer.

Conclusion: That’s all folks about popular Garden Plants in India and their growing tips. Keep growing plants.

You may be interested in Difference Between Manure and Fertilizers.

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