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Vertical Gardening – For Balcony, Home, Cost In India

Vertical Gardening Ideas for Home

Hello gardeners, we are here again with a new topic or article. This article is all about vertical gardening ideas for the home. If you want to have a vertical garden setup, this article will be beneficial to you, and in this article, we also discuss the following topics listed below:

  • Introduction to vertical gardening for home
  • Types of vertical greening or gardening system
  • Suitable plants for vertical gardening
  • Vertical garden design
  • Vertical garden plants: a basic growing guide
  • Advantages of Vertical Gardening
  • Disadvantages of Vertical Gardening
  • Vertical garden ideas for balcony
  • Best vegetables for vertical gardening
  • Best flowers for vertical gardening
  • Tips and tricks for growing plants in a vertical garden
  • Vertical garden costs in India

Introduction to Vertical Gardening for Home

A vertical garden may be a garden that grows upwards which means vertically employing a trellis or other network, instead of on the bottom which means horizontally. Anything grown on a trellis or maybe a fence is technically a part of a vertical garden. This system is often wont to create living screens between different areas, providing privacy for your yard or home. More recently, vertical gardens also can be wont to grow flowers and even vegetables.

A Step By Step Guide for Vertical Gardening Ideas for Home

Vertical gardening is a very unique or different kind of urban gardening that is suitable for small spaces, mainly used for decorating the walls and roofs in various styles. This is an alternative or other Gardening method by expanding or improving growing plants’ scope in a vertical space or area. Intensive urbanization has left hardly any horizontal space or room for outdoor gardens. Green walls are not only particularly beautiful but also helpful in revitalizing the ambiance. These green walls will also absorb all heated gas in the air, an indoor and outdoor temperature that provides healthier indoor air quality and a more beautiful space.

Types of Vertical Greening or Gardening System

There are two types of vertical greening or gardening systems. They are listed below:

  1. Green façade

Green facades are a green wall system during which climbing plants or cascading groundcovers are trained to hide specially designed supporting structures. Plants are either grown within the ground or within the elevated containers where they’re watered and fertilized.

Green facades are kind or types of green wall systems during which climbing plants or cascading groundcovers are trained to hide specially designed supporting structures. Rooted at the bottom of those structures, intermediate planters, or maybe on achieving full coverage within the ground. Green facades are often anchored to existing walls or built as a freestanding structures, like fences or columns

  • Living/green wall

These panels are often made from plastic, expanded polystyrene, and synthetic fabric and support an incredible diversity of plant species (e.g., a lush mixture of ferns, ground covers, perennials, and edible plants).

This green wall is constructed from pre-vegetated panels, vertical modules, or planted blankets (vegetated mat wall) that are fixed to the structural framework or a wall made up of a steel framework, plastic, expanded polystyrene, and artificial fabric to support a spread of diversity and density of plant species Tend to need more maintenance like fertilizer and water than green facade systems that are planted into the bottom.

i) Modular green walls

Vertical Garden Modules is made up of recycled polypropylene material. It has an attractive look, is highly durable, and can be easily installed. It provides an instant solution for making a garden in your residential place.

ii) Vegetated mat wall

This system comprises two layers of synthetic fabric with pockets filled with plants and growing media. These fabric walls are supported by a framework, and they are backed by a waterproof membrane against the building wall Nutrients and water are delivered through an irrigation system at the top of the wall.

Suitable Plants for Vertical Gardening

Not all plants adapt or are suitable well for vertical gardening. They need to have specific essential characteristics for the proper development and growth of the plant.

  • Ferns

They are one of the vertical garden plants that are most preferred for their adaptability and humidity resistance. They are straightforward to grow, and they also cover the area quickly. You can grow sword fern, blue star fern, or bird’s nest fern; they are most comfortable. They will generally grow downward, so you need to develop some other covering plants with them.

  • Bromeliads

Most bromeliad plants have shallow roots, and they need very little space to grow, which makes them very ideal for vertical gardens. They have colorful leaves, and long-lasting flowers can be an excellent addition to your vertical garden.

  • Begonias

If you want to hang on your living wall where the plants receive some sun, then growing begonias is a good idea.

  • Hostas

This is a beautiful plant and has variegated foliage that is used as a groundcover in vertical gardens. For a shady site or area, this evergreen plant is suitable for a vertical garden.

  • Lipstick Plant

Growing a lipstick plant is very easy. It doesn’t require deep soil to grow so it can thrive in a vertical wall. You can also grow it indoors.

  • Succulents

Succulent plants are the foremost used plants for vertical gardens you need to thanks to their incredible adaptability and resistance to fluctuation in temperatures and climatic variations. Plants just like the string of pearls, echeveria, crassula, and sedum are often considered.

  • Air Plants (Epiphyte)

Such plants don’t need soil to thrive; they grow naturally on other plants, which makes them perfect for growing in vertical wall gardens. Tillandsias, aechmea, vriesea are a couple of examples.

  • Vines

Low-maintenance vines like pothos, ivies, philodendrons, rosary vine, and Wandering Jew are often grown in vertical planters quickly. They’re low maintenance and even thrive in indirect sunlight.

Verical Farming
Vertical Farming (pic credit: Pixabay)

Vertical Garden Design

Choose the most straightforward Design for Vertical Gardening: there are different models in vertical gardening. Select a suitable and straightforward design, and a container-based vertical garden might be the most straightforward idea. The selected containers are mounted on the walls or shelved in rows or stacked in a wooden or metal holder. Another best choice is often a pocket garden, where the plants are stocked in pockets made up of canvas. Another sort of vertical garden is made up of using a large plastic wall or wooden wall planter with sockets, slots, or even panels. These vertical garden systems even have a mesh that controls the dripping of the soil. Just in the case of wooden frame vertical gardens, landscape fabric is framed around the pallet. The pallet is crammed with soil, and plant grown within the slat opening.

Vertical Garden Plants: A Basic Growing Guide

Vertical gardening requires some special care to stay plants surviving.

  • Soil: The entire container gardening plants should be planted in rich, organic potting soil. Soil should have a mix of organic materials and perlite for optimal growth.
  • Water: you ought to also decide to water regularly as containers dry out quickly from evaporation, or choose plants that need minimal water if you recognize this may be difficult.
  • Fertilizer: you need to apply a liquid fertilizer regularly. Liquid fertilizers keep plants and flowers furnished with a gentle, balanced fertilizer blend whenever you water them.
  • Plant Considerations: you need to choose the plants with shallow root systems, or low feeding requirements can make growing plants in vertical gardens easier, but you’ll make fussier plants grow with the proper care. And you need to know your commitment level.
  • Light Needs: Spend time watching the pattern of sunshine within the space you’d wish to place your vertical garden. Different plants grow best in full sun or shade—you should skills much light space provides before purchasing plants.
  • Selection of planters: Planters like these living vertical garden bins are very fabulous for versatility and portability. You will need to move the planter to different locations or areas counting on the sunshine requirement.

Advantages of Vertical Gardening

  • Keeps you cool

By building or having a vertical garden against a wall that faces the sun, you need to create an additional layer of insulation, which can keep the warmth out and helps to lower the temperature inside your home. Due to this, the within of your house is more relaxed and may cause an almost 20% reduction in the cost of cooling and heating your range in summer and winter.

  • Improving air quality

As well as being a gorgeous, space-saving and sustainable addition to our cities, vertical gardens are also natural air filters that help create a cleaner environment. The plants within the gardens take the CO2 out of the air and replace it with oxygen. At home or the workplace, vertical gardens metabolize harmful toxins like carbon monoxide gas, benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene, creating a healthier environment for everybody.

  • Increase the worth of your home

There are no more straightforward thanks to improve your home’s ‘wow factor than by installing a vertical garden. They appear stunning and add extra value to your home, both of which are important if you are looking to sell. A little investment in a vertical garden can well and genuinely buy itself when your home goes on the market.

  • It reduces your carbon footprint

In your vertical garden, if you’re growing fruit, vegetables, and herbs, you’re helping the environment by minimizing your impact thereon. Firstly, it is just because you’re reducing the travel miles of your home-grown fresh fruit, fresh vegetables and herbs and secondly, you will be using your car less to visit go shopping because you’re growing them in your backyard. Vertical gardens also help to offset your carbon footprint emissions because the plants absorb CO2 and produce oxygen. They also help to wash the air of pollutants and mud.

Disadvantages of Vertical Gardening

  • Limited Growing Space – Vertical planters generally don’t provide an entire lot of space for roots to grow. Unless the planter may be a heavy-duty structure, larger plants won’t be ready to be supported. This suggests that gardeners are more limited to smaller varieties or that grow more slowly.
  • Dries Out Quickly – Some planters that receive tons of sun can dry out quickly, weakening or killing plants. For this reason, it’s essential to seem at the materials used when building your planter. As an example, if you would love to form a gutter garden to grow herbs and lettuces in a sunny space, use a white plastic gutter that will help reflect light and warmth – rather than a dark grey metal gutter which will heat up faster.
  • It can be expensive – Many pre-made vertical planting systems cost quite like traditional pots. They’re specially designed for straightforward set-up, easy maintenance, and direct watering, which are all great benefits. However, with a touch effort, you need to be ready to create your structure for significantly less money with the materials at your local home improvement store.
  • The potential to be too messy – Containers where the plants grow bent on the side instead of up present the matter of dirt rupture. A couple of ways to urge around this issue are to:
  • Watering and Drainage are often a drag – this is often a crucial issue to think through, especially if your plants are going to be indoors. An easy solution that a lot of growers use is selecting succulents or other drought-tolerant varieties.

Vertical Garden Ideas for Balcony

In case if you miss this: Container Gardening For Beginners.

Vertical Garden Planter
Vertical Garden Planter (Image source: Pixaaby)

Grow Vertical garden there’s nothing better than having your handy supply of herbs. You’ll make a vertical garden with the assistance of hanging planters

  • Vertical Lettuce Planter

Try doing this project, if you’re keen on lettuce or other green vegetables. DIY Lettuce planter is straightforward and may be wiped out a little space with little effort.

  • Set up Shelves and Keep Pots

Ask your carpenter to line up a wooden shelf on the balcony. This may make extra space, where you’ll place your pots and containers.

  • Use ladder planter – Super Easy Vertical Garden Idea

Setting up a ladder may be brilliant thanks to growing a vertical garden on your own balcony. You need to stack the pots on the rungs of the ladder, and you’re good to go!

Best Vegetables for Vertical Gardening

If you have an abundance of sunshine in your area, you can choose the plants, such as vegetables survive best in full r direct sun. Vegetables can include:

  • Tomatoes
  • Peppers
  • Potatoes
  • Beans
  • Carrots
  • Radishes
  • Lettuce

Even other vine plants, like squash, pumpkins, and cucumbers can be easily developed as long as the container and deep enough to accommodate them and proper staking is available. Fill containers with peat moss & a suitable potting mix amended with compost or manure.

Best Flowers for Vertical Gardening

  • Peace lily:

The peace lily plant is employed in a vertical nursery due to its rapidly developing capacity. Simple you need to develop as they are tolerant of bringing downlight and low moistness. They will grow in brilliant to medium light between 17-25°C. You have got to water them once per week and spritz the leaves with water in the spring developing season. They are beautiful white blossoms that may grow up to 2 feet high.

  • Geranium Flowers:

They can add beautiful colors to your vertical green wall. They sprout in an eruption of red, pink, white, purple, and then forthwith blossoms enduring the entire planting era.

Splendid to medium light is required alongside 15-20°C. They will grow up to 12 inches tall.

  • Star Jasmine:

Star Jasmine is evergreen and maybe effectively prepared on the trellis. It can grow fully to the unfinished sun. Confederate jasmine does invite a daily watering schedule. Our automatic garden watering system will come in handy. They’re beautiful white flowers growing up to three to 9 meters high.

The Botanical Name of confederate jasmine is Arabian jasmine. It grows well in the Indian climate and is additionally mentioned as the Belle of India.

Tips and Tricks for Growing Plants in Vertical Garden

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Tips and Tricks for Growing Plants in Vertical Garden (Pic source: Pixabay)
  • If you are growing plants like flowering plants, herbs, vegetables, and succulents, all of those have shallow roots, and they use a soft pouch -a type of container.
  • The plants such as strawberries and bushy veggies are used in rigid containers.
  • Good quality potting soil, for roots to stretch and breathe. Use commercial soil mixes rich in sphagnum or peat moss, perlite, and organic compost.
  • The required amount of water keeps your vertical garden healthy. Potting soil will dry out very quickly; you need to water the plants regularly. Use vertical gardening systems that have a water reservoir or gardening system that have inbuilt planting shelves along with a side drip irrigation system.
  • Make a price estimation plan before designing a vertical garden; choose the planter boxes as per the value. Pocket gardens or hanging containers are low-cost designs.
  • Choose a vertical garden that will hold more plants in compact areas; freestanding vertical gardening systems can hold more plants.
  • The shade is the main factor to worry about with vertical gardening, vined plants when grows upward can cause the shade to plants at rock bottom. Therein case, allocate the space as per their light requirements.

Vertical Garden Cost in India

The cost of vertical gardens varies between Rs. 650 per square foot to Rs. 1600 per square foot depending upon a variety of things like the system you select, Structure, Design, Plants, Irrigation System, Location, etc.


If you are living in the following cities and states of India and plant set up a vertical garden, this article might be helpful in setting up vertical garden.

Andhra PradeshKarnatakaHaryanaSikkim
Arunachal PradeshKeralaHimachal PradeshTamil Nadu
AssamMadhya PradeshJharkhandTelangana
ChhattisgarhManipurOdishaUttar Pradesh
GujaratMizoramRajasthanWest Bengal
VaranasiKochiNew DelhiChandigarh
TirunelveliVelloreTiruppurUttara Kannada


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