Growing Vegetables in Thailand
Hello gardeners we are back with a new topic today and the topic is all about growing vegetables in Thailand. Do you live in Thailand and do you want to grow your own vegetable? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to grow vegetables in Thailand. In this article, we will also mention the requirements for growing vegetables in Thailand.
Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Thailand
Thailand has an unbelievable mixture of vegetables that extend from bosom to out of the ordinary. Some vegetable plants will grow well during the winter and dry season but do look for heat-allows different varieties so they last as long as possible such as Cherry tomatoes are a lot harder than the larger varieties.
Vegetable plants such as Thai peppers, arrowroot, and yard-long beans can be dug up before the first frost and stored indoors over winter as you would store bulbs. Collect vegetable seeds from annuals and edible perennials like Thai Basil or spearmint and replant the seeds in spring. Any other frost-edible vegetable plants, such as tomatoes and eggplants can be grown in containers as well pots and brought indoors for the winter season. Now, let’s get into the details of growing vegetables in Thailand and the vegetable planting calendar.
A Step-by-Step Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables in Thailand, Planting Calendar
Vegetables from the home garden are fresher, may have improved nutrient values, and are frequently less costly than those sold in stores. In addition to supplying wholesome, low-cost food, vegetable gardening is an interesting hobby, one in which the vegetable gardeners can take part. Other advantages of vegetable gardening are that it provides healthful outdoor exercise, offers a productive activity for the retired. To get the most out of your vegetable garden you should make plans early in the year and follow proper steps during the vegetable gardening season.
Basic Things to Remember When Growing Vegetables in Thailand
#1 choose a right spot
The perfect vegetable garden location is on level ground or a gentle slope. In selecting a location, you need to avoid any low spots that keep wet in the spring. Also avoid vegetable gardening at the bottom of a slope, as air can form a frost pocket.
#2 sunlight requirement
Most vegetable plants require full-sun for vegetable plants; they need between six and eight hours of sunlight per day. Morning sun is very useful to vegetable plants, as the afternoon sun is hotter, and you don’t want your vegetable plants to overheat during the hottest part of the day.
#3 Suitable soils
Thailand is a hot country. In the summer months, temperatures can reach over 40℃. To make sure the health of your Thai vegetable garden, you require to take into account Thailand’s climate conditions, and their effect on your vegetable plants, grass, and soil. You require to ensure your vegetable garden soil is healthy and has the right characteristics to promote very good vegetable growth. The soil itself is a living medium, supplying all that is required for organisms to prosper in its constituent parts, solids, liquids, or water, and gases are oxygen, carbon dioxide, etc. What you require to look out for in unhealthy Thai soil is the presence of lots of stones and rock substances, which have little to contribute to the health of a vegetable garden and in effect only act to replace useful particles in the well-drained soil. Sand is another one. Its texture tolerates large spaces between the grains, but its small surface area can hold a limited quantity of nutrients. Sandy soil is therefore fastly to drain but likely to be of bad quality, as nutrients are frequently washed away.
Clay is formed from the smallest substances in the soil, and because of its size, tolerates the particles to lock together tightly, blocking the effective passage of water and air. Although the very large surrounding surface area can hold rich reserves of nutrients, root growth may be inhibited, meaning these nutrients are unavailable. The perfect Thai soil is considered to be approximately 50% sand, with the rest as equal proportions of silt a mid-way among sand and clay, in terms of water holding characteristics and surface area nutrient and clay, and with throughout 5 to 10% consisting of organic material broken down leaves, rocks, decaying plants, etc. This base supplies a well-drained and balanced soil, good for growth.
#4 Temperatures and humidity
These vegetable plants grow very best when soil temperatures extended between 4℃ and 23℃. Cool-season vegetables are similar in that their seeds germinate best in cool soil. They are usually vegetable planted as soon as the well-drained soil can be worked in the spring season. In most local areas, that is between 2 to 4 weeks before the last spring frost.
There will always be more insects in a tropical climate condition than in a cool climate, that’s for make sure. But in a balanced environment, there will be more helpful insects or good bugs, too. Improve soil certainly does make your vegetables less vulnerable to insects and diseases. Happy vegetable plants don’t get sick and don’t enchant as many pests and insects. Some vegetable plants, like cauliflowers or lettuce, for example, just don’t like heat. Most Mediterranean vegetable plants such as tomatoes can’t stand humid conditions. If it’s too hot or too humid for them then vegetable plants stress. And if they stress they enchant bugs, just like enchant colds and touches of flu when they are stressed out and run down.
#5 watering requirement
Most vegetable plants are made up of 70 to 95% water. Vegetable plants grow very well and they require obtaining nutrients from the well-drained soil and then moving those nutrients throughout the vegetable plant using a solution made out of water.
So, enough water means your vegetable plants will be lacking in the nutrients they require. How and when you water your vegetable garden is an important thought in your overall garden maintenance because they require a lack of water can have a major impact on your vegetable garden and the health of your vegetable plants. The best period to water your vegetable garden is in the morning. It’s frequently cooler, so less water will evaporate during the process. And even though you are watering at the base of the vegetable plants, some water will inevitably splash up onto the vegetable leaves. Watering in the morning gives the vegetable plants’ leaves the total day to dry out.
Vegetables That You Can Grow in Thailand
- Thai peppers
- Yard long beans
- Thai eggplants
- Sweet potatoes
Growing vegetables in Thailand #1: Thai Peppers
Ever observe how food from Vietnam, Thailand, South China, etc. is always so very spicy? You have Thai peppers like these to thank. Bird’s eye chilies and finger-length Thai chilies are both very hot, so we make sure to use them slightly until you have found the right quantity of eye-watering spiciness you are after. Thai pepper seeds can be ordered through most catalogs and seed websites, and you seem even find pepper plants at the garden center. These are heat-allows pepper plants that can be grown right around a blazing South Florida summer.
Growing vegetables in Thailand #2: Yardlong beans
Thanks to their heat-allow and prolific plant of aptly named yard-long beans, you will hardly observe an improved bean to grow in hot summer seasons. They are yummy in stir-fries, curries, eaten raw in salads, or just eaten on their own. While the pods can grow well to become a yard in length, many will require to be harvested at shorter lengths before the beans inside develop and the shells turn tough. A very good rule of thumb is to choose them before they approach a pencil’s width.
#3: Thai eggplants
Thai eggplants are usually round, sometimes extend, and always drop-dead gorgeous. I mean, these are seriously very pretty eggplants regardless of what you plan on cooking, whether it’s a stir-fry or curry, or even raw on their own. Grow Thai eggplants in the summer season, supply plenty of water for the best growth, and harvest vegetables before they take on a dull finish.
It seems not to be a proper Thai arrowroot ingredient but is a gluten-free starch that you can experiment with in your recipes. More of a starchy strengthened than a proper arrowroot vegetable, this prayer arrowroot plant relative is very easily grown from roots and overwintered as a bulb. The variegated form is a normal houseplant, but the non-variegated form can be used to make arrowroot powder. Dark green leaves comparable with a ginger plant appear when the summer heat arrives, followed months after by graceful little white flowers. When the days have become consistently warm, plant the roots in either they need direct full sunlight or part shade, with the narrow end pointing downward and the top end just an inch below the soil, and wait about a month to find leaves appear.
In case if you miss this: How To Grow Organic Lettuce.
Those funny sponges you’d shower within college while listening to Dave Matthews Band are also an edible vegetable! When the vegetables are immature and succulent, they are harvested and used in stir-fries much as you’d use okra. Luffa needs a longer growing season than most gourds and the seeds require heat to germinate and grow well, so don’t attempt them any further north than zone 7 unless you have a warm greenhouse. The ripe vines can be grown on a trellis but are most impressive when the fruits are hanging down from an arbour. Of course, if you let the luffa gourds grownup too long on the vine, you can always use them as loofah sponges.
#6: Sweet Potatoes
They are not just for Thanksgiving anymore and are useful in sweet potatoes curries, soups, or simply roasted as-is. In Thailand, even the leaves are eaten. They are also another sweet potato plant that may grow for looks alone since they cover a lot of surrounding garden ground with lush greenery in even the hottest of the summer season, and when the foliage starts to decline you will be surprised by the sheer volume of food beneath the well-drained soil’s surface. Here in zone 9a, I have even observed that the sweet potato plants are perennial and will return the following year. If conceivable, look for white-fleshed different types that won’t overpower your presentation.
You may also check this: Greenhouse Gardening For Beginners.
Great sautéed or used as a thickener in soups and salads, okra is one of the very easiest plants you will grow in the summer garden, supplied its main requirement is very easily met. Just choose the pods before they turn woody so that the okra plant retains producing until frost. In case you still require being convinced of its versatility, here are five unusual ways to put your okra to good use. Okra plant grows it in the back of the border to take advantage of the height and huge leaves or plant it near a walkway so that you can easily choose pods every day or so. If you want sufficient okra to eat every day, I suggest growing at least ten okra plants at a time. If you have extra, they are very easily frozen for later use.
Thailand Vegetable Planting Calendar is Given Below
|Days of maturity
|March 24 to May 12
|July 28 to Aug 25
|60 to 90 days
|Maech17 to April 12
|July 28 to Aug 11
|60 to 70 days
|March 31 to April 28
|July 28 to Aug 25
|80 to 90 days
|March 17 to April 28
|Aug 28 to Sept 8
|50 to 70 days
|March 31 to May 12
|100 to 130 days
|March31 to April 28
|July 28 to Aug 11
|85 to 100 days
|March17 to May 12
|Aug 11 to Aug 25
|70 to 90 days
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