Vertical Garden Design Ideas for Beginners

Introduction: Hello friends and gardeners today we came up with a great information of vertical garden design ideas. A vertical garden also called a green wall or living wall is a self-sufficient vertical garden attached to the exterior or interior walls of a building. Vertical gardening is possible as long as you have a bare wall or have a fence. In this area, you can plant several types of plants such as annuals, edibles, and perennials.

A step by step guide to Vertical garden design ideas

Keep in mind that vertical gardening is not just about using the vertical space for growing herbs, flowers or vegetable plants. Most often you can use pots, containers and hang them on the wall. Typical gardeners often make trellises for growing climbing plants such as squash. Nevertheless, non-climbing plants can be grown on the wall. Vertical gardens are an awesome method to maximize space, especially when the yard or terrace size is limited.

Vertical garden design

Choose a Wall – What type of plants you should choose will depend upon the wall you pick and how much sunlight it receives. However, if you’d like to try particular plants, then select a wall that will provide the best growing conditions for them.

Build a Frame – The structure of a vertical garden wall is a three-layer sandwich made of frame, plastic sheeting, and fabric. Build the entire setup before hanging it. While you can attach it directly to a wall, building a frame to hang on the wall means taking it down will be much easier.

Attach Plastic Sheeting – Add a sheet of plastic to the frame. The plastic will act as a backing for the fabric layer, plus keeps the water off the wall and also uses expanded PVC sheets.

Attach the Fabric – Attach the layer of fabric to the frame and this is the material in which your plants will live, and which will hold water for them.

Set Up the Irrigation System – To keep plants growing on a vertical garden surface, you’ll need an irrigation system that can provide moisture throughout the fabric layer. You can create one out of poly tubing with fittings that lock. It’s a tube across the top of the panel with emitters that drip water down.

Ideas for vertical garden design

Some of the vertical garden design ideas can be given below;

Vertical Lettuce Planter

If you love to grow lettuce, herbs or other green leafy vegetable plants, this project is for you. With minimal space and efforts, make this vertical lettuce planter. 

An Unusual Twist on Kitchen Spice Jars

This fresh reimagining of a kitchen spice rack uses repurposed Mason jars to plant a host of helpful herbs. Lining each jar with a handful of pebbles before placing the soil ensures the plant roots will not get too soggy. Fresh herbs are potent and have nutrients lost during the drying process, making this vertical garden a charming and practical addition to a cook’s kitchen. Hang on a wall or prop the completed this on the floor for a variety of different design looks.

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Vertical Garden Ideas.
Vertical Garden Ideas.
Vertical pallet planter

Make a vertical pallet planter to make an adorable indoor garden easily and inexpensively. They’ll give enough space for growing herbs and succulents without taking much of floor space.

Hanging Plastic Bottle Cactus Garden

All that is required is bottles cut in half, cactus plants or succulents, and several colorful threads to get a cool decorative look.

Plastic wall planter

This plastic wall planter is a vertical oasis that can simply be constructed from repurposed materials. You could make this planter smaller so you can incorporate fresh herbs into it simply. Herb plants can grow in any container that has adequate dirt and water and displays them on a trellis.

Pallet Container Holder

Arrange a pallet board and hang several pots on it and place it on the balcony, where it will receive some sun. It’s easy and the best part is it will make plenty of vertical space.

Shoe Organizer Vertical Garden

A hanging shoe organizer is perfect for a vertical indoor garden. Its pockets are the ideal size for growing individual plants and herb plants.

Mason Jar Vertical Garden

Don’t throw away old mason jars; use them creatively to make an indoor herb vertical garden. Metal bands and screws hold the jars in place against a scrap piece of wood that is mounted on the indoor wall. Fill in the soil and plant favorite herbs to use them all year round.

Pocket planter

With this pocket planter idea, being able to care for individual plants is a cheap and simple breeze. Simply put seeds to whatever herb or plant you want into individual pockets to control the growth process for each plant. Since the plant seeds are all separated, it’d be easier to take care of each plant.

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Vertical Pot Holder from Pallet Planks

Dismantle a pallet board and then separate the pallet planks; nail them on to the wall and fix the pots.

Frame a Patio Space with an attractive Hanging Garden

Using an array of spring blooms in shades of purple and white, these redwood boxes make a vertical garden with fresh, clean lines. Staggering the height of each box when attaching them to the wooden fence makes a backdrop that achieves a strong visual impact without sacrificing its pleasing simplicity. Perfect for maximizing space in small gardens, for use as a screen to block unwanted views or as a method to section off a large back yard by creating an intimate space. The flowers can be rotated seasonally or boxes can be planted with annuals that will bloom throughout the spring and summertime.

Bottle planters

Recycling old plastic bottles and turning them into planters is a great method to add a vertical garden into your patio or courtyard area. You can simply hang these planters against a wall and plant all types of herb plants and succulents into the bottles. This is a fun way to create an herb garden without having to worry about traditional gardening and pots.

Take Pallet Gardening Vertical with This Simple Design

A by-product of stacking inventory in warehouses, pallets represent an inexpensive and also plentiful building material for the vertical gardener. Painted in pretty colors to match a home or garden arrangement, pallets can be used as planter boxes by standing them upright and adding a base for holding flower pots. Grow flower plants to beautify a small space or load each row with edible plants such as cherry tomatoes, basil or varieties of lettuce. Spending just an hour preparing this recycled item can yield lasting benefits. These planters could be used singly or grouped to accent a larger space.

Tiered planter

This creative vertical tiered planter is a perfect method to keep all your plants watered and healthy with minimal work. The system is dripping downward, all the plants will become saturated with water at the bottom.

Wall baskets

These planters are hanging baskets. This is a cute concept for planting a lot of different plants at once. It works as a great space saver since you don’t have to worry about planting several plants in an actual garden or the dirt. It’s such a cute idea; you could even package this as a kit to provide someone as a gift.

Vertical garden maintenance

As the supply of the basic needs of plants (light, water, and nutrients) are automated, the plants remain healthy, reduces maintenance demand and make the vertical garden possible to use on high buildings or places where accessibility is limited. Small scale domestic green walls want very little in the way of maintenance. The perennial plants have to be replaced as and when necessary.

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Climbing plants entering guttering or tendrils twining around window fixtures can need occasional sorting. It is very important to make sure that extensive areas of foliage are not allowed to become too tangled as this could compromise the support system and also the health of the plants. Where, there is the possibility of shoots penetrating between materials in the building, such as under tiles, cladding or roofs, this growth will need to be cut back to ensure that the facade does not interfere with the fabric of the building. These maintenance measures will ensure a long term lush and beautiful garden. Extending the plants onto the building façade has shown potential in improving air quality and reducing the surface temperature in the built environment. Plants help to promote thermal comfort as they cool down the building façade and the surrounding by transpiration.

Planning for the Vertical Garden

Planning includes suitable location, local climate, and availability of plant material, set up of supporting structures including necessary preparations for integrated drip-tube irrigation, etc. A vertical garden can be built virtually in any location and the key to success is the selection of the right plant species for the right location.

Plant Material – Plants selections are site-specific and determined by light availability, size, color, texture, and growth habits.

Planting Matrix – Medium for the many plants to root and anchor onto a vertical surface. These can be in the form of organics, such as soil, or inorganics like plastics or synthetic fibers.

Watering System – To supply the plants with water and nutrients for proper development.

Waterproof Barrier – To protect the building’s façade from moisture.

Structural Support – For structural supporting, the structural load of the vertical garden system onto the building façade.

Lighting – To supply plants with sufficient lighting to photosynthesize and promote natural plant growth habits. Lighting can be supplied by a natural source (the sun) or artificial source (metal halide, high-pressure sodium, and LED lights).

Best Plants for Vertical Garden

Not all types of plants adapt well to vertical gardening. They should have certain important characteristics for proper development and growth. For instance, a vertical garden can be designed with Ferns, Flowers, and Ornamentals.


They are one of the garden plants that are chosen for their adaptability and humidity resistance. Ferns are easy to produce and they cover the area quickly. You can grow sword fern, blue star fern, bird’s nest fern because they are easiest. Ferns will normally grow downward, so you‘ll need to grow other covering plants with them too.


Most bromeliads have shallow roots and they require little space to grow this makes them ideal plants for vertical gardens. Their colorful plant leaves and long-lasting flowers can be a good addition to your vertical garden.


This beautiful plant with variegated foliage is used as a groundcover in vertical gardens. For a shady site, this evergreen plant is appropriate for a vertical garden.

Lipstick Plant

Growing lipstick plants is easy and it does not require deep soil to grow so it can thrive in a vertical wall.


Succulents are the most used plants for vertical gardens due to their incredible adaptability and resistance to fluctuation in temperature ranges and climatic variations. Plants like the string of pearls, echeveria, crassula, and sedum can be mainly considered.

Air Plants (Epiphyte)

Air plants do not need soil to thrive; they grow naturally on other plants, which makes them perfect for growing in vertical wall gardens. Tillandsias, aechmea, vriesea are a few examples of Air plants.

That’s all folks about vertical garden design ideas, design and planning. Keep gardening!. You may be interested in How to Grow Vegetables in Winter.


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