Introduction: Hello friends, today we are back with an excellent infomation of small vegetable garden ideas. Gardening with vegetables can be fun and also provide delicious and highly nutritious fresh food. Vegetable garden planning for a small-space garden is critical as you want minimal wasted space and maximum yield from your harvest. What are we waiting for? Let’s get in to the Small Vegetable Garden Ideas and Tips.
A step by step guide to small vegetable garden ideas for Indians
If your garden is small, it is important to make the best use of the space you have with clever planting techniques and the right crops. Use inter-cropping techniques to grow small, fast-growing vegetable plants between larger, slower-growing ones, and plan for succession planting so that there is no wasted space. The benefits of gardening on a small scale are that it is easy to keep on top of weeds and keep the area looking beautiful.
Tips for growing vegetable garden
Plant in a sunny location – Most vegetable plants need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. They receive more sunlight, then, the greater the harvest, the bigger the veggies, and the better the taste. Vegetable plants need six or more hours of sun each day. Without the sun, the fruits will not ripen, and the vegetable plants will be stressed. Even if you are sun challenged, there are a few vegetables that can survive in light shade, for example, lettuce and other greens, broccoli, and cole crops.
Apply sufficient water – Vegetables require regular watering. It’s very important to know how much water to give your seedlings; they will remain dormant if they are too dry and can rot if too wet. Adequate and consistent moisture is ideal and gentle daily misting with a spray bottle should do the trick. Covering vegetable seeds with a thin layer of vermiculite or peat moss also helps.
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Plant in good soil – Good soil is the key to a successful vegetable garden. Soil can be the most overlooked aspect of gardening and the most important. Good-quality soil provides vegetable plants with essential nutrients necessary to reap a good harvest. Enriching your soil with compost provides the required nutrients.
Vegetable plants need a soil rich in organic matter. The soil is very important to the growth of all plants but even more so with vegetables because even taste is affected by the quality of the soil. If you can provide these three basics that are the sun, water, and great soil, then you can grow a successful vegetable garden.
Air Circulation – Good airflow will encourage sturdy growth in your vegetable plants and help keep fungal diseases at bay. It makes the garden less hospitable to insect pests such as whitefly that prefer a stagnant, humid environment. Bear in mind that solid walls or fences can provide shelter but they can also cause the wind to form destructive turbulence on the leeward side, so don’t plant too close to them. Hedges and open or woven fences are effective, as they filter wind rather than deflect it. Shelter from winds is helpful for most crops, particularly peppers, eggplant, peas, beans, and any climbing vegetables.
Temperature – Temperature ranges affect the number of seeds that germinate and how quickly they germinate. Some seeds have a specific temperature range for germination, while others will germinate over a broad range of temperatures. A 65° to 75°F range is typical for most vegetable seeds.
Mulch – Mulches help provide a uniform supply of moisture for vegetable plants, keep down weeds, regulate soil temperature, and keep vegetables from lying on the soil. Organic mulches such as peat, wood shavings, straw, hay, ground corn cobs, leaves, compost, sawdust and lawn clippings. Inorganic or synthetic mulches such as plastic films and aluminum foil.
Also, apply synthetic mulches over the soil before or at planting time. Do not apply organic mulches until the soil has warmed up, generally about mid-June. Also, be sure organic mulches are free of weed seeds and herbicides.
Small vegetable garden ideas
Some of the important small vegetable garden ideas can be given below;
Plant in raised beds with rich soil
A deep, organically rich soil encourages the growth of healthy, extensive plant roots able to reach more nutrients and water. The fastest method to get that deep layer of fertile soil is to make raised beds. Raised beds yield up to 4 times more than the same amount of space planted in rows. That’s due not to their loose, fertile soil but also to efficient spacing. By using less space for paths, you have more room to grow vegetable plants.
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Vegetable plants grow close enough together to crowd out competing weeds so you spend less time weeding. The close spacing makes watering and harvesting more efficient. Raised beds are a sleek looking way to have vegetable garden presented in your backyard. It looks clean and landscaped while being functional; you could produce different types of vegetables in each planter. For example, you can plant root vegetables in one planter, lettuces in another, and so on. This method of separating vegetables in different planters will help you focus on different types of plant food on specific types of vegetables to help them obtain the nutrients they need and improve their growth. The raised beds shown here are bordered with wooden planks, keeping vegetables to their own area and ensuring your yard remains neat and tidy.
Round out the soil in your beds
Raised beds become space-efficient by gently rounding the soil to form an arc. A rounded bed that is 5 feet wide across its base, for instance, gives you a 6-foot-wide arc above it. That foot might not seem like much, but multiply it by the length of the bed and you’ll see that it can make a big difference in the total planting area. Lettuce, spinach, and other greens are perfect plants for planting on the edges of a rounded bed.
Growing vegetables in hanging planters is a good space-saving solution and could be done with just a few planters, or in bulk as seen here. Utilizing hanging planters means you can keep different types of vegetables separate, which can benefit the vegetable plants themselves. But it will make life easier for you if different vegetables require different treatment in terms of the frequency and amount of watering they need.
Planters are best hung from metal frames for strength and stability as they can become heavy when filled. The planters themselves could be built from wood, metal, or plastic, mainly depending on the look you are going for and the amount of money you wish to spend.
Plant crops in triangles instead of rows
To obtain the maximum yields from each bed, pay attention to how you arrange your plants. Avoid vegetable planting in square patterns or rows. Instead, stagger the vegetable plants by planting in triangles.
Growing vegetables in containers
You can grow some vegetables in boxes, large pots or other containers. These plants include chives, cucumber (supported on a trellis), eggplant, lettuce, parsley, pepper and tomato (supported on stakes or a trellis).
Container soils are different from garden soils and require special care. If you grow a crop in a container, you have to add sand, perlite, vermiculite, bark, rotted sawdust or peat to your garden or potting soil. These soil amendments are very important to container gardening since aeration and water are problems. For container gardening, you must try to use plastic containers with drain holes to help prevent the quick drying of the soil. Keeping your vegetable plants out of direct sunlight for long periods of time will also help.
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Vertical gardening has really taken off over the last few years, as growing vegetables has become more trendy among younger generations who often live in apartment blocks or have limited outside space. A vertical vegetable garden can be looked upon similarly as the idea behind high rise buildings; when you don’t have the floor space to build outwards, instead build upwards, creating masses of space on a small footprint.
Divide and Conquer
A large bed with a divider would work well for people who have a small to medium-sized lawn, or for people who want to keep their garden fairly compact while still growing a variety of vegetables. This is a more easily achievable alternative to having several vegetable beds, which would need more space and more effort to create. The divider is a simple and inexpensive solution for keeping many different varieties of vegetables separate. These dividers can be purchased from hardware stores but could be easily replicated at home with a few lengths of timber. The plants want to be set out in a grid shape and could be secured together either with glue, screws, tack nails, or garden string.
Grow climbing plants to capitalize on space
Grow space-hungry vining crops such as tomatoes, pole beans, peas, squash, melons, and etc straight up, supported by trellises, fences, cages, or stakes.
Growing vegetable plants vertically also saves time. Fungal diseases are less likely to affect upward-bound plants s thanks to the improved air circulation around the foliage. Growing vining crops on trellises along one side of raised beds, using sturdy end posts with nylon mesh netting to provide a climbing surface. Tie the growing vines to the trellis and don’t worry about securing heavy fruits. Even squash and melons will increase thicker stems for support.
Some of the vegetables for small vegetable garden
Tomatoes are one of the most versatile vegetables which can produce in a small space. Tomatoes can be tossed in salads, mashed into a sauce or eaten straight off the vine.
You can grow small tomato cherries as hanging tomato plants or larger tomatoes vertically in a pot or container. Cherry tomatoes grow extremely fast which means you don’t want to wait for months to yield a good crop in your own backyard. Container sizes will vary depending on the tomato variety you’re growing. If you’re growing an indeterminate variety, the container will need to be at least 18 inches deep. For determinate tomato varieties, 12 inches is a good depth, and for dwarf or “patio” type tomatoes, 8 inches is perfect.
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Lettuce is good for vegetable gardening in small spaces. Lettuce is another veggie that grows very fast. Lettuce plants grow best in a container garden, but you can even grow it indoors. The best method to grow lettuce to ensure it’s ready by spring is to start your seeds indoors in February. You can also grow head lettuce indoors and set in the garden when the danger of frost or severe chilling is passed. Space head lettuce 8 to 10 inches apart with rows 18 to 24 inches apart. Space leaf lettuces about 4 to 6 inches apart.
Many beans can easily take over your vegetable garden, so it’s best to keep them separate from your other plants. Vertical plants take up the least amount of space, so pole beans are a great option for small gardens. Trionfo Violeto pole beans have a dual purpose and they’re tasty in salads and side dishes, and they look beautiful in the garden. Choose these plants that have dual purposes in small gardens to maximize space. You can even beans in the summer to enjoy throughout the winter season.
Eggplant is one of the popular veggies for a small garden and these beautiful vegetables are perfect for heartier meals. Eggplants develop and hang from the branches of a plant that produce several feet in height. Eggplants require warm soil, eggplants are usually purchased as 6 to 8-week-old transplants (or, started indoors about two months in advance) to get a head start. Raised beds enriched with composted manure are an ideal growing place for eggplants because the soil warms quickly. Eggplants are great for containers and make lovely ornamental borders. In fact, there are quite a few ornamental eggplant varieties obtainable today; whose inedible fruit has attractive variegated patterns. Oriental eggplants have a slender shape and grow well in containers which means you can grow them inside throughout the winter.
Broccoli is high in calcium, iron, and magnesium, and also vitamins A, B6 and C. In fact, one cup of raw broccoli florets provides 130 percent of daily vitamin C requirement. One broccoli plant per pot, pots must be 12 to 16 inches deep.
If you start seeing pretty white butterflies fluttering around broccoli, you’re guaranteed to start seeing little green worms all over your broccoli plants. To avoid this, cover broccoli plants with floating row cover or lightweight bed sheets. If you seeing cabbage worms, simply pick them off by hand.
Radishes are one of the smallest veggies, but they are super flavorful. You can grow radishes inside and also outside. Root vegetables are extremely easy to grow and very hearty throughout all seasons. Radishes grow inside of a one-gallon planter. Radishes grow fast, so you can expect a harvest at least once a month. Radishes are a hardy and easy-to-grow root vegetable that can be planted multiple times in a growing season.
When preparing the soil for Radishes, avoid fresh manure and organic materials or fertilizers high in nitrogen. An overly rich soil will encourage lush foliage at the expense of crisp, tasty plant roots. When the radish seedlings are about 2 inches tall, thin the plants to 3-inch spacings.
That’s all folks about Small Vegetable Garden Ideas and you can check the Growing Vegetables in Summer.