Home Gardening

Outdoor Gardening

Organic Gardening

Modern Gardening

Urban Gardening

Gardening Business

How to Start Home Gardening in Delhi and Gurgaon: For Indoors, Terrace, Outdoors, Containers, and Apartment Balcony

These days, home gardens can be found almost everywhere. Home gardens are becoming more popular as people become aware of their various benefits. It is already a regular feature in many people’s homes in India’s most populous cities. Two such cities are Delhi and Gurgaon, among the country’s top cities, and home gardening is growing rapidly in these cities. People want to seek more knowledge about home gardens, and this article is for them.

How to Start Home Gardening in Delhi and Gurgaon
Image Source

Below we will learn home gardening in Delhi and Gurgaon, how to set up a home garden in Delhi and Gurgaon, the different types of home gardens, how to set up a backyard garden in Delhi and Gurgaon, how to set up a terrace garden and balcony garden in Delhi and Gurgaon, and what are the different fruits, vegetables, flowers, and herbs to grow in the home garden of Delhi and Gurgaon.

How to start home gardening in Delhi and Gurgaon

Choose the type of home garden 

Backyard/outdoor garden 
Select the best spot in your backyard 

The quantity of sunlight a particular garden site gets should be the deciding factor while exploring sites. Plants grown for their edible fruits or vegetables benefit greatly from optimum exposure to sunshine. Six or more hours of sunlight each day are required for a successful garden in the summer. Let’s say there are certain areas where the sun doesn’t shine for more than six hours a day throughout the growing season.

Growing perennial plants that can survive in the partial shade can be preferable to growing vegetables in such conditions. Annuals have different needs for soil management, watering, and fertilizing than established permanent landscaping plants. Separating your plants into their own space ensures they get the care they need and protects them from being overrun by more vigorous perennial roots.

A decent food garden requires a gentle slope. Ensure an outdoor hose bib is accessible to the garden site; if not, see a professional irrigation installer in Delhi or Gurgaon about watering pipes from the house to the garden. The soil’s look can be easily altered with compost, mineral additions, and high-quality organic fertilizer. 

Consider how much work each site needs if you have numerous. Evaluate if the first site clean-up will be a stumbling block or if you are ready to reuse a space that has been overgrown or abandoned. Before sending out a work team to clear a site, ensure everything needed is at hand and follow a well-thought-out plan.

Start preparing the soil in your backyard 

The following procedures can increase soil fertility once a test has been performed to determine the soil’s texture and type. Manure is more useful than compost for promoting soil aggregates. In addition, the quality of potting soil can be improved over time by adding organic manure. Adding organic manures can enhance the soil’s humus and capacity to hold water. Furthermore, it provides plants with the absolute minimum required amount of macronutrients (NPK).

In case you missed it: Home Gardening in Karnataka: A Step-By-Step Guide for Outdoors, Indoors, Apartment Balcony, and Terrace

Garden Pots
Image Source

In India, cow dung manure is widely used since there are few other options. Wherever feasible, use aged manure instead of new animal waste. Ideal organic manure is dark in color, consistently moist, and dense in texture. Composting can be considered a way to recycle just about any organic waste. Composting helps break down organic matter, stabilizing soluble nutrients and creating humus in the soil. Incorporating a seasonal quarter-inch of compost into your soil improves its ability to retain water and resist disease.

These days, a lot of people use worms to compost. For plant uptake, earthworms break down nutrient-rich sources such as manure, food scraps, and by-products of green crop production. Use organic mulch to shield the soil from erosion. Mulch prevents soil from drying out and keeps it at a consistent temperature. High-carbon mulches are favoured over rapidly decomposing materials for weed control due to their extended lifespan before entering the soil food web. Mulch should be reapplied periodically during the growing season.

The soil structure is preserved when plants are grown in big, permanent beds, and foot traffic is kept to a minimum. Planting close together creates a shadow over the soil’s surface, which is good for soil life and plants since it keeps the soil cool and wet. Plant mulches along sidewalks or mulch the walkways themselves to leverage the path’s foot traffic to break down materials like straw and leaves. Once the material has been finely shredded, it can be added to the beds where it will decompose more quickly than if left in a more solid form.

Plant your backyard garden 

In most circumstances, transplants are preferable to seeds. Transplanting has a few limitations, such as a lack of diversity unless you sow seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks beforehand. Some plants can’t be moved. Consider sowing seed number. Overcrowding depletes water and nutrients. Underplanting can reduce productivity, degrade quality, and waste garden area. Always overseed. Instead of underseeding, you’ll get thin overgrown plants afterward.

Check the seed box for sowing instructions. Unless otherwise stated, plant seeds three times as deep as wide. In most situations, greens and root crop harvest size matches seed spacing. Radishes are 1 inch across—1 inch between seeds. The adult head of lettuce can be between 6 and 8 inches in diameter, depending on the type. Methods for checking seed spacing include spreading the seed evenly, then raking the beds twice, the second time perpendicular to the first.

Sprinkle the seed-sand mixture on the ground from a container with holes. After germination, remove any unwanted seedlings. Choose transplants with healthy roots and no pests or diseases. Yellowing or damaged plants should be avoided. Ensure the roots are white, hairy, and reach the soil or planting media.

Starter solutions are water-and-soluble-fertilizer mixtures that assist young plants in surviving after transplanting. Always use initial solutions. Helping seedlings: After transplanting, fix damaged roots. Plants recover and establish themselves faster, creating stronger plants and larger yields. Root hairs help plants absorb soil water and minerals.

Water your backyard garden 

When and how often should you water your garden? The precise quantity of water that should be used varies on numerous factors; nevertheless, a decent rule of thumb is to apply around an inch or two of water once a week. It’s better to water deeply and rarely than to water shallowly and often. Prioritize the soil on which you will build. Sandier soils often retain less water than their heavier clay counterparts.

In case you missed it: Soil Preparation for Tomato Plants: Best Soil Mix, pH, Compost, and the Recipe

Watering Garden Plants
Image Source

As a result, they will dry out more rapidly and hold water for a longer period than soil with high clay content. Healthy soil holds some moisture but drains more easily. Putting down mulch can also assist lessen the amount of water needed to irrigate your grass. The conditions outside also impact how often you water your garden. Hot, dry weather requires more frequent watering of plants. Once it starts raining, there is no need to water the plants. Plants also establish their watering routines.

Mature plants, like newly planted ones, have a higher water need. Most veggies, bedding plants, and flowers have shallow root systems and need daily watering until temps rise over 85 degrees Fahrenheit (29 C.), which can be seen in the regions of Delhi and Gurgaon. Most plants grown in containers need daily and, in some cases, multiple daily waterings during hot, dry periods. Timing plant watering about daylight hours is also essential.

Watering in the morning helps prevent water loss via evaporation, but you may also water in the afternoon, provided you don’t get the leaves wet. When given enough water, roots spread out and strengthen. This is why it’s recommended to water your garden twice each week, with about two inches (5 cm) of water each time. Watering your plants more often but not deeply increases evaporation and stunts their root growth.

Overhead sprinklers are rarely used for anything other than lawns because of the excessive water lost to evaporation. Instead, the leaves of the plant can stay dry while the roots receive the water they need from a soaker hose or drip watering system. Hand watering is a good alternative for small gardens or container plants.

Fertilize your backyard garden 

Three numerals on the label indicate fertilizer analysis. They’re the fertilizer’s nitrate, phosphorus, and potassium content. This list’s numbers are in order.  Nitrogen helps a plant’s roots, leaves, stalks, flowers, and fruits grow. Nitrogen is needed for protein and plant greenness. Lack of nitrogen renders lower leaves yellow and the plant pale green. Excess nitrogen can damage crops.

Phosphorus helps in cell division, roots, blooms, and fruit. Lack of soil phosphorus causes poor flowering and fruiting. Potassium is needed for many plant chemical processes. Potassium deficit causes poor growth and fading of plant leaves. Consider fertilizer’s nutrient price per kg (s). Most gardeners’ fertilizers include twice as much phosphorus as nitrogen or potassium. Examples: 10-20-10 or 12-24-12. These fertilizers are common. Certain soils don’t need extra potassium.

A full fertilizer is better since plants can withstand a minor potassium excess. Avoid lawn fertilizers. Nitrogen-rich and weed-killing, they can injure or destroy crops. Low-pH soils need lime. Calcium-rich lime improves soil pH by lowering acidity. Gardeners should test their soil every two years. A soil test can reveal the amount of each nutrient that should be added to your soil and how much should be taken away. Soil samples should be collected from moist, not wet soil. In winter, you can prepare for spring planting. 

Balcony garden/container garden/indoor garden 
Consider the following while choosing the right container

The first and foremost consideration in successful container gardening is, of course, the container itself. Plastic bins, cinder blocks, whiskey barrels, wheelbarrows, and just about anything else may be utilized to plant a garden. Remember the below things while choosing containers.

In case you missed it: Easy Vegetables to Grow at Home in India: For Pots, Balcony, Indoors, Terrace, and Backyard

Simple Garden Containers
Image Source

Drainage: The ability of water to drain from a container is essential. Hence all containers must have some kind of drainage hole or other means of water escape. Having water in the soil promotes the growth of bacteria and fungus, which can stunt plant growth or even kill it. Consider containers with greater water storage if you are in a dry region. Choose containers with more drainage holes if you live in a humid area.

Size: If you can give your plants’ roots more space, you will see better outcomes in their development. Plants having deep roots, like tomatoes and squash, benefit from being grown in a five-gallon pot. Growing shallow-rooted plants like lettuce or greens take a one- to the two-gallon container.

Larger containers are harder to move about than their smaller counterparts and can also be too heavy to be placed in tighter spaces, such as on a balcony. However, smaller containers are more versatile and mobile, but they can dry up faster and need more attention during hot weather.

Material: As a last primary consideration, the container’s material should be high on your list of priorities. Today, you can store your plants in a broad range of containers, including plastic, ceramic, and cloth, each of which has advantages and disadvantages.

Choose the best potting mix 

To grow healthy plants, quality soil is essential. Plants grown in containers need the best fertilizers, aeration, and drainage to establish deep roots and produce healthy fruit or vegetables. Using garden soil is inappropriate. Typical gardening soils are too dense, becoming saturated and compacted quickly, providing an ideal environment for growing weeds, diseases, and insects.

Soilless potting mix, specifically formulated for use in containers, is what you should be using instead. It will be easy on the body, drain quickly, and hopefully not have any bugs or diseases. The most common ingredients in soilless potting mixes include peat, perlite, and vermiculite. In addition to compost, you can utilize things like crushed limestone and powdered fertilizers. We suggest adding humus to your container’s mixture since it helps break down the media and provides various nutrients.

Plant your balcony container garden 

When it’s time to plant, gently squeeze the nursery containers to release the plants’ root balls. Avoid tugging directly on the plant to save it from being damaged. Plants’ root balls shouldn’t protrude more than a few inches over the rim of their containers when you put them in the potting mix.

Doing this, you’ll have an easier time watering the plants afterward. You can fill up the space around the plants with potting soil, but make sure the stems don’t go any deeper than the original depth of the nursery pots. Press gently on the soil around your plants with your hands to eliminate large air pockets.

Water your balcony container plants 

Soil outdoors will take longer to dry up than in a container. A good rule of thumb is to water your plants whenever the top inch or two of the growth medium becomes dry. Be careful to water your plants well, to the point where water leaks out of drainage holes. You should frequently remove the saucer from under the plant’s container and dump the water. In hot and dry climates, plants in containers may need to be watered every day. If you want to keep your plants from drying out, choose glazed or plastic containers instead of unglazed ones.

In case you missed it: Making Compost From Onions For Home Garden

Onion Farming
Image Source
Fertilize your container plants 

Soilless media often have a poor nutrient concentration. As a result, the plants growing inside them may benefit from supplemental fertilization. You can use either slow-release or liquid fertilizers. Incorporate fertilizers with extended-release times. A little amount of the nutrients in this coating will be released when the coating is moistened. For these fertilizers to do their job, it is necessary to hydrate the soil properly.

There is usually a three- to four-month nutritional supply in these goods. Bagged potting soil often has slow-release fertilizer added to it. Watering plants in pots with a solution of liquid fertilizer can result in the plants absorbing the nutrients immediately. Most commonly, they are given every two weeks. However, the solution can be diluted and used more often if necessary. To avoid harming your plants, follow the application directions on the fertilizer’s packaging.

Terrace gardening 
Know your terrace capacity 

The most weight your terrace can safely support is a decision that must be made. Soil, decking, people, and plants add weight, so it’s essential to know how much your terrace can support before deciding where to place them.

To reduce the load on your terrace, you may want to consider the following: Most pre-mixed planting soils you get at the garden center/nursery will include some combination of peat moss, compost, or other organic matter, plus vermiculite or perlite. Soil can be made lighter by adding organic and inorganic materials. A structure’s bearing walls, pillars, and shear walls provide the necessary support for larger plants. 

Waterproof your terrace 

Waterproof polymer coatings are simple to apply on concrete floors. But this coating must be used on a concrete surface. After adding a waterproof polymer coating, homeowners might arrange a little terrace garden. For big terrace buildings, a fiber-optic network is employed. This net is very thin and airy because of the polymer coating layers that form its structure. The method of waterproofing is the same as it has always been.

In this scenario, however, the fiber net is installed after the first coat of polymer coating has been applied, and the second coat of polymer coating is put on top of the fiber net. For example, there is a need to lay fiber optic cable over a large outdoor patio. Installing fiber nets into a structure is a great way to give it more support and make it more robust.

Take care of drainage on your terrace

Clean drains are likewise of utmost importance. This is possible on green roofs by keeping the gravel ring and filter cloth around the drains and scuppers in good condition. Track the water movement on your roof to identify its drainage paths and manage them accordingly.

One strategy for making the most of the water collected by a terrace garden is to channel it to plant beds or reservoirs from which plants can draw water as needed. Make sure your terrace design can withstand water build-up. A drainage layer may need to be built on top of the roofing layer to avoid puddles from plant watering.

Consider the following for a terrace garden 

Your terrace garden’s exposure to sunlight and wind can be affected by the layout of your property and its proximity to other buildings. First, think about how much direct sunlight and wind will hit your rooftop, and then choose hardy plants that will flourish there. Most plants can survive and even flourish on a roof with adequate soil. However, soil depth is a factor that must be considered on particular roofs.

Trees, bushes, and wildflowers have different soil depth requirements, so it’s important to research what works best for your terrace. Watering strategy throughout the summer, particularly during the warmer months, is crucial. This is a must in Delhi and Gurgaon regions. During the summer, your garden and houseplants need the best possible attention.

It’s crucial to have easy access to a terrace garden, water, and upkeep supplies. A landscape garden is a great alternative to a hose or irrigation system if you want to grow plants on your terrace but can’t because of space constraints. The plants in this garden are those that have adapted to dry conditions.

Prepare soil for your terrace garden 

The soil used in a terrace garden is often determined by the plants planted there. Suppose you’re more interested in creating a beautiful garden than a practical one. In that case, it’s important to keep the needs of your flowers in mind while mixing soil, fertilizer, and other additives. Peat moss is a mixture of decomposed moss and other materials. Additional nutrients that might otherwise be inaccessible to your crop may be made available via a process similar to composting. 

In case you missed it: How to Prepare the Soil for Marigold Plants: Best Soil Mix, pH, and Compost

Soil Preparation for Garden Pots
Image Source

To create a fine compost soil, we combine the waste of earthworms with decomposing plant matter and a little amount of natural soil. Using natural resources, you may recycle nutrients from your kitchen into your new garden. When applied to your garden, this compost will provide a nutrient boost that will keep your plants healthy all season long.

Although their chemical compositions are similar, vermiculite and fertilizer serve different purposes. If you’re looking for a soil substitute for your terrace garden, vermiculite is a great option. No matter where you reside, using this product with peat moss and compost can help you grow vegetables and fruits. Vermiculite’s high air-to-water ratio also contributes to the plant’s rapid development. Thanks to your hard work, it won’t be long until your terrace garden thrives. 

Water your terrace garden 

The watering requirements of a terrace garden are not dissimilar to those of a flat-surface garden. Each plant variety has different needs when it comes to watering. Ensure your terrace garden’s waterproofing layer and drainage tarps are secure. If you don’t have them, you can end up with a flooded garden and a destroyed roof.

Make sure the soil in your terrace garden is always moist. If it has rained lately, you should check the garden’s soil consistency before watering again. However, it’s important to remember that every garden has its own specific needs. Generally, it’s best to learn what your plants want before committing to a watering routine.

Best vegetables for Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens

Spinach, tomatoes, beans, eggplants, bottle gourd, ivy gourd, onion, potatoes, chilies, okra, lettuce, peas, cucumber, carrots, radishes, and bitter gourd are among many vegetables that can be grown in Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens.

Best fruits for Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens

Watermelons, muskmelons, pomegranate, custard apple, guava, pineapples, mango, papaya, sapota, banana, mulberry, Indian gooseberry, and figs are among the many fruits grown in Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens.

Best flowers for Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens

Chrysanthemums, lilies, roses, dahlias, marigolds, daisies, hibiscus, jasmines, and gerberas are among the many flowers that can be grown in Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens.

Best herbs for Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens

Cilantro, basil, ginger, chives, mint, fennel, coriander, and oregano are among the many herbs that can be grown in Delhi and Gurgaon home gardens.


As was previously said, beginning a home garden in the backyard, terrace, or balcony is easy. You only need to be patient and consistently ensure that your home gardens thrive. Following the above principles, you can have a productive home garden in Delhi and Gurgaon.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here