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How To Start Durian Gardening – Planting FAQs

Introduction on how to start durian gardening, planting questions and answers (FAQs): Hello gardeners, we are back with another article today and the topic is all about durian gardening. Do you want to grow your own durian tree and do you have any doubts about planting and growing durian trees? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to have a perfect grip on planting and growing durian trees. In this article, we are going to discuss some frequently asked questions about the durian tree.

The edible fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio is known as durian. As of 1987, there were 30 Durio species recognized, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, and over 300 named varieties in Thailand and 100 in Malaysia.

A step by step guide on how to start durian gardening from seed, durian questions and answers, durian planting FAQs

Durian Fruits
Durian Fruits (Image source: pixabay)

If you have a lot of rain and hot weather, you should plant your seeds outside. Look up the rainfall and average temperatures in your area on the internet. Plant your durian outside only if you get 60 to 150 inches or 150 to 380cm of rain per year and the temperature stays above 7°C.

Temperatures below 7°C cause durian trees to quickly wither and die.

You need to plant the durian tree in a full-shade location. With too much sunlight, young durian trees can quickly wilt. Locate a location where the durian tree will be exposed to high temperatures while avoiding direct sunlight.

Planting the tree in the shade of other trees is a good idea.

Before you start planting, check the pH of the soil. To grow durian successfully, make sure the soil beneath the tree isn’t too alkaline or acidic. Check the pH balance of your soil with a soil test.

If the pH balance of your soil is below 6.0, add a cup of dolomite or quick lime, then retest.

If the pH balance of your soil is above 7.0, add a cup of peat moss or compost and try again.

Place the seed from the fruit directly on top of the soil. Without burying the seed, place it on top of the soil. Simply press the seed a little deeper into the soil with your finger; the majority of the seed should still be visible above the soil.

Durian fruit seeds can be planted outside right after they’ve been removed from the fruit, with no need for germination time.

After a day or two, the seed should sprout and attach itself to the soil.

Once a day, weed around your durian tree. Weeds will compete with the durian tree for water and nutrients, so keep an eye out for them every day. Hand-pull weeds to avoid scraping the durian’s delicate roots with more invasive techniques.

Now, let us discuss some frequently asked questions about durian planting and growing;

When a durian tree bears fruit, how long does it take for it to ripen?

Durian trees take a long time to grow, usually four to eight years before they begin to bear fruit from a technical standpoint.

In case if you miss this: Easy Herbs To Grow In Pots.

Durian Tree
Durian Tree (Pic credit: pixabay)

What is the best place to plant durian?

Durian thrives in sandy loam and clay loam with high organic matter, deep soil, and slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5.6. Durian grows in the lowland tropics at elevations of up to 800 meters above sea level, with ideal temperatures of 25 to 35°C and relative humidity of 80%.

Is it possible to grow durian at home?

Dig at least 1.5 feet or 46 cm down and across the area where you want to plant your durian seed. Fill the hole with a mixture of one part of the soil and one part of organic compost. This will ensure that your durian tree grows in organic soil that drains well.

What is the best way to care for a durian plant?

The root system of a durian tree is extremely sensitive to standing water, so proper drainage is crucial, which is easily achieved in such sloping situations. Durian trees thrive in rich, deep, well-drained sandy clay or a clay loam (deep alluvial or loamy soil) with a pH range of 6 to 7.

Is it possible for a single durian tree to produce fruit?

Whether you have a single durian tree in your backyard or hundreds of them in a fruit orchard, if your tree or trees do not bear fruit, you will be concerned. To produce fruit Sour cherries take 2 to 5 years to bear fruit after planting. Flowers won’t bear fruit for 3 to 5 years.

Is it possible to grow durian from seed?

How about this: How To Grow Strawberries In Greenhouse.

Durian Seed Germination
Durian Seed Germination (pic source: pixabay)

Durian trees grow to be enormous, especially if they are grown from seed. A fully grown durian tree can reach a height of 150 feet. Because of its shallow root system, the durian is extremely vulnerable to high winds. You can read about the incidents here, here, and here, as well as here and here from a few weeks ago.

When is the best time to grow a durian?

Seasons for durians occur primarily during two times of the year: Summer lasts from May to August. Late December to March is the fall season.

What kind of climate does durian thrive in?

Conditions of temperature: Durians are cold-sensitive plants that thrive in tropical climates with temperatures consistently above 24°C. Your Durian tree is likely to drop its leaves and die if you live in a cooler climate where temperatures fall below 7°C even infrequently.

How long does it take for the durian to mature?

Durian trees that are grown from seed bear fruit after 8 to 10 years. After 4 to 6 years, grafted plants begin to bear fruit. From blossoming to harvest, it takes roughly 110 to 120 days.

What is the average number of fruits produced by a durian tree?

On average, each tree produces 50 to 70 fruits. After the fourth year of fruit production, the average number of fruits per tree will be 100 and will continue to rise. Each tree can easily produce up to 250 fruits.

What is the water need of a durian tree?

During fruit development, 6 to 8 liters of water per plant per day is required. Excessive water increases vegetative development, which might lead to fruit drop prematurely. A year after planting, the tree is pruned. On primary and secondary branches, the majority of durian clones bear fruit.

What is the best way to fertilize a durian tree?

Fertilize the fruits and foliage with fertilizers. At 60 days after flowering open, use a fertilizer ratio of 12:12:17:2 or 4:16:24:4 at a rate of 2 to 3 kg/tree. Apply 50% potassium sulphate at a rate of 0.5 kg/tree 30 to 45 days before the fruit ripens.

What causes the yellowing of durian leaves?

One of the most feared illnesses affecting the durian is durian patch canker, also known as root rot, foot rot, and leaf blight. Leaves become yellow and fall off, followed by a burst of shooting. The disease not only attacks durian, but also cocoa, citrus, and, more recently, oil palm.

How do you go about gathering durian fruit?

To harvest durian, you need to cut the stem 3 to 4 cm above the abscission layer or higher. A sharp knife or secateurs are normally used to cut the stem. A long pole with a cutting device is used to cut tall branches. Climbing the trees can also be used to pick fruits.

How do I know when it’s time to harvest my durian?

The fruit tip gets dark brown as the fruit matures. c. Spines – The spines of mature fruits become more flexible and can be pulled inwards more easily. Maturity indicators are used to assess if durian fruits are ready to be harvested before they fall or drop, without compromising their quality.

How long can durian be stored?

Durians should be kept in an airtight container to preserve their natural aroma. Keep refrigerated for up to 5 to 6 days.

What is the best way to grow durian?

Within a day or so of being removed from the fruit, the seeds should be planted or sprouted to a depth of half the seed, with the other half above the soil surface. Durian seeds sprout as quickly and as furiously as bean seeds, usually in a few days but sometimes up to a week.

What type of propagation is durian?

Budding or grafting onto a rootstock is the most common method of propagation for durian trees. They bloom around 5 to 10 cm above soil level. Budding and grafting are only two ways to achieve the same goal.

A durian tree requires what kind of soil?

Durian trees thrive in rich, deep, well-drained sandy clay or a clay loam (deep alluvial or loamy soil) with a pH range of 6 to 7. Because heavy clay soils do not drain efficiently, they are not conducive to healthy durian tree development and health.

How often should I water durian?

During the extension stage of durian fruits, most farmers provide water to durian trees 1 to 4 times per week for the irrigation system, up to every day. They use water three times every week.

Is it possible to grow durian in a greenhouse?

1 Durian is a fruit that prefers a hot environment with plenty of rain, so if the temperature in your area is below -5°C or you live at a high altitude (even in a greenhouse, you must maintain the internal climate); you won’t be able to grow it.

What is the lifespan of a durian tree?

Although they appear to be fundamentally capable of existing for decades, durian trees are sometimes said to have a lifespan of 80 to 150 years. Fruit yield declines with age, however, fruit quality improves substantially.

What is the depth of a durian root?

Durian is distinct in that it lacks root hairs. Fungus roots, which grow out of the secondary or tertiary roots, are the ones that absorb water and nutrients. They have shallow roots and only grow within 45 to 50 cm of the surface of the soil.

What is the height of a grafted durian tree?

Patch-budding is used to propagate a few planters (a modified Forkert method) Grafted trees never reach the heights of seedlings and they are usually 8 to 10 m tall, with a few exceptions reaching 12 m.

What is the maximum size of a durian tree?

In tropical forests, durian trees can reach a height of 40 meters. They are kept at a maximum height of roughly 20 meters in orchards. Durian trees with mature trunks have thick, straight branches that run the length of the tree.

Is cow dung beneficial to durian plants?

Annually, organic fertilizers such as chicken dung or cow dung are applied at a rate of 15 to 30 kilograms per plant. Durian fruit development necessitates high K fertilization at maturity.

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