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How to Prepare the Soil for Mango Trees: Tips for Best Soil Mix, pH, and Compost

Mango plants don’t fuss about this type of soil as long as the weather is hot and rarely sinks below 5°C. Check the area for the invincible layers under the topsoil, which will prevent the roots from moving downwards. The soil has to be drained well for the Mango tree to survive. Let’s check out how to prepare the soil for Mango trees below.

How to Prepare the Soil for Mango Trees
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The Mango tree does not tolerate standing water or waterlogged soil. Excessive wet soil causes root rot and tree decline. If drainage is a problem, plant on the slope to improve drainage If the slope is unavailable, plant the Mango tree 2 to 3 feet long and 4 to 6 feet wide on a mound of the local soil. Consider the tree’s mature size when choosing a plantation site, and note the site’s proximity to other plants and structures.

Container growth is an option for smaller types. Mango trees are like moderate fertile soil but have less tolerance for saline soil. Do not use chemical fertilizers to improve poor soil, which is high in salt. You should plant these Mango trees in an area where the lawn is fertilized. The best way to enhance fertility for mango trees is to mix native soil, organic mulch, and equal parts of sand.

Mango grows well on all kinds of soil, provided they are deep and well drained. Red loamy soil is quite ideal. Alkaline ill drained and rocky underground soil is not suitable for the successful cultivation of Mango crops. The best quality fruits are produced on lands containing 5 to 10 percent lime and plenty of iron. In such situations, the fruit has bright reddish colors.

How to prepare the soil for Mango trees

Soil pH for Mango

The best soil pH for Mango plant growth is between 4.5 and 7.0, which is neutral for acidic soils. Mango plants tolerate a little alkaline soil. Use a soil testing kit and determine soil pH. To improve soil acidity, you can mix materials like peat moss a year before planting Mango.

Preparation of soil for growing Mango on grounds

The Mango tree likes well-drained soil. Mango trees are not special about the type of soil as long as it drains well, is loose and deep, and does not tend to be soggy. If you want to modify the plantation site with the soil or compost above, work the organic material into the native soil, and ensure the ratio is 50/50.

In case you missed it: 14 Common Mango Tree/Plant Problems: How to Fix Them, Solutions, and Treatment

Mango Plant Small
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If the planting site is prone to floods due to heavy rains, grow Mangoes on the mound to raise the root system from saturated conditions. Make a mound from native soil about three feet high and ten feet wide. If the soil in this area is good, add some organic compost or peat moss to improve the quality of the soil. Place the Mango seedling inside the hole and cover it with soil. 

Preparation of soil for growing Mango in pots 

You should choose a pot or container at least 20 x 20 inches with suitable drainage holes. Mango trees need the best drainage. Soil selection is essential when Mangoes grow in containers. Choose a potting or raised garden bed mix that includes slow-release fertilizer, compost, and sand. It will hold the structure of Mango in the pot and prevent soil levels from dropping quickly.

Add a good layer of broken pottery under the pot, and then add a single layer of crushed gravel. The suitable soil to grow Mangoes should be light, luxurious, and nutritious. You can use 40% compost, 20% pumice, and 40% forest floor mulch. Remember that apart from the tree, the pot and dirt will become heavy when you fill it, so it’s better to keep it where you don’t want to move it. 

You can add 1/4 river sand or gardening sand to the pot soil mix to increase the soil structure in the pot. Mango soil should be drained in the pot, and you should use some organic cases like fertilizer. The waterlogged will be stopped, and you will prevent leaves from yellowing. If growing dwarf varieties of Mango, you also need to ensure that the pot has good drainage. It will prevent root rot and some other fungus problems.

How to grow Mango in clay soil

Clay, sand, and loam are all excellent soils to grow Mangoes until trees are planted deeply and roots aren’t overwatered. In clay soil, Mango trees will not grow well. This is because clay soil cannot absorb water well. It is not drained and is more compact than loam and sandy. Clay soil slowly filters the water. This is why only a few plants grow in clay. If you try to observe, many plants grow in the loam and sandy. If a particular plant grows in this area, soil collection is also a factor.

Soil composting for Mango

You can mix the soil with manure, pumice, and peat moss. Those materials will help in thoroughly draining the soil and improving the quality of the soil. The soil must be drained to prevent filling it with water as it can cause root rot. When transplanting Mango seedlings from the pot, you need to find an area and dig there. After digging a hole, you must improve soil quality by adding some compost.

Compost will help in the development and growth of Mango seedlings well. You can make your compost at home or buy it from the market. There are many available composts that you can put on the Mango tree. After planting the tree, the tree will start growing. There are organic matters that you can add to Mango soil. compost, animal manures, and green manure are some of the organic issues you can mix on the soil.

This will improve the quality of soil and make the tree bigger. The young tree must grow faster, taller, bigger, and stronger. When the tree grows, it will produce more branches and leaves. The more branches it has, the more flowers and fruits will grow.

In case you missed it: Best Fertilizer for Mangosteen Tree: Organic, Compost, NPK, How and When to Apply

Mango Tree
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Land preparation for Mango

It is better advised to avoid areas where winds and cyclones keep coming. Mango is a large-sized tree that strong winds or cyclones can destroy. Sometimes strong winds break down branches badly. Although Mangoes can be cultivated on a wide range of soils, it is better if Mangoes are cultivated in more salty, alkaline, rocky, and water-logged land. Planning and preparation are required for setting up a healthy and productive garden.

The next important step is to decide on the distance of the tree. This will decide how many trees you need and how productive the garden will become. You should prepare the soil, and an irrigation system should be installed before planting young trees. Once the trees are planted, you must be protected from the wind and sun. Young trees in cold areas will need protection from frost. If your soil is infertile, it is necessary to complete it at the time of planting.

First, prepare a proper pit for it, and add 25 kg of farmyard manure with 3 kg super phosphorus and 1 kg potash. If your soil is barren, it is necessary to complete it when planting. The distance ranges from 10 x 10 meters to 13 x 13 meters. The distance should be 10 x 10 meters due to low growth in dry areas. But, in heavy rain areas and fertile soil, the interval should be 13x 13 meters due to high physical growth.

Best soil mix for Mango

Mix the powdered lava rock, pine bark fines, coco coir, and equal parts of the sand to fill your container. A simpler way is to buy cactus soil mix from local big box stores also works well, but doesn’t last long, dries up quickly in summer, and will need to stay at the top periodically. When planting a Mango tree in the container, add a thick layer of mulch, leaving 2 to 3 inches above the container.

Mango trees grow beautifully with a proper mix of potting soil or an extra slow-release fertilizer. The best potting soil is a mixture of peat moss and perlite for Mango trees. The perlite is a porous material that allows the air to reach the plant’s roots, which fuels the root area.

Natural soil amendments for Mango

Compost and manure provide micronutrients as soil microorganisms break them down, so twice a year, mulching in spring and fall is the easiest way to apply them. Trees in acidic soil easily absorb these nutrients, but the nutrients in alkaline soil need to be applied through a foliar spray. Liquid kelp, mixed with water and planted either wet or spray, is not only an organic source of micronutrients but also contains potassium levels.

Dolomite and agricultural lime (calcium), Epsom salt (magnesium), and boron (sodium borate) can be lightly sprinkled on the plant’s applied to the soil. There are many ways to grow the Mango tree. However, one way is to use natural organic fertilizers. Cow dung should be mixed with water, used as fertilizer, and mixed with soil near the base of the newly planted Mango tree. Organic cow dung manure is a wonderful source of nutrients and organic materials that are extremely beneficial for your Mango tree.

You can usually find large quantities of organic materials such as soil and plant leaves, but cow dung is rare. Many people turn to cow dung manure as a more sustainable option for their Mango trees. Vermicompost is a great way to improve soil quality when growing Mango trees. Vermicompost is produced from worms and will help nourish and suppress pests. Worm casting can also make your garden more resistant to disease and pests. One way to ensure your tree is happy and healthy is to provide it with the best fertilizer.

The vermicompost reduces the amount of fertilizer you need by about 95%. Mango trees can be difficult to grow as they need more moisture, moderate temperatures, and well-drained soil. One way to create these situations is to use vermicompost. Vermicompost is a nutrient-rich organic waste that can be used as compost or fertilizer. Vermicompost help make your Mango tree strong and healthy to produce lots of sweet, delicious fruits. 

In case you missed it: Fertilizer Management in Mango: Homemade, Organic, Compost, Liquid, and Schedule

Mango Farming
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What to do with soil when growing Mango

The common companion plants for Mango trees are Pigeon Peas, Vetch, Ginger, Turmeric, and Nasturtium. Ideally, choose companion plants that provide benefits such as fixing nitrogen, increasing pollination, and making partial shade to Mango trees, especially when the Mango tree is young. Pigeon peas are a wonderful choice for companion Mango plants as they are a perennial legumes shrub.

Since Pigeon Peas are a midstory plant, they are ideal for shading soil around Mango trees which regulates soil and root temperature. Ideally, plant Pigeon Peas on the west side of Mango trees to shadow its soil from the warm afternoon sun. Vetch is an interesting legume because it is land cover, providing amazing benefits to Mango trees such as increased water retention, regulating soil temperature, and preventing soil erosion.

In case you missed it: Growing Mango Tree In Backyard – A Beginners Guide

Mango Farm
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Like Pigeon Peas, the Vetch is also a legume, which is highly beneficial in fixing soil nitrogen. Ginger and Turmeric are closely related and are native to both tropics. Since the tropics contain many bugs and insects, Ginger and Turmeric have adapted to prevent them, making these plants some of the best insect protection and natural defense in the garden.

They also work together to improve the soil for Mango trees and other plants. Nasturtium grows rapidly and horizontally with the soil. However, this makes Nasturtium an ideal ground cover (helping Mango trees by reducing vapor, regulating soil temperature, and preventing soil erosion). Another reason it is great as a companion Mango plant is that it attracts pollinators and its edible flowers are nectar which is sweeter than most others. 

The Comfrey is the most popular companion flower right now because not only can it be used to attract pollinators, but it is incredibly fast and tall, eventually collapses, and makes a great mulch for other plants. In addition, comfrey roots attract beneficial bacteria that take nitrogen from the air and store it as nitrate in the soil, which is ready for plant use.

Since Mango trees are heavy nitrogen feeders, nitrogen fixers like Comfrey are incredibly useful. As a result of nitrogen-fixing properties, Comfrey is a great choice to use to grow and improve in poor soils. Like Vetch, Sweet Potatoes are an excellent perennial land cover (annually in a symmetrical climate). 

In case you missed it: Mango Seed Germination, Process, Time, Temperature

Mango Harvest
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Mango is a common fruit that many people want to grow. There are many ways to do this, but the most critical steps are soil preparation and the choice of the proper cultivar of the Mango tree. It is essential to pick a cultivar with a higher number of fruits so that there are more trees to produce more fruit. With a bit of attention and care, you can grow a healthy Mango tree and attractive addition to the landscape for years to come, and you should reward fruit. 


  1. I am verymuch thankful to the agrifarming for the knowledge especially roof garden, soil mix and plantation etc.


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