How To Grow Vegetables At Home In Pots, Containers

How to Grow Vegetables at Home in Pots

Most vegetables can be successfully grown in pots. If you are growing vegetables in pots make sure you use compost rather than soil because the soil will dry out too quickly. Using good multipurpose compost as a base with the addition of a slow-release organic fertilizer like our ‘Sea feed’ seaweed and poultry manure pellets. ‘Rock dust’ ground volcanic basalt is also a helpful addition in soil-less compost mixes as it provides the mineral content provided by the soil.

Growing your vegetables in pots is not just healthy and economic but also fun. You can grow vegetables easily in your kitchen garden and if you don’t have a backyard then also you can grow these awesome vegetables in a pot or container.

Using Quality Potting Soil to Grow Vegetables at Home

High-quality potting soil is important for vegetable plants. Don’t use soil from your garden because it will compact in the pots and won’t drain water properly. Do not fill your containers with soil from the garden or bagged topsoil. Then, you should fill the containers with a “soilless” potting mix that will retain moisture.  Mix compost and natural fertilizers into your vegetable garden to condition the soil for your plants. For large size pots that may need to be moved, choose soilless mixes since they are light.

Light and Temperature Requirements to Grow Vegetables at Home

Light and Temperature Requirements to Grow Vegetables at Home.
Light and Temperature Requirements to Grow Vegetables at Home.

Most vegetables need full sun, meaning at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. For your vegetables to thrive, you’ll need an accurate assessment. The key to successfully growing vegetable plants indoors understands how much light it needs to thrive. Different places in your home will offer up varying levels of natural light. The average windowsill can support low- to medium-light loving vegetable plants. If you want to germinate seedlings or grow high-light edibles like Basil and Cherry Tomatoes, you’ll need to boost your light levels with grow lamps.

Water Requirement for Vegetables to Grow At Home

Many vegetable plants need lots of water. The main goal is to keep the soil evenly moist but not soaking wet. To figure out whether your vegetables need water, stick your finger down into the soil about an inch. At the summer season, you’ll probably need to water at least once or sometimes twice a day. This is the most high-maintenance and critical aspect of vegetable container gardening.

Vegetable plants require a consistent supply of water to perform their best. Inconsistent moisture causes lots of problems like blossom drop, leaf curling, insect problems, and rot. The best way to ensure your vegetable plants always have a consistent supply of water is to use a self-watering planter.

Gardening Tips to Grow Vegetables At Home

Vegetable plants need nutrition to thrive, and their food is fertilizer. If soil doesn’t have fertilizer already mixed in, add some several times throughout the growing season. Many gardeners mix organic fertilizer into the containers from top to bottom before planting. Then, every couple of weeks, add diluted liquid fish emulsion or liquid seaweed to give the vegetable plants the nutrition they need. Another method to add fertilizer is to make or buy compost.

A fertilizer high in nitrogen is a good choice for leafy vegetables grown in pots like Swiss chard and Lettuce. Natural sources high in this nutrient include feather meal, blood meal, and liquid fish emulsion. Fertilizer is important when you’re growing vegetables in pots. You can add organic matter to the soil in many different ways, such as compost, shredded leaves, animal manures. Organic matter improves the fertility, the structure, and the tilth of all types of soils. It provides a rich food source for soil microbes. As organisms in the soil carry out the processes of decay and decomposition, they make these nutrients available to vegetable plants.

Containers to Grow Vegetables at Home

The size of the pot plays a very big role in the growth and yield of a vegetable plant. The roots of a plant need space to grow and the larger the space for roots the better is the growth of the plant. As a rule of thumb the bigger the container the better it is for growing vegetable plants.

Almost any type of container or pot can be used for growing vegetable plants. For example, try using bushel baskets, drums, tubs, or wooden boxes. The size of the container will change according to the plant selection and space available. Pots from 6 to 10 inches in size are satisfactory for parsley, green onion, and herbs. For some vegetables such as Peppers, Tomatoes, and Eggplant, you will find that 5-gallon containers are the most suitable size. While 1 to 2-gallon containers are best for Dwarf Tomatoes. Smaller container sizes are appropriate for Lettuce, and Radish vegetables. They are very easy to handle and provide adequate space for root growth.

The Best Vegetable Plants to Grow at Home in Pots


Almost all the lettuce plant varieties grow well in pots or containers. As their shallow roots don’t need deep soil, they do best in wide containers. You can use any material for pots like plastic, clay, or terracotta pots. Lettuce seeds are best sown on the surface of the compost and covered with a fine layer of compost as the seeds need light to germinate. Lettuce grows up quickly, and you will have the opportunity to harvest this leafy green multiple times throughout the season. Usually, seeds are started in the spring season. But if you live in a warm climate, grow Lettuce plants in the winter season.

For growing Lettuce, select a wide planter rather than deep about 6 inches deep. When planting, make sure to leave space of at least 4 inches between each Lettuce plant. Remember, leaf Lettuce plants can be grown more closely than head Lettuces. Use well-draining soil and frequent watering to keep the soil slightly moist always.


Radishes are very easy to grow in any size of pots. There is a broad range of varieties with the most popular being ‘Cherry Belle’ or ‘French Breakfast’, all are easy to grow and take approximately 4 weeks for sowing seed to harvest. Container growing radishes allows you to control disease, pests, moisture, and other conditions more easily than planting in the ground.

Radishes are one of the quickest growing vegetable plants and suitable for container vegetable gardening as you can grow them in small and wide pots. A planter that is just 6 inches deep is enough but if you want to grow larger plant varieties use 8 to 10 inches deep pot. Allow 3 inches of space between each plant.


Growing Chillies in Pots.
Growing Chillies in Pots.

Chillies thrive in full sun, and they will grow in semi-shade they won’t produce as many fruits, so make sure you position your pot in a sunny area away from strong winds. Choose a pot at least 30cm wide and fill it with a good quality potting mix for growing Chillies. During average summer weather conditions, they will need watering 2 to 3 times a week, paying particular attention to the watering regime during flowering through to fruit set.


Container size may vary based on the carrot type you’re growing and the planting depth it requires. Full-size carrots will need to be grown in large and deep pots or raised beds due to their deep root systems. Fill the containers to 3 inches from the top with soil. Then, fill the container with organically rich potting soil. A purchased product specifically for vegetables will have a good combination of ingredients such as sand, peat moss, and vermiculite.


Cucumbers are a fast-growing vegetable grown in containers. These water-loving plants do best in ceramic or large plastic pots that help the soil retain moisture. Growing cucumbers in containers is a great method to give them the heat they love (hotter ambient temperatures raise soil temperature quicker in pots than in-ground). Container grown cucumbers need plenty of water. You’ll need a large size container with several drainage holes. You may use a plastic or ceramic pot for planting cucumbers in pots, but it should be at least 12 inches.

Peas and Beans

Peas and beans work very well in pots and are an attractive addition to a container garden especially when flowering before the pods are produced. Dwarf bush varieties are available for smaller pots that don’t climb so don’t need support like pea ‘Tom Thumb’ or the excellent ‘Purple Teepee’ dwarf French bean. Peas and beans both prefer well-drained, moist soils, with plenty of organic matter and a soil pH level of 6.0-7.5.

Most of the beans are bushier or climber type and they grow upward. They are productive in pots and very easy to grow. For growing beans, you need a sunny spot and a pot that is about 12 inches deep.


Growing Tomatoes in containers are very easy and incredibly satisfying. All kinds of tomato varieties are appropriate for pots, as long as the pots are of good size. If pots aren’t near a water source, make sure you can get a garden hose to them, because Tomatoes need a steady moisture supply. Five-gallon buckets are the perfect size for one Tomato plant. Then, fill the pot with high-quality potting soil and make sure the container has good drainage. Tomatoes are sun-loving plants and produce the best harvest when placed in a spot with at least 8 hours of light. If you have less light, avoid large-fruited tomato varieties that need full sun to mature their fruits.


Kale is a highly nutritious vegetable plant. There are several Kale varieties suitable for growing in containers with Russian Kale and Nero Di Toscana Italian Kale being recommended. For growing Kale, select a sunny location for the container with at least 6 hours of direct sun. Kale plants require rich, well-draining soil with a pH level of 6.0 to 7.0. It is easily grown in containers from seed and can be sown in early spring right up until late summer season. Pots may also require more frequent fertilizing.


Potatoes grow amazingly fast and produce a great yield for the space required. Smart Pots are a fantastic option for growing potatoes. These growing containers are lightweight, environmentally friendly, and made of fabric, so potatoes get air as they grow. They have great natural drainage, ensuring your potatoes will never sit in water and rot. Use a high-quality potting soil that is fast draining, particularly if you’re using a plastic container. Containers add an extra level of protection against fungus or blight, which spreads easier among in-ground plants. Large pots are ideal for growing potatoes. Choose a container that is at least 16 inches in diameter and 16 inches high. You can plant 4 to 6 seed potatoes in this sized container. These 10-gallon nursery pots are perfect for potatoes.


Growing Beets in containers is very easy. This quick-growing vegetable doesn’t need much care and perfect for container gardening. Beets need a pot that’s 10 inches deep at the very least, so the roots have plenty of room to grow and stretch.


Growing Eggplant in pots requires about 12 to 14 inches of space per plant. The Eggplant requires a lot of warmth and sun exposure at the growing stage. West or south-facing direction is suitable. This plant requires a lot of nutrients. Mix an all-purpose fertilizer into potting soil at the beginning of the season and then do supplemental feeding with a diluted liquid fertilizer every other week during the growing season.

You should not miss this: Growing Organic Cucumbers In Containers

Tips to Grow Vegetables in Pots at Home

  • Feed container vegetable plants at least twice a month with liquid fertilizer.
  • Black colour pots absorb heat when they are sitting in the sun.
  • The greatest challenge of container growing vegetable plants is watering since soil dries out faster in pots than in the ground.
  • Vegetable plants that can be easily transplanted are best suited for containers.
  • An occasional application of compost or fish emulsion will add trace elements to container soil.
  • Place vegetable pots where they will receive maximum sunlight and good ventilation.

In case if you are interested in this: Organic Mushroom Farming.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here