Guava Gardening For Beginners – How To Start, FAQs

Introduction to Guava Gardening for Beginners, Guava Planting Questions and Answers (FAQs): Hello gardeners, usually everyone likes to eat guava and even wishes to grow their own guava tree but they do have some doubts about planting and growing guava trees. So, if you have any doubts about planting and growing guava? Then follow this complete article to have a perfect grip on planting and growing guava trees. In this article, we are going to discuss some frequently asked questions about planting guava.

Guava is a common tropical fruit that may be produced in both tropical and subtropical settings. Psidium guajava is a small tree that can be found in Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and northern South America.

Guava Garden
Guava Garden (Image source: pixabay)

The overview table of guava is given below:

Botanical NamePsidium guajava
Common NameGuava
Plant TypeBroadleaf evergreen shrub or tree
Mature Size4 to 20 feet (indoor plants will be smaller)
Sun ExposureFull sun
Soil TypeRich and well-draining soil
Soil pH4.5 to 7.0 that is acidic to neutral
Bloom TimeUsually spring
Flower ColorWhite

A Step-By-Step Guide to Guava Gardening for Beginners, Guava Questions, and Answers, Guava Planting FAQs

Guava Flowering
Guava Flowering (Image credit: pixabay)

The guava fruit is produced by a tiny tree with a broad, short canopy and a strong single- to the multi-stemmed trunk. The guava tree is a fascinating plant with mottled greenish bark and long serrated leaves ranging from 3 to 7 inches or 7.5 to 18 cm. Guava trees produce very small round, oval, or pear-shaped fruits with white 1-inch or 2.5 cm blooms. These are more precisely berries with soft flesh that ranges in taste from acidic, sour, sweet, and rich according to the type and can be white, pink, yellow, or even red.

For the best flowering and fruit production, guava trees flourish in any soil with good drainage and full sun.

Guava fruit trees grow from tropical to subtropical climates and can reach a height of 20 feet or 6metres.

Now, let us discuss some frequently asked questions about guava planting.

How long does guava fruit take to bear fruit?

Guava plants produce fruit 3 to 4 years after planting, with annual harvests ranging from 50 to 80 lbs. or 23 to 36 kg or more per tree.

What is the best location for a guava tree?

Guavas thrive in hot, dry climates with little to no cold. They can, however, flourish in almost any climate with mild winters. The young trees must be covered if they are planted in an area where there is a chance of frost.

In which season guava will grow?

Guavas are harvested all year long (except in May and June) in one or both of the country’s regions. However, in north India, the rainy season plant is harvested in August, the winter season plant is harvested in November-December, and the spring season plant is harvested in March-April.

Is it true that guava trees require lots of water?

Guavas have survived dry seasons without water, but they prefer heavy soaking regularly. Before watering again, let the earth dry to a depth of several inches. Lack of moisture will cause the fruit to drop due to a delay in flowering.

How long does a guava tree live?

Guava trees develop quickly and bear fruit in 2 to 4 years after being planted. They survive for 30 to 40 years, however, after the 15th year, their output begins to drop.

How can I speed up the growth of my guava?

In 1 to 3 years, a guava tree grown from seed will bear fruit.

Soak the seeds in water for 10-15 days or boil them for 5 minutes before sowing to speed up germination.

Fill a small container halfway with seed-starting soil.

Guava seeds germinate in temperatures ranging from 20°C to 25°C.

Is it possible to grow guava in a pot?

Choose a container with a width of at least 18 to 24 inches or 46 to 60 cm and a depth of the same. Make sure there are enough drainage holes in the pot. Because of their toughness and adaptability, guava trees in containers are an excellent choice.

Which guava type is the best in India?

Of all the guava kinds available, Allahabad Safeda is the most well-known and sought-after. It’s good for both the table and the kitchen. This variety’s tree grows tall and has an upright growth habit. In addition, the long shoots covered in dense foliage on this kind of tree bear a large number of fruits.

Is it possible to grow guava from seed?

Although seed-grown guava does not replicate true to type, it is a cost-effective and frequent approach to raise guava. Seeds should be planted as soon as possible after being extracted from full fruit.

What is the minimum space requirement for a guava tree?

When spacing guava trees in the garden, you need to keep in mind the size of the tree when it reaches maturity. Most home garden planters can be spaced 10 to 15 feet apart or less.

You may also check this: How To Grow Roses In Greenhouse.

How much water does a guava tree need?

If the soil feels completely dry to the touch, water the guava. Typically, established guava will require a deep watering every one to two weeks in the summer and once per month in the winter months.

What kind of fertilizer should I apply to my guava tree?

It is recommended that you apply a guava tree fertilizer with a 6-6-6-2 (nitrogen–phosphorus–potassium–magnesium) ratio. Spread the fertilizer evenly on the ground for each feeding, starting a foot or 30cm from the trunk and working your way out to the tree drip line.

Is Epsom salt beneficial to the guava tree?

Epsom salts can be sprayed to pome fruit trees as a foliar spray or directly to the soil in dry form. For every 500 feet of soil, you need to cover, the Epsom Salt Council recommends mixing 1/2 cup Epsom salt with water. They recommend sprinkling the mixture around your fruit plants every time you irrigate.

How long does it take for a guava seed to germinate?

Guava seeds take two to eight weeks to germinate. When the top of the soil feels dry under your finger, moisten it to keep the soilless mix moist.

How do you preserve a guava tree at a manageable size?

Close to the trunk, cut any undesirable sprouts or branches. Pruning the tree’s top and ends regularly will keep it tiny. Keep the branches trimmed to a comparable radius around the trunk of the tree to create a circular canopy. The height of the guava tree should be between 3 and 12 feet.

Why my guava trees leaves are turning yellow?

Most plants turn yellow when they are stressed, and this could be the case if the weather is very hot or cold, rainy or dry. There’s also the possibility that the yellowing leaves are a nematode symptom. A variety of nematodes damage the roots of guava trees.

When it comes to guava trees, how long do they live?

The trees can live for up to 40 years, but after 15 years, their fruit yield drops substantially; rigorous pruning can sometimes assist to revitalize declining trees.

A guava tree requires what kind of soil?

Guava thrives on a wide range of soils but prefers well-draining soil with a pH of 5 to 7. Use a mix of potting soil and organic compost to plant the tree. Choose a container with a width of at least 18 to 24 inches or 46 to 60cm and a depth of the same.

How can you get rid of guava tree pests?

Organic pesticides made from the distillation of basil (Ocimum spp.) and tea tree (Melaleuca bracteata) leaves containing methyl eugenol (C12H24O2) are particularly successful in controlling fruit flies in the guava tree.

How can I keep insects away from my guava tree?

Irrigate as needed, provide appropriate drainage and nourishment, and trim out any dead or diseased limbs for best-growing circumstances. Keep the area around the tree clean of plant debris and weeds, which might attract insects.

How can I keep my guava plant safe?

In case If You miss this: How To Grow Radish In Greenhouse.

Growing Guava Tree
Guava Tree (Pic credit: pixabay)

Wrap several layers of strong corrugated cardboard around the guava tree’s trunk from ground level to the lowest limbs. Tape it down to keep it in place. Wrap the cardboard in plastic rubbish bags and fasten them with tape. Keep the trunk covering on until the cold weather has passed.

What’s the reason for my guava fruit turning brown?

It could be a form of parasite algae infecting your guava if you detect red or brown blotches that appear during humid weather. Although both the plant and the fruit are mostly unaffected by algal leaf spots, severe infections can diminish vigor, reducing the amount of energy the plant has to devote to fruit development.

How do you keep guava fruit from rotting?

3 to 4 sprays of 1% Bordeaux mixture or lime sulphur at 15-day intervals are used to inhibit disease spread (in the early stages of infection). Symptoms: During the early spring flush, alga infects juvenile guava leaves.

How can you keep anthracnose at bay in guava?

  1. Any contaminated plants in your guava plantation should be removed and burned.
  2. Avoid allowing too much water to accumulate around your guava trees.
  3. Copper-based fungicides such as mancozeb and oxychloride should be sprayed.

Can a guava tree be grown in a greenhouse?

Guava fruit trees (Psidium guajava) are not common in North America and require a tropical environment to thrive. It is possible to grow these little trees in a greenhouse or sunroom and reap the benefits of their Vitamin C-rich fruits if you have enough guava tree knowledge.

Is it possible to grow guava from cuttings?

Another popular method for propagating new guava trees is root cuttings. A fine layer of rich highly wet growing medium over one of these roots. New shoots should develop from the soil after a few weeks. Each fresh shoot can be split and grown into a guava tree on its own.

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