Growing Vegetables in Vietnam
Hello Gardeners, we are back with a new topic and the topic is all about growing vegetables in Vietnam and the vegetable planting calendar of Vietnam. Do you live in Vietnam and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to grow vegetables in Vietnam. In this article, we will also mention all the requirements for growing Vegetables in Vietnam.
Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Vietnam
Growing your own vegetables is both enjoyable and satisfying. All you require to get started is some well-drained soil and a few vegetable plants. But to be a successful vegetable gardener and to do it organically you will require to understand what it takes to retain your vegetable plants healthy and vigorous.
Vegetable gardening is a pleasing activity that can supply fresh and flavourful produce. It offers many of the same helpful as other gardening movements, including exercise, fresh air, landscape beautification, and enjoyment. In incorporation, it encourages a varied and nutritious diet at a lower cost by decrease food expenditures more than the costs associated with growing vegetables. Moreover, many gardeners observe that their home-grown produce tastes improve than what they can buy at the grocery store, thanks to the freshness and more options of varieties.
A Step-by-Step Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables in Vietnam
It would be improved for gardeners in North Vietnam to replace wet with growing vegetable plants. Vegetables are getting increasingly important for the city population of South-East Asia. And the increased demand for vegetables in these countries is growing, also in the Red River Delta in Vietnam.
Vegetables are defined as herbaceous plants whose fruit, seeds, roots, tubers, bulbs, stems, leaves, or flower parts are used as food. Herbaceous is a keyword here. Vegetables are generally tropical plants, whereas fruit plants are supplies from perennial plants, such as plants like Cherry Tomatoes, etc. If it is supplied by an annual, it is most likely a vegetable. There are two perennial vegetables such as Asparagus and Rhubarb but they will eat the young stems of both, not the fruit. Understanding why a plant, such as a Cucumber, is considered a vegetable and not a fruit can sometimes might archaic, but it can be useful to help determine where they will be observed in plant and gardening references. Gradually you need to increase the sizes of garden grounds, the variety of vegetable plants started each year, and the difficulty of growing techniques until then was very happy with gardener harvest results.
Basic Things to Remember When Growing Vegetables in Vietnam
These are very simple home vegetable garden tips and tricks in the growing season:
- Space matters
Make the most of your time and confined space by growing vegetables that produce a high plant. At the top of the vegetables are Tomatoes, Onions, and Lettuce. They need the least quantity of confined space and time but give the most valuable plants in return. Melons, Winter Squash, and Pumpkins are fun to grow, but take much more space and supply very little.
- Adequate sun exposure
Very few vegetable plants grow in an area with less than half a day of sunlight. If your garden is getting more partial shade than the sun, you may have to remove it from another area of the backyard. Before planting, keep an eye on various areas of your backyard around the day to see which area gets the most sun. When you take the right time to begin a garden the right way, your vegetables will satisfy you.
- Use quality soil
Plants draw their nutrients from the well-drained soil, so it only makes sense that to improve the best soil. One of the best ways to better well-drained soil is by adding organic mulch. You can matter with all kinds of substances straw, for example, is excellent for vegetable gardens. Just ensure to apply it on a still day and water it well to weigh it down. Gilmour’s Elevated Sprinkler is ideal for this because it rains down on the straw without disturbing it. Retain the straw moist until it amends into a cohesive mass in your vegetable garden.
- Plant the right vegetables for your region
Make sure, you should not plant vegetable plants such as Tomatoes, Peppers, and Sweet Corn before the soil warms up but many novice gardeners overlook the importance of planting properly for their specific garden zone. Check the days to grown-up on each seed packet or plant label to see if you have adequate time in the growing season for the vegetable plants to reach full grown-up.
- Proper watering for vegetable gardens
Vegetables are helpful from a compatible watering schedule. If you give little water and then you may not get vegetables at all. Too much, and you can drown the roots and damage the fruit. To make sure consistent watering, use watering at ground level to deliver even moisture to the vegetable plants at their roots. To make the situation effortless, hook your water hose up to a programmable timer. Set it and sharp on some of the more labour-in-depth vegetable gardening tips.
How to Sow Direct Seed?
As of substitute for using clear and clean water, you can speed up germination by watering in new vegetable seeds with a dilute solution of organic manure or compost tea. If you sow the direct seed indoors in a paper towel or peat pots that can be set directly in the garden ground, seedlings will withstand the shock of final transplanting to the open garden much improve, simply because there will be less injury to the root system than if taken up by the root ball from the beginning tray. If you are potting up seedlings from trays to containers, do it as soon as the first true leaves develop.
If you are sowing seeds in garden ground, scatter seed evenly in slightly trenches, then cover the seeds by raking excellent soil over them to the suggested depth, and determined the seed in with the back of the gather. The seed must make near contact with the well-drained soil to germinate. Normally, seeds should be sown to a depth from two to four times their diameter.
If you are beginning seed in the garden during a drought, germination and growth will be sped up if you first fill the moderate trench or seed row with water. As soon as the water has seeped into the well-drained soil, you can sow direct seeds and cover them with loose dry soil.
How to Transplant Seedlings?
When it’s right time to transplant a seedling to the open garden ground whether you begin the seedlings bought at the garden centre, ensure the well-drained soil in the garden has been prepared in advance. Shove the holes, properly spaced, before you start transplanting. Set vegetable plants in the garden ground no deeper than they were in the hotbed or cold frame. If the seedlings are in a paper towel or peat pots, set them even with the well-drained soil of their former containers this will help protect stem rot which sometimes comes with banking soil too high throughout vegetable plants.
Most Popular Growing Vegetables in Vietnam
- Water Spinach
Water Spinach is one of the most popular common vegetables in Vietnam as the exotic climate creates favorable conditions for its growth and the vegetables do not need much care. Used to be known as a rustic vegetable of the poor, water Spinach has become an essential ingredient in some Vietnamese cooking such as Sautéed Garlic Spinach. In the south, Morning Glory is frequently chopped into thin chips and eaten raw as salad or served with many kinds of noodles. Water Spinach is one of the most satisfying cool-weather plants to grow, producing wide plants of vitamin-rich, dark green leaves that are excellent for salads and cooking. Since both hot weather condition and long days trigger Spinach to bolt send up a seed stalk fastly, the secret to success with this plant is to begin direct sowing seeds as soon as possible in spring to make small, often plantings during late spring and summer and to concentrate on fall as the season for the main plants. For most Vietnamese, water spinach is observed as important as rice in their daily meals.
- Bap Cai
Bap Cai is the family of cabbage is one of the essential vegetables that Vietnamese housewives take to their top vegetables of ingredients in the cold season. It is a round vegetable with wide green or white leaves. It is common knowledge that Cabbage is a very good source of vitamins and disease preventative properties. Cabbage looks like Lettuce but the flavor is excellent and different. It is kindly sweet taste could charm vegetarian lovers.
- Bamboo Shoots
Coming to Vietnam, Green Bamboo plants around rustic seem to be ornamented in tourists’ minds as an unforgettable beauty. Not many guests know that Bamboo Shoots are considered a valuable source of food. While fresh Bamboo Shoots are normally used in some kinds of soups in Vietnam, its fermented state is preferred to be eaten with plenty of dishes as a kind of Vietnamese Kimchi. Any gardener with a stand of Bamboo can very easily and good harvest and enjoyable their shoots. The edible growths are very best when harvested before showing them above the well-drained soil. Excavate throughout the base of the main plant to observe the shoots and excise them with a sharp knife. You can grow them wide by covering the tips with a heap of soil to prevent the shoot from meeting the light, which will harden the wrapping. Harvesting Bamboo Shoots early to supply the highest nutrient density and even the best appearance and flavor. The new Shoots have crispness same as young asparagus but must be strip and cooked for 20 minutes before ingestion to remove the woody external and any bitterness in the Shoot.
Chayote is getting most popular in the north of Vietnam. It could be very easily processed into certainly different kinds of dishes as everything in the chayote fruit is delicious. The root and leaves are frequently sautéed with garlic while the sweet flesh is preferred to be boiled and distribute with roasted peanuts. Both dishes appear specialties in Vietnam.
In case if you miss this: How To Grow Organic Spinach.
Kohlrabi is a vegetable of the cabbage family whose thick round white stalk is eaten. It is said that should you are anxious about broccoli stems, you would like Kohlrabi. It tastes sweet and super crispy. While hot Kohlrabi soups are bound to warm your underside in the winter, boiled Kohlrabi is likely to bring you a cool feeling in the dry, not to bring up fermented kohlrabi with the crunchy flavor endure.
- Bitter Melon
However, the rocky surface and the bitter flavor are unable to prevent Vietnamese from enjoying this vegetable. So, just try it and find your answer. Chopped Bitter Melon is frequently stir-fried with eggs, but the most favorite dish could be bitter melon soup, an essential part of the menu for the summer in the south. This specialty is taken into the Tet holiday menu as it is a Vietnamese compacted belief that sadness will pass and contentment will come over after bitterness has been eaten.
You may also check this: How To Grow Strawberries In Greenhouse.
- Bok Choy
Sow seeds in early spring or late summer. Bok Choy needs nutrient-rich and well-drained soil. The thick stems are juicy and sweet and require a lot of water to grow. Remove competitive weeds and till soil kindly throughout the plants to increase oxygen levels for healthy root growth. Bok Choy’s large leaves are a target for foliage munching pests like snails and slugs. Use an organic slug bait to prevent holes and substantial damage to the plant. Bok Choy harvesting is done all season long. For a constant supply of the plant, sow the seeds direct garden ground every two weeks until the high heat of summer arrives. Row covers will help produce some shelter from the scorching sun and may enlarge the harvest.
Common Growing Vegetables in Vietnam
In Vietnam, People like to eat different types of vegetables. One of the main reasons that vegetables accommodate many vitamins and even nutrients very good for health. Moreover, the taste and sweet smell of each vegetable make the dishes more flavourful. In this guide, we introduce popular Vietnamese vegetables such as Carrots, Radish, Potatoes, and Tomatoes.
#1 Sweet Potato
To grow an edible Sweet Potato vine in a container, you can transplant your sprouted sweet potato create several container plants by beginning with slips. To grow from slips, cut 10 to12 lengths of Sweet Potato climbing plant from your seed Potato. Cut leaves from the lower portion of the slip, leaving a together of leaves at the tip for photosynthesis. You can either plant these directly into a container of well-drained soil or tolerate them to root in water first. If you plant directly into the well-drained soil, you will require maintaining steady moisture. If you select to root them in water, watch for the appearing roots. Once they are a few inches long, transplant into a container of good well-drained soil in bunches of three. This procedure can be used for a winter plant of greens, but it’s normally how they should be planted out in your garden for a root plant, too.
Set your potted Sweet Potato by a sunny, warm window and it will supply a lot of vines. Now you have an edible houseplant, you can eat the Sweet Potato green leaves cooked or raw.
#2 Malabar Spinach
Malabar Spinach can be grown from either seeds or transplant seedlings. If the stems are too hard to eat when pruning, simply put them back into the well-drained soil where they will re-root. Scarify the seed with a file, paper towel, or even a knife to speed germination, which will take three weeks or longer at temperatures between 18 to 24°C. Direct sow Malabar Spinach seeds in zone 7 or warmer, two to three weeks after the last frost date. If you live in a cold zone, begin the seeds indoors about six weeks before the last frost. Wait to transplant until the well-drained soil has warmed and there is no chance of frost. Transplant the seedlings position about a foot apart.
Once your seedlings are about three inches tall and have roots come through from the Rockwool cube, they are ready to transplant. Keep in mind that Amaranth will be most productive in full sunlight at least six hours to eight hours of direct sunlight. Certain varieties of Amaranth can grow up to eight feet tall. But those bred specifically for leaf production usually reach only one or two feet when grown-up. Regardless, make sure to consider your variety’s predicted medium size when choosing a planting location. Amaranth is a low-maintenance plant. Once developed, it needs very little attention and naturally resists most pests and diseases. But as a precaution, we suggested following these pest prevention best practices.
#4 Mustard Greens
Mustard is a cool-season leaf plant. Sow Mustard as early as 4 to 6 weeks before the average last frost date in spring or fall. Sow succession plants every 4 to 6 weeks. Mustard Greens need 30 to 40 days to reach harvest. Mustard Green plants so that they come to harvest before temperature average greater than 24°C. Sow Mustard in autumn or early winter in soft winter regions.
Kale is a cool-weather plant that can allow temperatures as low as -6.7°C. Kale does not allow heat. Direct seed or transplant kale so that it comes to harvest before daytime temperatures exceed 26°C. In cool-summer regions, plant kale in early spring and late summer to early fall harvest. In warm and dry-summer regions, plant Kale in late summer for harvest in early fall or winter. In cold-winter regions, Kale can be sown in fall for winter harvest.
When planting Cucumbers, select a site that has enough drainage and fertile soil. Good soil will have a lot of organic mulch, such as compost. Adding compost to the well-drained soil will help get your Cucumbers off to a good start, and applying organic fertilizer, such as manure and compost, will help give the plants nutrients during growth. When you start preparing the well-drained soil, remove any rocks, sticks, or other debris and then combine an ample quantity of organic matter and fertilizer into the well-drained soil. Cucumbers need to be planted in hills or rows about 1 inch or 2.5 cm deep and thinned as required. Since cucumbers are a climbing plant, they usually need a lot of space. In wide gardens, Cucumber climbed may spread throughout rows within smaller gardens; cucumbers may be trained for vine on a fence or trellis. Training Cucumbers on a fence or trellis will decrease space and lift the fruit off the soil. This procedure can also provide your garden with the closest appearance. The bush or compact varieties are completely suitable for growing in small spaces or even in containers.
Vegetable Planting Calendar in Vietnam
The garden arrangement is finished, the seeds have arrived. Then it’s almost time to start direct seed sowing. You may start putting in over different types of varieties of vegetables. Some are old favorites, many are new. Growing so many different types and varieties of vegetables is a bit overwhelming so once again generate a detailed vegetable planting calendar.
|Cabbage||February to June||June to October|
|Mustard greens||June to September||July to October|
|Lettuce||February to August||June-September|
|Malabar Spinach||March to July||April to October|
|Squash||March to April||June to September|
|Tomato||November to March||August to October|
|Carrot||February to August||June to October|
|Cucumber||February to August||April to July|
|Kale||March to May||July to November|
|Asparagus||January to February||April to June|
|Amaranth||April to June||May to October|
|Sweet potato||April to June||July to August|
|Bitter melon||March to April||July to September|
|Bok Choy||March to May||June to August|
|Bap Cai||March to May||June to August|
|Bamboo Shoots||May to December||March to May|
|Chayote||March to May||June to August|
|Peppers||March to April||June to October|
|Cauliflower||January to June||July to November|
|Peas||March to June||June to September|
|Onions||February to April||August to October|
|Broad beans||February to May||May to October|
|Beetroot||March to July||June to October|
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