Growing Vegetables In Turkey – Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Turkey and Vegetables Planting Calendar in Turkey – Hello everyone, we are here with a new topic today. If you live in turkey and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Then follow this complete article to know the basic calendar and planting dates of turkey vegetables.

Turkey is a country that bestrides Western Asia and Southeast Europe. It shares neighbors with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, the Black Sea to the north side.

Growing Vegetables in Turkey/Starting a Vegetable Garden in Turkey, Vegetable planting season and calendar in Turkey

  • Choose the right location

A successful vegetable garden requires plenty of sunshine and a little afternoon shade. This needs some thought, so spend a bit of period in your backyard watching the light at different periods of the day. Also, be careful with your trees and your neighbor’s trees. Watch the way the sun shades an area underneath a tree. A sunny winter position under a deciduous tree seems to be completely partially shaded when the tree leaves out.

  • What type of grounds do you want?

Raised or Square Foot Beds – Raised or square footbeds are one of the simplest ways to begin a vegetable garden. The substances are inexpensive, you don’t require tilling the well-drained soil, and there is a weed barrier that benefit prevents grass from getting into your garden ground. While square foot grounds are the most common, other choices work just as well.

Containers – If space is confined then containers are a great solution. Wide, medium, and small containers are great for growing all classify of vegetables. Some vegetables that do great in containers are Lettuce, Peppers, and Garlic. A container is infinitely practical and can be moved very easily to consider the best sun.

Plant directly in the soil – People has used this procedure of vegetable gardening for centuries. You need to shove and amend the well-drained soil before planting. Our ancestors did the shoving by hand and used organic manure to amend the well-drained soil. This still works today but using digging which can be rented at most home keeps and traditional borrowed from is plenty quicker. It is good to get a well-drained soil sample tested to see what your soil is missing. Most nurseries will have information on this as well as well-drained soil amendments. You will want to design rows with mounds for most vegetable planting. The concept of companion other planting is perfect for these sorts of grounds.

  • Start Plants or Seeds?

Some seeds like Lettuce are improved at this than others vegetables like Broccoli. For new gardeners, it is best to purchase small beginner plants rather than trying to propagate from seeds. If you are new to vegetable gardening, then that should possibly be your limit anyway. Select plants with strong stems and very good colors. Some seeds require to be sown the seed directly into the well-drained soil. Simple vegetable ones like Radishes, Carrots, Beans, Lettuce, Spinach, and Chard. Observe the package because some seeds do improve with soaking before planting.

  • Plan for watering

Unless you live in a location that gets a little rain shower every day, you will require a way to water your garden ground. Have had a watering system set up on a period and have used the hand watering procedure. Better luck when water by hand because also pulling weeds and checking for snail. Hand watering a garden ground is also a little bit of therapy. It normally takes about 15 or 20 minutes a day and thinks it’s a great way to begin a day or relax at the end of a day.

Seasonal Vegetables in Turkey

Not all vegetables are planted at the same period.  Cool-season vegetables such as Lettuce, Broccoli, and Peas grow in cooler weather conditions of early spring and fall. Warm-season such as Tomatoes, Peppers, and Cucumbers isn’t planted until the well-drained soil warms up in late spring and summer.

Plant some tall vegetables such as Pole Beans on a trellis or Sweet corn on the north part of the garden ground so they don’t partially shade shorter vegetable plants. If you do get partial shade in a part of your garden ground, save that area for small, cool-season vegetables. If partial shade is unavoidable in a portion of your garden ground, save those areas for cool-season vegetables which appreciate partial shade as the weather heats.

Most vegetables are annuals or planted each year. If you are planning on growing perennial plants such as Asparagus, Rhubarb, provide permanent locations or beds.

Consider that some plants mature fastly and have a very short harvest time like Radishes, Bush Beans. Other vegetable plants, such as Tomatoes, take longer to supply, but also produce for longer. Amaze plantings. You don’t want to plant all your Lettuce seeds at the same period, or all that Lettuce will require to be harvested throughout the same period.

Planting seasons in Turkey

  • Spring (March, April, May)

Spring is a prime season because the weather is slightly throughout the country and the days are long. Several people would agree that this is the very best season for Turkey. Maybe April can be rainy, but spring is the very great season for the benefit of the outdoors from strolls, evenings on the terraces, and nature getaways.

  • Summer (June, July, August)

The summer season is completely hot and dry in five of Turkey’s seven distinct climatic zones, but it is normally painless and the evenings are cool in inland areas.

  • Autumn (September, October, November)

Autumn is the second-best season for Turkey. The temperature begins to drop and it is colder first thing in the morning and late afternoon. Warm clothing, a light scarf, and jackets or blazers begin to become essential. There are traditional storms and flurries of cold weather in autumn.

  • Winter (December, January, February)

Winter is the very best season to experience skiing and another winter season in Turkey. It can be cold, rainy, and snowy, with traditional cold but sunny days everywhere, except the southwest edge of Turkey

Most Popular Vegetables to Grow in Turkey

  • Spinach

In case if you miss this: Potato Seed Germination.

Green Spinach
Spinach (Image source: pixabay)

Spinach or the kalmi saag is one of the fastest-growing greens, even when planting in a home garden ground, and can be grown from a cutting or a seed. The spinach requires wet soil to grow and can be planted along with water lily or the lotus plant. You have to ensure that the well-drained soil has adequate organic manure, and there is enough water in the container. It grows exceptional, especially if it has access to about three or four hours of sunlight every day. Perfect, spinach would grow in marshy areas, so if you can design that microclimate for the plant, you will be able to harvest it around the year. 

  • Romaine Lettuce

Lettuce is a cool-weather plant that grows very best when the daily average temperatures are between 13 and 18°C and the night temperatures are between 10 and 13°C. Most Lettuces are developed by direct seeding or transplanting. If you direct seed, sow seed no more than 1⁄4 inch deep down. If there is a danger of a late frost date after planting, cover with a row cover. Intersperse lettuce with decorative plantings. The colors and surface will accent your garden ground. Lettuce requires a soil pH level of 6.5 to 6.8. You need to plant in well-drained soil that is capable of holding moisture. You may require adding organic manure to the well-drained soil. If your manure too heavily, you may harbour snails that will feed on the lettuce, so mulch sparingly. They will grown-up in 40 to 50 days. 

  • Asparagus

Asparagus can be grown directly from seed, or roots. When planting a backyard plant of Asparagus, growing from roots in the far very easier, and normally more successful choice. It also leads to a much very earlier harvest. Asparagus plants are the roots of 1 to 2-year-old asparagus plants. They supply edible plants much faster than seeds because of their advanced stage of growth. Seed plants, with their very small, early growth, are difficult to retain weed-free from the early years. Asparagus seeds can also be very hard to germinate and are easily mistaken for weeds when maintaining the grounds. Asparagus roots can supply an edible plant the following year after planting. Unfortunately, when growing from seed, it can take up to three years to start any type of sizable harvest.

  • Artichokes

If you are growing Artichokes from seeds, you will have to begin indoors at least 8 weeks before the last frost date. The seedlings will have to be 60 days old before you plant them into the garden ground. You need to space them aside 6 to 8 feet as their full-grown-up size could go up to 6 feet large and 4 feet tall. They will require full sun, so crowding is not a choice.  These plants require plenty of water to grow their succulent stems and sprouts. Therefore, hydrate the well-drained soil completely at least 3 times a week. If the average temperatures outside get too hot, then it will prompt the Artichokes plants. The sprouts can be harvested once they start to reach 3 inches in diameter. Then, with gardening shear, snip the centre spot at the stem for a harvest.

  • Beets

Beets are a yearly plant that is in the same plant family as Spinach and Chard. Interestingly, they are also similar to common edible weeds such as goosefoot, lamb’s areas, and pigweed. This plant yields a beautiful two-for-one harvest and Nutritious greens as well as nutrient-dense roots. This makes them an efficient way to grow more supply with less work and with less space. A cool-season vegetable plant, they grow very best in the spring and fall seasons but can be nurtured around winter and summer as well with a little extra care. They require full sun or partial shade with at least four hours of sun each day. Rich well-drained soil is one of the more important substances of growing beets successfully.

  • Cabbage

Cabbage grows best in zones where there is a long, cool weather growing season with average temperatures between 7 to 24°C. Cabbage can tolerate frost and average temperatures as low as -6.70°C. Cabbage will bolt and go to seed in maximum temperatures greater than 26°C. Begin seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost date in spring. Sow seed outdoors when the well-drained soil can be preferred in spring. Place transplants in the garden ground when they are 3 to 4 inches or 7 to 10cm high as early as 3 to 4 weeks before the last frost date in spring. In cool-summer zones, cabbage plants in late frost date spring for a fall in the harvest. In soft-winter regions, begin seed in late summer about 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost for a winter or spring harvest. Cabbage comes to harvest in 80 to 180 days from seed and 60 to 105 days from transplants depending upon the many varieties.

  • Leeks

Leeks need 120 to 170 days to reach harvest depending on the many varieties. Leeks grow best in maximum temperature between 13 to 24°C. Growth will be slowed by hot weather conditions. Grow leeks from transplants begun indoors or from seed sown directly in the garden ground. Sow leek seeds indoors in early spring begin seed indoors 10 to 6 weeks before the last expected spring frost date. Transplant seedlings into the garden ground as early as 4 to 5 weeks before the last expected spring frost date when they are about 4 inches or 10cm in high. Transplants should be in the garden ground no later than early summer for autumn harvest. To supports, stocky stem growth, retain the tops of seedlings began indoors to 4 inches or 10cm high until they are transplanted into the garden ground. In soft winter climates, begins leeks indoors or direct sow seeds in the garden 12 weeks before the first frost date autumn for harvest in autumn or late winter. Leeks can allow warm temperatures but growth will be slowed. Grown-up leeks can allow cold and will survive under an insulating blanket of snow. Plant 12 to 15 leeks as per household member.

  • Cauliflower

A fresh, native plant of cauliflower is a thing of beauty crisp, nutritious, and intensely delicious. The perfect pH level is 6.0 to 6.8. Humus-rich well-drained soil amended with organic composted manure is best. Mix ½ cup of quiet organic fertilizer into the well-drained soil beneath each transplant. From seedling to harvest, cauliflower must grow steadily to make a wide plant and head. If growth slows, scratch additional fertilizer into the surface of the well-drained soil through each plant. Maintain even well-drained soil moisture with daily watering. Partial shade the establishing heads from the sun by tying up leaves or using newspaper. This is known as blanching and will retain them white. Add 20 to 25 days to the grown-up dates if direct sowing. Once head forms, check every day and trim when the florets are just starting to separate. At this point, the flavor is of high quality and the size is maximum.

  • Carrots

Normally, carrots can grow even in drier amend soils. The normal soil pH is through 6 and carrots will also need a light feeding of manure or some other organic nutrients. Ensure that the nitrogen content is not too high though, as this will cause the plant to have too much top growth thus obstruct the roots. Normally, carrots grow very well with a companion another plant like radishes or turnips, planted in between them in rows, which is helpful to both plants. About 10 to60 days after the carrot roots have reached a diameter of 1.3 cm, and then your carrot is getting ready for harvesting. Normally, carrots that have gone through one frost are a sweeter variety than usual. When they are harvested, first the well-drained soil area throughout the roots should be kindly dug out, and then the base of the stem should be completely gripped and pulled out. The roots should be washed before refrigeration and keep.

  • Cucumber

Plant cucumbers when maximum regular temperatures reach the mid 20°C. You need to space cucumbers 36 to 60 inches aside or 12 inches aside for trellised plants in a region with plentiful sun and fertile, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8. Better home-grown soil by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Cucumbers will grow fastly with little care. Be sure that they receive an inch of water per week. Make the most of your vegetable-growing efforts by daily feeding plants with a part of water-soluble vegetable plants. When soil is warm, add a surface layer of straw manure to retain fruit clean and benefit keep slugs and beetles away. Then harvest cucumbers when they are big adequate to eat.

Common Vegetables to Grow in Turkey

#1 Potato

Potatoes
Potatoes (Image source: pixabay)

Potato grows in the winter season. The perfect time to plant potatoes is a week or two before the frost. Potatoes should be planted far adequate so they wouldn’t run into each other underground. Collect some mounds of well-drained soil around the base of the plant as it retains growing. This method of  Hilling will protect the potatoes from sunburns as well as prevent them from turning green, bitter to taste, and moderately toxic. Potatoes should be ready to harvest about 50-60 days from planting. When the climb leaves attain a yellowish hue and wilt, it is an indication to harvest the potatoes. Harvest potatoes on a dry day as the well-drained soil will not be compact.

#2 Eggplant

You need to plant eggplant when the well-drained soil temperature is above 10°C and all chances of frost have passed. Confined space eggplant 24 to 36 inches aside and stake them once established to prevent toppling. Select a region with a lot of sunlight and fertile, well-drained soil. Better home-grown well-drained soil by mixing in the number of inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Retain well-drained soil moist but not soggy soaker hoses are a very great option. Retain your eggplants fed by feeding them regularly with a part of a continuous-release vegetable plant. Apply a surface layer of mulch made from organic manure, such as excellent garden ground leaves or bark, once plants reach 6 inches in high. Harvest eggplant when fruits stop growing and their skin will be shiny.

#3 Tomato

You may also check this: How To Grow Organic Lettuce.

Tomatoes
Tomatoes (Image source: pixabay)

Tomatoes are normally grown from seedlings that began indoors that are later transplanted into the garden ground. Tomato seeds sown are normally planted indoors as very early as 8 to 6 weeks before the maximum date of the last spring frost. Tomato seedlings are normally transplanted into the garden ground 1 to 3 weeks after the last frost. If an unexpected frost portends, transplants must be covered and protected. Early-season tomatoes need 50 to 60 days to reach harvest from transplanting mid-season tomatoes need 60 to 80 days and late-season tomatoes need 80 or more days.

#4 Peppers

Green Peppers
Green Peppers (Image source: pixabay)

Peppers are a cool-season plant to grow. You plant them and watch them take off. But, for average production, a little pampering is required. Plant peppers in the ground that receives full sun. Supply a sandy loam well-drained soil that drains well and contains a lot of organic manure. Depending on the maximum size of the pepper many varieties planted, spacing should be 12-18 inches aside. Peppers can double as decorative, so tuck some into flower grounds and borders. Most sweet peppers are grown up in 60-90 days. Hot peppers can harvest up to 150 days.

Vegetables Harvesting Calendar, Chart, Vegetable Planting/Sowing Calendar, Planting Season in Turkey

VegetablesPlanting SeasonHarvesting
SpinachJanuary to February60 days
Romaine LettuceMarch to April50 to 60 days
AsparagusSeptember to October60 days
ArtichokesMay to June85 to 100 days
BeetsMarch to May45 to 65 days
CabbageOctober to November90 to 120 days
LeekJanuary to February90 days
CauliflowerSeptember to October50 to 100 days
CarrotsOctober to November70 to 80 days
CucumberJune to August40 to 50 days
PotatoesSeptember to October60 to 90 days
EggplantJune to August65 to 80 days
TomatoJuly to August65 to 70 days
PepperOctober to November60 to 90 days
ArugulaJune to August40 days
Sweet potatoDecember to January90 to 120 days
CeleriacMarch to May90 to 120 days
ChicorySeptember to October85 to 100 days

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