Growing Vegetables In The Netherlands – Calendar

Growing Vegetables in the Netherlands

Hello Gardeners, we are back with a new topic and the topic is all about growing vegetables in the Netherlands and the vegetable planting calendar of the Netherlands. Do you will in the Netherlands and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to grow your own vegetables in the Netherlands. In this article, we will also mention all the requirements for growing vegetables in the Netherlands

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in the Netherlands

The Netherlands is a constituent country headquartered in Western Europe and with Territories belonging to the Caribbean. It is surrounded by countries Belgium and Germany. The Netherlands is mostly low-lying, located at the ground level of three vital European rivers Rhine, Meuse. Vegetable gardening is becoming more popular in the Netherlands. This is mainly because of the Dutch trust insupportable, positive interaction with nature, and better social engagement due to communal vegetable gardening luckily urban gardening is becoming more attainable for foreigners living in the Netherlands too. If you are not one of the lucky Amsterdam ex-pats with a big vegetable garden next to a desire house, but still want to grow something beautiful and the contemporary trend, then there seem to be some beautiful ideas for you.

A Step-by-Step Guide for Growing Vegetables in the Netherlands and Planting Calendar

Whether it is a balcony, small terrace, or even a rooftop, you need to look at it as an individual opportunity to produce something beautiful, healthy, and useful out of its space. It is very easy to set up because of green heaven full of flowers and fresh herbs and vegetables for cooking. The world’s largest exporter of vegetables, the Netherlands sells various bulbs, seeds, seedlings, and adult plants at relatively cut-price. So you won’t have to go through assets on your new hobby. Using very little space you can begin growing your vegetables too. This country has the ideal weather conditions for vegetables planting around the whole year

Basic Things to Remember to Start Vegetable Garden

  • Start with a small garden

If you are a beginner, then start with a very small garden. It’s improved to be thrilled by what you supply in a small garden than to be annoyed by the time responsibility a big one requires. A good size for a vegetable garden is 10×10 feet, about the size of a small ground. Keep it very simple. Choose up to five types of vegetables to grow, and plant a few of each type. You will get plenty of fresh supplies for your summer meals, and it will be very easy to retain up with the work. If 10×10 feet might intimidate, you can go smaller or observe growing vegetables in containers. With them, you don’t even require a backyard and a sunny deck or balcony works excellent.

  • How to choose a location for your garden ground

Select your growing location thoughtfully. If you can find your vegetable garden near to the house, this will make it very easier to harvest fresh produce or choose a handful of vegetables while cooking in the kitchen or outside on the grill. Don’t forget to observe the movement of the sun during the day. Direct your garden from north to south to get maximum sun exposure when plants are positioned from east to west they tend to partially shade each other too much. No matter where you put your vegetable garden or what you choose to plant, there are three basic requirements for vegetable success Sun, water, and soil.

  • Plan the right amount of sun

The quickest-growing vegetables require full sun at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight per day without obstruction from vegetables, shrubs, or fences. That’s why you won’t have much benefit if you plant sun-loving vegetables in partial shady spaces. If your backyard provides partial shade, plant vegetables and herbs that allow those conditions such as Lettuce, Kale, Chard, Spinach, Chives, Cilantro, Parsley, and Thyme. Root vegetables like Carrots, Radishes, and Beets seem also to work if your location gets at least four hours of direct sunlight a day. Or if you have a sunny spot, switch to container gardening. That way you can place sun-loving vegetables and herbs such as Tomatoes, Eggplants, Cucumbers, Peppers, Peas, Beans, Sweet corn, Squash, and, Basil.

  • Plenty of water

Watering carefully is key to vegetable garden success, especially in the warm, dry zone. During the first few weeks after seeds germinate or seedlings are transplanted, often watering retains plants strong. Once your plants are developed, it’s a very good idea to give your garden a long drink every few days alternately a little sprinkle every day. Then the water will move deeper into the well-drained soil, which supports roots to grow deeper, where they are better protected and improved ability to access nutrients they require to stay healthy. Clay soil dries out very slowly than sandy soil. Sunny, windy climate conditions dry out soil more quickly than cool, cloudy weather conditions. Feel the soil 3 to 4 inches down from the garden ground or container surface. If it feels dry, it’s the right time to water. It’s very important to do this even on rainy days because sometimes rainwater will run off alternately soaking into the soil, which does nothing for your vegetable garden.

  • Start plants in rich soil

For the very best harvest, your vegetable garden requires the best well-drained soil you can give it. Rich, well-drained soil is something you know when you feel it. It’s very easy to shove and drain well. But you can also inspect the soil type yourself by examining its surface. Pick up a paper trowel’s worth and put it in your hands. A little bit of sand, some silt soil and some clay soil. The mixture of these three types, and in which specific proportions, determines the surface of your garden soil. That surface affects drainage and the convenience of nutrients. You want well-drained soil that is dark, crumbly, and full of life. Fortunately, no manure what the surface may be, all soil can be better over time by incorporating organic manure into it.

  • Harvesting vegetables

Harvesting your vegetables is in your small vegetable gardening. Many vegetables can be harvested several times during the growing season. Leaf Lettuce, for example, will continue to grow and supply after you snip some of the disposed of, young leaves. Summer Squash or Zucchini and Cucumber can be harvested when the fruit is a few inches long or wider.

Seasons in the Netherlands

The Netherlands has four seasons that is winter from January to March, spring from April to June, summer from July to September, and autumn from October to December. The weather conditions in Utrecht in summer can be enjoyable, sunny, and warm, that is 20-28 °C. However, nothing is less expected than the weather, so we will likely have colder, cloudy, and rainy days from the summer as well or very hot and dry days.

  • The Netherlands in winter that is January-March
  • The Netherlands in summer that is July-September
  • The Netherlands in spring that is April-June
  • The Netherlands in autumn that is October-December

Vegetables to Grow in the Winter Season in the Netherlands

#1 Cauliflower

Cauliflower
Cauliflower (Image credit: pixabay)

Cauliflower is an annual cool-season plant, moderately to frost and light freezes. To protect from spreading club root and other soil-borne diseases, don’t compost any brassica roots. Pull and damage all infected vegetable plants. You need to plant in rows 2 1/2 to 3 feet apart, with 2 feet between vegetable plants. Plant transplants 1 inch deeper than they were grown in starting containers and cover with netting to prevent pests. Cauliflower can survive temperatures as low as -12°C.

#2 Potatoes

Planting just 2 to 3 inches below the well-drained soil can prevent your seed Potatoes from frost damage even during a hard freeze. Protect your Potato plants if you get a late beginning in the season with a hoop house or variable row cover to protect them from extending cold and wet weather.  Normal soil temperature for good growth stage ranges from 10°C to 21°C. A small planting of the easiest and early Potatoes may be strived by planting 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. The width between rows and overall Potato plant spacing is determined by the medium size of your garden; however, gardeners can get by with as very little as 1-2 feet between rows. Whatever your row spacing, shove a shallow trench about 6-8 inches deep. Plant the seed composition 10-14 inches apart in this trough.

#3 Beets

Beets are an annual cool-season plant, moderately to frost and light freezes. They thrive in all parts of the Netherlands country. Beets are near related to Spinach and Swiss chard and are once called blood turnips because of their bright red juice. Growing Beets will supply flavourful colourful roots and nutritious greens. Seeds are open-pollinated and multi-germ, where one seed high –yield a clump of 4 to 5 plants that require to be thinned. Although beets grow well during cold weather, the seedlings are developed more very easily under cool, moist weather conditions.

#4 Carrots

Carrots like loose, rich well-drained soil.  Carrots are an annual cool-season plant, moderately to frost and light freezes. They develop completely generally under a variety of temperature conditions, except very warm temperatures. It is frequently said that frost or cold weather conditions will make them even sweeter. Sow seeds evenly in a very shallow wrinkle, about 1/4 inch deep, and retain seeds moist so they will sprout germinate. Space rows about 12 inches apart and when the first leaves appear, thin to 1inch apart when true leaves appear, thin to 3 inches apart. Carrots can survive temperatures as below low as -9°C The looser the well-drained soil, the bigger variety you can grow very well, but lengthen the time of cold result in long, pale roots.

#5 Brussels sprouts

In case if you miss this: How To Grow Spinach In Greenhouse.

Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts (Image credit: pixabay)

Brussels sprouts have superficial roots, so as they become top-heavy, you may require staking them, extremely if exposed to strong winds. You need to plant in rows 3 feet apart, with 30 inches between the other plants. Brussels sprouts should not be grown within a 10-foot radius of any brassica growing spot within the last 3 years, required 7 years. Brussels sprouts are very high in calcium and iron, as well as a good source of vitamins A and C. The plant will withstand freeze and can be harvested until a moderately strikes. The best-quality Brussels sprouts are supplies during sunny days with light frosts at night. 

#6 Red Cabbages

Once seedlings have been developed and they have grown 2 to 3 true leaves, it’s the right period to transplant your red cabbage. Do these 2 to 3 weeks before the last scheduled frost date. If probable, transplant on a cloudy day so the seedling isn’t exposed to enormous sunlight. Select a good location in your garden or raised beds are perfect, but not essential. An area with partial shade is very best since red cabbage does like the sun, but cannot stand too much heat. You can also plant Red Cabbage directly into containers so you can move the containers around. Plant your Red Cabbage seedling into rich well-drained soil and scatter some organic substances into the soil.  Organic manure or compost will work well. Ensure that the soil is well-draining as cabbage cannot allow the wet soil. Red cabbage plant should be 12 to 24 inches apart in rows. The near you plant them, the smaller the Cabbage heads. Before planting outdoors, be ensure to harden off the plants for about a week. You can grow Red Cabbage alongside Cucumber and Board Beans.

Vegetables to Grow in the Summer Season in the Netherlands

#1 Cucumber

Cucumber plants are either climbing varieties with long climbs or bush varieties with shorter climbs. Cucumbers need to be planted in hills or grown on encouraging such as trellises, fences, or stakes. Select climbing varieties for growing on supports. The most popular way to grow cucumbers is in hills. Hills supply warmer well-drained soil and good drainage. Shove a hole 18 inches large and a foot deep. Add organic compost to design a mix of half soil, half compost, and fill the hole with this mixture, composing a six-inch-high mound. Plant five to six seeds per hill, one inch very deep in a ring on top of the hill. When the seedlings are about three weeks old, thin them to the two or three strongest cucumber plants per hill. Snip off alternately pull out the unwanted plants, so as not to disturb the roots of the remaining plants.

#2 Celery

Celery seed is normally started indoors about 10 weeks before it is period to set the plants outdoors – that is after the well-drained soil is warm and the air temperature is settled. The seed is minute and over-particular and is started in much the same manner as African violet seed, in near containers to retain seedlings moist. Soak seeds overnight to benefit germination. Transplant seedlings outside when they are 4 to 6 inches high and night temperatures don’t fall below 5°C. Water plants before they are cut-off. You need to plant in rows 2 feet apart with 6 to 8 inches between plants. Celery allows light frost only.

#3 Courgettes

Courgettes are one of the very easiest vegetables to grow and will infrequently disappoint.

Give them well-drained soil and a lot of water, and each plant will supply up to 20 fruits. There are plenty of these fertile performers to select from, and not all of the green and straight. You could try a yellow, white, or striped many varieties, or even a beautiful ball-shaped courgette. The Courgettes plants themselves come in two types. The majority grow as moderately compact bushes. You will require being vigilant once the young fruits begin to develop, as they can grow to harvest medium size within a together of days. Pick them daily and they will plant for most of the season. The flowers can also be the best hallow as an attractive gourmet treat.

#4 Broad Beans

Broad Beans plants contain square-sectioned dedicate stems with leaves divided into 2 to 7 leaflets. These leaves are climbing and bluish-grey or green in colour. The plants normally stand 90 to 120cm high. Leathery bean pods are supplied once the white-and-black coloured flowers are bushed. The 15 to 20cm tall pods can be expected to comprise upwards of four moderately kidney-shaped beans, light green. Broad beans are nitrogen-fixing plants that enrich the well-drained soil in which they are planted.

#5 Sweet Corn

Sweet corn is one of its kinds of vegetables which come in many varieties from yellow, white, and bi-coloured types. Its seeds are mild, flavourful, and are used to prepare some popular cooking dishes. Sweet corn grows very well with wind pollination.

As each plant is known to supply one or two mounts, so whether you are growing sweet corn in the garden or growing sweet corn at home, it would need adequate spacing to shed their pollen from male to female tassels. Other than the suitable spacing, a growing sweet corn plant needs warm and dry climates to grow to its fullest capacity. Around the corn growing season, a sweet corn plant needs a lot of water to support its growth.

Vegetable to Grow in the Spring Season in the Netherlands

#1 Asparagus

Planting Asparagus seeds is exercises self-restraint, but one of the most enriching of all garden work. Asparagus seeds germinate very slowly, and the crowns take three seasons before they can handle started harvested. However, the grower’s patience is very well recompensed by early-season harvests of asparagus with a flavour not to be found on keep shelves anywhere. You will wish you had planted a very bigger Asparagus ground.

#2 Spring Onions

Spring Onions are very easy to grow, have a fairly short growing time, and take up confined space in the garden. You need to plant spring onions 1/4 inch intense and 3 to 4 inches apart in matched rows, leaving 6 to 10 inches between rows. Spring Onions are as hardy as they come. Onions have a white stem and white skin making them a very beautiful scallion for gourmet dishes.

#3 Rhubarb

You may also check this: How To Grow Hydroponic Parsley.

Rhubarb
Rhubarb (Pic source: pixabay)

Rhubarb is a perennial vegetable famous for its tart-delicious pinkish-green stems, although it’s used as a sweetened fruit in pastry, tarts, and jams.  Plant one-year-old rhubarb crowns in early spring as soon as the garden ground is achievable when the roots are still resting, and before growth start or as plants are just starting to leaf out. Rhubarb can also be planted in the spring after dormancy has set in. Rhubarb can be grown from seed very well, but this is not suggested. It takes many years for rhubarb plants to be grown-up mature to produce a very good harvest.

#4 Peppers

Pepper plant should be spaced 12 to 48 inches apart, depending on the type.  Peppers require well-drained, nutrient-rich soil. Amend soil with 3 to 5 inches of aged compost or other organic manure before planting. Soil pH should be 6.2 to 7.0 levels. Retain soil frequently moist around the growing season. Mulch soil to decrease water evaporation. Pepper is a hot-weather plant. A light freezes will damage plants -2 to 0 °C, and temps below 12 °C slow growth and cause leaves to look yellowish. Some peppers turn red, yellow, or other colours at grown-up. Others are ready in the green stage but will turn red if left on pepper plants. Use pruning cutters or a sharp knife to cut peppers with a short stub of stem attached. Pulling peppers by hand can cause total branches to break off.

#5 Artichokes

You need to plant Artichokes in full sun in well-drained and fertile soil. The plant grows fastly to 4-feet high, so requires a lack of nutrients and plenty of water. Artichokes don’t like cold, wet soil, so if your garden has heavy clay soil, then plant on a raised bed. Spring planted artichokes start setting flower buds in mid-summer about 80 to 90 days after planting. Buds should be right time harvested when they are still firm, but full size. The first bud is the very largest bud. Cut the sprout a few inches below the flower. Smaller side sprouts will continue to form and can be harvested until freeze. A wide, healthy plant can yield up to 20 buds.

Vegetables to Grow in the Autumn Season in the Netherlands

#1 Aubergine

Don’t wait until spring to make your sowings seeds, begin your Eggplant off in late winter. You will require coddling the seedlings but it will be worth it. To minimize root trouble and make life very easier than direct sow the seeds into modules of seed organic compost, though you could of course sow into containers of compost and prick out the seedlings into their containers once they are big adequate. Starting in the Tomato family the seeds look much the same, so they are very easy to handle and sow uniquely. Cover them with a layer of vermiculite or organic compost and pop them into a heated propagator. Perfectly, you will want a temperature of 24°C for speedy germination, although 21°C would be enough. Retain the compost moist but certainly not wet.

#2 Parsnips

For a flavourful winter Parsnip harvest, plants should be tolerant to experience at least two weeks of steady temperatures between 0-4°C. Parsnips are harvested in late autumn or early winter after their floating foliage has to sag from frost. Gardeners can harvest all the Parsnips to keep or they can be left in the garden ground to be harvested as required throughout winter. From seed, Parsnips can take 105-130 days to reach grown-up. When planted in spring, they reach grown-up in the heat of late summer and do not establish their sweet flavour. Seeds are normally planted as a substitute in mid-to-late summer for harvesting parsnips in winter.

#3 Kales

Snow can prevent plants from the uttermost cold so that they keep in the garden longer. Kale is one of these plants. Very moderately Kale can be planted pretty much anywhere where there’s a cool fall growing season. It’s a cool-season plant, hardy to frosts and light freezes. Kale’s flavor is reported to better and sweeten with frost. Plant Kale grows very well in rows 18 inches to 2 feet apart. When the seedlings are 3 or more inches tall, thin plants to 10 inches apart and use the decrease for salads or as a cooked vegetable.

#4 Collards

Collard greens
Collard greens (Pic credit: pixabay)

Collard greens are the coldest resistant of any plant in the moderately Brassica family. Collards can withstand winter temperatures. Down to -15°C and they normally come through the cold even more flavourful. Collard greens are various loose-leafed planters of Brassica oleracea, part of the Acephala group, which also comprise Cabbage and Broccoli.  The plants are grown for their wide, dark-coloured, suitable leaves and as a garden attractive. The plant is commercially planting for its thick, moderately bitter, edible leaves.  Largely considered to be a portion of healthy food, collard greens are fine sources of vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, calcium, and manganese, and slightly sources of riboflavin and foliate.

#5 Turnips

Turnips supply small soft-flavoured bulbs that do not keep very well but are excellent for eating fresh like Radishes. Most several varieties are grown either for fresh expanding, for fall harvest, or greens. Turnips like cooler weather conditions especially at night. Turnips have been known to survive temperatures as low as -4°C. Turnips lose much of their spiciness and assemble sugar when they grown-up in cold weather.

Vegetable Planting Calendar in the Netherlands

VegetablesPlanting SeasonDays to Harvest
TurnipsOctober to December30 to 60 days
PepperApril to June60 to 90 days
CarrotJanuary to March70 to 80 days
CucumberJuly to September50 to 60 days
CeleryJuly to September85 to 120 days
KaleOctober to December60 days approx.
CauliflowerJanuary to March90 to 120 days
Spring onionsApril to June70 to 90 days
AuberginesOctober to December100 to 150 days
AsparagusApril to June60 to 90 days
CollardsOctober to December55 to 75 days
RhubarbApril to June90 days
ParsnipsOctober to December120 to 180 days
Sweet cornJuly to September60 to 100 days
ArtichokesApril to June85 to 100 days
Red cabbageJanuary to March70 days
Broad beansJuly to September90 days
BeetsJanuary to March50 to 65 days
CourgettesJuly to September50 to 60 days
PotatoesJanuary to March80 to 100 days
Brussels SproutsJanuary to March80 to 90 days
TomatoesJuly to September90 to 140 days

1 COMMENT

  1. It’s good to see farming world Second place to growings vegetable. I am so interest to learn more about farming if it’s possible. I will come and learn more of farming

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