Growing Vegetables in Qatar
Hello gardeners, we think you are feeling bored with reading all the articles about Indian growing types? So, today we are back with a new topic and the topic is all about growing vegetables in Qatar. Do you all want to know how and what type of vegetables usually grow in Qatar? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to know about growing vegetables in Qatar.
Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Qatar
Growing your own vegetables is helpful to your health for many reasons. We support you and your family to eat more fresh supply. You get to choose if you want to use organic fertilizers and pesticides, and if so, which ones. It also lets you under control when to harvest your planting vegetables that ripen in the garden ground have more nutrients than some store-bought freshly vegetables that must be chosen early.
Everyone likes very good vegetable food and if it’s something prepared out of vegetables grown right in your backyard then it is simply the very best. Around the concept of having a backyard garden ground is gaining popularity the world over, either lack of space or lack of knowledge solutions in very few trying to work towards it.
A Step-By-Step Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables in Qatar, Growing Calendar
That being said, Qatar’s climate conditions and soil do not provide perfect conditions for growing many kinds of vegetables. The hot weather is tougher on vegetable plants than it is on people. It’s very easy to understand why when you observe that our water bodies accommodate about 60% water and most vegetable plants are 85 to 90 % water. So when temperatures rise, vegetable plants get even thirstier than we do. Like many people, some vegetable plants allow the heat improves than others. Knowing which vegetable plants like it hot and which do not will help your backyard garden survive and even thrive in hot weather conditions.
Some vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and melons are plants that do fairly well in a hot climate condition like in Qatar. As long as they don’t run out of water, this sun-adorer is well provided to survive the heat. On hot climatic days, they conserve energy and moisture by slowing down. While quiet, their foliage may appear to wilt from the lack of water, but as the evening approaches, they will perk up again. Heat-loving vegetable plants are thirsty the average tomato plant requires more than 30 quarts of water in the summer season.
Basic Things to Remember When Growing Vegetables in Qatar
- Select the Right Type of Sunlight Spot
Ensure your vegetable patch is an area that isn’t crowded by trees and gets plenty of sunlight. If you don’t have a backyard in which to vegetable plants, you can still grow your vegetables and herbs in planters. The area should get about 8 to 10 hours of direct sunlight a day for the very best results, and no less than 6 hours of direct sunlight. However, if the sunlight is too extreme, it seems to scorch the tender foliage. In that case, gardeners recommend using partial shade netting. It will keep the moist soil and the air temperature as much as 10 ℃ cooler and will decrease moisture loss. Suspend the partial shade netting several inches above your vegetable plants.
- Prepare Your Soil
According to Doha, it is the capital of Qatar, September is the right period to till the soil before vegetable planting, but don’t let this put you off if you are only starting now. It will take a little extra work and you may have to vegetable plant a little later in the season. If you are using planters then all you require is a good potting mix, available at your local area nursery.
Soil is essentially a collection of mineral substances of different sizes. If most particles are large like sand, water passes through fastly. Adding organic compost or organic matter to your soil will better texture, fertility, and drainage. If your accomplish has not been planted before, you may have the extra work of removing rocks and boulders. Be prepared to find all variety of scrap and waste as you work the soil. Topsoil, which is available locally, can be spade and combined evenly. Continue to do so until the moist soil is as excellent as possible.
- Plan Your Plot
Plan which vegetables and herbs you want to add to your backyard garden. Select varieties that are home-grown to the Middle East or similar climate conditions. A local nursery should be able to suggest you. Take advantage of the characteristics of your site, such as full sun, partial shade, wind, and soil. Check the back of the vegetable seeds packets for how much spacing each of your vegetables will require and what a group of vegetable plants by their water requires. Add sufficient of each to fit your prepared garden site, and then you are ready to grow.
Ruth Martinez Sabry, a Qatar-based green thumb, brought her seeds from nurseries, supermarkets, and the Omani Souq. She says they have different types of varieties of Asian seedlings coming from India and Sri Lanka. Which grow well in Qatar’s climate conditions?
They prefer sweet potatoes, cassava, papaya, lemongrass, and gourd. Another local gardening enthusiast, Nadia Hassan, claims her biggest fail was trying to grow carrots, and tomatoes, etc. as they did not grow much bigger than one inch. Her tomatoes and eggplant, though, are an enormous success. Other gardeners have reported success with some vegetables such as melons, broccoli, spinach, beans, radishes, lettuce, and herbs like basil, mint, and coriander.
- Sow Your Seeds
When the temperature falls below 30℃ throughout this period of the year, it is time to sow the seeds. Some vegetable plants like tomatoes, lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, okra, papaya, and Chillies are great, to begin with. If you want to vegetable plants directly into the garden ground, ensure the soil is moist, sow them about half an inch deep, or scatter the seeds thinly over a spot. Take care when you watering your moist soil after planting the vegetable seeds. They recommend watering the soil thoroughly two hours before vegetable planting your seeds. If you water the soil afterward, you may disturb the seeds,
You can also plant in seed trays or plates and then transplant when the seeds germinate. They use eggshells and yogurt cups to grow their seedlings as a replacement for seed trays or plates. Ensure you label your germinating seeds you will never remember all the vegetables you planted, so label every single cell, they suggest.
When it comes time to cut the plants, ensure you water the seedlings until the root ball is completely soaked 24 hours before planting. The right time to vegetable plant your seedlings are in the afternoon, after sunset when the heat of the day is decreasing.
And finally, it takes at least two-three weeks for your vegetable seedlings to sprout and show some leaves.
Keep watering, but if the temperature drops, the vegetable plants require less water. Examine the soil by sticking your finger one or two inches below the surface of the soil. If it feels dry, then supply water. Water thoroughly to moisten all the soil and then tolerate it to dry before watering again. Fertilize at regular intervals, using a water-soluble formula every 10 to 14 days to supply vegetable plants with the nutrients required to grow. The most feared task of all is weeding, but it must be done. As long as they are young, you can very easily pull them out of your backyard garden. Once the weeds go to vegetable seeds, however, you will have to fight them for years to come.
If you are prepared to invest in drip watering and soaker hoses, these will make watering easier, help to limit weed growth, and minimize evaporation loss. You could also use a mulch to keep water, block those thirsty weeds and decrease evaporation. 6 to 8 inches or 15 to 20 cm layer of mulch can cut water requires in half. Naturally derived mulch, like wood chips rather than rubber bits, keeps some water and increases the humidity level throughout vegetable plants. Remember, healthy vegetable plants require less water, fertilizer, and pest control than stressed plants. By retaining on top of tasks weeding, pruning, and thinning, monitoring pests and you will water less often.
Common Vegetables That You Can Grow In Qatar
In case if you miss this: How To Grow Strawberries In Greenhouse.
Tomatoes add beautiful color and interest to a raised ground. They are so versatile that they will thrive in a container or intertwined with other vegetables such as onions, peppers, and lettuce. Stake your tomato plants as soon as you get them into your ground and always remember to water tomato plants at the moist soil level, not from above. Squeeze off suckers early to retain the vegetable plant under control and rotate your tomatoes between raised beds each year. This will help retain your tomato plants are strong and pest-free.
No raised bed may be complete without some carrots. Carrots grow to improve in raised beds where the soil is loose and there is enough aeration. A raised bed that is at least 10 to 12 inches deep is perfect for carrots with well-draining soil. They like direct sunlight but can grow well with 4 to 6 hours of the hot sun. Sow carrot seeds 2 to 4 weeks before your last frost. If you live in the warmer climatic condition areas you can sow seeds again in the mid-summer for a fall harvest. Some of my favorite carrot types to grow in raised beds include fast-grownup Amsterdam, Chantenay for their excellent flavor, and Autumn King because they store well over the winter season.
Cucumbers are abundant producers and an ideal for eating straight off the vine, tossing in salads, or pickling. Look to occasionally, burpless or different types of varieties that are hard to find at the store, such as Persian cucumbers, lemon cucumbers, and Cucamelons are all wonderful vegetable plants. Cucamelons, which are a gherkin, are not true cucumbers but are grown as such. Both are harsh and appealing and pack extra champ thanks to their very small size. Cucumbers can be trained to climb an a-frame trellis, while Cucamelons will even mount an arbour. Cucumber plants in rich well-drained soil and required full sun in the spring and water regularly for summer-long harvests. Corn is one of the ultimate companions of other plants for cucumbers, and beans and peas are also good to supports your cucumbers to do well.
#4 Bell peppers
You may also check this: How To Grow Onions In Greenhouse.
Bell peppers can be grown side-by-side with tomatoes as well as eggplants because they have similar growing requirements. They all prefer direct full sun, rich well-drained soil, and consistent deep watering. To help retain your bell peppers well-watered, use a bubbler or a Thumb Control Watering Nozzle. Ensure to the water near soil level whenever possible to protect soil-borne diseases from splashing on lower pepper leaves. Grow different types of varieties, such as sweet or hot peppers to add to pizzas and salsas or for roasting. In incorporation to the tomato and eggplant companion plants, peppers can be planted near carrots, radishes, summer squash, and members of the Allium family such as onions and garlic.
Lettuce of all types of blossoms in the open soil environment of raised beds and containers. Lettuce grows well grown from seed sown directly into the raised bed or container sometime in early March depending on where you live. As long as you give lettuce an abundance of water, you can lettuce plant in a shallow container or raised bed. It grows fastly and is perfect to use in between peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, cauliflower, and broccoli. Try loose leaf and butterhead different types of varieties that you can cut and they come again. The powerful antioxidants in lettuce help to lower cholesterol levels, promote regular sleep, decrease inflammation, prevent neurons, and may protect the onset of serious health conditions like cancer.
Eggplant is a warm-weather plant that is harvested in mid-to late-summer. Eggplants blossoms in high temperatures much as peppers or tomatoes do. It requires well-drained soil and shouldn’t be planted until at least 3 to 4 weeks after the last frost. Even though they love the heat, eggplant roots require being moist and cool around the growing season, so we make sure to add mulch on the ground to help the root systems keep as much moisture as possible. Eggplant does well when other companions are planted with amaranth, beans, peppers, and spinach or thyme.
Beets are tasty incorporation to a raised bed. They can even be grown all winter long in many countries. Beets present cool weather and do best when beets are planted early in the spring. Beets do best when planted in raised ground that is 8 to 12 inches high. Beets also present sandy moist soil which you could put in your raised ground. Beets are loaded with vitamin C which helps to retain your immune system strong. They also contain a good quantity of potassium which is essential for healthy nerve and muscle function and manganese which keeps helps your bones, kidneys, pancreas, and liver stay healthy.
A beet also retains your blood pressure regulated and helps the body detox. The good thing about beets is that you can harvest and eat both the beetroot itself as well as the beet greens which are packed with antioxidants. One of my favorite way to eat beets is to steam them and then fry them in a very little bit of coconut oil and top with raw butter and sea salt.
What Type Of Vegetables Grows In Qatar?
Believe it or not, you can grow anything in Qatar with the right and suitable conditions. Over the past seven years, we’ve witnessed a variety of, vegetables, and herbs from beetroot and kale to tomatoes and Chilli growing on home grounds. Start with very easy growing vegetable plants that can blossom in most conditions. Herbs are one of the easiest to planting they can grow indoors and outdoors. They are also a very simple and easy way to add a punch of flavor to meals.
Be making sure to grow to supply that you love. If you constantly crave salad then planting a tropical variety of lettuce, mustard leaves, rocket, kale, Swiss chard, tomatoes, and cucumber plants. If you like roasting vegetables during the winter months then better to plant carrots, potatoes, and other starchy vegetables. Make a list of supplies to grow. This will make sure that you regularly harvest your plant to supports regrowth and nothing will go to waste. It’s important to take advantage of the milder climate condition during winter so bear in mind that some plants will naturally take longer to yield. For fast-growing supply, grow microgreens, rockets, lettuce, courgettes, and herbs. These will supply early pickings and make way for you to sow more produce.
When to Grow Vegetables in Qatar?
There are two very distinct seasons around in the year very hot summer and very mild winter. The planting season in Qatar generally starts in September and continues until April and May although this is changing due to new planting methods and greenhouses. Nowadays, with some pre-planning and prevention from the harsh climate, native produce can be grown all year round, even during the summer season. For outdoor growing start planting seeds and seedlings now and you should have grown-up produce ready to eat within a few months. Indoor growing can decrease the impact of the intense summer temperatures, wind, and dust storms, but typically has decreased sunlight coupled with air conditioning so we make sure to find a sunny shade spot inside that is not in direct aim of the air-conditioner.
Common Vegetable Planting Calendar in Qatar
|Vegetable plant||Sow indoors||Plant outdoor||Days to maturity||Ideal harvest time|
|Tomatoes||March||May||70 to 85 days||Summer to Fall|
|Carrots||March||April||70 to 75 days||Fall|
|Beets||March||April and September||55 to 60 days||Spring and Fall|
|Eggplant||April||May to Sept||80 to 85 days||Summer to Fall|
|cucumber||April||May to Sept||55 to 60 days||Summer to Fall|
|potatoes||January-Sept||April||90 to 120 days||Summer|
|Bell peppers||April||May to July||70 to 75 days||summer|
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