Growing Vegetables In Portugal – Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Portugal and Vegetables Gardening/Planting Calendar in Portugal: Portugal is one of the best countries where you can like so several outdoor life. One of the major reasons why people move permanently to Portugal is to enjoy the long warm summer. Due to the warm climate, you will spend most of your time outside your house. As a result, you will observe that most homes and apartments normally have a balcony where you can like the outdoor activities. However, if you love gardening, it might be a bit challenging due to the hot weather. In this article, we shall share some vegetable gardening tips that will give you the best results in Portugal.

A Guide for Growing Vegetables in Portugal, Vegetable Planting Season, and Calendar in Portugal

1. Vegetables can be mature on moist well-drained soil provided they are fertile. Choose an open though not exposed location, where vegetable plants can receive average sunlight.

2. Vegetable plants are grown on the flat, in drills, or on raised beds also called deep garden grounds. Select the system that suits you very best. Or maybe a mixture of all three.

3.  Position perennial vegetables include Asparagus, Rhubarb, Seakale, Horseradish, and other plants which remain in one place for many years to one part so that they do not interfere with the planting of annual plants.

 4. Grow the early maturing plants together so that when they are harvested the garden ground may be planted with late vegetables such as early Potatoes, Scallions, Lettuce, Spinach, and Radish could be kept to by Savoy Cabbage, Winter Cauliflower, or Late Celery.

5. Vegetables are usually either sown directly into the garden ground. Where they are too grown-up called direct drilling or else the seed is sown into a garden ground and later on the young baby plants or transplants are planted out into their final position. These root vegetables are Carrots, Parsnips, Scallions, Beetroot, Swedes, Spinach, Radish, Peas, and Beans are normally direct drilled, while the green leafy vegetables or brassicas, Lettuce, Celery, and Courgettes are transplanted. Leeks, Onions, and Sweetcorn are examples of plants that can either be shoving or planted

6. Retaining annual vegetable plants mature, planting distances, several varieties, dates of seed sowing, transplanting or harvesting, etc.

7. Vegetable growing can get confusing due to the wide number of different types of vegetables that are obtainable and the several different ways of growing them. If you are a beginner you are improved off by beginning small and grow something very easy like Cabbage, Onion sets, or Beetroot. Look after them very well and you will get ready for harvest

Growing Conditions for Vegetables in Portugal

When it approaches vegetable gardening, the most important substances to observe are soil, sunlight, plant types, and maintenance.

  • Soil for growing vegetables

The well-drained soil in the vegetable garden should be loose and include organic manure. Organic matter betters the well-drained soil by releasing nitrogen, minerals, and other nutrients required for healthy plant growth. Composting is a great way to add fertility to poor soil regions. Nearly any vegetable plant substance can be composted and used in the garden ground. Kitchen waste such as fruits, vegetables, eggshells, or coffee grounds can be used as well as bottom leaves, lawn cuttings, and straw. The well-drained soil should also provide enough drainage therefore, it may be essential to locate your garden in a region that does not allow vegetable plants to sit in overly saturated positions.

  • Sunlight requirements

Another concern in site location is the quantity of sunlight. While some vegetables may allow a small quantity of partial shade, most plants s depend on at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight to grow adequately and maintain overall health. A kindly slope facing south benefit earlier plants get started. Try to keep away areas with extreme cool conditions, however. If there is no other alternative because of your certain landscape, then try to add some type of barriers such as a fence, hedge, or tree to protect your plants but be make sure to retain any hedges or trees at a safe distance, as they can either cast too much partial shade onto the garden or firm with plants for nutrients or moisture.

  • Vegetable Plants

The types of plants must suit the weather condition requirements very well. It is normally a good idea to acquaint you with the different types obtainable and their requirements. For instance, vegetables normally fall within one of four types they are hardy, half-hardy, tender, extremely tender.

Hardy – These types of vegetable plants can generally allow temperatures below freezing and are normally the first to be put into the vegetable garden. Hardy vegetable varieties include Onions, Radishes, Broccoli, Cabbage, and Asparagus.

Half-hardy – These types can allow light frosts and can be put into the garden moderately before the last frost is expected. Half-hardy vegetable varieties include Beets, Carrots, Cauliflower, Lettuce, or Potatoes.

Tender – Tender plants do not allow cooler temperatures and are very easily damaged by frost. As a result, these should not be put into the vegetable garden up to well after any danger of frost. These vegetables are Sweet corn, Beans, and Tomatoes normally fall into this category.

Extremely tender – The most tender of all plants include the climb-growers like Cucumbers, Melons, Squash, and Pumpkins. A temperature of at least 18°C or more is needed for these types of vegetable plants. For this reason, a three to four-week time after all frost has passed is required before placing them into the garden ground.

  • Maintaining the Vegetable Garden

Maintenance is very important for vegetable gardening, too. Keep away from planting too several vegetable plants or those with which you are unusual. The inability to correctly maintain a vegetable garden leads to poor growth and establishment of plants as well as an unkempt appearance. Once the harvest season is over, the removal of dead plant elements is suggested for the prevention of pest or disease problems later on. A garden cannot grow vegetables correctly if any of these are present and should be reduced fastly once an unearthing is made.

A Year in Vegetable Garden

One of the most difficult things for vegetable gardeners to get used to when moving to Portugal from colder countries is knowing what to plant when. Like most objects in life, there is no golden act. The weather in Portugal is not set in stone, so neither should your vegetable planting program be.

Some year’s summer seems to begin from March, other years it can still be wet and cool in May. It is very important to sow seeds when the well-drained soil is moist, not waterlogged, and has had a few days of sunshine to warm it up. Most seeds detest cold wet soil, only broad beans and peas seem to be able to survive. Sweet pepper, Sweet corn, and Melons require the well-drained soil very warm to sprout and cope with.

  • January

Sowing the seeds in the garden ground such as Broad Beans, Lettuces, Chinese Cabbage, Peas, Onions, Mangetout peas, Potatoes, Cabbages, and Cauliflowers for spring and summer use. Other tasks shoving in organic manure to grounds ready for summer vegetables and adding lime to the well-drained soil that is to grow Beans and Brassicas adding fertilizer or muck to Cabbages still growing weeding throughout existing plants.

  • February

These vegetables are Carrots, Lettuces, Peas, Radish, and Swiss chard, Turnips for tops and Roots, Beetroot, Potatoes. Other works are shoving over and prepare seedbeds and permanent grounds for summer vegetables earth-up potatoes as essential spray potatoes for blight if essential weed as necessary and decrease carrots.

  • March

Sowing these vegetables are grown in garden grounds such as French Beans, Vining Beans, Carrots, Cucumber, Lettuce, Pumpkin, Potatoes, Melons, Tomatoes, Sweet Potatoes for fall, Lettuces, Radishes, Okra. Other works are prepared watering systems to weed summer grounds weed Carrots carefully transplant Cabbages and Cauliflowers and young plants transplant Onions add organic manure to well-drained soil limed in January.

  • April

Sowing summer plants that failed to flourish last month can still be sowed, plus Courgettes and Melons. More Beans, Eggplants, Carrots, Cucumbers, and Radishes can be sowed to make sure a constant produces. Other works are transplant Lettuces,

  • May

Sowing these vegetables like Cucumbers, Pumpkins, Sweet Pepper, Sweet Corn, and Brussels sprouts. Other works are prepared ground for sweet potato fall over retain beans well watered.

  • June

Anything sowed seeds now will have to thrive in the hot summer months. More vegetables such as Beans, Pumpkins, Courgettes, and Cucumbers can be sown but will require a lot of water. Other works are cut fall over from the sweet potatoes and transplant to permanent ground.

  • July

Vegetables such as French Beans, Carrots, Cucumbers, Pumpkins, and Potatoes. To get an early begin you could also start some Cauliflowers and Cabbages ready for transplanting six weeks later. Other works prepare grounds for brassica young plants transplants lime first; wait a month then organic manure.

  • August

Sowing vegetables such as French beans, Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Pumpkins, Potatoes, mange-tout peas for a November plant. Other works are transplanting Cabbage and Cauliflower seedlings if they have five accurate leaves.

  • September

Sowing: As long as it is still sunny shade and not too wet several plants can still be sown seeds are garden ground. French beans, Cabbages, Carrots, Lettuces, Chinese cabbage, and the last vegetable planting of Potatoes. It should now be cooling sufficient to start winter radishes and turnips as well as small radishes. Other works prepare grounds for planting broad beans and peas that are going to over-winter.

  • October

Sow these vegetables Broad Beans and Peas, Lettuces, Radishes, Winter Radish, Carrots to overwinter. Other works are transplanted cabbage seedlings if they have five accurate leaves.

  • November

Sowing: Vegetables such as Broad beans and Peas and other works such as transplant any more cabbage seedlings that have five accurate leaves.

  • December

If you are desperate to sow seeds you can put in Broad beans and Peas. Lettuces will sprout and grow fastly under a makeshift cold mount.

Planting Seasons in Portugal

  • Spring in Portugal during March to May
  • Summer in Portugal during June to mid-September
  • Autumn in Portugal during mid-September to early December
  • Winter in Portugal during December to February

Spring: Spring in Portugal starts early. Nature wakes up in late February to March. The mostly vegetables during the spring season are Beetroot, Rhubarb, Broccoli, Capsicum, and Tomatoes.

Summer: At the high of the summer season air on the continental portion of Portugal warms up to 30°C. Fortunately, such temperature is well allowed due to the dry climate and a completely low level of humidity. These vegetables during the summer season are Broad beans, Potatoes, Cucumber, and Peas

Winter: Winter in Portugal is soft and the coastal regions are the warmest. The northern portion of the country has cooler weather with a maximum temperature of about 5°C to 9°C. By night-time temperatures fall over to 0°C or -4°C but frosts are unfamiliar. These vegetables are Radish, Turnips, Carrots, Spinach, and Lettuces

Autumn: Soft warm weather conditions, cool water, and overwhelming sunny days are the most that can be expected from September. These Vegetables are Brussel Sprouts, Pumpkins, Onions, and Leeks

What Are the Vegetables to Grow in Portugal?

Vegetable TypeVegetables
BudBrussels sprout
BulbOnion, Garlic, and Shallot
Enlarged stemKohl rabi, Swede, and Turnip
FruitTomato, Pepper, Cucumber, Courgette, and Marrow
Immature flower budCauliflower, Broccoli, and Globe Artichoke
Immature pod and seedFrench bean, and Runner bean
LeafHerbs, Chive, Lettuce, Swiss chard, Spinach, Cabbage, Kale, Chinese cabbage, and Parsley
Pseudo stemLeek, Salad Onion
RootCarrot, Parsnip, Radish, Beetroot, Salsify, and Scorzonera
SeedPeas, Broad beans, and Sweet corn
TuberJerusalem Artichoke, Potato, and Sweet potato

Important Vegetables to Grow in Portugal

#1 Asparagus

In case if you miss this: Growing Vegetables In Florida.

Asparagus (Image source: pixabay)

You need to plant Asparagus on well-drained and loose soil. Select a position that will you keep in full sun for years to come. Better keep away places with plants that may extremely grow, partial shade, and reduce production in your asparagus ground. Amend the well-drained soil with lime to raise the pH level range of 6.5 and 7.5. Shove a trench 6- to 10-inches deep or deeper in sandy soil, shallower in clay soil. At the bottom of the hollow make small mounds of well-drained soil, spaced 12 inches aside, and drape the Asparagus roots over each one. Amend the home-grown well-drained soil with organic compost and backfill the hollow so the roots are 3 inches deep down. Water well. After 6 weeks, fill the hollow with the remainder of organic compost and home-grown soil. Tolerate penetrate them to grow into a brake for the first two years without harvesting. This will make stronger the roots, and eventually the plant, for the longer haul. In the third year, harvest for 4 to 8 weeks. Harvests ½ – inch or wider diameter penetrate when they are 6-inches length. Leave thinner to penetrate to grow into the brake.

#2 Beans

Beans are one of the easiest plants to grow in a home garden ground. Plant a Bean seed, and it will almost particularly grow and produce a generous plant with little effort on the portion of the vegetable gardener. However, if you want the biggest and the very best harvest possible, there are a few things you should know. Most important to understand the difference between pole beans and bush beans.

Pole Bean vines climb by spiralling through vertical support, making them good for small-space gardens. The plants grow up gradually over a completely long harvest time, generally 6 to 8 weeks.

Bush Bean seeds grow into compress, 2-foot-high plants that are well-suited to raised-bed gardening. They supply plentiful for three to four weeks. Because the plants grown-up over a shorter time than pole beans, they are a very good option if you plan to harvest all at once for freezing, pickling, or storing.

#3 Lettuce

Lettuce (Pic source: pixabay)

You need to plant Lettuce from the soft weather of early spring and fall. This nutritious, leafy green is a great choice for in-ground gardening, raised garden beds, and containers.

Space Lettuce plants 6 to 18 inches aside depending on the variety in a region that gets plenty of sunlight and has fertile, well-drained soil with a pH range level of 6.0 and 7.0.

Better native well-drained soil by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure.

Well-hydrated Lettuce will keep being disposed of leaves, so retain moisture levels frequently by watering whenever the top inch of well-drained soil becomes dry.

Protect from weeds and make your watering attempt last longer by applying a thick layer of organic manure made from excellent ground leaves or bark.

Promote fine leaf production by daily feeding with a part of a water-soluble vegetable plant.

Harvest leaf Lettuce beginning with the outermost leaves once they are wide sufficient to eat.

#4 Carrots

Carrots require a location that receives full sunlight, though they can allow partial shade, too. 

As through, the well-drained soil must be loose, sandy or loamy, and airy so that Carrot roots can very easily push down around the soil.

Gently mulch Carrots to keep moisture, seed germination, and block the sun from hitting the crowns directly.

Water at least one inch or about ½ quart per square foot per week to begin, then two inches as roots grown-up.

Normally, the smaller the Carrot, will improve the taste.

Harvest whenever desired grown-up or size is reached. Carrots should be about as large as your press or at least ½ of an inch in diameter.

If you are growing Carrots in the spring and early summer, harvest before regular temperatures get too hot, as the warm can cause carrot roots to grow fibrous.

Carrots sweet to taste much improve after one or more frosts.

#5 Broccoli

You may also check this: Potato Seed Germination.

Broccoli (pic credit: pixabay)

As a cool-season weather plant, knowing when to plant Broccoli is essential. Space Broccoli plants 12 to 24 inches or 30 to 61 cm aside. Providing more space between plants supports wider central heads. Broccoli requires full sun. Select a garden site that supplies a minimum of 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight regularly. Broccoli prefers a moderately acidic soil pH of 6 to 7. Try growing broccoli in organic, rich well-drained soil and fertilize seedlings and young transplants to maintain a constant growth stage. Water daily since Broccoli grows very best in moist, but not soggy, well-drained soils. You need to mulch to control weeds and keep soil moisture levels. The suitable part of the Broccoli plant is the unopened flower. Perfectly, the central head should be harvested when it’s fully established, but before the individual sprout opens into small, yellow flowers. Signs which suggested Broccoli is ready to harvest include a 4- to 7-inch or 10 to 18 cm tight head with wide, dense flower sprouts. If the buds start to open, harvest fastly. If the plant has around is flowering, it’s too late to pick it.

#6 Tomatoes

Tomatoes are summer season annuals that grow very best when the well-drained soil temperature is at least 12°C and the maximum air temperature ranges between 18-32°C.

Tomatoes are normally grown from seedlings that begin indoors that are later transplanted into the garden ground.

Tomato seeds are normally planted indoors as early as 8 to 6 weeks before the maximum date of the last spring frost.

Tomato seedlings are generally transplanted into the garden 1 to 3 weeks after the last frost. If an unpredicted frost threatens, transplants must be covered and protected.

Early-season tomatoes need 50 to 60 days to reach harvest from transplanting mid-season tomatoes needs 60 to 80 days and late-season tomatoes need 80 or more days.

#7 Pumpkins

Pumpkins plant grows in early the summer season closes the corner of your garden ground. Space pumpkin plants 2 to 5 feet aside depending on the several varieties. Grow each Pumpkin on a 3-foot large mound of warm, well-drained soil that has a pH level range of 6.0 to 6.8. Better your home-grown well-drained soil by mixing in the number of inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Pumpkins need plenty of water, so it’s best to use a soaker hose or drip watering. Keep away from wetting the leaves. Give your Pumpkins a lot of nourishment with a part of a continuous-release vegetable plant. As pumpkins begin to form, elevate them off the well-drained soil to prevent rotting. Harvest Pumpkins once they reach their perfect colour. The skin should compete and stems will have begins to wither.

Vegetable Harvesting Calendar, Chart, Vegetable Planting Calendar, and Season in Portugal

VegetablesPlanting SeasonDays to Harvest
Broad BeansJune to September90 days
RadishDecember to February22 to 70 days
BeetrootMarch to May50 to 60 days
Brussel SproutOctober to December80 to 90 days
Chinese cabbageJune to September50 to 85 days
CarrotsDecember to February70 to 80 days
BroccoliMarch to May80 to 90 days
PumpkinOctober to December90 to 120days
LettuceJune to September45 to 55 days
TurnipsDecember to February30 to 60 days
CapsicumMarch to May55 to 60 days
OnionsOctober to December80 to 150 days
PeasJune to September60 to 70 days
SpinachDecember to February45 days
RhubarbMarch to May90 days
LeekOctober to December  120 to 150 days  
PotatoesJune to September80 to 100 days

March to May60 to 90 days



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