Growing Vegetables In Poland – Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Poland and Vegetable Planting Calendar in Poland – Poland, formally the Republic of Poland, is a country placed in Central Europe. Vegetable Gardening just makes your home’s outdoor limited space look wonderful and even vibrant. It also gives good exercise, relieves stress, and even increases happiness. If you want to take up gardening but don’t know where to begin, just follow this vegetable gardening and begin honing your green thumb.

A Guide to Growing Vegetables in Poland, Vegetable Planting Calendar, season, and Gardening in Poland

Vegetable gardens are coming back into the approach, some of them completely, others with a bold statement.

Most popular vegetables like Cucumbers, Carrots, Lettuce, and Onion are everywhere. Planting since ancient days, Kale takes place in Poland centuries ago.  Because it is unaffected by chill and frost, it was suitable for planting in hard climate conditions.  It was rewarding for its nutritional value, though it has some other surprising cooking uses. For example, Kale juice was used to dye almond cake green so that it would be similar to pistachio. Rutabaga is another most popular vegetable in Poland.

Some other popular vegetables used in the Polish kitchen are Beets or Buraki, Turnip or Rzepka, chard, Parsnip or Pasternak, Artichokes, or Karczochy, and Kohlrabi or Kalarepa.

Requirements for Growing Vegetables in Poland

  • Find the right location

One of the most important components to observe for vegetables as well as herbs. If not the most important component is sunlight exposure. To flourish and do their very best, most vegetables require full sun, which is defined as at least 6 hours of clear sunlight every day. In most cases, more light 8 hours even improve. Some vegetable plants, such as Broccoli, Lettuce, Spinach, and other greens, can allow less sunny positions described as start partial sun or partial shade. In normal, the more sunlight your vegetable garden receives, the greater the amount and quality of your plants.

  • Prepare the soil

Vegetable gardens flourish with nutrient-rich and well-drained soil. Especially if you are just beginning with gardening, it is a suitable no-mess way to receive the best quality garden well-drained soil delivered right to your door. This nutrient-rich soil is accurately formulated to suit your climate and weather conditions, putting your vegetable garden in the best location to succeed.

Soil Preparation
Soil Preparation (Image credit: pixabay)

Good soil and well-drained. If you wish to test the drainage in your vegetable garden’s well-drained soil, dig a test pit about 1 foot deep, large, and long. It will also tolerate you to observe how the soil drains. To test, you need to add ½ quart of water to an already moist and time how long it takes to drain. If it takes several hours, but if it takes days, water may pool under the surface in the summer when you watering, smother roots, and creating anaerobic well-drained soil conditions.

  • Watering
Watering the Garden.
Watering the Garden (pic source: pixabay)

Many gardeners water more frequently than essential, which supports plants to supply shallow roots that make them ever more dependent on you for water. Supports deeper roots by watering less frequently, so that roots draw on the moisture found further down in the well-drained soil. A thorough soaking once a week improves than sprinkling every two days. In dry weather arrange seedlings over supports plants, as they need more water until they have established their root systems. Some plants, such as leafy salads and celery, require more water than others, while others appreciate extra water at critical stages in their establishment, for example, Peas, Tomatoes, Squashes, and Cucumbers as they come into flower and supply their pods or fruits. Tall plants such as vining Beans will draw a lot of moisture from the soil, so will require a lot more watering than other vegetable plants.

  • Harvesting

When to harvest your vegetables is very important as knowing how to grow them. Each different vegetable has a normal time for harvest. While some vegetables are forgiving if left a bit long in the garden, others can go from being disposed of and tasty to tough and bitter overnight. This is certainly true if you are planning to can or freeze them. An over grown-up green bean particularly will not be best by preservation. You cannot always rely on the days to harvest on seed packets, as growth and grown-up depend on several environmental components such as precipitation, temperature, and soil fertility. As any gardener knows, these can differ greatly from year to year.

Different Seasons and Conditions in Poland

Generally, the four seasons in Poland are spring, summer, autumn, and even winter, although some people distinguish two additional seasons, described as early spring and even early winter. Spring starts in March, bringing sunny days and, sometimes, rain and light frost, with regular temperatures ranging from 5°C to 15°C. The summer period can be really hot, with temperatures around 20 to 25°C. It starts in late May or June and lasts up to the end of August. During the autumn the weather is frequently changeable you are likely to enjoy slightly warmer temperatures starts from September to October, while November brings rains and lower temperatures. In winter days become visibly shorter. It is cold and cloudy and brings often snowstorms and relatively low total precipitation. The maximum temperature in January is about -4°C but it can fall as low as -35°C. 

Starting Seeds and Succession Sowing

Start sowing again from mid-July onwards, as the ground is cleared by other vegetable plants, and then continue up until the weather gets too cold. That generally means up to the end of August in the north or September additionally south. These sowings will grow at several rates. Sowing in sequence works improves at the end of the year than it does in spring when all the sowings are disposed to catch up with one another. Earlier sowings will be ready from August to late September and can be used as trim and come again plants from then onwards. The more you trim them the longer they stand, so keep cutting, making sure you leave a bit of green to retain the plant alive. They will extremely stop growing but will stand over the winter, and begin to grow again in February. Later sowings will be part-mature at the end of the growing season. They are composed to finish growing in spring and to follow on from the earlier sowings. This two-stage process means you will still be harvesting the right time up until the spring-sown vegetables start to grown-up, and you will infrequently be without some garden produce.

Start Planning for Fall Vegetable Garden Harvest in Poland

Mid to late summer is the period to begin sowing your fall garden plants if you are looking to bring fresh vegetables to your table by the period the cool weather happens. Vegetable plants like Broccoli can be seed-sown in late summer for a fall harvest. Period to maturity will differ by plants, so observe seed packs or tags in seedling containers and plan garden ground to come up with planting dates. For some plants, you will want to program your fall harvest before the first frost occurs. Broccoli, for example, is careful to frost and freeze but you can cover them to protect the growing sprouts in the event of an early cold spell, while Kale, parsnips, and collards can take the frost.

If you have a small garden space, start thinking about how to design space for your fall garden by figuring out which of your spring and summer plants will finish first when summer plants are ready to take out, be prepared with fall vegetable plants to replace them.

Why to Grow Vegetables in winter in Poland?

There are many advantages to grow vegetables in winter:

Mature overwintered vegetables retain growing until December undercover, stand for the winter then come away fast in February. They can be picked for much of the winter season. There seem to be lean pickings in January but there is normally something that works a bit of kale, land cress, claytonia, lamb’s lettuce, herbs, and carrots.

Later fall season sowings will overwinter as seedlings that get going fastly again in February and are ready long before spring sowings. This eliminates the hungry gap that time when seeds have been sown in spring but little is ready to eat.

Vitamins and minerals are harder to available in winter, especially vitamin C. Having something fresh from the vegetable garden can make a big difference.

Fresh organic supply is more expensive in winter. Therefore winter vegetables save you more money than summer vegetables. Rocket, Radishes, Salad leaves, Parsley, and Mint are all expensive in winter yet very easy to grow at home.

Summer Vegetables to Grow in Poland

  • Sweet Potatoes

Sweet Potatoes grow very well in summer and produce plentiful in as little as 90 days. Wait to plant them until the weather is very good and hot for the best results. As a bonus, Sweet Potatoes require little planting once the vines start to spread across the garden ground.

  • Hot Peppers

Hot Peppers are very well growing and supply well from spring into fall. While some of the wider types slow down production when warm summer nights occur, several of the smaller, hotter types supply well straight through.

  • Okra

Okra is one of the most self-adequate summer vegetables because of its likes of heat and moist to dry conditions. Harvest the pods every day to retain both quality and production at a high level.

  • Zucchini/Squash

In case if you miss this: How To Grow Onions In Greenhouse.

Zucchini
Zucchini (Image source: pixabay)

Squash, both summer and winter types, is the very best grown in the heat. Where squash bugs or squash climb borers are a problem, begin seeds indoors and transplant them into the garden ground in late June or early July. Prevent with row covers until the plants start to bloom. Covering the stems with well-drained soil as they grown-up will help protect against squash vine borer damage.

Spring Vegetables to Grow in Poland

  • Sorrel

Sorrel is a cool-season perennial frequently grown as a yearly. Sorrel is frequently grown from root divisions. Sorrel can be grown from seed sown in the direct garden ground as early as 2 to 3 weeks before the maximum last frost date in spring. Sorrels are very hardy plants. In region 5 and warmer, sorrel will grow as a perennial. Separate plants to renew them every 3 to 4 years. Sorrel will be getting ready for harvest 60 days after sowing.

  • Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi is a hardy biennial grown yearly. Kohlrabi is a cool-season plant. Kohlrabi is grown for its swollen base which is the plant’s stem. The globe-shaped base establish above the ground. Kohlrabi is a very good option for gardens that don’t have deep well-drained soils. Sow kohlrabi seed in the garden 3 to 4 weeks before the last maximum frost date in spring. Kohlrabi needs 45 to 60 days to reach grown–up and should be grown so that it comes to harvest before temperatures maximum greater than 23.9°C. Grow kohlrabi for fall harvest in hot-summer zones.

  • Rhubarb

The Rhubarb season in Poland starts in late April. Although the plant grows around the spring and summer, it’s suggested to buy it by mid-June. Rhubarb a vegetable is one of the first plants that grow in the open air not in the greenhouses or plastic tunnels in late spring and early summer in Poland. Rhubarb grows very best in full sun but will allow partial shade. Select a position with soil that is well-draining and fertile. Good drainage is necessary, as rhubarb will decompose if kept too wet. Normally, after a plant’s third year, the harvest time runs 8 to 10 weeks long, lasting through mid-summer.

  • Cress

Garden cress is also known as broadleaf cress and other cresses are curly cress and watercress is fast-growing cool-season vegetables. Sow cress in the garden early in spring, as early as 4 or 6 before the average last frost, or grow cress indoors year-round. Cress is fast growing from seed it will be getting ready for harvest 15 to 20 days after sowing. Sow sequence plants until mid-summer. Sow cress again in early fall for fall and winter harvest.

Winter Vegetables to grow in Poland

#1 Claytonia

Claytonia is another very easy winter salad plant, although it does require a bit of cover. If you have a polytunnel, greenhouse, or cold frame it will retain going all winter, and will self-seed. Crawlers do not bother much with claytonia or with lamb’s lettuce and land cress.

#2 Lamb’s Lettuce

Lamb’s lettuce is a wonderful, hardy salad plant that will stand outside all winter in beautiful weather. Lamb’s lettuce is sown from December onwards but you only require to sow it a together of times, once indoors and once outside, to get produce for months. It is expensive to buy and you frequently see it in those bags of ready-washed salad.

#3 Kale

Kale can be sown as normal in midsummer for a winter plant or in September for a second, later plant. Sow kale and broccoli again undercover in early spring for some trim and come again to be disposed leaves to add to salad. You can sow it very beautifully much any period and have plants at different stages of growth for year-round produce. 

#4 Leeks

Leeks, as most gardeners will already know, are planted in winter and ready in spring. They will stand in the garden ground all winter and can be eaten up to the first shallots are ready in the spring. They are in several ways more useful to the winter gardener than onions, starting very hardy and very easy to grow. 

Fall Vegetables to Grow in Poland

#1. Radish

Radishes are one of the fastest maturing plants at four weeks from seed to harvest. Like Beets, you can sow under taller summer plants to supply a little shade. You can stagger plantings to get a together of harvests of radishes from late summer through fall.

#2. Brussels sprouts

You can also check this: Pumpkin Seed Germination Process.

Brussels sprouts
Brussels sprouts (pic source” pixabay)

Brussels sprouts like cool-season and are frequently grown in cool climates as spring plants that hold in the garden through summer. In warmer climate conditions, though, Brussels sprouts can be begins in fall and grown through winter into early spring. They can take a little freeze. Begin from seed indoors and transplant outside when the weather conditions are cool.

#3. Turnips

Turnips are very easy to grow in the fall garden and into winter. Direct sow the seeds in late summer to early fall. Roots are ready to harvest when they begin popping up from the well-drained soil line. Smaller turnips roots are more to be disposed of.

#4. Celeriac

Also called a Celery root, celeriac isn’t much of a looker, but it is very tasty. It takes a long period to grow and enjoys a soil high in organic manure and moisture. It’s worth the extra effort for an individual garden addition and great flavour.

Most Common Poland Vegetables

  • String Bean

Beans belong to the legume family, it is a yearly plant. Some usable common beans are dry, ripe, or immature seed pods green beans. The expending of bean seeds is decrease; it is a rather most popular bean. Immature pods of Beans should be fresh, young, healthy, meaty and crisp, uniform color, and pods of the same shape and size. Is grown in several varieties, the most common beans are green bean or yellow-bean.

  • Cucumber

The most popular representative of the cucumber vegetables in Poland is the Cucumber, largely planted and eagerly consumed both as fresh, raw, and in the form of canned food. It is a yearly plant. Part of the benefit of Cucumber is the fruits, which allegedly berry, fleshy walls rising from the ovary, weedy bottom flower. Shapes and sizes of Cucumbers in the form of growing are very diverse.

  • Tomato

Tomatoes belong to the nightshade family, they are a yearly plant. Fruits vary in shape, size, and colour depending on the variety. The dry matter satisfies in tomatoes is 4 to 5%, depending on the growing conditions, variations in sunlight during growing-up. 

  • Cabbage

Cabbage is very easy to grow. There are several varieties of head cabbage, white, and red. Cabbage belongs to the Solanaceae family; it is a plant of two years. Planted varieties are early, medium, medium late, and late. Normal storage conditions cabbage temperature 0°C and relative humidity 95 to 98%. Under such conditions, cabbage may be kept for many months cabbage late. Cabbage is a largely planted and consumed vegetable in Poland, eaten as raw, cooked, and raw sauerkraut and boiled. Sauerkraut in addition to other substances keeps 90% of vitamin C. The souring is the best-suited variety of late. The trade is cabbage varieties and sauerkraut, which increasingly arrive in jars, pasteurized, or plastic bags.

  • Spinach

Spinach is a cool-season plant. Plant seeds directly into the garden ground, four to six weeks before the last spring frost. To get improve and faster germination, you need to soak the seeds for many hours before planting. Spinach grows well in soil that is close neutral in pH range between 6.5 and 7.5. It is not a heavy feeder but works best in soil that is rich in organic manure. Harvest spinach as you would lettuce. Either trim off all the leaves about an inch or so above the well-drained soil level and let the whole plant grow back or simply harvest the widest leaves as you require them.

  • Carrot

Sow carrot seed casually in drills in prepared well-drained soil from March to June. Cover with a thin surface layer of soil and water with a watering can with a rose attached. Seeds should sprout within a together of weeks. It’s best to keep away from thinning carrots to avoid carrot root fly but retain the area weed-free and water only in very dry spells. You should be ready for harvesting fresh carrots in 14 to 16 weeks.

  • Broccoli

Broccoli is a cool-weather vegetable that loves daytime temperatures at 60°C and can allow light frost and temperature down to 20°C. Several gardeners plant broccoli in early spring for the main harvest, then leave the broccoli plants growing over the summer for a second harvest in the fall.

  • Courgette

There are many types of courgette, plants can be firm and bushy, trailing or vining, and fruits can be green, striped, or yellow. Fresh, young, seedless fruits have a firm texture and good flavour compared to watery and seedy marrows. Courgette flowers are a treat too and can be stuffed or fried or given the tempura improved treatment. Yellow courgette several varieties are proving most popular among chefs and foodies as they hold less water, making them more suitable for a large range of uses in the kitchen. 

  • Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a cool-weather plant for planting in spring or fall. Move the cauliflower into the garden ground once the danger of frost has passed and well-drained soil temperatures have warmed to between 7 and 18°C. Shove individual planting holes and place transplants at the well-drained soil level and compete for soil throughout the plants. Keep track of the many days to grown-up for the cauliflower variety you planted. When the spoil forms into tight bunches, about 6 inches apart, use a sharp knife to trim it from the stem and cut the leaves across the top. Be sure to tolerate enough leaves ½ inch above the spoil as protection.

  • Beet Root

Select a position in the full sun and prepare your well-drained soil with organic manure like sheep pellets and compost. Add a surface layer of vegetable mix to plant into. Beetroot can be planted year-round in Poland. You need to plant beetroot in rows about 50cm aside. Feed beetroot with a vegetable plant around the growing season. Water daily and retain the soil moistly. 

Vegetables Harvesting Calendar, Chart, Vegetables Planting Calendar, Planting Season in Poland

VegetablesPlanting SeasonHarvesting
SorrelMarch to May35 to 40 days
Sweet potatoesJune to August90 to 170 days
ClaytoniaDecember to February50 to 60 days
RadishSeptember to November22 to 70 days
KohlrabiMarch to May50 to 70 days
Hot peppersJune to August60 to 150 days
Lambs lettuceDecember to February84 days
Brussels sproutsSeptember to November80 to 90 days
RhubarbMarch to May90 days
OkraJune to August50 to 65 days
KaleDecember to February70 to 95 days
TurnipsSeptember to November30 to 60 days
CressMarch to May15 to 20 days
ZucchiniJune to August50 to 60 days
LeeksDecember to February120 to 150 days
CeleriacSeptember to November90 to 120 days
BroccoliMarch to May50 to 60 days
Green peasDecember to February40 to 60 days
CabbageDecember to February90 to 120 days
String beanSeptember to November55 to 65 days
CourgetteMarch to May50 to 60 days
Swiss chardJune to August55 to 60 days
CarrotDecember to February70 to 80 days
TomatoSeptember to November90 to 140 days
BeetrootMarch to May45 to 65 days
ArtichokesJune to August85 to 100 days
SpinachDecember to February45 to 50 days
CauliflowerDecember to February100 days

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