Growing Vegetables In Norway – Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Norway and Vegetable Planting in Norway: Norway is a country in Northern Europe that settled the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula as well as the volcanic island Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. Norway surrounds by the North Sea, the North Atlantic Ocean, Finland, Sweden, and Russia, and other countries. The geography of Norway is rough with steep fjords and mountains. Norway has also named the Land of the Midnight Sun. It is well-known for its phenomenal fjords, lakes, and magical airspace. Norway is also well-known for its languages, Vikings, and folklore, starting eco-friendly, and oil production.

A Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables in Norway and the Vegetable Planting Calendar

Growing your plants helps to make sure healthy, disease-free plants of the chosen variety when you require them, but it is frequently difficult to get a good stand of exquisite vegetable plants from seed. You can increase earliness, economize on space and expand the growing season of many plants by setting out plants as a substitute for sowing the seed directly in the garden ground. Seed is directly sown indoors in boxes, in hot grounds, or cold mount will supply very good plants early in the season. If the seed is sown in a small container, the seedlings can be transplanted to peat containers, plant thread, or other suitable containers and grown in these up to transplanted in the garden. Vegetables such as Tomatoes, Peppers, Eggplant, Early Cabbage, Cauliflower, Broccoli, and early head Lettuce are best to begin this way.

Basic Things to Remember to Start Vegetables Gardening

  • Suitable sunlight

Most vegetables require full sunlight for the growth stage and development. Plant leafy vegetables include Broccoli, Collards, and Spinach in areas likely to be in partial shade. Don’t plant any vegetables incomplete partial shade. Wide hedges, hedgerows, and Plants not only create too much shade but also Participate with the garden for moisture and nutrients.

  • Suitable soil

When considering a garden site, keep in mind that the required soil type is less important than components such as high fertility, good internal drainage, and ease of tilling, good moisture-holding capacity, and deep down topsoil. Try to away from areas infested with Johnson grass, nut grass, and other annoying weeds areas with rock shelving, and areas that are underlain by a hardpan or hard rock. Soils can be amended with organic manure to better the area.

  • Watering

You will get only slight results if you try to grow a garden without watering it as required. Mulches and organic manure will better the soil’s moisture-holding capacity and decrease evaporation loss however, they will not guarantee enough supply of moisture at all times. If possible, locate the garden close to a good water supply so it can be watered as frequently as required.

  • Cover plants

If your garden is wide sufficient, plant part of it with a soil upgrade plant such as crimson clover, rye, wheat, or bitter each winter. Plant seeds may be sown over a part of the garden as the summer vegetables are harvested. The crimson clover seed may be mixed with Rutabaga seed it will not prevent the Turnips and will make good spring growth after the Turnips are used.

  • Mulching

A mulch of straw, dried lawn clippings, leaves, or pine straw will help support moisture, keep down weeds, and retain un-staked tomato, cucumber, and bush squash fruit from coming in contact with the soil. To be effective, mulch must be applied between the rows and throughout the plants and should be about 2 to 4 inches deep down after it has occupied. Do not apply manure to the garden too early in the spring before the soil has warmed up. Mulch will block the sunlight and the soil will last cool and retard early vegetable plant growth. Wait three to four weeks after surroundings transplants before applying mulch.

  • Harvesting

Harvest at the proper growth stage of a grown-up, not before or after most Plants can be harvested many times if only the ready part is harvested. Harvest on time. Okra, for occurrence, must be harvested every two or three days or some pods will grow too wide and become tough and unworkable, a condition that possibly alters future production. Harvest when the foliage is very dry. Tramping direct wet foliage separates disease spores and benefit spread diseases. Don’t damage foliage by stepping on the climb or breaking stems, which design a wound through which disease organisms can engage the plant tissue. Don’t harvest when the plant is droop. Wounds made by harvesting cause water loss. This condition can increase water anxiety inside the vegetable plant and lead to further damage.

Seasons for Growing Vegetables in Norway

The climate in Norway varies plenty from country part to country part, and there can be wide variations within the separate zones of Norway as well. The coldest areas in the winter are frequent inland or far to the north. But in general, the coastal areas normally have relatively soft winters still with snow and great skiing climatic condition in the mountains, though, while the inland parts have cold winters with a lot of snow, and hot and relatively dry summers, especially in the eastern parts of the country.

Southern Norway is observing a summer island paradise, while Fjord Norway is the most popular destination all year round. In spring, the fruit plants are blossoming. During autumn, the mountainsides turn orange and yellow. To experience the silent and serene fjords, nearby snow-capped mountains, come during winter.

Northern Norway is also a great place to visit any period of the year. While the coast is enjoyable a softer climate, it can get very cold in some of the inland areas during winter. This is also the best period to experience the northern lights. During summer, the sun is up all night long – the phenomenon is best called the midnight sun.

  • The winter season during December – February
  • The late winter/Spring season is during March-May
  • The summer season is during June -August
  • Autumn  during September – November

Winter: Winter in Norway can be hardly cold, even into February. Temperatures are daily below freezing and many parts of the country are blanketed in a lot of snow. If you like snow activities and don’t mind the cold temperatures, you will observe the most snow during December and April. January and February are dark and the very coldest months, so if you are heading to one of the airspace areas in Norway, choose March.

Spring: In spring, the snow melts, there’s plenty of sunlight and temperatures fastly rise, normally in May. Southern Norway begins to see warmer temperatures as early as April and daylight also begins to increase.

Summer: Coming to summer, high temperatures in Norway are normally in the high to low 20 to 22°C, but can rise into the 30°C, even to a degree north.

Autumn: Autumn in Norway is an amazingly beautiful season. All country is plentiful with forests, so with the onset of autumn, all those trees are coloured in various colours of gold, lavender, and orange. Leaves are shrinking very quickly because this season is highly short and lasts only two or three weeks. Infrequent day passes without rain or mist. But sunny days prefer the joyful beauty of nature. The sky turns bright and near, lakes become crystal clear and trees show their wonderful colours. Sometimes leaves even don’t have time to fall. Sudden snowfalls secrete them underneath the compact layer of snow.

Vegetables to Grow in the Spring Season in Norway

#1 Basil

Basil plants are a popular herb vegetable home-grown to the islands of the Pacific. This is a member of the mint family. The basil herb plant supply aromatic leaves that are normally used in Italian and Mediterranean dishes. Basil seeds are also the most popular ingredient. Because basil is an annual, it grows extremely fast. It can grow from seed to harvest get ready in as little as 3 to 4 weeks. This fast and easy-growing herb is an excellent option for starting gardeners. Plant in full sun, in well-drained soil enriched with compost, aged manure, or other organic sunlight. Basil requires ample water.

#2 Beets

Begin your first round of Beets before time spring, as soon as the well-drained soil is workable. Make sequential plantings every 2 to 3 weeks until mid-summer. In well-drained soil that’s at least 10°C, germination takes place in 5 to 8 days. In well-drained soil colder than that, germination may take 2 to 3 weeks. For a fall harvest, sow Beet seeds from mid-summer through early fall, beginning about 4 to 6 weeks before your first fall.

#3 Cucumber

Plant cucumbers when average regular temperatures reach mid-day. You need to plant in an area with plentiful sun and fertile, well-drained soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.8.  Better home-grown well-drained soil by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Cucumbers will grow fast with little care. Make sure they receive an inch of water every week. Make the most of your vegetable-growing efforts by daily feeding plants with a part of water-soluble plant vegetables. When well-drained soils are warm, and then add a layer of straw mulch to retain the fruit clean and help retain slugs and beetles away. You need to harvest Cucumbers when they are big adequate to eat.

#4 Eggplants

Stake the plants right away just an inch or two from the plant to supply encouragement as they vines and to avoid disturbing the well-drained soil later. If you live in a cold climate condition, observe using row covers to retain the Eggplants warm and sheltered. Open the ends of the row balance on comfortable days so that the bees may pollinate. If transplanting set 3- to 4-inch in height seedlings 2 to 2½ feet apart in rows that are 3 to 4 feet apart. After planting, water well. Add a layer of manure to keep moisture and suppress weeds.

Vegetables to Grow in the autumn in Norway

#1 Bell Peppers

Keep in mind that sweet Bell Peppers have an extended growing season they take between 60 to 90 days from sowing to harvesting. It’s suggested to sow your Bell Pepper seeds 8 to 10 weeks before your last spring freeze date. Germination happens within 10 days, and once the first set of true leaves appears, you can start transplanting them outside if that’s your design but before you move your bell pepper plant out into the open, ensure to observe that the night-time temperatures do not go below 18°C, as this may amaze your young plants and contribute to their untimely demise. The best way to encourage these plants is to wait for the last freeze danger to pass. 

#2 Kale

It’s very important to retain Kale well watered and fed. If rain is frequent, supply 1 to 1.5 inches of water each week about 1 quart per square foot. Daily feed Kale with a part of continuous-release plant food. Mulch the well-drained soil to retain down the weeds and retain Kale cool as Kale won’t grow in hot weather conditions. Mulch the well-drained soil again heavily after the first hard freeze in the fall the plants may continue to supply leaves around the winter. Kale gets ready to harvest when the leaves are about the medium size of your hand. Select about one fistful of leaves per harvest. Begin to harvest the oldest leaves first from the lowest section of the plant. Avoid picking the final bud found at the top centre of the vegetable plant because this will help to retain the plant’s productivity.

#3 Swiss chard

Plant Swiss chard in the fall, 2 to 4 weeks before the last freeze date. These colourful, nutritious plants grow very well in raised garden grounds, containers, and in-ground gardens. Space Swiss chard 12 to 18 inches apart and they required nutrient-rich, well-drained, and fertile soil with a pH range of 6.0 to 6.8. Leafy vegetables require enough water supply to grow, so make sure to give them 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week. Make the most of your vegetable-growing attempt by feeding plants with continuous-release plant food. Harvest Swiss chard any period the leaves are large adequate to eat. Young leaves will be more disposed and flavourful.

#4 Radish

Radish is a cool-season, quick-maturing, very easy-to-grow vegetable. Garden Radishes can be grown up wherever there is sun and moist, and they required well-drained soil, even on the smallest city lot. Early varieties normally grow best in the cool days of early spring, but some later-growing varieties can be planted for summer use. Winter Radishes have sown seeds in midsummer to late summer, much as fall turnips. They are slower to develop than spring Radishes and they grow great larger, remain crisp longer, are normally more pungent, and hold in the ground or keep longer than spring varieties.

#5 Kohlrabi

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Kohlrabi
Kohlrabi (Pic credit: pixabay)

Kohlrabi requires rich, well-drained soil and they need full sun. You can plant this cool-season vegetable for a spring or fall harvest in the North, or a winter harvest in the South. For a spring vegetable plant the seeds outside after danger of a hard freeze sow in midsummer for a fall plant, or fall for a winter plant. Space rows 12 to 18 inches apart. Thin the seedlings to 4 inches apart when they are large adequate to handle. You can also grow very well in containers. Kohlrabi is very best when the bulbs are about 2 to 3 inches in diameter. Harvest the foliage when it is young and disposed of.

Growing Vegetables in the Winter Season in Norway

#1 Leek

Most Leeks require a long growing season of about and get the ready harvest in 120 to 150 days. Begin seeds indoors and transplant in early spring. Hill the plants to supply a long white shaft, or plant in a wrinkle and fill it in. Leeks have shallow root systems and require adequate watering. You need to plant Leeks in the cool weather conditions of early spring and fall. They grow well in raised grounds, containers, and in-ground gardens. Better home-grown soil by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic mulch. Leeks aren’t fussy, but they do need moist soil, so check soil moisture frequently and use a soaker hose is essential. One week after planting, start daily feeding with water-soluble plant food. Harvest Leeks at any period once they are large and adequate to eat.

#2 Brussels sprouts

You need to thin young plants to 12 to 24 inches apart when they reach 6 inches in height. Mulch to keep moisture and retain the soil temperature cool throughout the summer. If growing during hot weather conditions, make sure to retain the plants well-watered. Frequently moisture can lead to Brussels sprout established. Brussels sprouts should receive about 1 to 1½ inches of water per square foot weekly. Observe using row covers to prevent young plants from pests. Brussels sprouts are normally planted outside right when pests are at their get the better. Do not rearrange the well-drained soil throughout the plant’s roots are superficial and vulnerable to damage. Remove yellowing leaves at the deep down of the plant to tolerate more sunlight on the stalk and to focus plant energy on healthy growth. To Support plants to grown-up faster, cut off the top leaves 3 to 4 weeks before harvest time.

#3 Cabbage

Cabbage
Cabbage (Pic source: pixabay)

Cabbage grows best in zones where there is a long, cool growing season with temperatures between 45°C and 7-24°C. Cabbage can allow frost and briefly temperatures as low as 6.70°C. Cabbage will arrow and go to seed in temperatures greater than 26°C. Begin seeds indoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last freeze in winter. Sow seed outdoors when the soil can be performed in winter. Place transplants in the garden when they are 3 to 4 inches and 7-10cm in height as early as 3 to 4 weeks before the last frost in spring. In cool-summer zones, plant Cabbage in late winter for a fall harvest. In soft-winter zones, begin seed in late summer about 6 to 8 weeks before the first freeze for a winter or spring harvest. Cabbage gets days to maturity in 80 to 180 days from seed and 60 to 105 days from transplants turn on upon the several varieties.

#4 Parsnips

Sow Parsnip seeds ½ inch deep down and 1 inch or 2.5cm apart in large rows thin seedlings to 3 to 4 inches or 7-25cm apart. Space rows 18 to 24 inches apart. Thin seedlings after they establish two true leaves cut off decrease seedlings at well-drained soil level to avoid disturbing remaining seedlings.  As roots approach grown-up, decrease watering to avoid cracking. Prepare planting grounds with aged compost. Side dress plants at midseason with aged compost. Add aged-manure to planting grounds in advance of planting. Roots can keep in the garden through the winter if the ground does not freeze. Cold temperatures will enlarge the sweetness of roots. Shove roots before the garden ground freezes and becomes unworkable. Complete the harvest before the return of warm weather or roots will become compact.

#5 Parsley

Plant Parsley in winter once the garden ground is performable. The suitable green foliage is great to grow on its own but is also a wonderful complement to flower grounds and window boxes. Space Parsley plants 6 to 8 inches apart in an area will require full sun and nutrient-rich, fertile soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.7. Offer partial shade if growing in warm climatic conditions. Before planting, make sure your native soil is packed with nutrients by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. These leafy vegetable herbs enjoy frequently moisture, so check the soil daily and water when the top inch becomes dry. Promote abundant leaf production by daily feeding with a part of water-soluble plant food. To get ready for harvest Parsley stems by cutting them at the base once they are large adequate to use. Never trim more than one-third of the parsley plant at a single time.

Growing Vegetables in the Summer Season in Norway

#1 Tomato

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Toamtoes
Tomatoes (Pic credit: pixabay)

Tomatoes are a warm-season plant and are normally grown as summer annuals. Tomato seeds must be planted indoors between June to August. More than anything, Tomatoes require sun. If your garden plot receives less than perfect amounts of sunshine and the warmth it supplies you can still grow beautiful Tomatoes but will have to better conditions for them to flourish. When it comes time to choose your young seedlings, look for leafy, strong plants. Leggy or spindly plants will likely fall over and not flourish well in the garden. Proper spacing will cover that your plants receive a lot of sunlight and good air circulation, which will protect them from many plant diseases developing.

#2 Okra

If you are sensible about planting Okra, recollect that it’s a warm-season plant. Growing Okra needs a lot of sunshine, so observe a place in your garden that doesn’t get much shade. Also, when planting Okra, make sure there is good drainage in your garden ground. When you make ready your garden ground for planting Okra, add 2 to 3 pounds sterling of fertilizer for every 100 square feet of garden confined space. The first thing is to prepare the fertile soil. After fertilization, collect the well-drained soil to separate all rocks and sticks. Work the soil well, about 10 to 15 inches 25-38 cm deep down, so the plants can get more nutrients from the soil through their roots. The best period when to plant Okra is about two to three weeks after the possibility of frost has passed. Okra had better be planted about 1 to 2 inches or 2.5-5 cm apart in a row.

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Okra (Image source: pixabay)

#3 Amaranth

Amaranth is easy to grow. They require a warm climate, full sun, and fertile soil. Water them during dry times, once or twice every week. Amaranth will grow height, 1-2 feet. They will supply blooms on strong, straight stems. Flowers are long-lasting and will bloom from mid-summer up to frost. Amaranth is similar to lamb’s-quarters and amaranth resembles red-rooted pigweed, especially in the early stages of growth, so it is very best to sow seed in rows to make weeding less confusing.

#4 Sweet Potatoes

When growing sweet potatoes, start with slips. These are small pieces of potato tubers that are used to begin the sweet potato plants. These slips are to be planted into the garden ground as soon as all possibility of frost has ceased and the ground has warmed. To grow and harvest Sweet Potatoes, the soil requires to be kept moist during the season where the plants germinate. Furthermore, growing Sweet Potatoes needs the soil temperature to be kept at 21-26°C. Because of the warmth needed in the well-drained soil, you should begin Sweet Potatoes about mid-summer. Plant the slips 12 to 18 inches apart on a large, raised ridge that is about 8 inches in height. You can put 3 to 4 feet between rows so there is adequate space to work between them when harvesting.

#5 Mustard Greens

Plant Mustard greens during the warm temperatures of summer and harvest in fall. These tasty greens grow very well in raised grounds, containers, and in-ground gardens. Space plants 12 to 18 inches apart in an area that gets a lot of sunlight and has fertile, well-drained soil with a pH range of 6.5 to 6.8. Better home-grown soil by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Mustard greens can supply edible leaves fastly with steady production of water. Observe soil moisture daily and water when the top inch of soil becomes dry. Harvest mustard greens when leaves are large adequate to eat.

Vegetable Planting Calendar in Norway and Planting Season in Norway

VegetablesPlanting SeasonDays to Harvest
BasilMarch to May7 to 10 days
KaleSeptember to November70 to 95 days
AmaranthJune to August30 to 35 days
ParselyDecember to February70 to 90 days
BeetsMarch to May  50 to 65 days  
Swiss ChardSeptember to November50 to 60 days
OkraJune to August50 to 65 days
CabbagesDecember to February90 to 120 days
EggplantsMarch to May  65 to 80 days  
KohlrabiSeptember to November  50 to 70 days  
TomatoJune to August60 to 90 days
LeekDecember to February120 to 150 days
CucumberMarch to May55 to 60 days
Mustard GreensJune to August30 to 45 days
RadishSeptember to November22 to 70 days
Brussels SproutsDecember to February80 to 90 days
ZucchiniMarch to May35 to 55 days
Bell peppersSeptember to November60 to 90 days
Sweet PotatoesJune to August90 to 120 days
Parsnips DecembertoFebruary105 to130 days

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