Growing Vegetables In Israel – Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Israel and Vegetable Planting Calendar in Israel – Hello Friends, we are here with a new topic today. If you live in Israel and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Then follow this complete article to know the basic calendar and planting and harvesting dates of Israel.

Israel formally called the State of Israel is a country in Western Asia. It is located on the southeastern side of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern side of the Red Sea and shares neighbors countries with Lebanon to the north side, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east side, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip to the east and west, apart and Egypt to the southwest. Now, time to start a vegetable garden from scratch in Israel.

Growing Vegetables in Israel/Starting a Vegetable Garden, Vegetable Planting Season, and Calendar in Israel

Things to remember to start vegetable gardening in Israel

Selection: Grow what vegetables like to eat. The very easiest vegetables to grow are Bush Beans, Lettuce, Tomatoes, and Squash, and grow vegetables that you know and will have fun with. Grow several varieties of vegetables and try a few new vegetables each year. You never know who may obtain a taste for Brussels sprouts or Eggplants.

Site: Locate your garden ground close to the walkway, next to the house, or someplace where you pass it every day. If it’s out of the spot, it’s out of mind. By visiting the garden for a few minutes every day, you can even retain it in good shape. Ensure that your position also has very easy access to a water source, is comparably flat, and gets some good sun.

Size: Begin small. A 3-foot-x-6-foot raised bed and a few containers are an abundance to get begin in a small area. If you have the room, try a 10-foot-by-10-foot garden ground. It’s improved to have success with a small garden the first year and then graduate into something wider the next year. For example, if you want to supply food for keeping and sharing, a 20-foot-by-30-foot plot is a great medium size. You can supply plenty of different vegetables and still retain the plot looking good.

Soil: The best garden ground has fertile and well-drained soil amended with compost yearly. Building raised beds to tolerate the soil to drain quicker and warm more fastly in spring. Raised beds are kind of like large, flat-topped rows. They are normally at least 2 feet large and raised at least 6 inches high, but any planting area that’s increased above the surrounding ground level is a raised bed.

Sun: Most vegetables grow very best with at least six hours of direct sunlight regularly. If you have only three to four hours per day, try growing leafy green vegetables, includes Lettuce, Mesclun greens, and Swiss chard, or root plants like Carrots, Beets, and Radishes. You can also found planting a movable garden. Vegetable plants in containers and move them to the sunniest position in your backyard around the year.

Decide Which Vegetables To Plant In Your Garden

This list is a fast reference to help you determine which vegetables are good for your particular requirements:

Attractive vegetables: You can plant these vegetables right in your front backyard where everyone can enjoy and fun their beauty. Try these plants for a beautiful-looking and productive garden ground such as Asparagus, Eggplant, Fennel, Jerusalem artichoke, Kale, Lettuce, Peppers, Rhubarb, and Swiss chard.

Easy-to-grow vegetables: If your vegetable plants at the right period of the year, these vegetables are almost like Broccoli, Bush beans, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Peas, Potatoes, Squash, Swiss chard, and Tomatoes.

Heat-loving vegetables: These vegetables can take the heat and warm-weather season plants such as Beans, Sweet corn, Eggplant, Melons, Okra, Peppers, Sweet potatoes, Tomatoes.

Short-season vegetables: If your growing vegetable season is short and sweet, try growing these vegetables such as Bush beans, Carrots, Watercress, Lettuce, Mesclun greens, Peas, Radishes, Scallions, Spinach, and Summer squash.

Vegetables for shadier gardens: If you have a garden ground that receives fewer than six hours of direct sunlight regularly, try these vegetable plants such as Beets, Carrots, Kale, Romaine lettuce, Potatoes, Sweet potatoes, Radishes, Rhubarb, Scallions, Spinach, and Swiss chard.

Vegetable kids love to grow: The following vegetables are fun, very easy-to-grow plants, and like to harvest and eat them sometimes right in the garden ground such as Blue potatoes, Carrots, Cherry Tomatoes, Gourds, Peanuts, Pole Beans on a canvas, Pumpkins, Radishes, Seedless, Sweet potatoes, and Swiss chard.

5 Reasons to Grow Vegetable Plants in Raised Beds

You have instant perfect soil: Whatever well-drained soil you currently have in the backyard is probably not perfect for growing annual vegetables. There are so several problems that it seems to have that is too much clay, too much sand, not sufficient organic manure, residual chemicals, too much firm from tree roots, too compacted, too alkaline. Solving these problems will take a ton of money, period, and physical labor. Skip plenty of trouble by building a raised bed filled with a good mix of well-drained soil suitable for growing vegetables.

Easier care: Normally you will have plenty less weeding to do in a raised bed and all ongoing care is very easier when it’s off the garden ground are simply because it’s less far to corner down.

Better tolerance for hot summers dry spells: Vegetable plants in containers are extremely susceptible to dryness and heat. In the height of the Israeli summer, you may have to more water 2 to 3 times per day. Plants in the ground are less susceptible because the enormous soil masses hold moisture improve and the same goes for plants in raised beds. A single regular watering should suffice.

More Plants in Less Space: Due to the richness of the well-drained soil and its light, airy surface, you can plant seedlings nearer together than is suggested in traditional row gardens.

Better vegetable yields: Vegetable gardeners all over the world report that they get higher surrender when they switch to raised beds. That means juicier and more vegetables to reward you.

Seasonal Vegetables to Grow in Israel

  • Winter (January, February, March)

Seasonal vegetables in January, February, and March: These vegetables are grown from January during in winter season. Such as Beets, Broccoli, Butternut, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Carrots, Chinese cabbage, Chicory, Corn, Courgettes, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Fennel, Garlic, Jerusalem artichoke, Kale, Kohlrabi, Leeks, Lettuce, Mushrooms, Onions, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Radish, Runner beans, Sweet peppers, Sweet potatoes or batata, Swiss chard, and Turnips.

  • Spring (April, May)

Seasonal Vegetables in April and May: These vegetables are grown in April and during the spring season. Such as Artichokes, Beets, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Carrots, Corn, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Fennel, Garlic (peak season), Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Mushrooms, Onions, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Turnips, and sweet peppers.

  • Summer (June, July, August, September)

Seasonal vegetables in June, July, August, and September: These vegetables are grown in June during the summer season. Such as Artichokes, asparagus, beets, broccoli, butternut, cauliflower, cabbage, carrots, corn, cucumbers, eggplant, fennel, garlic, kohlrabi, lettuce, onions, mushrooms, potatoes, pumpkin, sweet peppers, sweet potatoes or batata, and Swiss chard or mangold.

  • Autumn (October, November, December)

Seasonal vegetables in October, November, and December: these vegetables are Beets, broccoli, butternut, cauliflower, cabbage, carrots, Sweet corn, courgettes, cucumbers, eggplant, fennel, garlic, Jerusalem artichoke, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, mushrooms, onions, potatoes, pumpkin, runner beans, sweet peppers, sweet potatoes or batata, and Swiss chard or mangold.

Vegetables to Grow in Israel

  • Radish

Radishes grow very super-fast. You can harvest them depending on the several varieties just three to four weeks after sowing. If you garden together, this is especially great, because you can fastly celebrate your first successes. Radishes like to grow very well in partial shade. Otherwise, they are completely undemanding. You can vegetable plant them between other, slower-growing vegetables without any problems. Before they require space, the radishes are already harvested. They are seed-sown from March to September.

  • Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke
Jerusalem artichoke (Image credit: pixabay)

Do you know Jerusalem artichokes, those rough, insanely expensive tubers that are sometimes found in groceries and organic vegetable stores? Jerusalem artichoke good tastes like a mixture of kohlrabi, artichoke, and potato and is said to be very healthy. Growing Jerusalem Artichokes is very easy. Jerusalem artichoke grows like a weed, even under normal conditions, and is also really pretty with its yellow flowers. We once planted a fence of Jerusalem artichoke and were able to harvest tubers all the year, even in winter. But if you want to get rid of Jerusalem artichoke, you have a problem. From each root piece, no matter how small, a plant establishes again, and shoving out all the roots is almost impossible. That is why it makes sense to shove a rhizome barrier along the corner of the ground to keep it in check. Or you can grow it in wide tubs that work beautifully as well.

  • Courgette

Courgette also called a zucchini is the only vegetable it will grow in a container. A zucchini plant requires an area of one square meter in the ground, that’s plenty of space. You did require a decent bucket if you want to do justice to your zucchini plant growing on your balcony in a container. From a single plant, you can almost cover the zucchini requires of a small family. Courgettes require similar well-fertilized soil. The best period to grow a zucchini plant indoors is at the end of April, plant it outdoors in mid-May, and then sow another vegetable plant directly into the garden ground in mid-June. Courgettes are particularly vulnerable to mildew, and if your first plant is affected, the second one will still be essential enough to continue producing plenty of courgettes.

  • Swiss chard

You may also check this: How To Grow Hydroponic Parsley.

Swiss chard
Swiss chard (Image credit: pixabay)

Swiss chard has never caused me any problems in the garden ground. Swiss chard is also called a Mangold. Mangold is a super-fast and very easy vegetable, and the different varieties of colors with their pink, yellow, red, white, and orange stems are a real eye-catcher. Swiss chard can be harvested as very early as eight to ten weeks after sowing, and if you leave the root intact, it will grow back again and again such as lettuce. The stem can be brought about and thus be conserved for the winter. In the first winter months, however, you can normally still harvest fresh chard in the garden ground, as it is reasonably frost-hardy.

  • Beetroot

Another super very easy-to-grow vegetable plant is beetroot. Not everyone likes it, but if you like beetroot, you should grow very well some. When harvesting, carefully turn off the leaves so that it does not bleed. By the way, you can love to eat the spinach leaves. They taste like Swiss chard, only stronger. Depending on how cold it gets in your region in winter, you can try to leave the plants in the ground for the winter and harvest them as required. You could also place beetroot in a container, put a surface layer of sand on top and keep it for the winter. It’s an old, traditional storing procedure for root vegetables.

  • Garlic

If you want to grow garlic, very simply stick the cloves of garlic bulb into the garden ground in autumn or spring and retain the ground reasonably weed-free, for example, with a manure layer of wood chips.  Maybe you can fertilize the garlic from time to time, especially if the growing tips of the leaves turn brown in very early summer. By the way, it is improved to stick the garlic in October than in the spring season, because then it has more periods to form thick tubers. Garlic and strawberries are great for growing as a mixed plant. The Garlic plants shade the well-drained soil and retain it free of weeds, and the garlic can grow upwards between them and protects them from fungal diseases.

  • Onions

In case if you miss this: Greenhouse Gardening For Beginners.

Onions (Image credit: pixabay)

Growing onions as bulbs are almost as very easy as growing garlic. Just buy a net of bulbs and put them in the garden ground. As soon as the onions are 4 inches tall, you can cover the garden ground with wood chips to stop the weeds from growing. You can also sow onion seeds, but bulbs are less complicated and have a growth advantage for many weeks.

#1 Mushrooms

Mushrooms are mysterious fungi and they always seem to emerge in the most frequently of places such as the middle of the garden lawn and How to Prevent Mushrooms Growing in your Lawn. Mushrooms are the fruit of a fungus is also called a Mycelium that grows underground, within trees, or in decaying logs and so you infrequently know they are there up to the fruit. To begin growing your mushrooms you require getting hold of some mushroom side. The side is microscopic but contains the blueprint for the new mushroom growth stage.

#2 Cabbage

Spring season plant is cabbage 4 weeks before the last frost date. Confined space your cabbage according to the scheduled on the plant tag, in a region that gets 6 or more hours of sunlight daily. You need to plant 1 to 2 inches deep down in well-drained, fertile soil with a pH level of 6.5 to 6.8. Better native fertile soil conditions by mixing in many inches of compost or other rich organic mulch. Protect new other plants from cold weather by Cabbage planting them through black plastic, which will help retain the soil warm. Water daily by giving Cabbage plants 1 to 1.5 inches of water weekly. Before planting, give cabbage a continuous vegetable supply by mixing a slow-release vegetable plant into the fertile soil. Lay down a 3-inch surface layer of mulch to help keep moisture and retain weeds at bay harvest cabbage when the head has competed.

#3 Carrots

Begin planting carrots as soon as the well-drained soil can be preferred in the spring season. In Israel, plant carrots any period from July through February. In several areas, carrots can be grown all winter. For a fall plant in other regions, plant them in August. Using a hoe handle or stick, make one or two rows ½ inch deep down on top of each prepared peak. Scatter 18 to 20 seeds sow per foot in the row. Because carrot seeds need14 to 21 days to germinate, several gardeners mix a few radish seeds, which germinate fastly, with carrot seeds to mark the row. Cover the seeds moderately. Carrots grow very best in cool temperatures of early spring and late fall date. Night temperatures of 13°C and day temperatures of 26°C are perfect for carrots. High temperatures cause poorly colored low-aspects carrots.

#4 Lettuce

The perfect Lettuce growing position for spring and fall is in a place that receives full sun. If you plan on growing lettuce from the summer or in warm planting regions, partial shade can prevent them from the heat. Growing lettuce from seed in late summer may need generous artificial shade to retain cool the fertile soil for sprouting. Once days become cooler, the partial shade can be removed to give a lot of sunlight to young or baby lettuce plants. Lettuce grows very best in loose, cool soil with very good drainage. The incorporation of organic substances, such as organic compost or manure, will raise drainage, provide necessary nutrients, and better your lettuce growing conditions. If you have had a problem with lettuce growth, consider purchasing a soil test kit. Lettuce is delicate to low pH. The addition of lime can benefit bring the pH level to at least 6.0.

#5 Potatoes

Potatoes are very easy to grow one seed potato will supply several potatoes to harvest. Prepare the well-drained soil by shoving and removing weeds, and then shove straight trenches 12cm deep and 60cm aside. In spring, plant seed potatoes 30cm aside and cover them with fertile soil to fill the trench. When the shoots reach 20cm high, use a gather, hoe, or spade to mound soil up through the bases of the shoots, covering the stems halfway. This is known as earthing up. You can also grow first early and second early potatoes in a wide bag on a patio or balcony, covering them with organic compost as they grow.

#6 Sweet Peppers

Sweet peppers are ready to put into their permanent planting site once the roots fill the 9-10cm containers. container them up into 23 to 25cm or 9 to 10 in containers of good compost in late April and if growing in a heated greenhouse, mid-May unheated greenhouse, or late May/early June if growing outdoors. They can also be grown in growing bags but will require very careful watering. Encourage them other plants or similar and tie them in as they grow. Pinch out the growing tip when plants reach about 20cm or 8in tall to support bushy growth and improve plants. Water daily and then feed with a balanced normal feed, switching to a high potash feed when the first fruit has set. Mist the foliage daily, especially undercover, with lukewarm water to discourage red spider mites and to improve flower set and planting.

#7 Pumpkin

You need to plant pumpkins in very early summer close to the corner of your garden ground. Space pumpkin plants 2 to 5 feet aside depending on the many varieties. Grow each pumpkin on a 3-foot large mound of warm, fertile, and well-drained soil that has a pH level of 6.0 to 6.8. Better your home-grown soil by mixing in the number of inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Pumpkins need a lot of water, so it’s very best to use a soaker hose or drip watering. Keep away from wetting the leaves. Give your pumpkins a lot of nutrients with a part of continuous-release vegetable plants. As pumpkins begin to form, raise them off the well-drained soil to prevent rotting. Harvest pumpkins once they extend their perfect color. The skin should compete and stems will have to begin to wither.

 #8 Asparagus

Asparagus (Image credit: pixabay)

Asparagus is one of those perennial vegetables that take patience to grow very well, but once you have learned how to grow asparagus, it’s very satisfying. It’s flavourful and is normally one of the first plants to come to harvest in the spring period. It’s very important to select where you are going to plant your asparagus with particular care. Because you will be harvesting your asparagus for over 20 years, ensure that the position you are selecting is ideal. Several people choose for, as they supply great drainage potential and ease of harvesting. Asparagus requires full sun, although it can allow a little bit of partial shade.  Choosing a position where your asparagus will have normal sun conditions is best, especially given that it will retain returning year after year. Make sure that your planned planting position is completely and weed-free. Asparagus does not like firm from other weeds. It’s a very good idea to mulch the region very heavily to benefit prevent weed growth.

#9 Sweet Corn

Sweet corn is a warm season yearly that is best planted after the well-drained soil temperature reaches 16°C, normally two or three weeks after the last frost date in the spring season. Sweet corn planted in cold, wet soil is unlikely to sprouts. Sweet corn grows very best in air temperatures from 16 to 35°C. Sweet corn can take from 60 to 100 days to reach harvest depending upon many varieties and the quantity of warmth during the growing season.

Vegetables Harvesting Calendar, Chart, Vegetable Planting/Sowing Calendar, Planting Season in Israel

VegetablesPlanting SeasonHarvesting
MushroomJanuary to March16 to 20 days
BeetrootJanuary to March45 to 65 days
CauliflowerOctober to December90 to 120 days 90 to 120 days
Pumpkin                                                                     April to May
EggplantJune to September65 to 80 days
CabbageJanuary to March90 to 120 days
PotatoOctober to December60 to 90 days
TurnipsApril to May40 to 55 days
Sweet cornJune to September60 to 100 days
CarrotsJanuary to March70 to 80 days
LeeksOctober to December120 to 150days
KohlrabiApril to May50 to 70 days
Swiss chardJune to September50 to 60 days
LettuceJanuary to March30 days
CourgetteOctober to December35 to 55 days
Jerusalem ArtichokesApril to May110 to 150days
Sweet potatoesJune to September95 to 120 days
OnionsOctober to December80 to 150 days
RadishJanuary to March20 to 30 days
GarlicJanuary to March90 days


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