Growing Vegetables in Germany
Hello Gardeners, we are back with a new topic and the topic is all about growing vegetables in Germany and the vegetable planting calendar of Germany. Do you live in Germany and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to grow your own vegetables in Germany. In this article, we will also mention all the requirements for growing vegetables in Germany.
Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Germany
Unless you have German descent, and maybe not even then, most popular vegetables in Germany may have you roughen your head. Some most popular German vegetables are somewhat the same as what we observe in the United States, some have accomplished a level of popularity over time, and others may be concealed. German vegetable gardening also has a different ideology than that followed by most American vegetable gardeners about growing German vegetables.
The number of vegetables to grow will frequently depend on circumstances. It can be as simple as growing a container of garnish on your back doorstep or you can make it as big and believe as you like. If there’s only a small area obtainable preference should be given to items where freshness is especially profitable such as Lettuce, Herbs, Spinach, Parsley, Peas, and Beans. If there’s more garden ground add Brassicas, Onions, Carrots, Beetroot, Rhubarb, and early Potatoes to the potting mix. It will also add appeal to try out some new or extraordinary kinds each year.
A Step-By-Step Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables in Germany and Vegetable Planting Calendar
1. Vegetables can be grown on most suitable soils in light, medium, or heavy supplied they are well-drained. Select an open though not exposed location, where plants can receive maximum direct sunlight.
2. Plants can grow on the flat, in drills or ridges, or on raised beds also known as deep grounds. Select the system that suits you very best.
3. Perennial vegetables include Asparagus, Rhubarb, Seakale, Horseradish, and other vegetable plants. They remain in one place for some years to one side so that they do not interfere with the planting of annual plants.
4. Grow the early grown-up plants together so that when they are harvested the garden ground may be planted with late vegetable plants such as early Potatoes, Scallions, Lettuce, Spinach, and Radish could be sequence by Savoy Cabbage, Winter Cauliflower, or Late Celery.
5. Vegetables are generally either sown directly where they are too grown-up known as direct drilling or else the seed is sown into a nursery ground or multi-celled tray and later on the young vegetable plants or transplants are planted out into their final area. These vegetables are Carrots, Parsnips, Scallions, Beetroot, Swedes, Spinach, Radish, Peas, and Beans are usually direct drilled, while the most popular vegetable Brassicas, Lettuce, Celery, and Courgettes are transplanted. Leeks, Onions, and Sweet corn are examples of plants that can either be dug or planted.
6. Transplanted plants are normally sown under the protection of a plastic tunnel, glasshouse, or garden frame into a container of some kind. These containers could be a seed tray, small container, or a multi-celled tray called a module. Some of the vegetables like Brassicas and Leeks can also be direct drilled into a seedbed outdoors and later on transplanted out as bare-root vegetable plants.
7. A garden frame or cold frame is a beautiful addition to any vegetable garden. It’s a simple box-like structure with a plastic or glass top that tolerates you to warm the well-drained soil in early spring. If you don’t possess a greenhouse you can use surrounded to propagate transplants or to grow early season plants.
8. As there are few effective insecticides available it’s necessary to physically protect your plants from pest attack using fleece, nets, or barriers.
9. Keeping annual records outlining the plants grown, planting distances, varieties, dates of sowing seeds, transplanting or harvesting, etc. will add to the owner’s keep of information year on year.
10.Vegetable growing can get confusing due to the wide number of different types of vegetables that are obtainable and the many different ways of growing them. If you are a starting you are improved off starting small and grow something very easy plants like Cabbage, Onion sets, or Beetroot. Look after them well and you will get ready to harvest.
Basic Things to Remember When Growing Vegetables
- Pick the right location
The best location for a vegetable garden ground should be the addition of at least six hours to eight hours of sunlight regularly, good drainage and air circulation, and a level spot with loose, rich well-drained soil. There should also be a close-by source of water, and perfectly, convenient access to tool storage and equipment.
- Suitable soil
The best well-drained soil suitable for vegetables such as lots of organic compost and organic matter such as composted leaves and garden ground or cut-up, aged bark. Whatever you are beginning with, incorporate adequate organic substances so that the amended well-drained soil is neither sandy nor compacted. The best soil mix for your container-grown vegetables is one that is well-drained, well-oxygenated, and has a pH that is near to neutral. Soil-containing or soilless potting mixes wellspring all of these features.
- Choosing vegetables to plant
At the importance, while the Lettuce season is ending, the produce of winter vegetable increases bitterly, states the trader an increased variety of Cabbage, such as Kale, Chinese cabbage, white cabbage, or Kohlrabi is on wellspring right now and also vegetables like Leeks or Celery are obtainable.
Vegetables, sheet plants, and many perennials have more surface roots systems and also need more often watering, some regularly especially in temperatures over 24°C. Most container plants require watering regularly in a hot, dry climatic condition sometimes twice or even three times per day.
Time drained applying mulch to Peppers, Tomatoes, Squash, Eggplant, and other vegetables means extra return at harvest time. Mulch protects against loss of moisture from the well-drained soil, suppresses weed growth, decreases fertilizer leaching, and cools the well-drained soil.
Most vegetables are getting ready for harvest when they reach an appropriate size. To observe the tenderness and taste of a vegetable bite into it. Most vegetables can be harvested when they are just half-mature this is when most popular vegetables are at their height of tenderness and taste.
How to Start Growing Seedlings for Indoor Vegetables
STEP 1: Prepare your containers with seed beginner well-drained soil to try not to use soil from your garden as it seem to contain microorganism that can harm your young vegetable plants. This is a great possibility to use some cardboard egg cartons, yogurt cups, paper cups, or milk cartons before reusing them later on.
STEP 2: Plant as maintained by seed packet directions. Cover with plastic shawl with a few holes poked in to tolerate air exchange but keep moisture levels.
STEP 3: Place somewhere warm to support growth on top of a fridge where they won’t be knocked over is perfect, but at the first suggestion of green, make sure to move them somewhere with a lot of suns.
STEP 4: Mist with a sprinkle bottle as required. They should not be soggy as this may cause the seeds to rot or grow container.
How to Transfer Seedlings When You No Longer Need Them Indoors
Once the seedlings are developed the roots have sprouted and they are needed daily watering, then it’s time to transfer them into wide containers or your garden.
STEP 1: Before just jumping in, you will require to get them used to the outside temperatures. This can be done by leaving the plastic trays out during the warmer parts of the day to ensure that they are protected from wind during this growth stage and bringing them back in at night. After about a week, they should be allowed to withstand the cooler overnight temperatures.
STEP 2: Dig a hole deep adequate so that the well-drained soil level of the seedling container and the new soil is equal. Tap down throughout the roots after planting and water very well. Ensure there are no weeds present competing for light and nutrients.
Seasons in German
The German spring season starts from March to May. The summer season is from June through to August, and fall is during September, October, and November. German winters are between December and February.
- Germany in summer that is June to August
- Germany in winter that is December to February
- Germany in the spring season that is March to May
- Germany in the fall that is September to November
Vegetables to Grow in the Summer Season in Germany
The most popular vegetable will turn to plant Asparagus coronal when attention how to make an Asparagus ground. Planting crowns will develop your Asparagus ground quicker so that you can harvest the Asparagus plant sooner. When the Asparagus happens, it will be dry-looking. Soak it in lukewarm water for two to three hours before you are ready for the Asparagus plant. Asparagus planting instructions suggested that you plant the coronal 8 to 12 inches or 20 to 30 cm apart. Cover with about 2 inches or 5 cm of well-drained soil. Water the ground well after planting Asparagus crowns. Make sure to provide adequate water until the coronal show sprouts.
Seeds for Tomatoes are not hard to observe, but transplants are. So begin seeds indoors, about five to six weeks before the last frost. Once outside, put your transplants in a sunny location and they require well-draining and rich soil. Amend it with organic substances if essential. Confined space your Tomato plants 24 to 36 inches or 60 to 90 cm apart, and use stems or cages to benefit them stay upright as they grow. Water daily throughout the summer when it isn’t raining, and use organic mulch under your Tomato plants to protect them from splashback that can spread disease from the well-drained soil. Harvest your Tomatoes when ripe, which means the Tomatoes will be wide, green, and moderately soft. Tomatoes get pretty soft as they over-ripen, so observe regularly. As they soften too much they will also establish a blush.
Bell Peppers are perennial in exotic areas. But in colder climatic conditions, they are mature as annuals and they have no allows for cold weather. They need a fairly long growing season, frequently up to 90 or even 100 days, so the shorter your summer, the sooner you require to begin seeds indoors. It is possible to save seeds from organic keep-bought bell peppers. Collect seeds from red peppers, since they are more grown-up than green ones, and set them out to dry for a few days. Then sow them or keep them in a paper envelope and place them in a dry spot for safekeeping.
Summer squash grows best in high-yielding, well-drained soil containing a high quantity of organic mulch in areas of full sun. Organic mulch can be added by incorporating organic compost into the soil as well as decomposed manure. Squash can be sown directly into the garden ground or started indoors. Summer and Winter Squash are normally planted in hills about 1 inch or 2.5 cm deep. Sow seeds only after any danger of frost have ended and the well-drained soil has warmed. Normally, only 4 to 5 seeds per hill are many, thinning down to 2 or 3 plants per hill once the seedlings have established their true leaves. Hills and rows of Summer Squash should be confined space roughly 3 to 4 feet 1 m apart, while Winter Squash should be confined spaced approximately 4 to 5 feet apart with 5 to 7 feet between rows and with the hills confined spaced about 3 feet apart. Squash can begin indoors 3 to 4 weeks before the planting date. Start seeds in peat pots, but by making sure the Squash seedlings do not suffer root trouble during transplanting. You can plant 3 to 4 seeds per container and thin to 2 plants later.
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Pumpkins are grown as heat-loving plants. As such, they should not be planted in the garden ground until the well-drained soil is warming adequate and the risk of frost has ended. Typically, early June is the perfect time to plant pumpkins in the most suitable locations. Pumpkins have a long growing summer season. If you live in a location where the well-drained soil will not be warm adequate to encourage the plants around their entire growing season, you can start your pumpkins indoors and transplant them when the ground has warmed sufficient and the risk of frost has passed. It’s suggested that you start growing pumpkins indoors about 3 weeks before the weather outdoors is perfect for growing.
Vegetables to Grow in the Winter Season in Germany
After four to six weeks, plant the young plants outdoors in well-drained and rich soil. Growing Kohlrabi is most lucky in cooler weather. The early plants started indoors and then transplanted outdoors will supply you with nice plants. When you believe about how to plant Kohlrabi, remember that there are several different types. Kohlrabi is a member of the family of Cabbage. There are white, reddish, and lavender different varieties, some of which will grown-up early and others have grown up late.
#2 Savoy Cabbage
Growing Savoy Cabbage is the same as growing any other Cabbage. Both are cold hardy conditions, but savoy is by far the coldest hardy of the Cabbages. Plan to set out new plants in the spring early adequate so they can grown-up before the heat of summer. Sow seeds 4 weeks before the last frost for plants to be transplanted in June and plant fall cabbage 6 to 8 weeks before the first frost of your garden area. Tolerate the plants to harden and accommodate to the colder temperature before transplanting. Transplant the savoy, tolerating 2 feet between rows and 15 to 18 inches between Savoy Cabbage plants in a location with at least six hours to eight hours of sun. The soil should have a pH of between 6.5 and 6.8, be moist, well-draining, and rich in organic matter for the most normal conditions when growing savoy cabbage.
A growing Potato is an uncomplicated plant. They require very little other than soft temperatures and well-drained soil, which is why they have been an important food major. Planting potatoes generally begins with a seed Potato. Seed Potatoes can be prepared for planting by either planting whole or transplant the seed so that there are one or two buds or on each piece. Much like when to plant Potatoes, the best and right time to harvest potatoes is when the weather is a cool climate. Wait until the foliage on the Potato plants has died back quiet in the fall. Once the foliage is dead, digging the roots up. Your growing Potatoes should be full-sized and scattered around the soil. Once the Potatoes have been digging up from the soil, tolerate them to air dry in a cool, dry place before keeping them.
#4 Black Salsify
Salsify has a long growing cool-season plant, about harvest 120 days. This vegetable requires a well-drained soil pH of 6.0 or above. Before sowing, amend the well-drained soil with 2 to 4 inches of organic matter or 4 to 6 quarters of an all-purpose fertilizer per 100 square feet of planting area. Remove any rock or other wide impediments to decrease root malformation. Black salsify roots can be kept at 0°C in a relative humidity of between 95% to 98%. The roots can allow a moderate freeze and can be kept in the garden until require. In cold storage with high relative humidity, the roots will retain for two to four months.
#5 Turnips Greens
Turnips are biennial plants that needed winter chill to supply flowers and seeds. As a root plant, the plants become bitter when left in the garden ground during hot times. Greens can be grown at any time in spring or fall as long as the well-drained soil is warm adequate for germination. The leaves are flavour when harvested young. The procedure on how to harvest turnip greens is very simple and you can continuously harvest the leaves as they seem. This will inhibit turnip bulb formation but make sure fresh to disposed of leaves for your recipes. Turnip greens in the garden will require observing for leafhoppers, many types of larva, and cutworms.
Vegetables to Grow in the Fall Season in Germany
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Spinach requires full sun. Grow Spinach in partial shade in summer regions. Plant spinach in well-drained, loamy soil rich in organic manure. Add two inches of aged compost or a commercial organic planting pot mix to the planting grounds before planting then turn the well-drained soil to 12 inches deep. Spinach requires a soil pH of 6.0 to 6.8. Spinach is hardy and survives in cool weather perfect spinach growing weather is 10 to 21°C. Warm weather and long days will cause spinach to the arrow that is it will flower and go to seed.
#2 Swiss chard
As part of your fall garden, you will want to get Swiss chard seed direct into the garden ground in early to mid-spring, or at least when you ensure there’s no more possibility of frost. A good rule of thumb is to ensure the well-drained soil is at least 10°C, which is warming adequately for the seeds to germinate. If you want to make sure of steady produce of Swiss chard, you can use succession planting, sowing new seeds every together of weeks, to lengthen the harvest period. If you require growing Swiss chard around the winter, get your seeds directly into the garden ground at least a month before the first fall frost. As a winter vegetable, Swiss chard grows very well with other companion root plants, such as Carrots, Turnips, and Parsnips. It also grows well with the above-mentioned Spinach and Kale.
Green Peas thrive in cool weather conditions and young plants will allow light frosts. Once germinated, green peas modify well to the cold, moisture climate of early spring. Peas must be planted as early as attainable in the spring to get a full harvest before hot summer temperatures happen and put an end to production. For a fall plant, you will have to nurse the seedlings around late-summer heat with partial shade and diligent watering until cool weather condition happens. The days to grown-up listed on the seed packets are calculated from the date of direct seeding, but well-drained soil temperature determines how long it takes for pea seeds to germinate. For example, if the soil is 5°C, pea seeds may take more than a month to sprout, while at 7°C or above, they take about a week. So, the days to grown-up can be misleading. Use the information only as a director for determining early, mid-season, and late varieties.
Radishes are a cool-season plant. They should be sown during the starting of the cold weather condition season depending on the part of the world you live in and harvested before the warm season starts, as bolting or small root size can occur if the climate condition is too warm. Seeds should be sown ½ an inch deep and 1 inch apart. Thin the seedlings 1 to 4 inches apart, and confined space the rows or mounded hills with 10 to 16 inches between them. The normal temperature for a healthy radish plant is 10 to 18°C, with a soil pH of around 6. Ensure to retain a cover of organic nutrients through the base of the plant. Radishes will go to seed if planted during summer months, due to longer days, so retain them covered in the summer, and ensure that they are watered regularly. It can be grown with a companion to other plants, and it is seen that it flourishes when grown alongside cucumber.
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Lettuce likes cool weather conditions. You can start planting leaf, romaine, and butter head lettuce as soon as the well-drained soil can be worked in the spring. Depending on the variety, lettuce germinates in temperatures between 5 to 29°C. If you plant lettuce in successive plantings, with 10 to 14 days in between, you will have an extended harvest. To protect the summer bolt, stop planting one month before warm summer temperatures begin. Begin planting fall lettuce in late summer so it reaches grown-up when the fall air is cool weather. Head lettuce is normally started indoors or in a cold frame and transplanted in the spring after the last moderately frost date. Growing lettuce from seedlings for early spring transplant is a good way to get ahead begin the growing season.
Vegetable Planting Calendar in Germany
|Black Salsify||December to February||120 days|
|Asparagus||June to August||50 to 56days|
|Kohlrabi||December to February||50 to 70 days|
|Turnips Greens||December to February||30 to 60 days|
|Savoy Cabbage||December to February||70 to 110 days|
|Carrot||March to May||70 to 80 days|
|Pumpkin||June to August||90 to 120 days|
|Spinach||September to November||45 to 50 days|
|Tomato||June to August||90 to 140 days|
|Potato||December to February||70 to 95 days|
|Lettuce||September to November||30 to 70 days|
|Swiss Chard||September to November||80 to 150 days|
|Squash||June to August||50 to 60 days|
|Eggplant||March to May||100 to 150 days|
|Rhubarb||April to June||90 days|
|Peas||September to November||60 to 70 days|
|Green Beans||December to March||50 to 55 days|
|Pepper||June to August||60 to 90 days|
|Radish||September to November||22 to 70 days|
|Broccoli||March to May||50 to 60 days|
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