Growing Vegetables In Denmark – Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Denmark and Vegetable Planting in Denmark – Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe surrounded by the Baltic and the North Sea. The country consists of a wide peninsula and several islands referred to as the Danish Archipelago. The closest countries include Germany, Norway, and Sweden. Denmark has a judicious location to manage the Danish Straits that the Baltic and North Seas. 

Organic vegetables include Potatoes, Carrots, and Onions together quantity for just over 80% of produce. Other staple items include the following, mostly domestically supplied vegetables are Cauliflower, Broccoli, Mushrooms, White Cabbage, China Cabbage, Leeks, Brussels sprouts, Red Cabbage, and Lettuce. Now, let us get into the details of growing vegetables in Denmark in different seasons.

Growing Vegetables in Denmark, Planting Calendar, Season, and Tips for Vegetable Gardening in Denmark

It’s very important to sow your vegetable plants at the right time of year. Whether it’s directly outside in the garden ground or indoors with heat and to harvest them at the right period when they are at the high of their tenderness and taste.

The most of vegetables will be sown in spring from March to May. However, some, including Broad Beans may need to be sown a little earlier depending on the weather or temperature conditions. Harvesting normally begins in mid-Summer, however, some vegetables will need harvesting a little earlier such as Beans, Carrots, Radishes, and Potatoes – and some a little later that is Beetroot, Brussel sprouts, Cabbages, Leeks, and Parsnips. The later harvesting vegetables may continue into the next year that is January or February turn on growing conditions.

Basic Things to Remember to Start Vegetable Gardening

  • Start your garden at the right time

Early spring is a perfect time to begin vegetable gardening, but you can, of course, start designing well ahead. Choose the size of the plot you would like. Ensure you retain to a size you can manage. A wide vegetable garden with room to grow everything will take plenty of work, both preparation and maintenance. A smaller plot with dwarf varieties or supply mixed in among flower grounds, or planting in containers would work improve if you don’t have much time take for gardening.

  • Choose the best position for your garden

The amount of space and light levels of your selecting growing position will be the determining components in what you grow, and you require understanding how much room you can provide each plant to grow in a raised bed or container before you get started. 

An open, sunny spot: it requires one that gets the morning sun, and throughout six to eight hours of direct sunlight regularly. To grow fastly and well, vegetables require as much light as possible, so track the sun around the day to see where shadows fall. If you don’t have these conditions, some plants allow shade, such as rhubarb.

Wind protection: A permeable barricade, such as a picket fence, hedge, and windbreak can filter it’s accomplished.

Fertile soil: Well-drained soil with compost.

  • Prepare the soil

The next thing to do is better the well-drained soil and it never hurts to. You can do this by shoving in organic matter, such as well-rotted manure or organic compost. Your local garden center seems also to have composted bark, mushroom compost, or leaf control. And if they know, ask them if you require doing anything else. Soils are normally on a spectrum from clay soil to sand and can differ from place to place within your garden ground. All soils will benefit from the incorporation of organic manure to keep moisture and nutrients. Clay soil requires breaking up and takes longer to warm up so suits later plants. Light soils are good for early vegetables but require large amounts of manure and compost to keep away from water draining away too fastly. The perfect soil is loose, crumbly loam, which absorbs and holds water and nutrients, is well oxygenated, and drains freely.

  • Watering

Vegetable plants are thirsty you will require to water them absolutely, position them to moisten at least 30 centimeters of the well-drained soil. This means a good, long soak about once a week, rather than fast and shallow regularly watering. Almost all vegetable plants have this requirement, such as Tomatoes, Salad leaves, and Lettuce, and root vegetables. If your soil has poor water retention loam soil, for example, mix in some sand to better it. Mulching vegetable grounds with leaves, organic manure, or compost will also better water retention, but keep away from the mulch touching the actual plants. If you are growing vegetables in containers, they will require more often watering, as the water evaporates very fastly from containers. 

  • Harvesting

Many vegetables are of their high quality and to dispose of when still not mature salad greens, Zucchini, Cucumbers, Beans, Peas, Potatoes, and Turnips. Others, like Tomatoes and Watermelons, are best when chosen when they are fully ripe and their flavors have been given ample period to establish. Anyone who grows Zucchini will tell you that small fruit can go from 2 inches to 2 feet in basic days. Therefore, it’s a very good idea to stay on top of harvesting. Often harvesting can result in higher quality and improving-tasting vegetables, but it can also support a wide yield.

Seasons for Growing Vegetables in Denmark

Denmark has four seasons that is spring, summer, autumn, and winter. Spring from March to May begins cold but warms up moderately. This is normally the driest season. Summer is from June to August.

Spring: The mornings can be cold but during the day an average temperature of 8-16°C is common. Average sunlight hours from spring are March 4 hours, April 5 hours, and May 8 hours and per day. Days with more than 0.25mm rain in the springtime comes normally 11-12 days per month.

Summer: The Weather in Denmark during summer is wonderful, especially with daylight savings. The sun rises at 4 a.m. and does not set before 10.30 at night time. During the summer season, June, July, and August the average day temperature is 19 to 22°C. But on a good summer’s day, you will see the temperature rise to the peak twenties.
The temperature during the night sits at 12-15°C. The average quantity of Sunlight hours a day during the summertime is 8 hours and days with more than 0.25mm of rain occur about 13 days every summer month.

Autumn: The amazing colours of autumn. This is a very colourful period of the year, in Denmark. The leaves fall off closely all the trees and bushes. The plant’s leaves change their colours from green to orange, yellow, red, then brown before falling to the garden ground.
Even this period of the year, September to November, the days can be wonderful with temperatures in the low twenties. The average day temperature for the autumn season is 8-18°C. During the nighttime, you can expect 4-11°C.

Winter: The weather in Denmark is generally soft comparing to the other Scandinavian countries during winter, but now and again you will get a beautiful cold winter in Denmark with the average temperatures falling to -25°C. The snow also lights everything up a bit which is not a bad thing during the winter season, because the sun does not rise before 9 a.m. and sunset is about 4 in the afternoon. However most winters in Denmark are not especially cold, an average temperature during the day is at 1-4°C, and at night time just through zero.

Vegetables to Grow in the Spring Season in Denmark

  • Arugula

Arugula is perfectly a cool-weather plant that should be seed sown at least 2 to 3 weeks before the average date from the last freeze. It flourishes in temperatures between 10-18°C. Sequential arugula plants can be seed sown on the passage of every 2 to 3 weeks if you plan on a continuous harvest. Arugula plant should be placed on a south-facing window where it can receive four to five hours of complete sun exposure regularly. You can also grow it inside in the presence of enough natural lighting or make providing for fluorescent grow light fixtures. This can perform well if you plan on growing Arugula during the winter months as the days begin getting shorter.

  • Broccoli

Broccoli is a cool-season vegetable plant that likes daytime temperatures at 15°C and can allow light frost and temperature down to -6°C. Broccoli requires full sun, at least 4-5 hours regularly. Broccoli likes rich, well-draining, fertile soil with a pH level of around 6. Because of the short growing season, Broccoli is in a race in case of time and requires high-quality soil amended with a lot of rich organic compost. To better drainage, you can plant your broccoli in accumulation. Broccoli seeds take 3-4 months from planting and get ready to harvest while transplants take 2-3 months.

  • Cauliflower

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Cauliflower
Cauliflower (pic credit: pixabay)

Cauliflower grows best in cool weather plants. Transplants can be set in the garden as early as 1 to 2 weeks before the average last frost date in spring set cauliflower when the soil temperature has warmed to 12°C and daytime temperatures average in the 12°C and 15°C. If spring weather warms too fastly, spring-planted Cauliflower may arrow and flower untimely. A summer-planted fall plant is a safer bet to sow Cauliflower in the garden about 75 days before the average first freeze date in autumn. Matter summer-planted Cauliflowers to benefit retain the soil evenly moist and very cool. Where winter temperatures stay soft, Cauliflower can be planted in autumn and grown around the winter for spring harvest.

  • Mushrooms

Growing button Mushrooms is the major straightforward of all procedures and Agaricus Bisporus also such as the popular, nutty, Portobello, or brown cap Mushrooms. Kits for these different varieties will include a tray and lid and a pre-spawned substrate or organic compost. For best results make your organic compost out of a combination of horse manure and wet straw. Mix the two and pack down tightly to tolerate the temperature in the organic manure to rise. Turn this mixture every together day for 2 or 3 weeks to tolerate the manure to rot down and concentrate the nutrients needed for Mushroom growing. When the combination is dark brown and sweet-smelling then you have great compost.

  • Onions

Onions are cool-season plants and can stand temperatures well below freezing. They may be planted from seeds, from small Onion bulbs known sets, or transplants. Seeding costs the least but takes farther before Onions are ready. When seeding Onions for bulbs, plant them ¼ inch deep down from October around December. Place the seeds 1 inch apart in the ground. When the plants are about 6 inches tall, thin them to one onion plant every 2 to 3 inches. Eat the extra plants are called green onions. Onions seeded in October or December or transplanted in January or February should supply bulbs in Mayor July. If used as green onions, they may be chosen from they are pencil size up to begin to form bulbs.

Growing Vegetables in the Winter Season in Denmark

  • Rutabaga

Rutabagas are also called Brassica napobrassica are a cool-season root plant that can be supplied in the spring or fall. Similar to Turnips, Rutabagas are frequently called table Turnips in northern areas. Rutabaga leaves are bluish-green, thick, and soft. They are succulent. The roots are frequently more lengthen than turnip roots and have a strong, leafy neck. Rutabagas grow very best in temperatures from 13 to 18°C. Rutabagas can be planted in rows 14 to 18 inches in diameter. Work the well-drained soil well to form a very good seedbed and addition fertilizer thoroughly. Plant seeds 1/2 inch deep down with about 4 inches between plants. Initial seeding can be neared and then the plants decrease to 4-inch spacing. Rutabagas are got time to harvested when roots are 4 or 5 inches in diameter. Top the root reduces leaves from the fleshy root, wash off any well-drained soil, and dry fastly. The leaves may be cooked and eaten.

  • Collard Greens

A major of Southern cooking, collard greens are called Brassica oleracea are a nutritious leafy vegetable great for sautéing or combing into a broth. Collard greens are an ideal option for home gardeners looking for a very easy-to-grow plant for their vegetable gardens. Collards allow more heat and cold than main other vegetables grown in Texas. They are very easy to grow, productive, and well suited to either wide or small gardens. Collards grow best in cool weather plants and require as much sunlight as possible. Collards can be beginner from transplants or seeds sown directly in the garden ground. Transplants normally are used for the spring plant. They add 4 to 5 weeks to the growing winter season because they can be grown inside before the weather is warm adequate to plant the seeds outside. Collard seeds germinate when the well-drained soil temperature reaches 7°C.

  • Turnips

Turnip seed sprouts are very fast and sure, and a decrease is normally necessary. Yet Turnips grow so fastly that a single session of decrease and weeding is all that is required to benefit them dominate their space. Flea beetles and other small pests may make small holes in young Turnip greens, but the plants are so strong that they fastly outgrow the damage. As a substitute, the only special care Turnips require is daily water. Retaining the soil moderately moist supports the growth of abundant greens and big roots with no breaks and cracks.  Turnip greens taste is very best when they are young plants and have been exposed to many days and nights of cool weather conditions. Similarly, Turnip roots get together sugars as well-drained soil temperatures decline. For these reasons, it’s best to harvest the season’s best Turnips after the light freeze has appeared, but before your first hard frost.

  • Red Cabbage

Red cabbage is very best grown as a cool-weather plant in rich organic soil that is well-drained. Once temperatures are better at 27°C the plants do poorly, so having a cooler growing season in the winter or early spring is helpful for the plants. Planting as a winter plant to harvest in spring means you should sow the seeds into direct garden grounds 6-8 weeks before the last spring frost date or you could sow the seeds outdoors around 4 weeks before the last freeze date. Red Cabbage enjoys rich well-draining and fertile soil. Add organic compost or amend the well-drained soil with natural ingredients such as rotted manure and leaf control should the soil require a boost. Fertilize the cabbage when planting with a good organic fertilizer that will benefit kick-start the plant’s growth. Ensure your plants have been hardened off and are prevented from freezing temperatures. Plant after the hardening process is complete.

  • Lettuce
Lettuce
Salad Lettuce (Image credit: pixabay)

You need to plant lettuce during the soft weather of early winter and fall. This nutritious, leafy green is a great choice for in-ground gardening, raised garden grounds, and containers. Space lettuce plants 6 to 18 inches in tall depending on the different variety in an area that gets plentiful of sun and has fertile, well-drained soil with a pH range of 6.0 and 7.0. Better home-grown soil by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Well-hydrated lettuce will keep tender leaves, so retain moisture levels frequently by watering whenever the top inch of well-drained soil becomes dry. Protect them for weeds and make your watering efforts last longer by applying a thick layer of matter made from excellently ground leaves or bark. Promote fine leaf production by daily feeding with a part of water-soluble plant food. Harvest leaf Lettuce beginning with the outermost leaves once they are wide adequate to eat.

Growing Vegetables in the Summer Season in Denmark

  • Asparagus

Asparagus is an individual plant. It is one of the few perennial vegetables grown in Minnesota others such as horseradish and rhubarb. The succulent parts of the plant are known as spears. These are abstrusely the stems of the plants. The spears appear from underground sprout at the base of the root system. These sprouts and roots are known as crowns. If impale are left to grow, they develop leaves and are named ferns. Asparagus harvest is only two months as a substitute for the whole season because the plants require a possible to let the ferns grow to take back and build up energy for the next year. The fern design energy will be kept in the underground part of the plant to supply the following year’s spears. It is very important to take care of the ferns even after the harvest is over to ensure you will have good further harvests.

  • Spinach

Growing spinach in a raised bed or other container is perfect. It tolerates you to harvest all of the flavourful leaves for you in advance of some other four-legged creature dine on your greens before you get to them. Growing Spinach in a container will also thwart nematodes and other well-drained soil-borne pests and diseases. Container-grown Spinach is very easily attainable too. It can be grown on the window sill, right outside the kitchen door, or on a balcony and terrace. It’s very easier to harvest and eat fresh greens when they are normally right in front of you. Spinach only takes 40-45 days to reach harvesting possibly.

  • Carrots

Growing carrots in the warm summer is a difficult effort. Carrots are a cool-season plant that typically requires between three and four months to reach grown-up. They are slow to sprouts in cool weather and germination best when the ambient temperature is through 23°C. When growing in warm weather, carrots frequently have a bitter taste and lot the sweetness of those grown at cooler temperatures. The perfect temperature for the development of fat, sweet-tasting Carrots is approximately 4°C. Perfectly, Carrots are sown when it’s warm and grown when it’s cool. For the best-tasting Carrots, you need to sow when the well-drained soil is warm and period the planting so the carrots will grow up at cooler temperatures.

  • Pumpkins

Plant Pumpkins in early summer close the corner of your garden ground.  Confined space Pumpkin plants 2 to 5 feet apart depending on the several varieties. Grow each Pumpkin on a 3-foot large control of warm, fertile, and well-drained soil that has a pH level of 6.0 to 6.8. Better your home-grown soil by mixing in many inches of aged compost or other rich organic manure. Pumpkins need plenty of water, so it’s very best to use a soaker hose or drip watering. Away from wetting the leaves. Give your Pumpkins a lot of nourishment with a part of continuous-release plant food. As Pumpkins begin to form, elevate them off the fertile soil to prevent rotting. Harvest Pumpkins once they reach their perfect colour. The skin should be firm and stems will have beginners to wither.

Growing Vegetables in the Autumn Season in Denmark

  • Peas

Peas like cool, frost-free growing climatic conditions. They suit cold climates or cool season’s plants. Pea flowers are hollow by frost and pods won’t form. So to seeds sow for your cool climate. Get the very best results by sowing in the first moon half of the month to take advantage of the moisture in the well-drained soil and a period of plentiful growth for above-ground plants like Peas. To be in mind, if the humidity condition is above 70% and temperatures are still high, I hold off planting seedlings and sow seeds as a substitute. By the period they are ready, hope the weather condition will be more delicious. Peas will grow; establish flowers and fruit in about 10-14 weeks depending on the several varieties. Peas can take up to 3 weeks to grow up from flower to shell.

  • Green Beans

Beans are very easy to low maintenance vegetables and once they are growing well, need little fussing.  They are color orange-red and have sixteen black positions on their backs. Their eggs and larval growth stages are yellow. Use row covers to protect the damage and handpick and damage any your position. Beans can be vulnerable to fungal diseases, so it’s important to keep out of the bean patch when the weather condition is wet. Frequently moisture results in the highest quality harvest, so water per week if there has been no rain, paying careful attention to watering when the plants are flowering and supplying pods. Also aim to be watered early in the day so the foliage can dry before night. Matter plants with straw or grate leaves hold soil moisture and decrease weed growth.

  • Potatoes
Potatoes
Potatoes (pic source: pixabay)

Potatoes may be planted as soon as the garden ground can be preferred in the early spring, but retain soil temperatures in mind. Potato plants will not start to grow up until the soil’s well-drained temperature has reached 7°C. The soil should be moist, but not water-logged. Potatoes can allow a light frost, but you should supply some frost protection for the plants if you know that a hard, late-season frost is coming. If you want to enlarge the storage period and have a long growing season, you can plant a second plant as late as June 15 and get harvest the potatoes as late as prolific.

  • Sugar Beets

Sugar Beets are the same as the familiar red-rooted garden ground beet, but are much wider, reaching about 2 to 4 pounds when grown-up. They to be disposed to have shiny, white roots, and as you seem to guess, peak sugar content, containing 13 to 22 % sucrose. To plant, prepare your seedbeds in a sunny spot with firmly packed well-drained soil. Sow the seed in moderately moist soil at a bottom of three-quarters to 1.5 inches. Sugar Beets modify well to a variety of soil types, but you will want to ensure the soil is well-drained and free of roots and wide stones that can inhibit the roots’ growth stage. Sugar Beets require a soil pH level of 6.0 to 6.5.

Sowing Calendar or Vegetables Planting Calendar in Denmark, and Planting Season in Denmark

VegetablesPlanting SeasonDays to Harvest
Red cabbageDecember to February70 days
PumpkinsJune to August90 to 120 days
ArugulaMarch to May40 days
Green BeansSeptember to November55 to 65 days
Collards GreenDecember to February55 to 75 days
CarrotsJune to August70 to 80 days
BroccoliMarch to May50 to 60 days
PeasSeptember to November60 to 70 days
TurnipsDecember to February30 to 60 days
AsparagusJune to August30 to 60 days
CauliflowersMarch to May50 to 100 days
PotatoesSeptember to November80 to 100 days
RutabagasDecember to February80 to 100 days
SpinachJune to August45 to 50 days
OnionsMarch to May80 to 150 days
Sugar BeetsSeptember to November90 to 95 days
LettuceDecember to November50 to 60 days
GherkinsJune to August60 to 70 days
MushroomsMarch to May16 to 20 days
BeetsSeptember to November46 to 65 days

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