Growing Vegetables In Bangladesh – Planting Calendar

Growing Vegetables in Bangladesh

Hello Gardeners, we are back with a new topic and the topic is all about growing vegetables in Bangladesh and the vegetable planting calendar of Bangladesh. Do you live in Bangladesh and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to grow vegetables in Bangladesh. In this article, we will also mention all the requirements for growing vegetables in Bangladesh.

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a country for growing vegetables. Due to exotic climate, sufficient humidity, fertile plain garden ground, abundant sunshine, and availability of an enormous number of vegetable plant species and different kinds of vegetables are grown in Bangladesh around the year. And meeting the domestic demand Bangladesh is now exporting fresh vegetables in the Middle East and European countries as well. There are plenty of winter vegetables that are grown by Bangladeshi gardeners but there are few vegetable plants and varieties available for planting in the monsoon season. For this reason, in the monsoon season, the production of vegetables in the kitchen market is very limited and the prices of vegetables. Therefore, some vegetable plants, as well as varieties and low-cost planting suitable for growing vegetables in the rainy season, have been recommended.

The most popular winter vegetables such as Cabbage, Cauliflower, Tomato, Brinjal, Radish, Hyacinth Bean, Bottle Gourd, etc. while the most popular summer vegetables are Pumpkin, Bitter Gourd, Spin Gourd, Ribbed Gourd, Ash Gourd, Okra, Yard-long Bean, and Spinach between others. Some major vegetables such as Brinjal, Pumpkin, Okra, and Red Amaranth are found to grow in both seasons.

A Step-By-Step Planting Guide for Growing Vegetables in Bangladesh, And Planting Calendar

Most popular vegetables accomplish their best eating quality when tolerated to ripen on the plant, but frequently this peak quality is reached before the vegetable is fully grown-up such as Cucumbers, Squash, Okra, Sweet Corn, Peas, and Beans. As a result, many gardeners fall into the bigger is a better mindset and tolerates plants to keep on the plant too long. For occurrence, beginner Okra growers may leave pods on the vegetable plant too long, opting for a wide product. However, Okra pods fastly become over-grown-up and woody, provide them inedible. Most seed catalogues and labels list days to grown-up for plants. While this may be a beneficial tool, especially when scheduling seed-starting dates, succession plants, etc., it is not always well-grounded for calculating accurate harvest dates. Many components influence a harvest date, including well-drained soil fertility, precipitation, and temperature. As a result, actual days to grown-up may be different from year to year. Therefore, a gardener requires being aware of the suitable clues that indicate a vegetable is ripe for picking.

Almost all vegetables are the very best when harvested early in the morning. Overnight, vegetables recover moisture that they lost during the day, and starches formed during the day may be converted to sugars during the evening. These traits make morning-harvested produce crisper, juicier, and very sweeter. If you cannot harvest in the morning, the supply should be kept out of direct sunlight and cooled as soon as attainable to slow degradation. Vegetable quality is the highest at the moment of harvest and starts to decrease fastly afterward.

Basic Things to Remember When Growing Vegetables in Bangladesh

  • Space matters

The perfect spacing between the rows in your garden ground provides ample room for your vegetable plants to grow and for you to work in. In most cases, it is a very good idea to leave at least 18 to 36 inches of space between each row of your vegetable plants. Wide garden plants, includes Cucumbers, Melons, and Pumpkins, have extending growth habits that grow very best with rows spaced 60 to 72 inches apart. Spacing your rows moderately farther apart than the minimum spacing for the vegetable plants you are using can supply you with a more suitable working area and the increased growing area for your vegetable plants supports larger healthier vegetable plants. Making breaks 2 feet long in the center of long rows supply easy access to the center of wide gardens.

  • Sunlight requirement

Vegetables do the best in the direct and full sun eight or more hours per day. If your vegetables aren’t growing to full size or supplying as much as you think they should, a lot of suns seems to be the reason. If you can displace your garden ground into a full sun area of your backyard that’s the best choice. If not, observe growing vegetables that require less sunlight. The warm weather vegetables such as Tomatoes, Melons, Peppers, and Eggplant prefer as much sun as possible unless you live in a very hot climate condition. Those seem not to be the best option for partially shady garden plants. As a substitute, plant root vegetables such as Carrots and Beets, and leafy vegetables include Spinach, Salad Mix, Cilantro, and Bitter gourd.

  • Suitable Soil

Sun and well-drained soil are the two most important components in your garden’s success. If you have the adequate sun to grow the vegetables you have planted in your garden, then a lot of soil nutrients are the next likely cause of some of your problems. In general, we have observed that most gardeners get benefit from adding a balanced organic fertilizer to their gardens every time they vegetable plant. Even if you have ordered soil and position a new garden it’s likely the soil isn’t as healthy as it should be.

  • Temperature

The certain weather condition in your local area can cause growing vegetable plants to act in unusual ways. For example, cool night-time temperature 15°C below and hot daytime temperature above 29°C can cause Tomato and Pepper plants to drop their flowers. If that weather continues throughout the period these vegetable plants are normally flowering and setting fruit you may get less than expected. If you have been having hot and dry weather conditions and haven’t had any rain recently, some of your plants seem to be stressed. Ensure your vegetable plants are getting at least one-two inches of water per week, more if you have sandy soil. Mulching your soil is highly well-drained because it confines moisture and helps regulate soil temperatures.

  • Watering

If your vegetable garden is in a soggy area where the well-drained soil stays water-logged or you are watering too much as in every day. You may have unsociable conditions in your garden ground. Most vegetable plants like to dry out a bit between watering’s, and some vegetables such as Tomatoes and Squash don’t like to be soggy. It’s very best to water your vegetables at the root of the plant. You shouldn’t be sprinkling your whole garden with every day because this could compound disease issues on Squashes and Tomatoes.

  • Harvesting

Harvesting vegetables at the right stage of grown-up make sure the very best taste and quality. Many vegetables should be picked around the summer season to maintain plant productivity. The period, incidence, and procedure of harvesting vary depending on the species. Vegetables, such as normal Sweet Corn, have a very small harvest time. Others, such as many of the root plants, can remain in the vegetable garden ground for several weeks with little effect on their taste. Some vegetables, such as Summer Squash, have to be harvested almost regularly. Other plants, includes as Tomatoes can be harvested every week. Determine the normal time to pick and enjoy your favourite vegetables.

Vegetables to Grow in the Winter Season in Bangladesh

Few vegetables are fast and very easy to grow. Here are the most popular winter vegetables you can grow in your kitchen garden. You can sow their direct seeds at the starting of the winter season.

#1 Carrot

Carrots (Iamge credit: pixabay)

Carrots are filling up with nutrients and have a likely crunch. Add them in salads or sauté with other vegetables. You can grow different and varieties of colors orange, yellow, and red. Water them regularly as carrots grow in moist well-drained soil. Harvest roots when they reach the desired medium size typically ¾ inches diameter. Fall Carrots, if organic mulched, may be left in the garden ground and dug as required over winter. Otherwise, Carrots with tops removed can be stored for 4 to 6 months at 2°C and high humidity conditions to prevent wilting. Carrots with tops left on will not keep as long.

#2 Sugar Peas

Sugar peas are also called green pea but they can be eaten raw. Very sweet and tasty, they can be grown in less and confined space in cool weather conditions. Sow the seeds direct in the garden ground in the right way to get a good plant. The plants can be harvested as soon as the pods begin to thicken.

#3 Broccolis

Don’t buy broccoli over the winter season. Plant seeds in your garden ground at the starting of winter. Broccoli plants grow to a wide size so; once broccoli seedlings are ready when three-four leaves appear, plant them 45 to 60 centimetres apart. Once the main head is harvested, the side shoots are small, and to be disposed of, they bulk up many winter meals. Harvest when the main head is 3 to 6 inches in diameter, and the flower outgrowth is still tightly closed. Cut the main broccoli stem about 6 inches below the top of the head. Some different varieties may supply secondary sprout in the stem axils after the main head has been harvested.

#4 Radishes

Radish grows the very best in moist soil and needs full sun exposure and daily watering. It is a major in salads. You can grow very easily them in early winter and the quick-growing vegetables will be the first vegetable to appear in your vegetable garden. Plants develop very fastly, and roots will be ready to harvest in about 3 to 4 weeks after vegetable planting from seed. Check the plantings often to prevent grown-ups. Round red radishes had better be harvested before they are an inch in diameter. Wide radishes will normally be pithy and have a strong flavour. White radishes had better be harvested before they are about ¾ inch in diameter. Radishes can be kept in the refrigerator for about 2 weeks.

#5 Lettuces

A must in most popular salads, this green leafy is a very good source of folic acid and vitamin A. Plant them this winter season, ensure that seeds are sown between eight and sixteen inches apart. Water them daily in the morning hours. Harvest total head or individual outer leaves before hot weather condition causes lettuce to turn bitter and fastener. It can be used as soon as lettuce plants are 4 to 6 inches tall. Bibb lettuce is grown up when leaves start to cup inward to form a loose head. Romaine is ready to use when the leaves have enlarged and overlap to form a fairly tight head about 6 to 8 inches tall. Keep in the nearest area of the refrigerator. Leaf, Bibb, and Romaine will keep as long as 4 weeks if the leaves are dry when bagged.

#6 Cabbages

Cabbage comes in different types of colours. Although it can live in most weathers, winter is best to survive. This is the right period to get it begins. Rich in ingredients, it can be eaten raw or can be sautéed. Plant them with the comfort of room around each head. Harvest when the head is solid, firm, and has reached enough size depending on the variety and growing conditions. Once cut, move it out of the sunlight as soon as possible. Cabbage will sun blister and lose weight in direct sunlight. Cabbage can be kept in the refrigerator for a month or more.

Vegetables to Grow in the Summer Season in Bangladesh

A summer vegetable garden can supply an abundance of fresh delicious vegetables for our family to enjoy. Grow these vegetables as per our likes and requires at our home only in the balcony, backyard, or just on the terrace, we can harvest those any time or period.

#1 Okra

Okra plant in the late spring or early summer once the analysis of frost has passed. To protect the seeds from rotting, the well-drained soil should have warmed to at least 18°C. Gardeners in cool weather conditions may want to begin okra seeds indoors in peat pots four to six weeks before the area’s final frost date. Okra can grow very easily from 3 to 6 feet tall. Select a garden location where its partial shade will not harm other sun-loving vegetable plants. Sow the direct seeds one inch deep in rows that are three feet apart. The seeds usually germinate in two to 12 days. Okra will grow very well in different soil types, so organic mulch and fertilize as required. Once the okra plants start to grow and very easy, thin those so they are confined spaced 12 to 18 inches apart. Begin harvesting at a right time after the okra blooms shade. At that point, the okra seed pods had to better is soft and two to three inches long. Choose the pods at least every other day, as they fastly turn from to be disposed of two tough the bigger they grow. Handle okra kindly. The pods bruise very easily.

#2 Tomatoes

In case if you miss this: How To Grow Organic Lettuce.

Tomatoes (Pic source: pixabay)

Choose fruit when it is fully vine-ripened but still hard most varieties are dark red, but many other different colours are possible depending on the variety. Harvested Tomatoes should be placed in the partial shade. If unripe green fruit is harvested, do not refrigerate, as this inhibits ripening. As a substitute, ripen them at 21°C. Light isn’t essential for ripening Green Tomatoes. Green Tomatoes can be kept at 10°C to 21°C for one to three weeks. Ripe Tomatoes can be kept at room temperature 21°C or in the refrigerator for 4 to 7 days. However, refrigeration can decrease the flavour and cause the Tomatoes to develop a mealy appearance.

#3 Summer Squash

Unlike Winter Squash, these heat-loving vegetables are very best eaten fresh. Varieties such as Green and Yellow Zucchini, Crookneck, Straight neck, Pattypan, and Zephyr. Select a sunny site with rich, well-draining soil. Plant in rows or hills and direct sow seeds when the soil temperature reaches 21°C. Plants require 1 to 2 inches of water regularly. Use drip watering to decrease the risk of foliar disease. Male flowers are followed by female flowers that endure fruit.

#4 Tomatillos

Small rounded green fruits of this Tomato comparable grow inside papery husks. The tart fruits are a major ingredient in cuisine, used to make green salsa or enchilada Verde sauce. Tomatillos are especially cold-sensitive, preferring well-drained soil temperatures of 21 to 26°C. Begin seed indoors 4 weeks before your last frost date or purchase nursery-grown plants. Most popular varieties take 75 to 100 days to grown-up. Ensure to grow two or more Tomatillos plants for successful cross-pollination.

#5 Corns

Fresh Sweet Corn is the typical summer plant, a favorite treat at barbecues and picnics. This quick-growing vegetable requires plenty of fertilizer and water to supply to be disposed of, plump kernels. You need to plant in 4 x 4-foot squares or multiple rows to make sure successful cross-pollination. Harvest just before eating, freezing, or preserving for the very best flavor. For an individual twist, grill fresh ears and try different exceed such as aioli, pesto, mayonnaise, or fresh herbs.

Common Vegetables to Grow in Bangladesh

#1 Potato

Potatoes, of Bangladeshi beginning, are the most and it’s a very important wellspring of starch, mostly used as vegetables also in Potato salt in, salad, Barbecue, etc. Potato, a naturally rich bulb root vegetable, is a very good source of starch and fiber. It is one of the most largely grown plants and is one of the low-cost appearing food items of the poor population all over the world.

You may also check this: How To Grow Hydroponic Chilli.

Potatoes (Image credit: pixabay)

The Potato plant grows about 12 to 18 inches in length and tolerates many tubers underground. The tubers normally have a round, oval, or oblong shape and vary largely in size. Harvest Potatoes after most of the climb has died and a spading fork is useful for shoving. Handle as gently as possible during harvest. Avoid damaging tubers when shoving and avoid long exposure to sunlight. Leave the tubers exposed to the sun just long sufficient for the soil to dry and fall off normal for about 1 to 2 hours. Potatoes for use in early summer new potatoes may be a shove from 2 weeks after flowering until the vines die. Shoving early Potatoes when tubers are wide sufficient to eat. Irish Potatoes can be kept in a dark, humid, well-ventilated spot at 7 to 15°C for 2 to 4 months.

#2 Spiny Gourds

Spiny Gourd is the most popular vegetable in Bangladesh. The best quality spiny gourd is available throughout the year here. Teasle Gourd is also called a spiny gourd and Kantola of Bangladesh origin. The spiny gourd is 6 to 8.5 cm long and 4 to 5 cm in diameter.   

#3 Plantains            

Plantain is also called Green Banana, of Bangladesh origin, is the most popular vegetable. The best quality plantain is available throughout the year here. Plantain is light green and is 15-18 cm long.  Go for Green Banana, nature’s own energy-rich vegetables that come in a safety envelope. Fresh, delicious bananas are available throughout the year-round.  

#4 Bitter gourd

Bitter Gourd, of Bangladesh beginning, is used as vegetables. There are two different kinds of Bitter Gourd in Bangladesh. They are korola and Ustayi.  Although the bitterness of Bitter Gourd seems to turn some people away, it can very sweeten your health because of its disease-preventing and health-promoting phytochemicals.

#5 Green chillies

Green Chilli is also called a Pepper Hot, of Bangladesh origin. Deep green in colour and 5 to 10 cm long, 8 to 10 mm diameter. Available throughout the year. Despite their lighted hotness is one of the very most popular spices known for medicinal and health-helpful properties. The Green Chilli is a fruit pod from the plant belonging to the nightshade family of Solanaceae, of the genus capsicum. The scientific name is a Capsicum annum.  

#6 Bean

As a substitute, flexible Green Beans or Snap Beans, or French Beans are the delights of vegetarian lovers. Beans, of Bangladesh origin,   are very good sources of dietary fibre, vitamins, and minerals. Fresh Green Beans are very low in calories from raw beans and contain no saturated fat but are a very good source of vitamins, minerals, and plant-derived micronutrients.
They are a very rich and good source of dietary fibre which acts as a bulk laxative that helps to prevent the mucous membrane of the colon by its exposure reducing time to toxic substances as well as by binding to cancer-causing chemicals in the colon. Dietary fibre has also been shown to decrease blood cholesterol levels by reducing the reabsorption of cholesterol.

#7 Cucumbers   

This wonderful, low-calorie vegetable has more nutrients to wellspring than just water and electrolytes. Cucumber, of Bangladesh beginning, is very low in calories provides calories. Contains no saturated fats and even cholesterol. Start harvesting when cucumbers are about 2 to 3 inches long up to any medium size, but before their flesh becomes bitter, seeds harden or skins start to yellow. Choosing types should be harvested between 2 and 6 inches in length while slicing and burp less types are typically chosen between 6 and 10 inches long. Pick as often as essential to avoid oversized fruit and to supports continued production. Harvest the fruits by cutting stems with a sharp knife or cutters. Cucumbers can be kept in the refrigerator for about a week.

#8 Eggplants

Egg Plant is also called an Aubergine, of Bangladesh origin, is violet and green in colour and is 10 to 15 cm long and 3 to 4 cm in diameter.  Different types of varieties of Aubergines are grown throughout Bangladesh. Depending on the planting type, they vary greatly in medium size, shape, and colour. Normally, these vegetables fall into two broad categories, either oval-shaped or thin and enlarge. The fruits of Eggplant may be harvested at any time after they have reached enough size but should be removed from the plants before the flesh becomes tough and seeds start to harden. Fruit should be wide, shiny, and uniform in colour. The fruit is ripe when the side of the fruit is pressed moderately with the thumbnail, and an indentation remains. Harvest the fruits by cutting stems with a sharp knife or cutters. Eggplant will keep in the refrigerator for a week.

Vegetable Planting Calendar in Bangladesh

VegetablesPlanting TimeDays to Harvest
CarrotSeptember to February60 to 130 days
Sugar peasOctober to January30 to 60 days
BroccoliYear-around120 to 140 days
Sweet cornOctober to December80 to 100 days
PotatoJuly to February80 to 130 days
LettuceYear to Round50 to 80 days
CabbageJuly to March100 to 160 days
OkraApril to August30 to 90 days
TomatoAugust to December120 to 150 days
CucumberSeptember to December60 to 80 days
Summer squashSeptember to December60 to 120 days
EggplantAugust to December120 to 140 days
Green chilliAugust to December90 to 130 days
BeanOctober to January60 to 100 days
BeetsAugust to March60 to 140 days
Bitter gourdYear-around50 to 160 days
Spiny gourdYear-around40 to 60 days
RadishJuly to September100 to 120 days
CauliflowerNovember to June130 to 170 days
SilverbeetsAugust to February60 to 300 days
PumpkinSeptember to December120 to 150days
 Leeks                         August to April120 to 160 days
BasilSeptember to January60 days
SpinachFebruary to June40 to 60 days


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