Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Bahrain and Vegetable Planting Calendar of Bahrain – Hello Gardeners, we are back with a new topic today. If you live in Bahrain and do you want to grow your own vegetables? Well and then you will need to follow this complete article to know the vegetable planting calendar of Bahrain.
A Guide to Growing Vegetables in Bahrain and Vegetable Planting Calendar of Bahrain
Basic Requirements for Growing Vegetables in Bahrain:
- Suitable container
Container vegetable gardening is ideal for growing in small confined spaces such as balconies and patios. Most vegetable plants can be grown in containers as long as they are wide adequate to tolerate the plant to grow. Window boxes are perfect for growing smaller plants such as Lettuce. Hanging baskets will make use of vertically confined spaces where floor space is very limited. Local vegetable gardening stores offer a range of ceramic and plastic containers with trays. If you want to benefit the environment and decrease the harmful impact of plastic then use recyclable substances such as plastic yogurt containers, bottles, and egg cartons.
The sun is the major source of energy for vegetable plants. Plants require either sun or partial shade. Vegetables will not grow in full partial shade. Consider a sunny position either indoors by a window sill and check how much sun comes in from the day or outdoors on your balcony. Sun-loving plants are Tomatoes, Aubergine, Basil, Chillies, and Courgette. Vegetable Plants that require a shadier position include Lettuce, Spinach, Rocket, Parsley, and Mint.
- Suitable soil
Good well-drained soil is essential to healthy vegetable plants. Perfect potting soil can be used for both indoor and outdoor vegetable plants. It has been tended and sanitized for bugs, pests, bacteria and contains fertilizer as an added boost for your vegetable plants. For outdoors you can mix potting well-drained soil with the top surface layer of earth for a solid, fertile foundation. Make sure to turn the region and let it oxygenated for many days before planting. You can even add your homemade organic compost to the mix and there are several store resources on how to design it. Add the potting mix soil straight into the container for indoor vegetable plants.
The rule of thumb for indoor vegetable plants is to retain the soil moderately moist and not saturated. Examine the watering instructions for your specific vegetable plants. Ensure that there are holes in the bottom of your plant container for good drainage. Get purify of excess water in the saucer. For vegetable plants outdoors in the sun, water regularly and well. Look for the suggestion of water distress such as shuffle or yellow leaves.
Planting and Growing Seasons in Bahrain
Beetroot, Chicory, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Swiss chard, Guinea fowl, Jerusalem artichokes, Kale, Leeks, Mussels, Parsnips, Red cabbage, and Swede.
February act following in much the same garden ground as of January, but with some moderately more flavorful leafy vegetables that are Rhubarb, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Chicory, Jerusalem artichokes, Kale, Leeks, Mussels, Parsnips, and Swede.
Carrots, Cauliflowers, Leeks mussels, Parsley, Spring onions, and Rhubarb.
Potatoes, Radishes, Rhubarb, Rosemary, Spinach, Spring Onions, and Watercress.
Asparagus, New Potatoes, Radishes, Rhubarb, Rocket, Salmon, Spinach, and Watercress.
Asparagus, Aubergine, Broad Beans, Carrots, Fennel, Globe Artichokes, Herring, Lamb, Mackerel, Mint, Peas, Radishes, Rocket, Spring Onions, Turnips, and Watercress.
Broccoli, Aubergine, Broccoli, Cucumber, Cauliflower, Peas, Sage, and Watercress.
Aubergine, Basil, Beetroot, Fennel, Lettuce, Peppers, and Tomatoes.
Cucumber, Rocket, Spring Onions, and Sweet corn.
Beetroot, Sweet corn, and Watercress.
Beetroot, Brussels sprouts, Celeriac, Chard, Jerusalem artichoke, Mushrooms, Parsnip, Pumpkin, and Shallots.
Beetroot, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Chicory, Kale, and Leeks.
Vegetable Gardening in Bahrain and Types of Vegetables to Grow in Bahrain
Eggplants require a long, summer growing season of at least five months and can be perennial in frost-free regions, planting for many seasons. They require fertile and well-drained soil. They can be mature from seeds sown directly in the garden ground, but they take a long period to fruit, speed up the method by growing them in plastic trays four weeks before the planting period, then plant the seeds when the garden ground warms up. Seeds will take about 2 to 3 weeks to sprout. Seedlings should be confined spaced about 45 to 60 cm that is 1.5 to 2 feet side. Take normal care while transplanting as it seems to disturb the plant growth. The plant will fruit after 3 to 4 months.
Broccoli plants should be planted where they can get 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight regularly. They flourish when daytime temperatures are in the 15 to 26°C ranges, although support plants will allow short stretches of warmer or cooler weather conditions. Broccoli plants are thirsty and do well with daily watering. When some of the summer vegetables die back in the late summer, you can pull them up and plant another plant of Broccoli that will be ready for harvest in the fall. This is a great way to maximize garden ground space and production.
In case if you miss this: How To Grow Plants In Hydroponics.
Cucumbers can be grown very easily in both traditional vegetable gardens and containers. As long as you retain them healthy, watered, and picked, a normal cucumber plant will continue to supply fruit for several weeks. Several varieties can be trained to vine a fence or trellis, which can save garden confined space and makes it very easier when it comes period to pick the cukes. Cucumbers flourish in most types of well-drained soil and they need 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight every day for average yield. They grow very best when daytime high temperatures are 18 to 26°C.
Growing peas every spring is a must for backyard vegetable gardeners. Peas don’t make many attempts to grow and the rewards are more than worth it. They are very easy to plant, maintain, and perfect harvest. They are also flavourful in many different recipes. Extra peas can easily be frozen for many months. Peas are an early-season plant and do well in cooler temperatures. They allow a light frost very well, so the planting period can be flexible. Growing peas very early in the year is a great way to maximize production in your garden ground, especially if you don’t have much space.
You may also check this: How To Grow Radish In Greenhouse.
Cauliflower is a cool-weather plant that needs 55 to 100 days of cool, even temperatures to reach harvest. Begin cauliflower seed indoors 6 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in spring. Transplants can go into the garden ground 2 to 6 weeks before the last frost date, normally 6 weeks after sowing. Directly sow the seed into the garden ground where the well-drained soil temperature is between 18 to 24°C and the weather condition will remain cool. Plant for a fall harvest can be direct-seeded 8 to 12 weeks before the first expected frost in the fall season. Transplants come to grown-up in 55 to 80 days from seed; cauliflower should be harvest 70 to 120 days.
Growing Asparagus is an individual process that needs plenty of patience. However, if you like to eat Asparagus, the recompense is belongings the wait. And over the long run, Asparagus is very much less expensive to grow yourself, compared to purchasing it in the grocery store. Asparagus is individual because it takes at least a year from the period you plant up to you can harvest. As the plant gets older, more and more shots are obtainable for harvest over a longer time. Asparagus plants are normally grown in an occasional garden ground. Asparagus plants need loose and airy soil to be mature successfully. They require to be planted relatively deep to develop a successful and expansive root system. Asparagus will allow partial shade, however, the more sun the vegetables plants get, the higher the yields will be.
If Artichokes are perennial in your areas, think long-term about where to plant them because they will grow in that position for up to 5 years. You need to plant Artichokes 4 feet aside in a region with full sun to partial shade and nutrient-rich, loamy soil. Better nutrition and surface of home-grown soil by working in compost or other rich organic matter. Water right after planting and supply frequently soil moisture throughout the growing season by watering when the top inch of well-drained and fertile soil is dry. Block weeds and keep soil moisture by adding a 4-inch surface layer of mulch made from organic substances such as straw, dry grass cuttings, or aged manure to prevent weeds. Once sprouts begin to form, remove the organic mulch and add a 4-inch surface layer of compost. Harvest Artichoke sprouts when they are about 3 inches in diameter and should be tightly packed and competes.
Green Beans are also known as Snap Beans are to be disposed of yearly best planted shortly after the last frost date in the spring season. Snap Beans are mature for fresh eating or canning. The different colors of Snap beans can differ. Green beans are green but other snap beans can be colored as yellow, purple, or speckled depending on the many varieties. Yellow snap beans are sometimes spelled as wax beans. Sow Snap beans in the garden ground just after the maximum date of the last frost in spring. To get an early beginning on the season, sow snap beans indoors as early as 3 or 4 weeks before the maximum last frost date for transplanting into the garden ground a week or two after the last frost date. Bush snap beans are compact growers, about 24 inches 61cm large, and tall pole snap beans are tall growers, as tall as 8 to 10 feet or 2.4-3m growing on a trellis or encourage.
Pods on bush beans come to harvest over two weeks pole bean plants will supply pods for a month or more. For continuous fresh harvest through the growing season, sow a sequence plant of bush snap beans every two weeks. Snap beans can continue in the garden ground up to the first frost in the fall season. Beans will not set pods in temperatures above 26.7°C.
Carrots are cool-season plants that flourish when soil temperatures are about 13°C. They allow frost very well, but need plenty of sunlight and should be planted in well-drained soil. Most carrot several varieties are ready for harvest in 60 to 75 days after planting. Carrots are well suited for both occasionally and container gardens
Turnips grow well and they are sweet to taste when they come to harvest. For a late spring harvest, sow turnip seeds directly in the garden ground 2 to 3 weeks before the maximum last frost date in spring. Sow turnips seeds in late summer for autumn harvest in very early autumn for late autumn harvest, and in late autumn for winter harvest in reverse-season areas.
Common Vegetables to Grow in Bahrain
- Spring Onions
Spring onions are also known as scallions, bunching onions, and salad onions. Spring onions are very easy to grow and just take a few months to grown-up, compared with twice this for bulb onions. Spring onions need full sun and well-planted fertile soil.
Beetroot requires cool to warm climate conditions. It requires at least 4 hours of full sunlight per day and grows very best at the base of wider plants like Capsicum and Tomatoes. A little bit of partial shade won’t hurt either. Whether you are planting in containers or the garden ground, well-drained soil preparation is a must. Use a medium-rich, well-drained soil that’s been loosened with a garden separate. Mix in some organic compost and manure with a bit of blood and bone. Also, mound the well-drained soil to better drainage.
- Brussels sprouts
Plant Brussels sprouts in the cool temperatures conditions of early spring and early fall. Brussels sprouts require room to spread out, so space them 18 to 24 inches aside in an area that gets 6 hours of sunlight regularly and has well-drained, fertile soil with a pH level of 6.8. Check well-drained soil moisture daily and give plants 1 to 1.5 inches of water per week. Support a plentiful harvest by feeding Brussels sprouts daily with a part of continuous-release vegetable plants. Lay deep down a 3-inch surface layer of mulch to keep soil moisture and prevent weeds. You need to harvest when the curds have competed and green. They should be 1 to 2 inches or in diameter apart.
Plant Celeriac seeds in the spring season in 4 to 6 weeks before transplanting outdoors. In some regions, Celeriac seeds can also be planted in the summer season for a winter or spring harvest. Use well-draining potting soil and retain the soil moistly. Seedlings will appear in 21 days. Once seedlings reach a height of 2 to 2 and 1/2 inches, then transplant to a sunny location 6 inches by 24 inches aside two weeks before the last frost date. Manure with straw or leaves to protect from any impending frost date. You can harvest Celeriac at any point though, depending on how big you did like the root plants. Bigger roots are firm to clean and peel, but will still taste the same as smaller root plants.
- Swiss chard
Swiss chard is similar to beets. It is frequently grown as a summer substitute for spinach because it allows for warm temperatures. It also withstands cool temperatures and can be mature from early spring right up to frost date. Swiss chard needs rich, well-drained, and fertile soil in full sun or light partial shade. Sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep down in rows spaced 18 inches aside. You need to thin seedlings to 12 inches aside when they are wider adequate to handle. Harvest outer leaves as required, when they are more than 6 inches long. Trim the leaves about 1 inch from the garden ground. Then harvest continually to retain the plant’s productivity.
Grow each plant of Pumpkin on a 3-foot large mound of heat, fertile, and well-drained soil that has a pH of 6.0 to 6.8. Pumpkins prefer plenty of water, so it’s best to use a soaker hose or drip watering. Give your Pumpkins a lot of nutrition with a part of continuous-release vegetable plants. As Pumpkins begin to form, increase them off the well-drained soil to prevent rotting. Pumpkins should be harvest, once they reach their perfect color.
Vegetable Harvesting Calendar, Chart, Vegetable Planting/Sowing Calendar, Planting Season in Bahrain
|Aubergine||March to June||70 to 85 days|
|Artichokes||June to August||110 to 150 days|
|Cucumber||March to June||55 to 60 days|
|Spring onions||June to August||60 days|
|Cauliflower||March to June||90 to 120 days|
|Asparagus||June to August||65 days|
|Broccoli||March to June||50 to 60 days|
|Beetroot||December to March||45 to 65 days|
|Beans||June to August||65 days|
|Brussel Sprouts||December to March||80 to 90 days|
|Carrots||June to August||60 to 75 days|
|Swiss Chard||December to March||50 to 60 days|
|Turnips||June to August||40 to 55 days|
|Pumpkin||December to March||90 to 120 days|
|Peas||March to June||60 to 70 days|
|celeriac||December to March||90 to 120 days|
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