Growing Vegetables In Austria, Planting Calendar

Introduction to Growing Vegetables in Austria and Vegetables Planting Calendar in Austria- The democratic country of Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The nearest countries are Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

Vegetables are the portion of plants that are consumed by humans or other animals as food. The original meaning is still normally used and is applied to vegetable plants collectively to refer to all suitable plant matter, including the flowers, fruits, stems, leaves, roots, and seeds. A different definition of the term is applied somewhat arbitrarily, frequent by culinary and cultural traditions. It may exclude foods derived from some vegetable plants that are fruits, flowers, nuts, and cereal grains, but incorporate savoury fruits such as Tomatoes and Courgettes, flowers such as Broccoli, and seeds such as pulses. 

A Guide to Growing Vegetables in Austria and Vegetable Planting Calendar, Season in Austria

Steps of Vegetable Gardening in Austria

  • Locate a site

Select a position on a well-drained site near to a source of water and in a location that receives at least six hours to eight hours of direct sunlight regularly. Vegetables may also be included in the landscape between decorative plants. If possible, rotate your garden location each year to benefit control soil diseases and other pests.

  • Plan the garden

Before planting, design a garden plan that includes the name, location, and planting date(s) of the vegetables you want to grow. Make a list of produce and purchase seeds early if you plan to grow your transplants. If the vegetables are very difficult to transplant, they should be seeded directly into the garden ground.

  • Prepare the soil

Better the well-drained soil with additions of organic manure at least three weeks before planting. At the planting period, rework the well-drained soil into a smooth, compete for the surface.

  • Apply organic matter

Most of the best soils helpful from adding organic manure, such as animal manure, rotted leaves, compost, commercial soil mixes, and cover crops. Un-composted organics should be mixed in the well-drained soil well in advance of planting, equitable at least a month before seeding composted organics may be applied at planting period.

  • Adjust the soil pH

Soil pH determines how obtainable nutrients are to vegetable plants. The best pH range for vegetable gardens ground on sandy soil is between pH 5.8 and 6.3. If your well-drained soil pH is between 5.5 and 7.0, you will not require adjusting your well-drained soil pH.

  • Plan watering and drainage

Vegetables require enough soil moisture to grow and supply, but cannot allow standing water from excessive rainfall or watering. The quantity of watering a plant requires depends on the age of the plants and your soil type.

Young vegetable plants require often, light, watering maturing plants require more water but less frequent. Sandy soils demand more frequent soaking than clay, muck, or amended soils. Preserve water by using mulch, organic manure, and techniques such as drip watering.

Planting Seasons in Austria

Austria has four distinct seasons around the year, and each one has its attractions. However, each season also needs different clothing and offers the option to indulge in different activities. 

  • April to May – Spring
  • June to August – summer
  • September to October – fall
  • November to March – winter

Summer:

During the summer season, the climate in Austria normally sees warm days and cool nights. As such, you can expect afternoon temperatures in Vienna to hit through 30°C then drop to 20°C at night. Additionally, there are frequent rain showers and thunderstorms in summer, especially in the mountains. That said, Austria also gets a significant quantity of sunshine in July and August. 

Winter:

There is only one word to describe the Austrian climate in the winter season that is cool temperature. In the cities, the maximum temperature is through of 1°C. However, locations in higher altitudes or the mountains can get far colder.

Spring:

In Austria, spring falls from March to June. Because this is a reasonably soft season, temperatures are disposed to dip at night but warm up sometimes to 25°C during the day. However, rain is less common during the spring, so this is a good period to be outdoors. Spring is the best period for food in Austria because this is when the local supply is truly at its best. 

Autumn:

In Austria, autumn is much the similar to spring. As such, you can expect slight temperatures that fall completely low at night. However, unlike the spring, autumn can bring with it plenty of mist and fog, especially in October.

Planting Your Winter Vegetables in Austria

Preparation: Most winter vegetables do not require too many nutrients. A little fresh well-drained soil or compost laid down on the harvested summer grounds is completely adequate. If you are a happy owner of a raised bed, it is perfect for growing winter vegetables, because the vegetables are prevented from icy winds in the raised bed. In incorporation, the raised-bed filling and the walls make amends for excessive temperature fluctuations.

Planting: Early to mid-September, in soft regions even up to the end of September, is the best period to grow winter vegetables. The temperatures are still warming adequately for the plants to germinate and grow. Winter vegetables are the best seed sown directly into the garden ground. Pay attention to the row spacing indicated on the package then the vegetables will have adequate space for their establishment. Many types of winter vegetables, e.g. salads or cress, are light germinates. When sowing, press the seeds only moderately and do not cover them with well-drained soil.

If you require planting, you must begin pre-growing about 3 weeks before about mid/end of August. Water the seeds or vegetable plants very well and retain the ground moist until the plants have established a bit stronger.

Maintenance and Cold Protection: Winter vegetables do not need any additional fertilization complete the opposite; you would weaken the vegetable plants. Because, as the days get shorter time, the plants consume less and fewer nutrients and would be more vulnerable to fungal diseases and other germs due to excessive fertilization. Separate head forming vegetable plants, such as head of iceberg lettuce. However, several winter vegetables grow as plucking salads or plucking vegetables. These vegetables include spinach, lamb’s lettuce, picking lettuce, or Asia salads. It is adequate if you lighten out plants that are too near together.

Use the plucked vegetable leaves of Lettuce, Radishes, etc. as fresh green for a salad or on sandwiches.

As temperatures drop, your winter vegetables require protection against the cold. Raised-bed gardeners have a very small advantage; they simply use a cold support attachment to cover their vegetable plants. A mobile cold surround box, which you place over the winter vegetables, is also very edible.

Summer Vegetables to Grow in Austria

  • Tomatoes

In case if you miss this: Greenhouse Gardening For Beginners.

Tomatoes
Tomatoes (Image source: pixabay)

It’s very hard to beat the taste of fresh native tomatoes. These favorite vegetables need many months of warm summer weather to supply a bountiful harvest. Tomatoes are heavy feeders, requiring rich soil and fertilizer to flourish. Select a site that receives full sun and supplies daily water and supplemental fertilizer for the tomato plants. Wait to transplant outdoors until nighttime average temperatures are at least 13°C. Tomato plants will require trellising, caging, or staking to support fruits.

  • Peppers

These versatile warm-weather vegetable plants come in hundreds of several different varieties, from soft to screeching hot, to suit every taste. Because of the long growing period, plants will require to be started indoors or purchased as the nursery begins. Wait to plant outdoors up to nighttime temperatures are frequently 16°C or above. Peppers flourish in a sunny site with rich well-draining and fertile soil. Add an all-purpose fertilizer formulated for vegetables to the well-drained soil at the period of planting and retain plants evenly moistly. Plants will require staking or caging to retain from bending over or breaking from the weight of the fruit.

  • Sweet corn

Fresh Sweet corn is the complete necessary summer plant, a favorite treat at barbecues and picnics. This quick-growing vegetable requires a lot of fertilizer and water to supply tender, plump kernels. You need to plant in 4 x 4-foot squares or many rows to ensure successful cross-pollination. Harvest just before eating, freezing, or conserving for the very best flavor. For an individual twist, grill fresh ears and try the type of different toppings such as aioli, pesto, mayonnaise, or fresh herbs.

  • Eggplant

This flavorful vegetable is prolific and very easy to grow when planted from the heat of summer. In cooler climates, use a heat-enhancing procedure such as a cloche or black plastic organic manure to warm the well-drained soil and speed growth. Supply plenty of sunlight, rich soil, and daily water. Harvest fruits when they are young plants for the very best flavor. For a fast and easy side dish, brush eggplant slices with olive oil and grill on the barbecue

  • Tomatillos

Small rounded green fruits of this tomato comparable grow inside papery husks. The tart fruits are a major ingredient in Austrian cooking, used to make green salsa or enchilada Verde sauce. Tomatillos are especially cold-sensitive, requiring soil temperatures of 21 to 27°C. Begin seed indoors 4 weeks before your last frost date or purchase nursery-mature plants. Several varieties take 75 to 100 days to grown-up. Ensure to grow two or more tomatillos plants for successful cross-pollination

Spring Vegetables to Grow in Austria

  • Peas

There are two types of peas such as garden peas, which need shelling, and snow or sugar peas, which yield suitable pods.

Planting Advice: When well-drained soil is workable close to the end of March in cold climates, sow seeds 1 to 2 inches deep down and 4 inches aside and 18 inches between rows.

Harvest: Peas normally grown-up 54 to 72 days, depending on the several varieties. Younger peas taste sweeter than grown-up peas. Harvest garden peas when the seeds are visible, but before they get very big and the weather condition gets too hot. Harvest suitable-pod peas before the seeds fully establish. Use two hands one on the climb, the other to pick the peas. Daily picking supports continued pod production.

  • Lettuce

Versatile Lettuce is very easy to grow, yields bumper plants in small spaces, and is widely pest and disease resistant. Plus, the yellow, bronze, pink, and cherry-red different colors varieties make great decorative and add color to salads.

Planting Advice: Around two to three weeks before the last frost, Lettuce plant seeds in full sun or partial shade, 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep down and 2 inches aside in fertile, well-draining soil. You need to thin seedlings to 12 inches aside. For a fall or early winter harvest, sow seeds every two weeks, beginning at least eight weeks before the first frost.

Harvest: Ready to pluck in 40 to 85 days.

  • Kohlrabi

Planting Advice: About a month before the expected last date frost, sow seeds in full sun and well-draining and fertile soil, 1/2 inch deep down and 3 inches aside. You need to thin seedlings to 6 inches aside. Kohlrabies can withstand a bit of frost. For fall harvest, plant seeds about eight to 10 weeks before the last quintessential frost date.

Harvest: Several kohlrabi varieties are grown up in six to seven weeks, and taste best when bulbs are smaller 2 to 4 inches apart. Bigger bulbs to be disposed to get woody and establish an off-flavor.

  • Asparagus

Planting Advice: Soak year-old roots briefly in lukewarm water, then plant in well-draining soil when the garden ground is workable. Shove a 6-inch-deep down, 12- to the 18-inch-large trench. Design a small mound along the middle. Plant roots atop the mound, with crowns, draped over the sides, about 12 to 18 inches aside, with rows 3 to 4 feet aside. Then bury the crowns 2 inches deep down.

Harvest: Asparagus plants take at least a year to get developed, so don’t expect a first-season harvest only moderately harvest in the spring of the second year. Trim spears at the garden ground when they’re pencil-thick, or about 8 inches in high. Keep like trim flowers upright in a pot filled with an inch of water.

  • Broccoli

Planting Advice: Begin seeds indoors five to seven weeks before the last frost. Three weeks before the last frost, transplant seedlings 18 inches aside, planted a little deeper than they were inside. Or sow seeds directly, just before the last frost, 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep down and 18 inches aside. Space rows 36 inches aside.

Harvest: Ready to harvest in 55 to 60 days, when the central head is 4 to 6 inches apart. Don’t wait too lengthy, or blossom will flower. Broccoli retains in the fridge for a together of weeks in airtight plastic bags. To freeze, trim the head into bite-sized chunks leave a little stem on each piece. Trim stems into 1-inch lengths. Blanch for 3 minutes in boiling water, then immerse in ice-cold or cool water for 3 minutes. Drain and keep in airtight freezer bags for up to six months.

  • Cauliflower

Planting Advice: Transplants perform the best. Plant seeds indoors 1/4 inch deep down, five or six weeks before the last date frost. About two weeks before the last frost, plant hardened-off seedlings in direct sun, 18 to 24 inches aside. For a fall plant, begin seeds 75 days before the first frost date. To benefit the heads or curds to turn white and boost flavor, several varieties require blanching and loosely tie leaves around the heads when they are egg-sized. Or buy self-blanching varieties.

Harvest: Pluck when curds are 6 inches across, white, and compete about seven to 12 days after blanching, with some outer leaves and 1 to 2 inches apart of stem attached.

Winter vegetables to Grow in Austria

  • Carrots

Here kindly named winter carrots, or candy carrots because they are so sweet. Like Kale, Beets, Leeks, and several other plants, their flavor better after a few touches of frost in late autumn. We sow seed for our winter carrot plant in mid-summer and deep down mulch the ground in November with shredded leaves or straw. This insulating surface layer is topped with an old row cover or groundsheet to hold it in place. Whenever we want to harvest, the fabric and manure are pulled back and we shove as several sweet roots as required. Carrots should be harvested in 70 to 80 days

  • Kale

When well-drained soil is workable, sow seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep down in the full sun or partial shade, 4 inches aside. Or begin seeds indoors six to eight weeks before the last frost date set transplants two weeks before the last expected frost date. When seedlings are 2 inches high, and then thin to 8 or 12 inches aside. In winter, plant more seeds eight weeks before the first frost date.

To boost yield, harvest outer leaves when 8 to 10 inches high. Or pluck the whole curd when the Kale plant is 10 to 12 inches high.

  • Spinach

You may also check this: Potato Seed Germination.

Spinach
Spinach (pic credit: pixabay)

Spinach flourishes in cooler weather, so plant seeds in early winter as soon as the well-drained soil is workable. Sow about a dozen seeds per foot about 1/2 inches deep down, with about 1 foot between rows. Thin to 2 to 4 inches aside when seedlings are 1 inch high.  For an enlarged harvest, plant sequence batches for many more weeks. For late summer or spring plantings, chill seeds in a refrigerator for one or two weeks before sowing.

They will grow in 39 to 48 days, depending on the many varieties. Trim off leaves at garden ground level when they reach the desired size younger leaves taste improve. When seed stalks form, harvest the rest of the plant.

  • Scallions

Evergreen Hardy White is a cold-season plant superstar in our winter supports and tunnels. This extremely hardy variety supplies long green tops with to be disposed of white stalks.  Direct sow the seed in September, and the first harvest normally takes place by mid-November. With prevention, we harvest delicious scallions all winter long.

  • Mache

Also known as Corn salad or lamb’s lettuce, Mache is one of the top vegetable plants to grow in winter.  The plants from two to four-inch diameter collect leaves that are harvested whole by slicing the stem off at the well-drained soil level. After a fast rinse, the rosettes are tossed with a similar dressing and enjoyed as a salad green. Mache self-sows very easily, almost too easily, so pull any leftover plants in winter if you don’t want Mache popping up around your garden ground. 

Fall Vegetables to Grow in Austria

  • Rhubarb

Planting Advice: Grow from root divisions or nursery plants. When well-drained soil is workable, or in late fall, plant roots in full sun and well-draining soil, with the crown sprout top 2 inches below the fertile soil and plant 3 to 4 feet aside.

Harvest: It will take rhubarb a year to become developed, so don’t harvest until the following fall and only moderately for a week or two, at that. Enjoy a quiet harvest for eight to 10 weeks in the third growing season. Snap off each stem at the garden ground or twist the stem kindly, as with celery. The leaves are poisonous cut them off fastly. Refrigerate fresh whole stalks for up to 3 weeks in stored plastic bags.

  • Radishes
Radishes
Radishes (pic source: pixabay)

Planting Advice: When well-drained soil is workable, then plant seeds 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep down thin seedlings to 1 inch aside 2 to 4 inches for winter radishes. In summer, sow a fall plant, which will take longer to grown-up but will last longer in storage.

Harvest: Fall varieties grown-up in 22 to 28 days winter ones in 52 to 70 days. Harvest when roots are less than 1 inch across wider for winter varieties. Fall radishes don’t retain long winter varieties last for many months if retained cool and moist. Harvest before the garden ground freezes.

  • Brussels sprouts

Planting Advice: Sow seeds inside four to six weeks before transplanting seedlings, about 90 to 100 days before the first expected fall frost date. The plant requires full sunlight and well-draining soil, 2 to 3 feet aside, in rows 2 feet aside. Or sow seeds in the garden about five seeds per foot, 1/4 inch deep down 120 days before the first expected frost date. When the seedlings are 4 or 5 inches high, thin them to 2 feet aside. The plant’s will grown-up about 3 feet tall and supply 20 to 40 sprouts along each stem.

Harvest: Pluck in about 90 days. Germinate retain in the fridge for about 10 days in a refrigerated airtight bag, and up to a year if freeze.

  • Beets

Beets are a cool-weather plant. Beets flourish in slightly temperatures from 10 to 18°C. Sow the beets seeds in the garden 2 to 3 weeks before the last maximum frost date in fall. Continue sequence plantings every 3 weeks up to average temperatures reach 26°C. Beets can again be planted in late summer or early autumn 6 to 8 weeks before the first maximum frost in autumn. Grow beets as winter plants in soft-winter regions. Beets need 45 to 65 days to reach harvest.

Vegetables Harvesting Calendar, Chart, Vegetable Planting/Sowing Calendar, Planting Season in Austria

VegetablesPlanting SeasonHarvesting
TomatoesJune to August65 to 70 days
PeasApril to May60 to 70 days
CarrotsNovember to March70 to 80 days
RhubarbSeptember to October90 days
PeppersJune to August60 to 90 days
LettuceApril to May50 to 65 days
KaleNovember to March70 to 95 days
RadishesSeptember to October50 to 60 days
Sweet cornJune to August60 to 100 days
KohlrabiApril to May45 to 60 days
SpinachNovember to March60 days
Brussels SproutsSeptember to October80 to 90 days
EggplantJune to August65 to 80 days
AsparagusApril to May50 to 60 days
ScallionsNovember to March60 days
BeetsSeptember to October45 to 65 days
TomatillosJune to August65 to 80 days
BroccoliApril to May50 to 60 days
MacheNovember to March60 days
CabbageSeptember to October90 to 120 days
CucumberJune to August40 to 50 days
CauliflowerApril to May90 to 120 days
LeeksNovember to March120 to 150 days
ArugulaSeptember to October50 to 60 days

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