Growing Jasmine in Balcony
Hello gardeners, today we are here with a new topic called growing jasmine in the balcony. Jasmine is a very beautiful aromatic so everyone wishes to have a jasmine plant in their house. If you are interested in having jasmine in your balcony follow this complete article to know all the requirements for growing jasmine in the balcony.
Introduction to Growing Jasmine in Balcony
Jasmine is a genus of shrubs and vines and belongs to the olive family. Jasmine plants are shrub-like vine plants that grow up to the height of 1.6 feet to 9.8 feet at the maximum wherein the leaves are very green and glossy growing white flowers with them. The flowers of the jasmine plant are very borne in cluster form and they can range from white, yellow, and light reddish colour as well. The jasmine plant can be very easily maintained too.
A Step By Step Guide for Growing Jasmine in Balcony
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The Jasmine plant is very beautiful and aromatic. As long as the jasmine plant is well grown in well-draining soil and with the required amount of sun, humidity, and even water, it adapts well to potted environments. Once you have grown potted jasmine, you can use it as a houseplant or you can harvest its flowers for teas or any decorations. With some time and plenty of care, your jasmine will survive very well as a potted plant.
Steps Involved in Growing Jasmine in Balcony
- Choose the type/variety you want to grow.
- Choose a suitable container.
- Choose suitable soil.
- Choose a suitable place or site.
- How to plant jasmine?
- Watering requirement.
- Suitable fertilizer.
Varieties/Types of Jasmine to Grow in Balcony
Here are the different types of jasmine flowers to grow.
- Common Jasmine
- Royal Jasmine
- Winter Jasmine
- Pink Jasmine
- Jasminum Vahl
- Dwarf Jasmine
Suitable Soil for Growing Jasmine in Balcony
Jasmine can be easily grown on a wide range of soils. Well-drained, rich loamy soil with a pH ranging from 6.5-7.5 is ideal and optimum for their plantation. These plants need a free well-draining rich soil environment that needs to include one part of river sand, two parts of loam, and the other two parts of peat moss as well. After mixing the aforementioned ingredients, you can also add vermin compost or coconut coir into the same mixture.
Suitable Pots or Containers for Growing Jasmine in Balcony
Choose a very large container for growing the jasmine plant. The ideal size of container or pot for growing jasmine plant is around six inches, which needs to be very big enough to support the required quantity of soil. The selected container or pot should have drainage holes at the bottom that helps to prevent incidences of overwatering the plant.
Sunlight Requirement for Growing Jasmine in Balcony
The sunlight necessity for growing a jasmine plant initially just after planting is very less and needs to be kept in bright yet indirect sunlight for the first few days after planting. After the initial or starting phase, the jasmine plant will need full sunlight to give great flowers although they can even grow and survive in partial shade as well.
Propagation of Jasmine Plant
Jasmine plant is propagated from cuttings;
Make the cuttings about 6 inches or 15 cm long, and cut each one directly below a leaf. Strip the leaves from the bottom part of the cutting and then dip them in rooting hormone powder for good growth. You need to place each of the jasmine cutting into a hole and then place the planter in any plastic bag to hold moisture.
Planting Procedure of Jasmine in a Container or Pot
Fill a pot or container with well-draining soil. Jasmine plant needs soil with plenty of drainages to grow well. Fill the pot or container with a well-draining potting mix or add loam-based compost to the soil to improve its drainage. Make sure the flower pot or container you choose or select has drainage holes to avoid overwatering the plant.
To test or check the soil’s drainage, dig a hole about 12 inches or 30 cm deep and fill it with water. If the soil drains within 5-15 minutes, then it is well-draining.
Place the pot or container in an area with partial shade. Jasmine prefers warm temperatures that are at least 16°C and several hours of shade to grow. Choose a spot or container for your jasmine pot that receives complete sunlight but with around 2-3 hours of shade a day.
Plant the jasmine cutting in the pot or container. Cover it with a light layer of soil. Water the jasmine plant immediately after planting it. By using a watering can or hose, water your jasmine plant until water runs out the drainage holes. When you have finished watering, the soil should be very damp but not waterlogged.
Watering the jasmine plant immediately will moisten the soil and help your plant acclimate to the pot or container. For the best results, better use a spray bottle or watering can moisten the freshly-planted jasmine.
Tips and Safety Measures for Growing Jasmine in Balcony
In case if you miss this: Growing Papaya In Polyhouse.
- Make sure that you are using a wide and larger container or pot
- Be sure that the selected container or pot has drainage holes at the bottom
- Place the jasmine container in the right place or site
- Water regularly
- Moisture should not dry up so maintain regular moist
- Overwatering may cause damage to your plant
- Check the pH of the soil
- Transplant at the right time
Water Requirement for Growing Jasmine in Balcony
Water the jasmine plant every week. Use a hose or watering that can keep the soil moist and the plant hydrated. Water the jasmine plant once a week or water them whenever the soil dries out, depending on the weather or climate. If you are not sure about when to water the plant, then poke your finger in the dirt nearly about 1–2 inches or 2.5–5.1 cm deep. If the soil is dry, then water the jasmine plant.
Providing Support for Jasmine Plant
If you are planting a twining vine variety and wanting a jasmine plant to climb, the plant will need a support structure. A trellis or a fence, both will work well. The normal varieties don’t need any support, although they can be trained against a wall.
Suitable Fertilizer for Growing Jasmine in Balcony
Apply a potassium-rich fertilizer once a month for your jasmine plant. Jasmine plants grow very well and best in potassium-rich soil. Buy a liquid fertilizer with very high potassium content and then spray the leaves, stem, and soil once monthly. You can easily find potassium-rich fertilizers at most plant nurseries. For example, a tomato fertilizer is a very good option, as it is very rich in potassium content.
Transplanting the Jasmine Plant
Re-pot the plant if the soil dries out very quickly. Jasmine plants will produce more flowers if their roots are not crowded. If the plant’s soil dries out after 2-3 days, then transfer it to a very larger pot for better growth.
It is also best and good to transfer your plant if it is been in the same pot for several years. It is very normal for plants to outgrow their pot.
How to Care Jasmine Plants
Place a humidifier or pebble tray under the jasmine plant. Jasmine plants grow very well with plenty of humidity. If you are growing jasmine in a dry climate or weather, better to use a humidifier or fill a pebble tray with water to mimic the plant’s natural environment.
How To Prune Jasmine Plants
Prune away all the dead leaves and flowers. Regularly pruning your jasmine plant can keep it tidy and very healthy. Pinch away all the dead leaves, stems, and flowers with the help of pruning shears or with your fingers as you notice them. Better avoid pruning more than 1/3 of the plant’s foliage at a time.
Common Pests and Diseases of Jasmine Plant
Common pests of the jasmine plant are listed below:
Budworm larvae cause the best injury to immature buds of jasmine. The larvae are found inside the bud or in flower clusters feeding on buds.
- Blossom midge
The maggots of the blossom midge enter into the buds at the bottom of the corollas which ends up swelling at the bottom of the buds.
- Eriophyid mite
Eriophyids is one among the littlest of all plant-feeding mites at but 1/100th of an in. long.
Common diseases of the jasmine plant are listed below:
- Leaf blight
This is a different fungal infection and it is characterized by red-brown patches on the upper surface of the plant’s leaf, spreading very rapidly in the rainy season.
Rust is also another fungal attack and it occurs on all the aerial parts of the plants including flowers.
Harvesting Jasmine Flowers
The best time to harvest the jasmine flowers is in the early morning when the flowers are still very tightly closed. The flowers usually open at night, so the early morning is the best and good time to harvest the jasmine flowers without risking causing any damage to them.
Commonly Asked Questions about Growing Jasmine in Balcony
How do I grow jasmine in a balcony?
Jasmine can be easily grown on a balcony provided basic requirements are met. Since most of the jasmine plants are vines, they’ll need a very large enough pot or container with drainage holes, a hoop or trellis for the vine to climb, and very rich, fairly acidic potting soil to grow well on balconies. The shade is also vital for them to survive.
What is the best fertilizer for the Jasmine plant?
A 7-9-5 fertilizer will work very well for jasmine plants. It is like 7 percent of nitrogen, which ensures lush, healthy, and green leaves of the plant, 9 percent of phosphorus for abundant and large flowers, and 5 percent of potassium for very strong roots and improved resistance to diseases, insects, and even drought.
How often does jasmine bloom?
White jasmine type blooms from spring until fall and it goes into a rest period in October, continuing through March.
Can I take cuttings from Jasmine?
Once you grow a fragrant and easy-care common jasmine plant, you can very easily propagate cuttings from it to use throughout your balcony. As long as you provide jasmine full sun to partial shade and medium levels of water, the plant will survive well from a cutting.
How much sunlight does a Jasmine need?
Jasmine plant needs full sun or part shade. This plant needs nearly about 6 hours or more of direct sunlight each day for full sun and nearly 2 – 4 hours per day for partial shade. The exact type of jasmine you plant, in addition to or climate and other weather conditions, will determine how much sun a plant needs.
What is the lifespan of the Jasmine plant?
The best time for planting jasmine plants in most parts of India is during the monsoon but one can plant jasmine almost round the year in climates as moderate. Once planted, the jasmine remains in the field for nearly 10-15 years.
Does the Jasmine plant die back in winter?
Depending on the weather or climate, your jasmine will lose some or all of its leaves over the winter, this is very normal.
How often should I water Jasmine?
Jasmine plants need a lot of water to survive well, especially when they are in bloom. It is best to always maintain the soil slightly moistly. The jasmine plants should be watered every week, but if the soil becomes dry before that, you need to water the plant early.
Does the Jasmine plant come back every year?
The Jasmine plant is a perennial type plant that will grow year after year. Different varieties have the different watering capacity, space, and sunlight requirements depending on what zone they are growing in.
How long does it take for Jasmine to root?
It takes nearly about two to three weeks to root.
After cuttings have rooted that means generally two to three weeks they can be moved into a pot or container with a very good garden loam mix. In transplanting cuttings, you need to be very careful of their roots.
At what temperature can Jasmine tolerate?
When growing the Jasmine plant, try to keep the temperature between 15 to 24°C.
How do I promote jasmine’s growth?
You need to care of a Jasmine Vine.
Fertilize the jasmine plant in spring just before the new growth appears. Pinch or prune off the tips of the vines in the second year to promote good branching which will fill the trellis with bushy growth. The vining of the jasmine plant is very easily prone to different types of spider mites, which can be regulated with horticultural oil or neem oil.