Garden Vegetable List – A Complete Guide

Introduction: Hello, gardners we are here today with most populat Garden vegetable list information. Growing vegetables in your garden have never been easier, or more delicious. Garden vegetable is a great approach to save money while you get up close and personal with nature.

General garden vegetable growing tips

  • Use a good quality potting mix, not garden soil for growing vegetables.
  • Containers must have good drainage and be sized for the particular plant. For instance, shallow and rooted greens need about a two-inch depth, but deep-rooted tomatoes will want at least 12 inches of soil.
  • For most vegetables, you want a location that gets 6 to 8 hours of sun per day.
  • The sunniest location might be your driest, so make sure it will be easy to get water to your plants. However, if your sunniest location is the lowest point of yard and tends to stay soggy, then you might want to choose to grow vegetables in containers.
  • Sunny windows do not usually give enough light for healthy, stocky plants. The days are just too short, and the light is too low in the sky during the winter season for a plant’s needs. You might want to use some kind of supplemental lighting; either a plant light or a full-spectrum fluorescent light.
  • Don’t place your vegetable plants so close to the window that they are subjected to drafts or close to a heat source that could dry them out.

What are we waiting for?, let is the list of garden vegetable in coming sections.

A step by step guide to Garden vegetable list

List of Vegetables for Home Garden.
List of Vegetables for Home Garden.

Here we discuss the list of garden vegetables;

  1. Broccoli

  • Broccoli is high in calcium, iron, and magnesium, and also vitamins A, B6, and C.
  • Grow broccoli in containers – One broccoli plant per pot, pots must be 12 to 16 inches deep.
  • If you start seeing pretty white butterflies fluttering around broccoli, you’re guaranteed to start seeing little green worms all over your broccoli plants.
  • Broccoli needs full sun and moist, fertile soil that’s slightly acidic.
  • Fertilize broccoli 3 weeks after transplanting seedlings into the garden.
  • Provide consistent soil moisture with regular watering, particularly in drought conditions. Some varieties of broccoli are heat tolerant, but all require adequate moisture.
  • To avoid this, cover broccoli plants with floating row cover or lightweight bed sheets. If you start seeing cabbage worms in plants, simply pick them off by hand.
  • Broccoli will come to harvest in 55 to 85 days when developed from transplants and 70 to 100 days when grown from seed.

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  1. Beans (especially navy beans, great northern beans, kidney beans)

  • Grow beans in containers – Bush beans are the best option for growing in containers. Plant beans 4 inches apart in a container that is at least 12 inches deep.
  • Harvest beans at the right time. Harvest dry beans when the pods have dried on the vine. The pods should be light brown, and you must be able to feel the hard beans inside. Shell the beans, and let them sit out a few days to ensure that they’re totally dry before storing them in jars in a cool, dark, dry place.
  1. Radishes

  • Radishes are one of the quickest growing vegetables and appropriate for container vegetable gardening as you can also grow them in small and wide pots. A planter that is just 6 inches deep is enough but if you want to grow larger varieties use 8 to 10 inches deep pot. Allow 3 to 4 inches of space between each plant.
  • Radish seeds can be planted in both the spring and the fall, but growth must be suspended in the height of summer when temperatures are typically too hot.
  • It is best to plant radish seeds directly in the garden so as not to disturb their roots. Directly sow radish seeds outdoors ½ to 1 inch deep and 1 inch apart in rows 12 inches apart.
  • You can plant radishes later than any other root crop in late summer or early fall and still obtain a harvest. Sow seeds 4 to 6 weeks before the first fall frost.
  1. Peas

  • Grow peas in containers – Sow peas about 2 inches apart in a pot that is at least 10 inches deep. Give support for peas to climb up.
  • Once the weather turns hot then pea production will pretty much shut down. Grow peas in early spring and late summer or autumn, or any time of year when temperatures are consistently between 40 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Water sparsely unless the pea plants are wilting. Do not let plants dry out, or no pods will be formed.
  • To avoid disturbing fragile roots, smoothly remove intrusive weeds by hand.
  • Peas are best grown in temperature ranges below 70°F (21°C). Once temperatures above 80°F (27°C), peas tend to stop producing pods or the pods become tough.
  1. Cucumbers

  • Cucumbers are heavy feeders and want regular watering too. Grow them in a medium to large-sized pot or container (depending on the variety) and in full sun. You can have homegrown successful crunchy cucumbers within a few months.
  • Cucumber plants must be seeded or transplanted outside in the ground no earlier than 2 weeks after the last frost date. Cucumbers are extremely susceptible to frost and cold damage; the soil should be at least 70ºF for germination.
  1. Eggplant

  • If starting from seeds, then the soil is between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Use a heating mat if required. They’ll need these warm temperatures and 2 to 3 weeks to germinate.
  • Start seeds in soil ¼ of an inch (0.6 cm.) deep and thin seedlings so they are 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.6 cm.) apart.
  • Eggplant transplants can go out in the garden once temperature range stays reliably above 50 degrees F. Space transplants in the garden 18 inches from each other and in rows that are 36 inches apart.
  • Eggplants are susceptible to many garden pests, still growing them is easy. They are heat-loving plants and require high temperatures both day and night, thus a suitable summer crop. But if you live in a warm climate, you can produce it year-round.
  • To harvest eggplants, we can use shears or scissors. If you try to pull them off, you will most likely damage the eggplant, the fruit of both.
  1. Garlic

  • Garlic is a species in the onion genre Allium. Its scientific name is Allium sativum. Garlic likes fertile, well-drained soil with a pH level of 6.5 to 7. If soil is on the thin, sandy side, add healthy additions of compost, plus aged manure or 5-10-10 fertilizer.
  • Garlic is a heavy feeder which wants adequate levels of nitrogen. Fertilize more if you see yellowing plant leaves.
  • Watering plant every 3 to 5 days during bulbing (mid-May through June). If May and June are very dry, irrigate to a depth of 2 feet every 8 to 10 days.
  1. Lettuce

  • For growing lettuce, select a wide planter rather than deep (six inches deep is fine). When planting, make sure to leave space of at least 4 inches between each plant. Remember, leaf lettuces can be developed more closely than head lettuces. Use well-draining soil and do shallow and frequent watering to maintain the soil slightly moist always.
  • It is a cool-season crop that grows well in the spring and fall in most regions.
  • Lettuce can be sown after soils reach 40°F though seeds germinate at 55 to 65°F and will emerge in 7 to 10 days.
  • Seeds must be planted ¼-½ inch deep and thinned when plants have 3 to 4 true leaves.
  • Transplants must have 4 to 6 mature leaves and a well-developed root system before planting out.
  1. Peppers and Chilies

  • Peppers and chilies are super productive and superb candidates for growing in containers. They look great in pots and require a sunny and warm place to thrive.
  • If you keep the pot in a sunny spot and give the right soil and fertilize the plant time to time, it will fruit heavily. A large pot or container that is at least 12 inches deep is optimum.
  1. Tomatoes

  • Tomato is very popular among the Garden vegetable list, I grow myself this wonderful plant every year in my backyard.
  • Grow tomatoes in containers – Container sizes will vary depending on the tomato variety you’re growing.
  • If you’re growing an indeterminate variety, the container will need to be at least 18 inches deep.
  • For determinate tomato varieties, 12 inches is a good depth, and for dwarf or “patio” type tomatoes, 8 inches is perfect. Planting one tomato plant per pot.
  1. Cauliflower

  • Cauliflower needs a soil rich in organic matter, with a soil pH level between 6.0 to 7.0. The soil must be well-draining, but cauliflower needs consistent moisture, to prevent buttoning.
  • Start seeds indoors about 4 to 6 weeks before average last frost date.
  • Cauliflower doesn’t like having its roots disturbed, therefore peat or paper pots are recommended. Plant seeds 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches deep and keeps moist.

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  1. Chives

  • Growing chives prefer full sun.
  • For growing chives soil needs to be moist, fertile, rich, and well-draining. Before planting, choose 4 to 6 inches of well-composted organic matter.
  • If you are growing from seed, sow the soil is workable in the spring. For the best growth, the soil must be around 60º to 70ºF.
  • Plant seeds ¼ inch deep and final plant spacing must be 4 to 6 inches apart in all directions.
  1. Kale

  • Kale can be mainly used in salads or simply as a garnish. Kale has several health advantages, as it is rich in minerals and vitamins A and C.
  • Plant the kale seeds ¼ to ½ inch deep into well-drained, light soil.
  • After about two weeks, thin the seedlings so that they are spaced 8 to 12 inches apart.
  • Water the kale plants regularly, but be sure not to overwater them.
  • Mulch the soil heavily after the first hard freeze; the plants can continue to produce leaves throughout the winter.
  1. Onions

  • Plant onions as soon as the ground can be worked in the spring, generally late March or April.
  • Choose a location with full sun, where your onions won’t be shaded by other plants.
  • For growing onions, the soil needs to be well-drained, loose, and rich in nitrogen; compact soil affects bulb development.
  • Before planting, add aged manure or compost to the soil in early spring. Onion plants are heavy feeders and require constant nourishment to produce big bulbs.
  1. Potatoes

  • The ideal soil pH for potatoes is somewhat acidic, between 6 and 6.5, but they will tolerate soil with pH as low as 5.
  • Before planting, the addition of manure or compost can add micronutrients and organic matter to the soil.
  • As you prepare plant and tend your garden, treat potato patch differently because potatoes require more fertilizer than other vegetables.
  1. Carrots

  • Every one on this planet is familar with this vegetable, carrots can be grown very easily in containers, backyards even on the terrace, defenitly you should consider this in your Garden Vegetable List.
  • Grow carrots in containers – Sow carrot seeds 2 to 3 inches apart in a pot that is at least twelve inches deep.
  • Harvesting at the perfect size and carrots are at their tastiest when harvested small. Leaving them in the ground too long can effect in overly large, woody carrots.

That’s all folks about Most favourate Garden Vegetable List, hope you enjoyed well. Keep gardening.!

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