Easy Vegetables to Grow at Home in India: For Pots, Balcony, Indoors, Terrace, and Backyard

Vegetables are easy to grow, especially with the help of two simple things: the tools used in gardens and sunny places. You can grow lots of vegetables at home and enjoy fresh and organic food without the hassle. Starting a home-grown vegetable garden is easy and does not require as much effort as one might think to keep it strong.

Easy Vegetables to Grow at Home in India
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Choosing the right place for your garden is very important. For starters, start by choosing simple vegetables that are also productive. Vegetables are packed with many nutrients that promote better health. Let’s check out more information about easy vegetables to grow at home in India below.

Easy vegetables to grow at home in India

Best vegetables to grow in pots 

Growing vegetables in pots are often the easiest way to do this. However, growing containers offer the best way to get into gardening for people with limited space. As a general rule, hybrid and dwarf plants usually have good conditions in pots, as they require less space to grow. The pots and containers for growing vegetables on patios, balconies, and rooftops should be large enough for the crop to mature. 

A container should contain soil and moisture that provide nutrients to the growing plants, giving them leaves, flowers, and fruits. Good drainage is necessary when growing plants in containers. Another great advantage of container gardening is that you don’t need a lot of space or in-ground garden patches. 

The vegetable plants you can quickly grow in containers are Tomatoes, Peppers, Potatoes, and Eggplants, and fast-growing crops such as Peas and Lettuce. Take a look at these top vegetables that you can grow even if you don’t have a garden, but you have a patio, porch, or balcony with good sun exposure. 

Beans – You can choose the “bushy” type of bean, which grows happily in a pot without any extra help, or you can choose to grow the climbing variety and place the pole beans on the trellis. Plant bush bean varieties at least 9 inches (23 cm) apart and pole beans at 4 inches (10 cm). Grow two Bean plants in a 10-gallon (38L) container.

Beetroot – Grow seven plants in a 2- or 3-gallon (7.5-11L) container and up to two dozen in a 10-gallon (38L) container; Thinner plant 2 inches (5 cm) apart. 

Chili Peppers – Chili peppers are perfect for spicing small spaces. Both productive and beautiful; however, they need a sunny and warm place to grow. But as long as you can provide it, they will thrive.

Kale – Another space-saving vegetable that is good for pot life, Kale is full of nutrients. Add it to your smoothies, chop the ripe leaves, or pick them young for a fresh, soft option to add to salads. 

Lettuce – Grow head lettuce in containers to thin the plants at a distance of 10 inches (25 cm). Grow crispy heads, romaine, and butterhead lettuce in containers larger than 10 inches (25 cm) thin. 

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Onions – Onions, especially green onions, grow well in pots. And as an essential item in most foods, it would never be wrong to have a few onions nearby. They will provide a delicious addition to your potted plant collection. 

Potatoes – Growing potatoes in containers requires a lot of soil and water, but it is worth the resources and effort. Containers also add protection against fungus or blight, which spreads quickly to plants underground. 

Radishes – Grow plants in 8 inch (20 cm) deep pots; In addition to 1- to 2-inch (2.5-5 cm) thin plants. 

Spinach – Grow three Spinach plants in a 2-gallon (7.5L) container. Next, grow ten Spinach plants in a 10-gallon (38L) container. Thin plants about 5 inches (13 cm) apart. 

Tomatoes – Growing tomatoes in containers is easy and incredibly satisfying. Most tomatoes are happiest in large containers and will require stacking or a tomato cage. If you are buying tomato plants, look for small plants that have not yet flowered. If you select the larger the tomato plant variety, the larger the pot it will need.

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Easy vegetables to grow on a balcony

Almost any vegetable variety you can grow in the backyard garden will bloom in the right conditions in the balcony garden. Ensure your balcony gets plenty of sunlight, as most vegetables and herbs enjoy at least eight hours of sunlight daily. If the balcony or patio area doesn’t get as much sun, you want to adjust what is growing in that area. Starting your vegetable garden on your balcony or patio is fun and easy.

Growing vegetables in containers can be almost as beneficial as growing them directly in the ground, and container gardening can significantly reduce the problems of pests and soil-borne diseases. The following are examples of vegetables you can grow on the balcony: Tomatoes, Basil, Beans, Cucumbers, Radishes, Squash, Pepper, Green Onions, Radishes, and Zucchini. They are recommended because they are easy to care for, and the product you get is more than a reward for your work and care. 

Vegetables that you can grow on your balcony

Tomatoes – Tomatoes are a popular home-grown vegetable and are easily vegetable to grow in containers. You can quickly grow Tomatoes on the balcony. Try growing dwarf or cherry tomato varieties instead of one of the larger plant varieties if you have limited space. 

Eggplant – Growing eggplant on your balcony is hassle-free, as long as you adhere to the plant’s growing conditions. Wait for the brown-purple vegetables to set until the last frostbite is gone. Then, choose a fully sunny area and use well-drained soil that contains organic matter, such as fallen leaves or mowing the lawn. 

Peas – Peas need cold to mild weather with moist soil to thrive. You can grow any pea in a container on your balcony. 

Beetroot – Beetroot is easy to grow in containers on the balcony or terrace. It is a fast-growing crop so you can get a lot out of it.

Chard – Extremely nutritious and delicious chard can be planted indoors on your balcony. The Swiss chard is not very picky in terms of soil. Therefore, it can perform well in poor soils without any additional fertilizer. 

Beans – You can grow them on your balcony or in the rooftop garden near the wall. Beans need a lot of sunlight, so be sure to store them properly. 

Cucumber – The Cucumber is a summer vegetable that can grow happily on a sunny balcony. Like tomatoes, cucumbers prefer ample space for spreading. A larger pot or container with a wider width and height would be better. The condition of healthy growth is the choice of your soil. Cucumbers thrive in loose, windy, humid soils. 

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Cucumber Plant
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Kale – Kale is the best autumn vegetable to grow on your balcony. However, consider applying crunchy veggies if your area gets 8 hours of sunshine daily. For growing Kale, use a pot at least 10 inches deep and 15 inches wide. 

Zucchini – Zucchini is another plant easy to grow on the balcony. You need light, well-drained soil such as compost with peat, perlite, or vermiculite to grow Zucchini. Use a large plastic container with suitable drainage holes. If you are using a smaller container, you can choose smaller types of Zucchini, such as Gold Rush, Cue Ball, or Eightball.

Best Vegetables to Grow Indoors

Plant your vegetables or seeds indoors in your container using indoor potting soil, specially formulated to help plant growth in indoor conditions. Once you have your plants ready to go, place them in front of a sunny window. 

Growing vegetables indoors may seem impossible, but it is surprisingly easy and requires very little care. Gardening is fun, and you can enjoy it indoors with the reward of providing fresh vegetables all year round, regardless of the season. Although you want to experiment with different vegetable plants, it is good to know that some vegetables grow faster indoors while others require a little more patience before you harvest. 

The biggest challenge in growing vegetables indoors is the lack of light. That’s why it’s essential to mimic the outdoors as best as possible, either by using window lights or investing in grow lights. Vegetables will need at least 4 to 6 hours of sunlight daily. 

Carrots – Carrots don’t need much space but need deeper soil than other vegetables. Carrots are one of the fastest-growing vegetables indoors. One of the main reasons carrots are an excellent option for an indoor vegetable garden is their size. 

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Harvesting Carrots
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Green Onions / Scallions – Green onions perform well indoors because they are easy to care for and do not require sunlight like some other vegetables. You can either use the seeds or quickly replant the root of the green onion root after using the top. 

Lettuce – Lettuce is another home-grown vegetable. You can grow a variety of lettuce, such as Romaine Lettuce, Iceberg Lettuce, or Leaf Lettuce, indoors to enjoy your salads fresh. 

Radishes – Radishes are early growing and have only 30 to 40 days from germination to harvesting. They will not need light like many other vegetables, but make sure they are not overcrowded so that their bulbs can grow. 

Tomatoes – Tomatoes are a warm-loving plant, but that doesn’t mean they are indoors. They will need a lot of light, about 14 to 20 hours a day. Like pepper, they are pollinating themselves, but you can also shake them to help the pollen fall from flower to flower. Smaller varieties work best in containers, and you’ll find seeds grow faster. Tomatoes and other fruits can be challenging to get indoors to perform well, so it is best to start them indoors and then take them out when they are hot enough.

Vegetables suitable for terrace gardening

Terrace gardens usually have limited space, and if they do not have a proper drainage system, the growth of vegetables may be affected. You will also need to inspect shady and sunny areas and design the layout accordingly. In a terrace garden, you can plant almost any vegetable in containers.

Choose large and deep containers; avoid thin and substandard plastic containers as they heat up too quickly and drain drains. Using common garden soil to grow vegetables in pots is a bad idea. Be sure to choose good quality vegetable seeds so that the vegetables are healthy and happy. Below are some easy vegetables for your terrace garden

Tomatoes – Choose a sunny, safe place to plant them in a border (in soil with plenty of well-rotted garden fertilizer) or in 30 cm pots, or put two or three plants in a growing bag. Tomato is one of the most easily grown vegetables in the organic terrace garden that can be grown all year round. It is beneficial to grow tomatoes on the balcony.

In addition to their flavor and culinary use, tomatoes can also serve as an ornamental plant on your balcony. Tomatoes are a heavy feeder when it comes to nutrition. Therefore, the potting mix should support plants with good nutrition. The flowering and fruiting stages are essential, so providing nutrition is necessary. Always use an organic potting mix. It provides all the essential nutrients. 

Radishes – Radishes need fertile, loose, and well-drained soil. Growing radishes in containers are not difficult, even in a limited space. You can enjoy fresh and seasoned radishes and delicious green tops indoors on your balcony, patio, porch, terrace, or even on your window sill. It’s easy to grow radishes on a balcony or terrace.

Make sure your plant pot is big enough to keep a distance of 10 to 15 cm in a row, with a drainage hole at the bottom. Some other vegetables for your terrace garden will be – Tomatoes, Carrots, Onions, Potatoes, Radishes, Eggplant, Bottle Gourd, Beets, Capsicums, and Peppers. 

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Harvesting Potatoes
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Easy vegetables to grow in the backyard

The plants in your backyard garden will want to face south, and they will need at least five hours of direct sunlight daily. Carefully observe the path of shadows during the day from any trees, fences, tall objects, or adjacent buildings in your backyard. Choose a place for the garden that has plenty of sunshine, plenty of space, and is close to your hose or water source. Find the surface area to help prevent erosion.

Gently sprinkle the garden with water to keep the soil evenly moist during the growing season. Buy a spray nozzle for your hose to create a light rain-like fog for your garden. You can quickly grow these vegetables in the backyard – Pepper, Tomato, Peas, Lettuce, Eggplant, Coriander, Onion, Bitter gourd, Cucumber, and Spinach.


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