Introduction: Hello friends today we are with Bonsai Tree Types and Bonsai Gardening. Bonsai plants are considered as one of the best indoor plants for homes and also for offices. The word ‘Bonsai’ is comprised of two words ‘Bon’ means a tray or shallow container or pot and ‘sai’ means to grow. Thus bonsai word means something growing in a shallow container or tree in a pot.
A step by step guide to Bonsai tree types and Bonsai garden
A bonsai tree is a Japanese technique to limit the growth of a plant in a container and also known as tray planting, to create a positive environment of effort and ingenuity for the grower as well as those in the surroundings.
The major problem with keeping a tropical indoor Bonsai tree is that the intensity of light indoors is much lower than outside. Trees won’t die immediately when light intensity is too low, but growth will decrease, eventually weakening the Bonsai plant. Therefore, make sure to place your Bonsai tree at a bright spot, preferably directly in front of a window facing the south.
Bonsai are grown in pots and are dependent on you for their care. With proper care, Bonsai trees will remain healthy, beautiful and miniature for many years to come.
The watering of the Bonsai tree must never be neglected. Apply water before the soil appears dry and never allow the soil to become completely dry. It is a good idea to use a moisture meter until you get to know the requirements of the Bonsai tree.
Fertilizing is necessary if your Bonsai is to remain healthy and beautiful. Since your bonsai is growing in such a small amount of soil it is essential to replenish the soil’s supply of nutrients periodically.
Different types of Bonsai tree are given below;
Juniper – Juniper is the most recognized of bonsai tree types. The plant itself often has a tree-look and can quickly provide the appearance of nature in miniature. Juniper bonsai trees belong to the Cypress family of plants.
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Junipers prefer slightly dry soil, but it must not be exposed to prolonged dryness. It is best to water the plant well, allowing for correct drainage, and then allow the soil to become dry before watering again. The juniper tree needs a certain level of humidity for optimal growth. Juniper bonsai trees do take well to wiring, but care must be taken so as not to damage the plant.
Apple Bonsai Tree – This is one of my favourite Bonsai Tree Types. Apple trees fall into the group of tropical bonsai tree varieties and that’s because the apple tree is native to the American tropics.
The Apple bonsai tree is also called as the Pitch Apple tree or Monkey Apple tree. It is native to tropical regions in America. It grows into various bonsai styles with dark green leaves and aerial roots and grows white and pink color flowers in the summertime. After the flowers drop off, it grows small, coin-sized miniature apple fruits will appear in the case you have taken proper care of Bonsai apple tree.
Apple bonsai trees are one of several types of fruit-bearing bonsai trees. It makes a great conversation piece or a cute decoration for home or office.
Azalea Bonsai trees – Azalea Bonsai is one of the most beautiful and well known flowering types of bonsai, is famous worldwide. Azalea Bonsai trees hold a special and prized position in the world of Bonsai connoisseurs.
Azalea Bonsai trees add both color and bloom to the art of Bonsai. When shaped with care and precision, your tiny Azalea tree can reward you with dazzling clouds of blossoms in pink, red or white color.
Azaleas thrive at a sunny spot, but during the hottest time of the day in summer it is better to give some shade. When flowering, azaleas must be protected from rain and hot sun to make the flowers last longer.
Bamboo Bonsai – Growing Bamboo bonsai is not easy, but beautiful. It is a shrub that grows to about 6 feet in height. The plant has a chameleon-like tendency and the young leaves are vivid pink in color, rather than green; they turn red with age, finally becoming green on maturity. Another color transformation happens when the leaves die. They revert to a red, and then they become purple color.
The Bamboo bonsai is a particularly good plant for the beginning bonsai enthusiast. It is very easy to manage, and the changing colors make it extremely interesting.
Buttonwood Bonsai – There are several types of bonsai trees collected in the tropics. The Buttonwood bonsai native to the Florida Keys is one of the most popular. Buttonwood bonsai tree care includes lots of sun and water.
The tree is sub-tropical and grows in damp, rocky locations and it is gnarly in appearance, with driftwood-like characteristics. The Buttonwood Bonsai is a unique tree that is sometimes dismissed as unattractive or less than worthy of the species but it can be said to have a distinct artistic presence.
Bougainvillea – Bougainvillea Bonsai is one of the best types of sub-tropical bonsai trees to grow for flowers. It is one of the easier tropicals to grow. The Bougainvillea needs full sun and high temperatures for producing flowers and for that reason it must be placed outside in a sunny place during the growing season.
Water the Bougainvillea bonsai thoroughly when the soil gets dry, but avoid constant soil wetness which will lead to root rot, fungal problems, insect susceptibility, and death. The species prefers a pH level of 6 to 6.5, so avoid using highly calcareous water.
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The Bougainvillea tree can be propagated from cuttings. Boxwood bonsai is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with hardwood appropriate to carving. Boxwood is a hardy plant and grows rapidly as well. These great characteristics create a good tree to use as bonsai. Boxwood has more than 70 species and common boxwood is the most popular. This is highly used as an ornamental plant and is developed and shaped into a variety of designs.
Black olive bonsai – Black Olive bonsai tree species are among the most highly evaluated among Bonsai connoisseurs. That’s mostly due to the lush leaves and the intriguing growth pattern of this kind of Olive tree. When grown into Bonsai, Black Olive trees will flourish and provided the climate you live in is warm.
Black Olive is tropical, and thus should be kept in temperatures above 40°F at all times. It is, however, a semi-deciduous tree and should be kept below 64°F in winter if possible. This bonsai tree loves sunlight and although it can be kept indoors, outdoors is best in summer and when inside, the tree must be exposed to as much natural sunlight as possible.
Brazilian Rain Tree – It is a tropical legume native to Brazil. The Brazilian Rain Tree bonsai must be kept evenly moist. Do not allow the tree to dry out completely and this species also appreciates a humidity tray, to mimic its natural tropical environment.
The Brazilian Rain Tree can be kept indoors but requires a lot of light. It prefers a sunny place outside during the growing season. When temperatures drop below 45°F the tree must be taken into the house and placed at a window facing south or under grow lights.
Chinese Elms bonsai – The Chinese Elms trees are a favorite type of bonsai for growers everywhere. Beginners especially like them, because they’re very easy to care for. Many different styles can be created through pruning, with little effort and care.
The Chinese elm tree grows well in full sun and also in partial shade. A Chinese Elm bonsai bought as an indoor Bonsai can be placed outside during the summer and in winter it is best to take it into a cold frost-free room. The Chinese Elm should be watered generously as soon as the soil gets dry. Drought must be avoided as well as permanent wetness.
Bald Cypress – Bald Cypress bonsai is especially popular in the southeastern areas of the United States where it is common in the wild.
Bald Cypress can live up to many years, and there are some specimens in particular, which are known to be over 1000 years old. The Bald Cypress tree needs a lot of light and warmth and should, therefore, be placed in full sun during the growing season. In a warm climate, the tree can be kept outside all year round.
Carefully, use liquid fertilizer from spring to autumn every week or every two weeks regarding the dosage instructions. During the growing season, solid organic fertilizer can be applied. In nature, Bald Cypresses tree grows in very wet, swampy soils, such as those alongside riverbanks and flood plains.
Carissa Bonsai – Carissa Bonsai also called Natal Plum, is a tropical native to Africa. We will do well indoors with enough light requirements.
Ficus bonsai tree – Ficus or figs, as they are also known, are one of the most popular plants used for indoor bonsai. They are a favorite type of bonsai tree for shaping in canopy style throughout tropical areas all over the world.
Most Ficus Bonsai can make aerial roots in their natural habitat, which are often presented in appealing Bonsai creations with different aerial root pillars. To enable aerial root growth in our homes a humidity of nearly 100% should be achieved artificially.
The Ficus must be watered normally, which means it should be given water generously whenever the soil gets slightly dry.
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Fukien Tea Bonsai tree – The Fukien Tea tree is an indoor Bonsai that can be kept outside all year in warm climates. It needs a lot of light and in the house, it must be positioned behind a windowpane where it gets the best light. The perfect temperature is around 20°C; make sure it doesn’t experience much lower temperatures.
Jaboticaba Bonsai tree – Jaboticaba bonsai trees make a graceful, fruiting bonsai trees. The Jaboticaba tree branches profusely and two or three together make nice groupings. When new, the leaves are soft and almost pink; they develop into a somewhat glossy dark green as they age.
Jade Bonsai – The Jade tree is much easier to develop as a good bonsai tree than the “common jade” plant Crassula argentea. It has shorter internodes and smaller leaves.
The Jade tree is considered an indoor tree in most temperate zones, while it can be grown outdoors in full sun and sufficiently high temperatures. Keep temperatures above 5°C (or 41°F) at all times. It requires lots of light or even full sun. Jade bonsai trees can hold large amounts of water inside their leaves. Water sparsely and allow the Jade plant to dry out a little bit between watering.
Japanese maple – The Japanese Maple does not require a lot of maintenance and care. As well, the Japanese maple bonsai, when indoors, can liven up a room in a house or an office. Japanese Maple Bonsai tree performs well in a sunny and airy environment. The Japanese maple is frost hardy even when trained as a bonsai, but it must be protected from strong frost. Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) is chosen for bonsai primarily due to its lobed leaves, color, and its adaptability to become a bonsai tree.
Schefflera arboricola – This is also called the Hawaiian umbrella is favorite tropical for indoor bonsai tree types. It is particularly favored by beginners because it is difficult to kill.
The Dwarf Umbrella Bonsai tree can be kept inside the house all year round. Ideal temperature ranges are 65° F to 72° F. Schefflera Bonsai tree can tolerate low humidity and dim light but they grow much better and produce smaller leaves if they get much light. The temperature range should not fall below 50° F. The Hawaiian umbrella Bonsai tree likes a moist soil which must not dry out. In winter it must be watered more cautiously, but if the tree is placed above a heating device, take good care that the root ball does not dry out.
Sea Grape Bonsai – Sea Grape Bonsai trees are large leaf plants. At first glance, they can be considered unusual types. Seagrape bonsai is a flowering evergreen tree that belongs to the same family as buckwheat. The tree leaves are leathery and round, with red veining. This tree comes in both the smaller variety appropriate to make into a bonsai version, or if it is left alone or found growing out in the wild, it will become a much larger tree. Water the tree regularly to maintain the soil moist, but not waterlogged. Soggy soil can be fatal to the tree. A soluble, organic fertilizer ensures the most successful plant growth and flowering.
Mimosa Bonsai tree – Mimosa bonsai trees are generally grown in-ground, and they are tolerant of a wide range of soils.
The bonsai trees have extremely soft bark and easily-broken branches. Only new growth must be wired, and it is important to use small-gauge wires. Wires should only be left on for about two weeks because new growths increase at a rapid pace.
Tamarind bonsai tree – I consider this Bonsai tree types as my favourate as well .The tamarind bonsai trees tolerate heavy pruning, extensive root manipulation, wiring, and even a little neglect. Tamarind bonsai trees provide the appearance of age, even as young trees.
The tamarind tree is a great choice for a bonsai tree. The seeds are large and usually, they are scarified before planting. Scarification is the practice of cutting some slices through the outer layer so it can germinate very easier.
Bahama Berry – The Bahama Berry tree is native to the island of Inagua in the Bahamas. This tree has a small shiny green leaf with close internodes. Bahama Berry tree likes it hot and, if grown indoors, will appreciate warm feet during winter (try a grow light.) The nature of the tree is to produce as a rangy shrub. Bahama Berry is known under many different names, some of the names which include Nashiainaguensis, Moujean Tea, and Pineapple Verbena.
Common Beech – This tall stately tree becomes large size to medium-sized bonsai specimen and best presented in the style of an upright plant. Young shoots can be easily produced and the leaves in autumn turn to golden yellow color. Keep your beech tree bonsai in semi-shade to full sun position, providing a space that is sheltered from the intense afternoon sun, particularly in summer.
Pine Tree Bonsai – Pines require plentiful sunlight during the spring, summer and fall seasons. The pine tree is hardy in winter, but freezing winds can be a threat while their roots remain frozen.
Water pines to maintain the soil moist but not waterlogged. Under no circumstances must the plant be allowed to become completely dry.
Powder Puff Bonsai – This is one of the best for blooming indoors. The Powder Puff bonsai tree gets its name from its delightful showy flowers. The powder puff bonsai tree needs regular feeding. Use a liquid fertilizer, and feed once a week during the period of active growth and feed once a month throughout late-fall and winter. It is very important to water the plant immediately after each application of fertilizer to speed the delivery of nutrients to the roots of the plant.
Pyracantha bonsai – Pyracantha bonsai plants are a genus of shrubs native to Asia. In the spring they generate white flowers which in turn lead to orange or red berries by fall. They are used both as bonsai trees and as ornamental hedges in outdoor landscapes. The tree is very hardy, but must be protected from extremely cold winds, or leaf damage will occur. It must be kept in a cool location when grown indoors.
That’s all folks about Bonsai Tree Types and Growing Bonsai on your own.
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